Centre for Techno Economic Policy Options
The Centre for Techno Economic Mineral Policy Options is an agency of the Government of India. The first Indian National Mineral Policy of 1993 sought to incentivize private sector investment in mining and exploration. The Ministry of Mines, which was administering the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act of 1957, had constituted a Technical Planning & Policy Committee (TPPC) in 1988, and it was this Committee that was tasked with effecting this objective. TPPC was funded by annual grants from the PSUs of the Ministry of Mines. Since all this involved fresh thinking and close involvement with the private sector and other stakeholders, including CSOs and NGOs, the Government set up the Wadhawan Committee. In its recommendations in 1994, this committee suggested replacing TPPC with a registered society with sufficient autonomy and the ability to give attributable and non-binding advice to stakeholders. However, despite the Policy of 1993, investments into mining and exploration were not forthcoming, and the Government set up the High Level Committee (popularly known as the Hoda Committee) to go into the matter. Based on the Hoda Committee recommendations of 2006, Government announced a new National Mineral Policy 2008, which further sought to incentivize the private sector in exploration and mining and to utilize low grade ores through beneficiation and to conduct mining operations within a sustainable development framework. The matter of replacing TPPC with a more appropriate structure was accordingly revived and given in depth consideration by the Ministry and finally, the Centre for Techno-Economic Mineral Policy Options (C-TEMPO) was created in 2009, based on the Ministry of Mines' 100 Day Agenda of the UPA-II Government, which undertook to create a techno-economic think tank, and with the approval of the Minister of Mines.
C-TEMPO is funded by a corpus created by a one-time grant by the PSUs. Accordingly, NALCO with the approval of its Board of Directors, gave a corpus grant of Rs. 40,000,000 to C-TEMPO.
C-TEMPO, for management purposes, has a General Body [ and a Governing Council,  both headed by the Additional Secretary of the Ministry of Mines in his ex-officio capacity. Other members are the Director-General of the Geological Survey of India, the Controller-General, of the Indian Bureau of Mines], and the CMDs of NALCO, HCL and MECL, all in their ex-officio capacity. In addition, a few professionals were inducted. 
C-TEMPO has focused on three or four major areas, in accordance with its mandate:
- utilization of low grade ores
- exploration, particularly of the deeper subsurface using advanced technologies such as aerial geophysics
- resource security, for elements and minerals in short supply or of critical nature or of strategic interest
C-TEMPO has published:
- A guide to investment in India's mineral industry
- Study on pelletization of iron ore fines in India and utilization of low-grade iron ore and fines.
- Position Paper on “Development of Iron Ore Pelletisation Industry in India‟
- Study on exploration techniques and technology for location and development of deep-seated metals in India
- Position paper on Location and Development of Deep Seated Metalliferous Deposits in India brought out in January 2011.
- Study on Iron-Ore Pelletization. Vol-II
- Study titled: “Relevance of Iron-ore Pelletization industry in India - A Perspective”
- Position Paper on Rare Earth Metals.
- “An Overview of Rare Earth Elements”
- FAQs on The Mines & Minerals Development & Regulation Bill, 2011.
- Status and strategy for exploration and development of Nickel and Platinum Group Elements resources in India
- Strategy paper on “Rare Earths and Energy Critical Elements: A Roadmap and Strategy for India” brought out in July 2012 by C-TEMPO and C-STEP.
- Revision of Aluminum Mission Plan 2010-20.
Focus areas for the future
C-TEMPO's plans for the future hi
- Technical papers on low grade ores and pelletization of iron ore fines,
- Scientific papers on rare earths, technology metals and Energy Critical Metals
- Policy papers on incentivizing deep exploration, attracting investments, and improving the regulatory and governance framework around the Indian Mining Sector
- Strategy papers for Sustainable Development, including issues arising from the Supreme Court guidelines on "carrying capacity" and "mining caps to ensure inter-generational equity"
- Rare earth element
- Mining in India