The Cheat (1915 film)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Cheat
The Cheat FilmPoster.jpeg
Directed by Cecil B. DeMille (uncredited)
Produced by Cecil B. DeMille
Jesse L. Lasky
Written by Hector Turnbull
Jeanie Macpherson
Starring Sessue Hayakawa
Fannie Ward
Jack Dean
Cinematography Alvin Wyckoff
Edited by Cecil B. DeMille
Production
company
Jesse Lasky Feature Plays
Distributed by Paramount Pictures
Release dates 13 December 1915
24 November 1918 (re-release)
Running time 59 minutes
Country United States
Language Silent
English intertitles
Budget $17,311[1]
Box office $96,389 (domestic)[1]
$40,975 (foreign)[1]
The Cheat

The Cheat is a 1915 American silent drama film directed by Cecil B. DeMille, starring Fannie Ward, Sessue Hayakawa, and Jack Dean (1874-1950), Ward's real-life husband.

In 2010, the film was selected for preservation in the United States National Film Registry.[2]

Plot[edit]

Socialite Edith Hardy (Ward) has extravagant tastes. Her stockbroker husband Richard (Dean), with all of his money tied up in a very promising investment, insists she send back an expensive dress she has just bought. When she asks an acquaintance what he could do with $10,000, he assures her he could double it overnight. She gives him the Red Cross funds entrusted to her as the charity's treasurer.

The next day, however, he reports that the money is gone. Hishituru Tori (Hayakawa), a wealthy Japanese admirer (changed in the film's 1918 re-release to a Burmese ivory king named "Haka Arakau"), overhears and offers her a loan, if she is willing to pay the price of her virtue.

The same day, her husband is jubilant that his gamble has paid off. She asks him for $10,000, which she explains is to cover her losses playing bridge. She visits Tori and tries to pay him back, but he refuses to cancel their bargain. She threatens to kill herself, but he is so confident that she is bluffing that he hands her a pistol. When she continues to resist his advances, he subdues her and brands her on the back of the shoulder with the seal with which he marks all of his property. Edith grabs the gun and shoots him in the shoulder, then flees. Richard, having followed her after she left their home, finds Tori and picks up the gun. He is held for the police by Tori's servants. When questioned, he confesses to the crime to protect his wife.

When Edith visits him in jail, Richard orders her to remain silent. During the trial, both he and Tori testify on the stand that he was the shooter. However, when he is found guilty, Edith rushes to the judge and announces she did it. When she shows the brand to all, the judge and officers of the court have great difficulty keeping the outraged spectators from attacking Tori. The judge sets aside the verdict, and Edith and Richard depart the courtroom.[3]

Cast[edit]

  • Fannie Ward as Edith Hardy
  • Sessue Hayakawa as Hishuru Tori (original release) / Haka Arakau (1918 re-release)
  • Jack Dean as Richard Hardy
  • James Neill as Jones
  • Yutaka Abe as Tori's Valet
  • Dana Ong as District Attorney
  • Hazel Childers as Mrs. Reynolds
  • Arthur H. Williams as Courtroom Judge (as Judge Arthur H. Williams)
  • Raymond Hatton as Courtroom Spectator (uncredited)
  • Dick La Reno as Courtroom Spectator (uncredited)
  • Lucien Littlefield as Hardy's Secretary (uncredited)
Edith Hardy (Fannie Ward) and Hishuru Tori (Sessue Hayakawa) in The Cheat

Production and release[edit]

Upon its release, The Cheat was both a critical and commercial success. The film's budget was $17,311. It grossed $96,389 domestically and $40,975 in the overseas market. According to Scott Eyman's Empire of Dreams: The Epic Life of Cecil B. DeMille, the film cost $16,540 to make, and grossed $137,364.[1]

Upon its release, the character of Hishuru Tori was described as a Japanese ivory merchant. Japanese Americans protested against the film for portraying a Japanese person as sinister. The protests were largely ignored at the time. When the film was re-released in 1918, the character of Hishuru was renamed "Haka Arakua" and described in the title cards as a "Burmese ivory king". The change of the character's name and nationality were done because Japan was an American ally at the time. Robert Birchard, author of the book Cecil B. DeMille's Hollywood, surmised that the character's nationality was changed to Burmese because there were "not enough Burmese in the country to raise a credible protest."[4] Despite the changes, the film was banned in the United Kingdom and was never released in Japan.[2]

Remakes[edit]

The film was remade in 1923, with George Fitzmaurice as director and Pola Negri and Jack Holt starring. In 1931, Paramount again remade The Cheat, with Broadway mogul George Abbott as director and starring Tallulah Bankhead.[2]

The Cheat was also remade in France as Forfaiture (1937) directed by Marcel L'Herbier. This version, however, makes significant changes to the original story, even though Hayakawa was cast once again as the sexually predatory Asian man.[4]

Availability[edit]

A copy of The Cheat is preserved at the George Eastman House. This surviving version is the 1918 re-release footage which includes changes to the Hishuru Tori character.[5]

The Cheat, which is now in public domain, was released on DVD in 2002 with another DeMille film Manslaughter (1922) by Kino International.[6] [7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Eyman, Scott (2010). Empire of Dreams: The Epic Life of Cecil B. DeMille. Simon and Schuster. p. 113. ISBN 1-439-18041-5. 
  2. ^ a b c Eagan, Daniel (2010). America's Film Legacy: The Authoritative Guide to the Landmark Movies in the National Film Registry. Continuum. p. 49. ISBN 0-826-42977-7. 
  3. ^ Review, synopsis and link to watch the film: "A cinema history". Retrieved 3 July 2014. 
  4. ^ a b Birchard, Robert (2004). Cecil B. DeMille's Hollywood. University Press of Kentucky. p. 70. ISBN 0-813-12324-0. 
  5. ^ Birchard 2004 pp.69-70
  6. ^ "The Cheat". silentera.com. 
  7. ^ "2002 Kino on Video DVD edition". silentera.com. 

External links[edit]