The Chile Pepper Institute
The Chile Pepper Institute at New Mexico State University in Las Cruces, New Mexico, United States is an international research-based and non-profit organization specializing in research, education and archiving information related to Capsicum or chile peppers. The institute was established in 1992, devoted to research and educating the world about chile peppers, that started by Fabian Garcia, the famous horticulturalist and dubbed as the father of the U.S. chile pepper industry, who began standardizing varieties of chile pepper in 1888.
The Chile Pepper Institute is a research institute and is the only international organization that is devoted to the research, resource and education of chile peppers. The institute helps and promotes the iconic and famous state vegetable of New Mexico. CPI is located in Las Cruces, New Mexico, on the campus of New Mexico State University, and research is conducted at the Fabian Garcia Horticultural Center, where it also showcase 100-200 varieties of chile pepper from around the world. Paul W. Bosland is the current director and the co-founder of The Chile Pepper Institute, who is also a professor of horticulture at New Mexico State University, where he leads the chile breeding and genetics research program.
The Chile Pepper Institute is responsible for discovering the world's hottest chile pepper, the Bhut Jolokia, led by Paul W. Bosland, and confirmed by the Guinness World Records in the Fall of 2006. Many interesting records about chile peppers are discovered at the Chile Pepper Institute including the world's largest chile pepper, the Numex Big Jim specimen, that was developed in 1976 at NMSU, and the recently released specimen chile pepper, NuMex Heritage 6-4, which is five times the flavor of a standard green chile.
CPI also host different programs, events and conferences in local, national, and international levels. These include:
- The Annual New Mexico Chile Conference
- European Association for Plant Breeding Research (EUCARPIA)
- Chile Pepper Institute Teaching Garden
- The Annual Chile Conference
- The International Pepper Conference
- Agricultural Science Summer Undergraduate Research Education and Development Program (ASSURED Program)
This is an incomplete list of chili pepper specimens varieties at New Mexico State University.