The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in California

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The Los Angeles California LDS Temple

As of year-end 2011, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints reported 768,344 members in 1,348 wards and branches, 16 missions, and seven temples and 189 Family History Centers in California.[1]

History[edit]

This painting by Duncan McFarlane, shows the ship Brooklyn.
Samuel Brannan

Brooklyn Saints[edit]

A Mormon immigrant company, under direction of Samuel Brannon, departed on the ship Brooklyn from New York on February 4, 1846 en route to the Great Salt Lake Valley via California. The group under the direction of Brannan navigated around Cape Horn and arrived at Yerba Buena on July 31, 1846. The company of around 230 people were the first known Latter-day Saints to set foot in California. Their numbers nearly tripled the population of the small town of Yerba Buena, later renamed San Francisco. While there, Brannan and other Saints began publication of one of California's first English-language newspapers, the California Star, in October 1846.[2] One of the Brooklyn saints, Angeline Lovett, set up a school in the old Franciscan Dolores Mission, the first English-language school in California.[3]

During the early autumn of 1846, Brannan led 20 men to the San Joaquin Valley where they founded a Mormon farming village named New Hope Colony. It soon failed as heavy seasonal storms flooded the valley, destroying their crops. Most of the Brooklyn saints left California for Salt Lake City in 1848.[2]

Mormon Battalion and California Gold Rush[edit]

Fort Moore Pioneer Memorial, Los Angeles

In January 1847, the Mormon Battalion arrived in San Diego, having constructed the first wagon road across the southwest into Southern California. Battalion Members helped construct a number of building and public works in San Diego. They then traveled to Los Angeles where they built a fort and raised the American flag. Six discharged battalion members were at Sutter's Mill in northern California when gold was discovered there on January 24, 1848. Heading for their families in Utah, they carved the first wagon road over the Sierra Nevadas that would be used by thousands of westward bound travelers including the gold rush "Forty-Niners." Sometimes called the "49er's Highway," it is officially called the Mormon Emigrant - Kit Carson Highway. [4]

In February 1856, George Q. Cannon began publication in San Francisco of the Western Standard, a weekly periodical supportive of the Church.[5]

April 1865 sketch of the ruins of the Mormon Elders residence in San Bernardino, California.

San Bernardino LDS colony[edit]

Main: History of San Bernardino, California: Mormon San Bernardino

The first colonization from Utah to California came in 1851 when a company of about 450 saints under direction of Elders Amasa M. Lyman and Charles C. Rich of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles settled at what is now San Bernardino. The colony was the final settlement in a string of Mormon communities extending 800 miles (1,300 km) from Salt Lake City in an area known as Deseret. The community thrived, and on July 6, 1851, the San Bernardino Stake, California's first, was organized. The colony was dissolved by the Church at the advance of Johnston's Army toward Salt Lake City in 1857. Brigham Young instructed the settlers to return to Utah to colonize. About 1,400 (fewer than half) returned to Utah at the request of the church. The San Bernardino Stake was dissolved in 1857 as well as the ecclesiastical units within the stake.[2]

Significant Church growth and history 1895-1990[edit]

The Los Angeles Branch was created on March 21, 1895.[6] In 1896, the Northern California and Southern California conferences were organized. The Sacramento Conference was added in 1898.[7] Most missionary work around the turn of the century took place in larger population centers.

On January 21, 1923, the Los Angeles Stake became the first stake to be created in the state since the San Bernardino Stake had been dissolved. The Los Angeles Stake was divided on May 22, 1927 to form the Los Angeles and Hollywood Stakes. On July 10, 1927, the San Francisco Stake was established.[8]

On February 18, 1939, 1,400 people visited the Church's exhibit at the opening day of the Golden Gate International Exposition in San Francisco. This exhibit was a visitor's center portraying a reduced-size Salt Lake Tabernacle.

Eight more stakes were created in the 1930s five in the 1940s and 30 in the 1950s. The completion of the Los Angeles and Oakland Temples soon followed.[8]

President Spencer W. Kimball spoke to members in the Los Angeles area in the Rose Bowl. An estimated 75,000 attended that event.[9]

Recent history 1990-present[edit]

At the beginning of the year 2000, California had 17 missions, more than any other state in the United States. In the state's major cities, many minority converts were taught and baptized in their native language. With a significant immigration to California from Latin America, five Spanish-speaking stakes have been organized. Various Asian and Polynesian wards function as well, and a Tonga stake was created in San Francisco in 1992. There are currently more than 200 ethnic wards and branches in California.[8][10]

President Gordon B. Hinckley attended the rededication of the historic Hollywood (now Los Angeles California) Stake Center on June 8, 2003.[11]

Historical reenactments[edit]

In July 1996, the sesquicentennial of the arrival of the ship Brooklyn was celebrated through reenactment of the event on a replica ship that sailed into the San Francisco Bay. Members throughout the state commemorated the anniversary with observances that included an exhibit at the San Francisco Maritime Museum,[12] performances of the Mormon Tabernacle Choir at the Davies Symphony Hall,[13] dedications of plaques honoring the early settlers, and pioneer activities and parades.[14]

In addition to commemorating the arrival of early LDS settlers, as well as contributions to the development of the state, members throughout California donated many hours of service in community projects sponsored by wards and stakes, including gathering supplies and food for the needy; cleaning parks, beaches and roadways; painting and repairing homeless shelters, and cleaning up graffiti.

On January 18, 1997, 2,400 members re-enacted the arrival of the Mormon Battalion in California 150 years earlier. Other Mormon Battalion celebrations along the coast followed on respective anniversaries. On March 6, 1997, President Gordon B. Hinckley spoke to a record audience of the Los Angeles World Affairs Council,[15] and on March 19, he addressed the World Forum of Silicon Valley.[16] He also spoke at various Church events during the year. A Church-produced video depicting the discovery of gold at Sutter's Mill was donated to the state of California to be shown continuously at Marshall Gold Discovery State Park in Coloma.

Membership history[edit]

Membership growth has slowed in California since 1991 due to significant out-migration of members.

Year LDS Membership
1846 230
1920 3,800
1930 21,254
1940 44,800
1950 102,000
1960 217,600
1970 349,000
1980 541,000
1991 721,000
1999 740,000
2008 755,747
2012 777,061

Disaster relief and humanitarian aid[edit]

In times of disasters, such as earthquakes, fires, and floods, members in California has donated countless hours of service, helping communities to recover.

In 1997, members in San Diego donated some 40-50 tons of food to eight community agencies for the homeless and needy.

In May 2003, hundreds of Los Angeles-area Muslims and members of the Pasadena California Stake joined in preparing emergency supplies for Iraqi families. With conflicts of the war with Iraq completed, a humanitarian aid day was set for May 10, 2003, where hygiene kits for some 10,000 families were completed and added to a $650,000 shipment of medical supplies and blankets donated by the Church.[17]

Moral issues[edit]

Members in the state have also taken leadership roles in moral issues such as combating pornography and have cooperated with other congregations of various interfaith endeavors. Members have been active in other moral issues including abortion, gaming, drug and alcohol abuse, and marriage.[18]

Missions[edit]

The California Mission was opened on July 31, 1846 with Samuel Brannan as president. It was discontinued in 1858 due to the Utah War, but later reopened in 1892 with Luther Dalton who began missionary labors in San Francisco and Oakland. In 1894, Karl G. Maeser relocated to California to direct the Utah exhibit on the California's mid-winter fair and to serve as president of the California Mission.

Mission Organized
California Anaheim Missiona July 10, 1966
California Arcadia Missionb July 7, 1969
California Bakersfield Mission July 2013
California Carlsbad Mission July 1, 1993
California Fresno Mission July 1, 1975
California Irvine Mission July 2013
California Long Beach Mission July 1, 1998
California Los Angeles Missionc August 23, 1892
California Oakland/San Francisco Missiond f July 1, 1969
California Rancho Cucamonga Mission July 2013
California Riverside Mission July 1, 1990
California Roseville Mission July 1, 1993
California Sacramento Missione January 2, 1942
California San Bernardino Mission July 1, 1980
California San Diego Mission August 1, 1974
California San Fernando Mission July 1, 1994
California San Jose Mission July 1, 1978
California Santa Rosa Mission July 1, 1985
California Ventura Mission July 1, 1978
Notes
  • a California Anaheim Mission - The California South Mission was renamed the California Anaheim Mission on June 20, 1974.
  • b California Arcadia Mission - On June 20, 1974, the California East Mission was renamed California Arcadia Mission.
  • c California Los Angeles Mission - The California Mission was renamed the California Los Angeles Mission on June 20, 1974.
  • d California Oakland Mission - On June 20, 1974, the California Central Mission was renamed California Oakland Mission. On July 1, 2009, it was renamed the California Oakland/San Francisco Mission after consolidation with the California San Francisco Mission.
  • e California Sacramento Mission - On January 2, 1942, the Northern California Mission was organized. It was renaimed to the California North mission on July 15, 1966, and ultimately renamed the California Sacramento Mission on June 20, 1974.
  • f California San Francisco Mission - On July 1, 1997, the California San Francisco Mission was created. On July 1, 2009, it was consolidated into the California Oakland Mission. The resulting mission was named the California Oakland/San Francisco Mission.

Temples[edit]

California currently has 7 temples in operation.

Los Angeles Temple 2.jpg

10. Los Angeles California edit

Location:
Announcement:
Dedication:
Coordinates:
 Size:
Style:

Los Angeles, California, US
6 March 1937
11 March 1956 by David O. McKay
34°3′10.1″N 118°26′2.1″W / 34.052806°N 118.433917°W / 34.052806; -118.433917 (Los Angeles California Temple)
190,614 sq ft (17,709 m2) and 257 ft (78 m) high on a 13 acre (5.3 ha) site
Modern, single-tower design - designed by Edward O. Anderson

Oakland Mormon Temple.jpg

13. Oakland California edit

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Oakland, California, US
26 May 1962
17 November 1964 by David O. McKay
37°48′28.0″N 122°11′57.1″W / 37.807778°N 122.199194°W / 37.807778; -122.199194 (Oakland California Temple)
95,000 sq ft (8,800 m2) and 170 ft (52 m) high on a 18.3 acre (7.4 ha) site
Modern, five-spire design with Oriental motif - designed by Harold Burton

SanDiegoTemple.jpg

45. San Diego California edit

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San Diego, California, US
7 April 1984
25 April 1993 by Gordon B. Hinckley
32°51′59.0″N 117°13′43.6″W / 32.866389°N 117.228778°W / 32.866389; -117.228778 (San Diego California Temple)
72,000 sq ft (6,700 m2) and 169 ft (52 m) high on a 7.2 acre (2.9 ha) site
Modern, two-tower - designed by William S. Lewis, Jr.

Fresno Temple rear.JPG

78. Fresno California edit

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Fresno, California, US
8 January 1999
9 April 2000 by Gordon B. Hinckley
36°49′41.5″N 119°51′10.7″W / 36.828194°N 119.852972°W / 36.828194; -119.852972 (Fresno California Temple)
10,700 sq ft (990 m2) and 71 ft (22 m) high on a 2.2 acre (0.9 ha) site
Classic modern, single-spire design - designed by Paul Stommel AIA

Redlands temple 1.jpg

116. Redlands California edit

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Redlands, California, USA
21 April 2001
14 September 2003 by Gordon B. Hinckley
34°2′56.5″N 117°8′26.1″W / 34.049028°N 117.140583°W / 34.049028; -117.140583 (Redlands California Temple)
17,300 sq ft (1,610 m2) on a 4.6 acre (1.9 ha) site
Classic modern, single-spire design - designed by Lloyd Platt & Associates with Higginson & Cartozian

Newport Beach LDSTemple.JPG

122. Newport Beach California edit

Location:
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Newport Beach, California, USA
21 April 2001
28 August 2005 by Gordon B. Hinckley
33°37′46.0″N 117°50′56.0″W / 33.629444°N 117.848889°W / 33.629444; -117.848889 (Newport Beach California Temple)
17,800 sq ft (1,650 m2) and 90 ft (27 m) high on a 8.8 acre (3.6 ha) site
Southern California traditional design - designed by Lloyd Platt and Allen Erekson

Sacramento Open House-a.png

123. Sacramento California edit

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Rancho Cordova, California, USA
21 April 2001
3 September 2006 by Gordon B. Hinckley
38°38′6.4″N 121°11′38.1″W / 38.635111°N 121.193917°W / 38.635111; -121.193917 (Sacramento California Temple)
19,500 sq ft (1,810 m2) and 131 ft (40 m) high on a 46 acre (18.6 ha) site
Classic modern, single-spire design - designed by Brian Everett and Maury Maher

Communities[edit]

Latter-day Saints had a significant role in establishing and settling communities within the "Mormon Corridor", including the following in California:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Facts and Statistics". The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Retrieved October 9, 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c "Pioneer Settlements in California"
  3. ^ "Every Book . . . Has Been Read Through"[dead link]. The Brooklyn Saints and Harper's Family Library. Lorin K. Hansen.
  4. ^ The Discovery of Gold in California, John Sutter, Hutchings' California Magazine, November 1857: The Mormons did not like to leave my mill unfinished, but they got the gold fever like everybody else. After they had made their piles they left for the Great Salt Lake. So long as these people have been employed by me they hav[sic] behaved very well, and were industrious and faithful laborers, and when settling their accounts there was not one of them who was not contented and satisfied.
  5. ^ Jenson, Andrew (1941). Encyclopedic History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. Corporation of the President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. 
  6. ^ "History of the California Los Angeles Mission"
  7. ^ "The Church in California". Sac LDS. November 3, 2005
  8. ^ a b c Deseret Morning News 2008 Church Almanac. p 196
  9. ^ Robert A. Rees, "Record Number at Southern California Area Conference", Ensign, August 1980, pp. 72–74.
  10. ^ LDS Meetinghouse Locator - displays location of wards of with various languages
  11. ^ Hubbard, Lincoln (June 14, 2003). "Unique building restored, rededicated: President Hinckley invokes blessing at Los Angeles California Stake Center". Church News 
  12. ^ Gabriel, Ana (July 6, 1996). "Exhibit honors LDS settlers in California". Church News 
  13. ^ Avant, Gerry (August 3, 1996). "Opening the 'Golden Gate' with music: Tabernacle Choir performs in honor of pioneer voyage". Church News 
  14. ^ Gabriel, Ana (August 3, 1996). "1846 seafaring pioneers honored in activities in rustic mission setting". Church News 
  15. ^ Hart, John L. (March 15, 1997). "Church keeps faith with pioneers". Church News 
  16. ^ "Global reach of Latter-day Saints". Church News. March 29, 1997 
  17. ^ Brown, Sonja Eddings (May 17, 2003). "Hygiene kits to help 10,000 Iraqi families: Will supplement LDS shipment of medical supplies, blankets". Church News 
  18. ^ Public Issues[dead link]. LDS Newsroom. LDS stance on public and moral issues

Further reading[edit]