Committee for the Five Northern Korean Provinces
Established in 1949, the committee is officially responsible for the administration of Korean territory north of the Military Demarcation Line. The President of South Korea appoints governors for each of the five provinces. However, their role is largely symbolic, as the territory is under the effective jurisdiction of North Korea. The committee's main practical purpose is to provide support to North Korean defectors living in South Korea, including helping with the resettlement of North Koreans and organizing social events for North Koreans.
Despite its name, the committee plays no part in North Korea–South Korea relations; North Korean affairs are handled by the Ministry of Unification. In the event of a North Korean collapse, contingency plans call for a new government body to be set up to administer the North under the leadership of the Unification Minister. In that case, the five governors would have to resign and the committee would be disbanded.
Flags of the five northern Korean provinces
Southern provinces with territory in North Korea
- Gyeonggi Province - Gaeseong, Gaepung County & Jangdan County claimed
- Gangwon Province - from Kangwon province - Gimhwa County, Icheon County, Tongcheon County, Pyeonggang County and Hoeyang County claimed
- Korean reunification
- North Hamgyeong Province, Republic of Korea
- South Hamgyeong Province, Republic of Korea
- Hwanghae Province, Republic of Korea
- North Pyeongan Province, Republic of Korea
- South Pyeongan Province, Republic of Korea
- "South Korea's Governors of Northern Provinces Don't—And Never Will—Govern". The Wall Street Journal. March 17, 2014. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
- "Purpose/Function". The Committee for the Five Northern Korean Provinces. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
- "South Korea’s Governors-in-Theory for North Korea". The Wall Street Journal. March 18, 2014. Retrieved 29 April 2014.