Committee for the Five Northern Korean Provinces

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Map of the five claimed northern Korean provinces
Flag of the Committee for the Five Northern Korean Provinces

The Committee for the Five Northern Korean Provinces (Hangul: 이북5도위원회; hanja: 以北五道委員會) is a South Korean government body under the Ministry of Security and Public Administration.

Established in 1949, the committee is officially responsible for the administration of Korean territory north of the Military Demarcation Line. The President of South Korea appoints governors for each of the five provinces.[1] However, their role is largely symbolic, as the territory is under the effective jurisdiction of North Korea. The committee's main practical purpose is to provide support to North Korean defectors living in South Korea, including helping with the resettlement of North Koreans and organizing social events for North Koreans.[1][2]

Despite its name, the committee plays no part in North Korea–South Korea relations; North Korean affairs are handled by the Ministry of Unification.[1] In the event of a North Korean collapse, contingency plans call for a new government body to be set up to administer the North under the leadership of the Unification Minister. In that case, the five governors would have to resign and the committee would be disbanded.[1][3]

Flags of the five northern Korean provinces[edit]

Southern provinces with territory in North Korea[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d "South Korea's Governors of Northern Provinces Don't—And Never Will—Govern". The Wall Street Journal. March 17, 2014. Retrieved 2 April 2014. 
  2. ^ "Purpose/Function". The Committee for the Five Northern Korean Provinces. Retrieved 2 April 2014. 
  3. ^ "South Korea’s Governors-in-Theory for North Korea". The Wall Street Journal. March 18, 2014. Retrieved 29 April 2014. 

External links[edit]