The Crucifixion of St Julia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Crucifixion of St. Julia
BoschTheCrucifixionOfStJulia.jpg
Artist Hieronymus Bosch
Year c. 1497
Type Oil on panel
Dimensions 104 cm × 119 cm (41 in × 47 in)
Location Palazzo Ducale, Venice

The Crucifixion of St Julia is a triptych by the Dutch painter Hieronymus Bosch. Like many Bosch paintings, the date of this work was long disputed, until dendochronologic analysis assigned it to around 1497.[1] It currently resides at the Palazzo Ducale in Venice, Italy.

History[edit]

According to some historians, Bosch could have painted this work during a short trip to northern Italy, although it is more likely that it was a commission from an Italian trader or diplomat active in the Flanders.[1]

The earliest mention of the triptych comes from the 1771 treatise Della pittura veneziana, as located in the Palazzo Ducale's "Sala dell'Eccelso Tribunale". In 1893 it was moved by the Austrians to Vienna, where it remained until 1919 when it was returned to Venice. The work has been damaged by a fire, although its attribution to Bosch has never been disputed.[1]

Description[edit]

The central panel depicts the crucifixion of a saint usually identified with Saint Julia of Corsica. A in depictions of Christ's crucifixion, the woman is an elevated position against the sky, with a large crowd gathered at the foot of the cross, including executioners and common people. A typical element is the fainting man supported by his neighbors.

The sides show two cities: at right, a port characterized by fanciful domed buildings and several sunken ships; at left is city on fire, occupied by demons. At the bottom are several parapets, with, at left, a hermit with a dark hood (perhaps St. Anthony in Meditation), and, at right, a monk and a soldier who point at the central panel, traditionally identified as slave-dealers.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Varallo, Franca (2004). Bosch. Milan: Skira. 

Sources[edit]

  • Varallo, Franca (2004). Bosch. Milan: Skira. 

External links[edit]