The Dalek Invasion of Earth
|010 – The Dalek Invasion of Earth|
|Doctor Who serial|
A Dalek orders the Robomen to take the Doctor and Ian prisoner
|Script editor||David Whitaker|
Mervyn Pinfield (associate producer)
|Incidental music composer||Francis Chagrin|
|Length||6 episodes, 25 minutes each|
|Date started||21 November 1964|
|Date ended||26 December 1964|
The Dalek Invasion of Earth is the second serial of the second season in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which originally aired in six weekly parts from 21 November to 26 December 1964. It was the second appearance of the Daleks and thus the first time an enemy re-appeared. This serial marks the final regular appearance of Carole Ann Ford as companion Susan Foreman.
The TARDIS materialises, the Doctor surmising from the surroundings that they have landed in London only to find it devastated and in ruins. It turns out the year is some time after 2164. Barbara and Susan are taken by a couple of refugees to a nearby shelter in an abandoned Underground station and meet resistance members named Dortmun (the leader), Carl Tyler, David Campbell, Jenny, Jack Craddock, Thomson, Baker and Larry Madison while the Doctor and Ian stumble across bodies wearing strange metal helmets and soon find an army of them and Daleks rising from the River Thames. The Daleks take the Doctor, Ian and resistance members onboard their saucer and convert any escapees into Robomen.
The Doctor is caught breaking out of his cell with Ian and Craddock, who was sent with them, and he and Craddock are to be converted into Robomen while Ian runs out to look for Barbara and Susan. But the Doctor's transfer operation breaks down while Susan, Barbara and the resistance team attack the Dalek force using explosives created by Dortmun. But the bombs affect the humans as well as the Daleks and several are injured or killed.
The Daleks retreat to their ship and take off to their mining operations in Bedfordshire. Ian and Larry are left on board the ship hiding unnoticed while the Doctor with Susan, David, Baker and Tyler travel there on foot. Barbara, Dortmun and Jenny make their own ways. Dortmun is exterminated on his way out of London while attempting to use his last bomb against a group of Daleks.
The saucer lands by the mine and Ian and Larry meet miners named Wells and Ashton. Both are later killed by an aggressive creature called a Slyther, a pet of the Black Dalek. The predator falls from a suspended mine cart that Ian and Larry use to try to get away from it, down a mineshaft to its death. The Daleks subsequently send the mine cart down the shaft before Ian and Larry can climb out and they are plummeted down in the cart to the mine.
The Doctor and Susan reunite with Barbara in the mine and discover that the Daleks are drilling through the Earth's crust so that they can blow out its core with a penetration explosive capsule and then use a guidance system to pilot the planet around space. Ian becomes trapped inside the device as it is on schedule. He disarms it but manages to fall at the bottom of the shaft. The Doctor and his friends enter the control room and set the Robomen against the Daleks. The device is rearmed and is sent down the shaft. But Ian creates a barrier to intercept it and he and his friends escape out of the mine before the bomb explodes, destroying the Dalek fleet and causing an entirely new phenomenon — a volcanic eruption in England.
Back in London, the Doctor bids Susan farewell to have a new partnership with David. The Doctor, Ian and Barbara leave in the TARDIS.
Elements of this story appear in later Doctor Who stories. The serial was the basis for the Peter Cushing film, Daleks – Invasion Earth: 2150 A.D. Robert Sloman's proposed "Daleks in London" for the 1973 series was eventually scrapped for bearing too many similarities to this story. The Big Finish Productions audio drama The Mutant Phase is partly set on Earth in the year 2158, when the Fifth Doctor and Nyssa encounter invading Daleks in a rapeseed field in Kansas. The plan to extract the Earth's core and the mine works in Bedfordshire are mentioned, implying that the two stories are involved with the same invasion. The date of 2158 agrees with the above reasoning about the invasion having started in approximately 2157.
Dortmun calls the material the Dalek casings are made of 'Dalekanium'. In the alternate future of Day of the Daleks (and the PC computer game Destiny of the Doctors), Dalekanium is an unstable explosive that can penetrate Dalek casings. In "Daleks in Manhattan", Dalekanium is confirmed by the Daleks themselves to be the substance which Dalek casings are made from.
The Virgin New Adventures novel GodEngine by Craig Hinton offers an alternate explanation for the Daleks' attempt to remove the Earth's core: an ancient Osirian weapon, capable of turning a star into a giant plasma cannon, which can be operated only on a planet without a bipolar magnetic field. GodEngine suggests that the Daleks were working with a rogue group of Ice Warriors to assemble this weapon, and planned to install it on the Earth. The novel also states that the Doctor returned to recover Susan's discarded TARDIS key. The same plot device was also used in the cinema film Daleks – Invasion Earth: 2150 A.D.
Footage of William Hartnell as the First Doctor from the final scenes of this serial was subsequently used as a pre-titles sequence for the 1983 special The Five Doctors. Carole Ann Ford reprised her role as Susan in the 1983 20th Anniversary television Special The Five Doctors, although no mention was made of David or her life after the Doctor had left her, this plotline was covered in the novel of the story written by Terrance Dicks. Some of this was further explored in the spin-off BBC Books novel Legacy of the Daleks by John Peel. Ford's departure was the first of what would be many cast changes in the history of the programme. The Doctor finally properly visits his granddaughter in the 2009 audio story An Earthly Child starring Carole Ann Ford as Susan and Paul McGann as the Eighth Doctor. This story also introduces the Doctor's great grandson Alex Campbell, played by Jake McGann, Paul McGann's son.
This was the very first serial of Doctor Who that made extensive use of location filming, with London being chosen as the primary backdrop. The decision to use London also helped to keep the show within its production budget given that the BBC's Lime Grove studios where Doctor Who was produced were located at nearby Shepherd's Bush. Location filming took place in various parts of the city including extensive sequences at Whitehall, Trafalgar Square, Westminster Bridge, Albert Embankment and The Royal Albert Hall, moving on to Kensington and the Albert Memorial with scenes involving the Dalek roadblock being filmed at Wembley. These scenes were shot in the early hours of Sunday mornings. Other location scenes were filmed at the abandoned Wood Lane (Central line) tube station in West London and river sequences both shot besides the River Thames at St Katherine's Dock in Wapping and at Kew Railway Bridge. The mine scenes were the first Doctor Who scenes to be filmed in a quarry, using the disused John's Hole Quarry at Stone, Kent. 
Working titles for this story included The Daleks, The Return of the Daleks and The Invaders. The story has at times been called World's End, most notably in the frontspiece of its novelisation. This is the title of the first episode and was applied to the story as a whole by the 1973 Radio Times 10th anniversary special and several lists that copied it. The story begins in the real World's End area of Chelsea in London.
William Hartnell is absent from episode four, bar a single shot in the reprise from episode three. The Doctor appears briefly at the beginning of the episode with Hartnell's stand-in, Edmund Warwick, shot from behind, groaning and falling over. Hartnell was injured while filming the battle at the Dalek saucer in episode three, and most of his lines went to David Campbell. According to commentary on the DVD release, the man carrying Hartnell down the saucer's ramp dropped him and he hit his head on the metal stand of the camera. Warwick went on to appear as the First Doctor's robotic double in the later Dalek serial, The Chase.
Nicholas Smith appears in his first speaking role in television. He was originally only to have appeared in episode three, but according to Smith on a documentary accompanying the serial's DVD release, he talked the director into letting him lead the miners' revolution in episodes five and six. Bernard Kay portrays Carl Tyler (and also provides the voiceover on the longer of the two surviving BBC trailers for this story). He would later appear in The Crusade, The Faceless Ones, and Colony in Space as well as the audio play Night Thoughts.
According to Carole Ann Ford, she decided to leave the programme because she was tired with the role of Susan because the producers would not let her expand and develop the character.
Broadcast and reception
|Episode||Broadcast date||Run time||Viewers
|"World's End"||21 November 1964||23:42||11.4||16mm t/r|
|"The Daleks"||28 November 1964||24:19||12.4||16mm t/r|
|"Day of Reckoning"||5 December 1964||26:50||11.9||16mm t/r|
|"The End of Tomorrow"||12 December 1964||23:23||11.9||16mm t/r|
|"The Waking Ally"||19 December 1964||24:29||11.4||35mm t/r|
|"Flashpoint"||26 December 1964||25:21||12.4||16mm t/r|
Paul Cornell, Martin Day, and Keith Topping wrote of the serial in The Discontinuity Guide (1995), "There are some wonderful exterior sequences, with giddy scenes of Daleks on Westminster Bridge and in Trafalgar Square (they've added lettering of their own to various monuments). The only thing that lets down the vast production values is the Slyther...Obvious Dan Dare stuff, but done with such hallucinatory conviction that the end result is very impressive." In The Television Companion (1998), David J. Howe and Stephen James Walker said that the story "surely ranks as one of the series' all-time greats", with impressive scripting and location filming despite some clumsy direction. They also praised the "poignant and moving" final scene. In 2008, Mark Braxton of Radio Times noted the continuity errors concerning the Daleks but praised the supporting cast, location filming, and emotional ending. However, he pointed out that the ambition had "consequences" in the form of production shortcomings. The A.V. Club reviewer Christopher Bahn wrote that the serial had not "aged well at all" because it was "frequently slow-paced and suffers badly from his penchant for deliberately running out the clock by throwing in long, meandering subplots". He felt that Nation was not interested in the Daleks as characters and the Robomen were "more interesting conceptually than in execution", and that the dramatic impact of Susan's departure was "wasted" because the Doctor chose for her. Despite that, he called the first episode and cliffhanger "excellent" and noted how the serials' characterisation of the Doctor was echoed through the history of the show. In 2010, Charlie Jane Anders of io9 listed the cliffhanger to the first episode — in which a Dalek rises out of the Thames;— as one of the greatest cliffhangers in the history of Doctor Who.
|Doctor Who book|
|Doctor Who and the Dalek Invasion of Earth|
|Cover artist||Chris Achilleos|
|Release date||24 March 1977|
A novelisation of this serial, written by Terrance Dicks, was published by Target Books in 1977. This version featured cover art based on the film rather than the TV series. A German translation was published in 1981 by Schneider-Buch with the title Doctor Who – Kampf um die Erde (Doctor Who — Struggle for the Earth) with cover illustration by David A. Hardy. A French translation by Ronald C. Wagner was published in 1987 under the title Docteur Who – Les Daleks envahissent la Terre (Doctor Who — The Daleks invade the Earth). The cover depicts the controversial twin French physicists Igor and Grichka Bogdanoff as presenting the book. In 2011, the novlisation was released as an audiobook read by William Russell.
This story was released on VHS in 1990. As part of the Doctor Who 40th Anniversary Celebration releases in June 2003, The Dalek Invasion of Earth was released on Region 2 DVD as a two-disc set, with several extra features. These included the option to view the story with certain special effects sequences optionally replaced with newly created CGI. The DVD was also included in a limited-edition box set with later stories Resurrection of the Daleks and Remembrance of the Daleks. This serial was also released as part of the Doctor Who DVD Files in Issue 95 on 22 August 2012.
- Howe, David J.; Walker, Stephen James (1998). "The Dalek Invasion of Earth". Doctor Who: The Television Companion. London: BBC Worldwide. p. 38. ISBN 0-563-40588-0.
- "The Dalek Invasion Of Earth". http://www.doctorwholocations.net. Retrieved 22 September 2013.
- Gary Russell (2003). Doctor Who – The Dalek Invasion Of Earth (DVD). BBC. Event occurs at 6:38 in "Now and Then" feature on Disc 2. ASIN B00009PBAN. "This was the first ever quarry to be used in the making of Doctor Who."
- "The Dalek Invasion of Earth". Dr Who guide. Retrieved 2 January 2011.
- Sullivan, Shannon (2008-03-22). "The Dalek Invasion of Earth". A Brief History of Time Travel. Retrieved 2006-12-10.
- "The Dalek Invasion of Earth". Doctor Who Reference Guide. Retrieved 2008-08-30.
- Cornell, Paul; Day, Martin; Topping, Keith (1995). "The Dalek Invasion of Earth". The Discontinuity Guide. London: Virgin Books. ISBN 0-426-20442-5.
- Howe, David J & Walker, Stephen James (1998). Doctor Who: The Television Companion (1st ed. ed.). London: BBC Books. ISBN 978-0-563-40588-7.
- Braxton, Mark (21 November 2008). "Doctor Who: The Dalek Invasion of Earth". Radio Times. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
- Bahn, Christopher (6 November 2011). "The Dalek Invasion of Earth". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
- Anders, Charlie Jane (31 August 2010). "Greatest Doctor Who cliffhangers of all time!". io9. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
- Neal, Tim (2005-03-28). "Dalek Invasion French cover". On Target. Retrieved 2006-12-10.
- "Doctor Who and the Dalek Invasion of Earth (Classic Novel)". AudioGo. Retrieved 14 October 2013.
- The TARDIS Library: 40th Anniversary Dalek box set
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: First Doctor|
- The Dalek Invasion of Earth at BBC Online
- The Dalek Invasion of Earth at Doctor Who: A Brief History Of Time (Travel)
- The Dalek Invasion of Earth at the Doctor Who Reference Guide
- Fan reviews
- The Dalek Invasion of Earth reviews at Outpost Gallifrey
- The Dalek Invasion of Earth reviews at The Doctor Who Ratings Guide
- The Whoniverse's review on The Dalek Invasion of Earth
- Target novelisation
- Doctor Who and the Dalek Invasion of Earth reviews at The Doctor Who Ratings Guide
- On Target — Doctor Who and the Dalek Invasion of Earth