The Dante Club

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The Dante Club
Dante Club.jpg
Front cover
Author Matthew Pearl
Country United States
Language English
Genre Mystery novel
Publisher Random House
Publication date
2003
Media type Print (Hardback & Paperback) and eBook
Pages 372 pp (first edition hardcover)
ISBN 0-375-50529-6
OCLC 49260645
813/.6 21
LC Class PS3616.E25 D36 2003
Followed by The Poe Shadow

The Dante Club is a mystery novel by Matthew Pearl and his debut work. Set amidst a series of murders in the American Civil War era, it also concerns a club of poets, including such historical figures as Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., and James Russell Lowell, who are translating Dante's The Divine Comedy from Italian into English and who notice parallels between the murders and the punishments detailed in Dante's Inferno.

The work reached the top of several best-seller lists (including Borders, Washington Post, and Boston Globe) and also appeared on the New York Times Best Seller List.

The plot is largely fictional, although the main characters are real, as are many of their biographical details. Supporting and background characters, as well as those directly involved with the murders, are also mostly fictional.

Plot[edit]

The Dante Club begins with the murder of fictional Massachusetts Chief Justice Artemus Healey, who had avoided taking a position to stop or support the escaped slaves of the South. Found by his chambermaid near a white flag atop a short wooden staff, Healey had been hit in the head and then left in his garden to be eaten alive by strategically placed maggots and stung by hornets. Holmes, who examines the body for the police, recognizes the correlation between the murder and the punishments seen in Dante's Inferno. Then Reverend Talbot, who was paid by the Harvard Corporation to write against Dante, was found dead in an underground cemetery, buried up to his waist upside down, his feet burnt and buried over money that he had accepted as a bribe.

Members of the Dante Club, a group of poets translating The Divine Comedy from Italian into English, notice the parallels between the murders and the punishments detailed in Dante's Inferno. The club, including Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr., and James Russell Lowell, sets out to solve the murders, fearing that the truth will ruin Dante's burgeoning reputation in America, thus making their translation a failure, as well as the obvious problem that they would be virtually the only suspects if they reported this information to the police. Then, Phineas Jennison, both a wealthy contributor to the Harvard Corporation and friend to the translators (a "schismatic"), is sliced open exactly down the middle—all killed in extreme fashion and undeniable resemblance to the punishments of people in Dante's Inferno.

Eventually, the murderer is discovered to be a former Civil War Soldier Dan Teal, a man who worked at Ticknor and Fields as well as at the Harvard Corporation. Driven partly mad by the trauma of his war experiences, Teal hears Dante Club member George Washington Greene giving sermons on Dante to other soldiers, and becomes convinced that Dante alone understood the need for perfect justice in the world. With protecting Dante as his sole motivation, Teal takes it upon himself to release Hell's punishments as indicated by Dante, in order to purify the city. Teal finds each of his victims when learning of their involvement in the stopping of the translations, which become their respective sins. The club eventually tries to capture him, with the aid of Boston's first African-American policeman Nicholas Rey, the only other person who saw the connection, while he is attempting to punish Harvard Treasurer Dr. Manning and Pliny Mead ("the traitors"). Mead was a student of the Dante course who helped betray his teacher by cooperating with Manning. Teal flees, then tries to round up the translators, to punish them for not embracing his "work." Dr. Manning—saved by Longfellow, Holmes, Rey, Lowell, and Fields—realizes the situation as he recovered from his attempted punishment of being buried naked in ice. He sees Teal with a gun to Longfellow, and Manning ends the murderer's life, thus returning the city to normal.

Characters[edit]

  1. Henry Wadsworth Longfellow-Protagonist and main translator of the club
  2. Oliver Wendell Holmes, Sr. - doctor and poet
  3. James Russell Lowell - first poet of the club
  4. George Washington Greene - pastor and oldest member
  5. James Thomas Fields - publisher and member
  6. Nicholas Rey - 1st African American policeman
  7. Chief Kurtz - head of police
  8. Judge Healey - first killed, neutral, refused the position to "defend" Dante
  9. Reverend Talbot - second killed, simoniac
  10. Phineas Jennison - third killed, schismatic
  11. Dr. Manning - treasurer of Harvard Craper, traitor
  12. Pliny Mead - student of Lowell's, also considered traitor
  13. Pietro Bachi - former teacher of Italian at Harvard, and original suspect in murder
  14. Dan Teal - soldier from the civil war.

External links[edit]