The Day the Clown Cried
||This article has an unclear citation style. (June 2012)|
|The Day the Clown Cried|
|Directed by||Jerry Lewis|
|Produced by||Nat Waschberger|
|Written by||Joan O'Brien
The Day the Clown Cried is an unreleased 1972 film directed by and starring Jerry Lewis. It is based on a script of the same name by Joan O'Brien, who had co-written the original script with Charles Denton ten years previously. The film was met with controversy regarding its premise and content, which features a circus clown who is imprisoned in a Nazi concentration camp. The Day the Clown Cried has become somewhat infamous among film historians and movie buffs as a film that has never officially been released.
Lewis plays a washed-up German circus clown named Helmut Doork during the beginning of World War II and the Holocaust. Although he was once a famous performer who toured America and Europe with the Ringling Brothers, Doork is now past his prime and receives little respect. After causing an accident during a show, the main clown convinces the circus owner to demote him. Upon returning home, he confides his problems in his wife Ada, and she encourages him to stand up for himself. Helmut overhears the circus owner agreeing to fire him after the main clown issues an ultimatum. Helmut is distraught. He is arrested later by the Gestapo for ranting about Germany and drunkenly mocking Adolf Hitler in a bar. Following an interrogation at the Gestapo headquarters, he is imprisoned in a Nazi camp for political prisoners. For the next three to four years, he remains there while hoping for a trial and a chance to plead his case.
He tries to maintain his status among the other inmates by bragging about what a famous performer he once was. His only friend in prison is a good-hearted German named Johann Keltner, whose reason for being interred is never fully revealed but is implied to be his outspoken opposition to the Nazis. The camp receives a large group of Jewish prisoners, including several children. The other prisoners goad Doork into performing for them, but he does not realize he actually is not very good. The other prisoners beat him up and leave him in the courtyard to sulk about his predicament. He sees a group of Jewish children laughing at him from the other side of the camp, where the Jewish prisoners are being kept away from everyone else. Delighted to be appreciated again, Helmut performs for them and gains an audience for a while, until the new prison commandant orders that he stop.
Helmut learns that fraternizing with Jewish prisoners is strictly forbidden. Unable to leave the children in a state of unhappiness, he continues to perform for them. The SS guards break up one of his performances; they knock him unconscious and warn the children away from the barbed-wire fence. Horrified, Keltner fights off one of the guards, but he is quickly cornered and beaten to death. Doork is placed in solitary confinement. Seeing a use for him, the commandant assigns him to help load Jewish children on trains leading out of the internment camp, with the promise his case will be reviewed. By a twist of fate, he ends up accidentally accompanying the children on a boxcar train to Auschwitz, and he is eventually used, in Pied Piper fashion, to help lead the Jewish children to their deaths in the gas chamber.
Knowing the fear the children will feel, he begs to be allowed to spend the last few moments with them. Leading them to the "showers", he becomes increasingly dependent on a miracle, but there is none. He is so filled with remorse that he remains with them. As the children laugh at his antics, the movie ends.
- Jerry Lewis as Helmut Doork
- Harriet Andersson as Ada Doork
- Anton Diffring as Colonel Bestler
- Ulf Palme as Johann Keltner
- Pierre Étaix as Gustav the Great
- Tomas Bolme as Adolf
- Jonas Bergstrom as Franz
- Bo Brundin as Ludwig
- Lars Amble as Concentration camp guard
In 1971, while performing at the Olympia Theatre, Lewis met with producer Nathan Wachsberger, who offered him the chance to star in and direct the film with complete financial backing from his production company and Europa Studios. Before he had been given the offer, several stars such as Bobby Darin, Milton Berle and Dick Van Dyke were also approached, but declined. Lewis was initially reluctant to take the role, especially after reading the script, stating in his autobiography Jerry Lewis in Person, "The thought of playing Helmut still scared the hell out of me". In addition, he felt that he was wrong for the part, due to the strong subject matter. He asked Wachsberger:
Why don't you try to get Sir Laurence Olivier? I mean, he doesn't find it too difficult to choke to death playing Hamlet. My bag is comedy, Mr. Wachsberger, and you're asking me if I'm prepared to deliver helpless kids into a gas chamber? Ho-ho. Some laugh — how do I pull it off?— Jerry Lewis
After re-reading Joan O'Brien and Charles Denton's first draft, Lewis felt that he would be doing something worthwhile in portraying the horrors of the Holocaust. He signed on to the project, but, in order to make it, he first had to arrange to perform at Caesars Palace in Las Vegas for a month, in order to fulfill the terms of his contract with the hotel. In February 1972, he toured the remains of Auschwitz and Dachau concentration camps and shot some exterior shots of buildings in Paris for the film, all the while reworking the script. He lost thirty-five pounds in six weeks by eating nothing but grapefruit.
Principal photography on the film began in Sweden during April 1972, but the shoot was beset by numerous problems.In an article published online on October 30, 2010 at mondo-video.com, cast members working on the film with Lewis reported his on-set personality as "distracted, nervous and preoccupied with money". Film equipment was either lost or delivered late, and the necessary money was nowhere in sight. Lewis was repeatedly assured that money was forthcoming by Wachsberger, who did not appear at all on set.
Wachsberger not only ran out of money before completing the film, but his option to produce the film expired before filming began. He had paid O'Brien the initial $5,000 fee, but failed to send her the additional $50,000 due her prior to production. Lewis eventually ended up paying production costs with his own money to finish shooting the film, but the parties involved in its production were never able to come to terms that would allow the film to be released. After shooting wrapped, Lewis announced to the press that Wachsberger had failed to make good on his financial obligations or even commit to producing. Wachsberger retaliated by threatening to file a lawsuit of breach of contract and stated that he had enough to finish and release the film without Lewis. Wanting to ensure the film would not be lost, Lewis took a rough cut of the film, while the studio retained the entire film negative. In January 1973, Lewis stated publicly that the film was in final production, it had been invited to the Cannes Film Festival in May, and it would be released in America after that.
Criticism and changes
Although never seen publicly, the film became a source of legend almost immediately after its production. In May 1992, an article in Spy magazine quotes comedian and actor Harry Shearer, who saw a rough cut of the film in 1979:
With most of these kinds of things, you find that the anticipation, or the concept, is better than the thing itself. But seeing this film was really awe-inspiring, in that you are rarely in the presence of a perfect object. This was a perfect object. This movie is so drastically wrong, its pathos and its comedy are so wildly misplaced, that you could not, in your fantasy of what it might be like, improve on what it really is. "Oh My God!" — that's all you can say.—Harry Shearer, Spy Magazine, 1992
Shearer also goes on to point out why Lewis would make the film: he believed "the Academy can't ignore this". When asked to sum up the experience of the film overall, he responded by saying that the closest he could come was like "if you flew down to Tijuana and suddenly saw a painting on black velvet of Auschwitz. You'd just think 'My God, wait a minute! It's not funny, and it's not good, and somebody's trying too hard in the wrong direction to convey this strongly-held feeling."
The article quoted Joan O'Brien as saying the rough cut she saw was a "disaster"; it also says she and the original script's other writer, Charles Denton, will never allow the film to be released, in part due to changes in the script made by Lewis which made the clown more sympathetic and Emmett Kelly-like. In the original script, the protagonist was an arrogant, self-centered clown named Karl Schmidt, who was "a real bastard", according to O'Brien. Her script reportedly had him trying to use his wife, who knew the ringmaster, to get him a better gig, and he apparently informed on nearly everyone he knew after being interrogated for mocking Hitler. She stated that the original draft was about the redemption of a selfish man, but that Lewis practically changed the entire story into a Chaplinesque dark comedy à la The Great Dictator.
Lewis offered the opinion that it was all bad, an artistic failure because "I lost the magic". Quoted in Entertainment Weekly: "You will never see it. No one will ever see it, because I am embarrassed at the poor work."
On the other hand, a more upbeat assessment is offered by the Jerry Lewis official museum website: "The film has been tied up in litigation ever since, and all of the parties involved have never been able to reach an agreeable settlement. Jerry hopes to someday complete the film, which remains to this day, a significant expression of cinematic art, suspended in the abyss of international litigation".
Jim Wright revealed to the press his plan to produce a new version of The Day the Clown Cried, and he mentioned he had Richard Burton in mind for the title role. Despite major buzz about the project, nothing concrete came out of the planning stages. By 1991, producer Michael Barclay announced that he and Tex Rudloff (apparently with the help of Washington lobbyist Jack Abramoff) were preparing a joint production of Clown with the Russian film studio Lenfilm. Allegedly, Robin Williams had been offered the leading role and given a copy of the script. Jeremy Kagan, who made The Chosen, reportedly was slated to direct the film, but once again the idea was dropped before it was officially greenlit. In 1994, William Hurt was considered to play the role, but nothing came to fruition.
Discussion of the film in the mainstream press was rekindled in the late 1990s due to the release of two films with similar themes, Life Is Beautiful in 1997 and the remake of Jakob the Liar in 1999. The latter starred Robin Williams, whose name had previously been attached to the planned remake. The 2009 film Adam Resurrected, adapted from Yoram Kaniuk's 1968 novel of the same name, has also drawn comparisons.
In 2001, a man mentioned the film to Lewis during one of Lewis' motivational speeches, indicating that the man had heard the film might be eventually released. Lewis replied to this comment with "None of your goddamn business!" The same year, Lewis responded to a reporter's faxed request for information about the movie by calling and telling him: "As far as discussing [the movie], forget it! If you want to see any of it, forget it!"
On January 12, 2013, Lewis appeared at a Cinefamily Q&A event at the Los Angeles Silent Movie Theatre. He was asked by actor Bill Allen, "Are we going to ever gonna get to see The Day the Clown Cried?" Lewis replied in the negative, and explained the reason the movie would never be released was because "...in terms of that film I was embarrassed. I was ashamed of the work, and I was grateful that I had the power to contain it all, and never let anyone see it. It was bad, bad, bad...But I can tell you how it ends."
On April 9, 2012, Flemish public service broadcaster VRT re-released—on its cultural website Cobra.be—a film piece its predecessor BRT had aired 40 years earlier to the day on the film show Première-Magazine. It includes behind-the-scenes footage shot in a Paris circus and some takes with sound from the film.
On July 18, 2012, French film director Xavier Giannoli stated on the France Inter film show Pendant les travaux, le cinéma reste ouvert that he had managed to track down a 75-minute copy of the film and that he had shown it to a number of people, among whom noted French film critic Jean-Michel Frodon. In 2013, Frodon published a text dedicated to the film, and entitled "Jerry Made his Day", in the collective book edited by Murray Pomerance"The Last Laugh. Strange Humors of Cinema". The French version of the same text, entitled "Le Jour de Jerry, et la nuit", was later published in the film journal "Trafic".
- "The Official Jerry Lewis Comedy Museum and Store". Jerry Lewis Comedy Classics. Jerry Lewis Comedy Classics. Retrieved 3 August 2012.
- O'Brien, Joan, original story idea; Denton, Charles; Lewis, Jerry, Additional Material. "The Day the Clown Cried - Daily Script". Retrieved August 12, 2013.
- Lewis, Jerry (1982). Jerry Lewis in Person. New York: Pinnacle Books. p. 281. ISBN 0-523-42080-3.
- Jerry Lewis interview first aired January 27, 1973, "The Dick Cavett Show – Comic Legends" DVD, Shout Factory Theatre.
- Enk, Bryan. "Watch Jerry Lewis in Newly-Surfaced Footage of 'The Day the Clown Cried'". Yahoo news. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
- "The Clown, Still Crying". Looker. June 6, 2006. Retrieved June 13, 2012.
- "Life is beautiful". Film Vault. Retrieved June 13, 2012.[dead link]
- "Jakob the Liar". Austin Chronicle. Retrieved June 13, 2012.
- Leigh, Danny (2008-08-03). "Hollywood Beware Clowns". Film blog (London: The Guardian). Retrieved June 13, 2012.
- "Hit & Run 5/31/01". Suck.com. Retrieved June 13, 2012.
- Always Leave 'Em Laughing. SPIN. Retrieved March 4, 2013.
- "The Day The Clown Cried: Jerry Lewis Answers THE Question". Sherman Allen, YouTube. Retrieved April 13, 2013.
- "Child actor, 87, takes Cannes by storm". Globe and Mail. May 24, 2013. Retrieved May 24, 2013.
- "Op 9 april 1972 zond de VRT dit uit" (in Dutch). VRT. April 9, 2012. Retrieved November 21, 2013.
- "De quoi les images sont-elles coupables ? De "Blow up" à "Blow out"" (in French). Pendant les travaux, le cinéma reste ouvert. July 18, 2012. Timecode: 03:40–05:36. France Inter. http://www.franceinter.fr/player/reecouter?play=408779.
- Murray Pomerance (ed) "The Last Laugh. Strange Humors of Cinema" (Detroit. Wayne State University Press, 2013)
- Trafic (revue) number 92, Winter 2014. POL
- Footage of the Day the Clown Cried from Kliph Nesteroff
- The Day The Clown Cried at the Internet Movie Database
- Jerry Lewis’ The Day the Clown Cried Revealed!, Film Threat
- Film summary from The Official Jerry Lewis Comedy Museum
- "Jerry Lewis Goes to Death Camp" 1992 Spy magazine article on The Day the Clown Cried, including commentary from cast members and people who purport to have seen the rough cut
- "The Day the Clown Cried - Daily Script". Retrieved August 12, 2013.
- Enk, Bryan. "Watch Jerry Lewis in Newly-Surfaced Footage of 'The Day the Clown Cried'". Yahoo news. Retrieved August 12, 2013.