The Dixie Cups
|The Dixie Cups|
The Dixie Cups at the New Orleans Jazz Fest, 2006
|Origin||New Orleans, Louisiana|
|Genres||Rhythm and blues, Pop|
|Website||The Dixie Cups' official site|
|Members||Barbara Ann Hawkins
Rosa Lee Hawkins
Athelgra Neville Gabriel
|Past members||Joan Marie Johnson
The group hit the top of the charts in 1964 with "Chapel of Love," a song that Phil Spector, Jeff Barry and Ellie Greenwich had originally written for The Ronettes. The trio consisted of sisters Barbara Ann and Rosa Lee Hawkins; plus their cousin Joan Marie Johnson, from the Calliope housing project in New Orleans. They first sang together in grade school. Originally they were to be called Little Miss and the Muffets, but were named the Dixie Cups just prior to their first release.
By 1963 the trio had decided to pursue a career in music and began singing locally as the Meltones. Within a year Joe Jones, a successful singer in his own right with the Top Five 1960 single "You Talk Too Much," became their manager. After working with them for five months, Jones took them to New York, where record producers/songwriters Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller signed them to their new Red Bird Records.
Their first release, "Chapel of Love," proved to be their biggest hit, although they had other hits with "People Say" (#12, 1964), "You Should Have Seen the Way He Looked at Me" (#39, 1964), "Iko Iko" (#20, 1965), and "Little Bell" (#51, 1965). "Chapel of Love" sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold disc.
"Iko Iko", a New Orleans R&B standard, was recorded early in 1965. Barbara Hawkins had heard her grandmother sing the song, first recorded in 1954 as "Jock-a-Mo" by James "Sugar Boy" Crawford. Barbara Hawkins: "We were just clowning around with it during a session using drumsticks on ashtrays. We didn't realize that Jerry and Mike had the tapes running". Leiber and Stoller overdubbed a bassline and percussion, and released it. It was The Dixie Cups' fifth and last hit.
In 1966, the Dixie Cups moved to the ABC-Paramount record label before a recording hiatus temporarily halted their careers. In 1969 the Hawkins sisters moved from New York to New Orleans, where Rosa Hawkins began a successful modelling career. Both Rosa and Barbara also worked as make-up artists. They continued to tour and make personal appearances, with another New Orleans singer Beverly Brown replacing Joan Johnson who became a Jehovah's Witness and abandoned her music career. Brown who had recorded two solo discs in the early 1960s stayed as the third member until the early 80s when she became ill and was replaced by Dale Mickle.
On August 29, 2005, Hurricane Katrina swept through Louisiana, flooding and flattening most of New Orleans and displacing Barbara and Rosa Hawkins, who subsequently relocated to Florida. Joan Johnson relocated to Texas.
In April 2007, The Louisiana Music Hall Of Fame honored The Dixie Cups for their contributions to Louisiana music by inducting them into The Louisiana Music Hall of Fame.
The Dixie Cups continue to perform and make personal appearances. The current line-up consists of the same Hawkins sisters along with Athelgra Neville, sister of the singing Neville Brothers.
Red Bird Records
- "Chapel of Love" / "Ain't That Nice" (1964)
- "People Say" / "Girls Can Tell" (1964)
- "You Should Have Seen The Way He Looked At Me" / "No True Love" (1964)
- "Little Bell" / "Another Boy Like Mine" (1964)
- "Iko Iko" / "I'm Gonna Get You Yet" (1965)
- "Iko Iko" / "Gee, Baby, Gee" (1965)
- "Gee, The Moon Is Shining Bright" / "I'm Gonna Get You Yet" (1965)
- "That's Where It's At" / "Two-Way-Poc-A-Way" (1965) Written by Harold Fedison
- "I'm Not The Kind Of Girl (To Marry)" / "What Goes Up Must Come Down" (1965)
- "A-B-C Song" / "That's What The Kids Said" (1965)
- "Love Ain't So Bad (After All)" / "Daddy Said No" (1966)
Original group members
- Barbara Ann Hawkins (born 23 October 1943)
- Rosa Lee Hawkins (born 24 September 1944)
- Joan Marie Johnson (born 15 January 1945)
- Dillon, Charlotte. The Dixie Cups at AllMusic. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
- The Dixie Cups // Billboard Singles at AllMusic. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
- Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. pp. 173–174. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.
- Barbara Anne Hawkins at AllMusic. Retrieved 2011-09-28.
- The Dixie Cups - Official website