Electrochemical Society

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from The Electrochemical Society)
Jump to: navigation, search
Electrochemical Society
ECSLogo.jpg
The society for solid-state and electrochemical science and technology.
Formation 1902
Type Nonprofit Organization
Headquarters Pennington, New Jersey
Membership
8,000
Official language
English
Executive Director
Calvo, Roque J.
Website http://www.electrochem.org

The Electrochemical Society (ECS) is a learned society (professional association) based in the United States that supports scientific inquiry in the field of electrochemistry and solid-state science and technology. ECS bridges the gaps among academia, research, and engineering – bringing together scientists from around the world for the exchange of technical information.

The Society currently has more than 8,000 scientists and engineers in over 70 countries worldwide who hold individual membership, as well as roughly 100 corporations and laboratories that hold corporate membership.

History[edit]

In November 1901, Charles John Reed set out on a mission to create a new society in order to more quickly and efficiently exchange information and ideas among those interested in electrochemistry. With the help of friend and professor Joseph W. Richards, the two men started what is the modern day Electrochemical Society.

After receiving over 100 ideas from the membership for a Society emblem, Irving Fellner and E.M. Honan were chosen to prepare a design. The center field of the design incorporates a Weston Standard Cell and an arc playing between horizontal electrodes, symbolizing electrolytic and electrothermic reactions, respectively.

The Joseph W. Richards Era[edit]

April 3 of 1902 marked the first meeting of the “American Electrochemical Society” at the Manufacturers’ Club in Philadelphia. Co-founder Joseph W. Richards was named president – a post which he kept until 1904, the year that marked the end of his two-year presidential term.

After his term as president ended, Richards took on the post of Secretary, which coincided with a decreasing membership and bankrupt treasury. Richards looked to the more business minded members in order to develop advertisements to stimulate both membership growth and the interests of members.

During this era, the Society was asked for its opinion on such weighty matters as the appropriate size for the United States Navy and how to defend against submarine attacks on the United States shipping during World War I. The Society also bought $2,000 in Liberty Bonds in order to support the war effort and called for the dismissal of any members who were sympathetic to the enemy of the United States.

With the end of the war, the year 1919 saw a return to more normal scientific concerns, such as the report of the Committee on the Algebraic Signs of the Electrode Potentials.[1]

The Colin Fink Era[edit]

By the end of 1920, the Society’s membership had peaked at 2,304, and the Richards Era was almost over. With the passing of Richards early in 1921, another legendary figure in the history of the Society assumed the job of secretary. The “Colin Fink Era” lasted from 1921 to 1947.

This period of 26 years was seriously marred by the Great Depression and another world war; and the Society experienced declining membership and financial woes, despite Fink’s tremendous efforts and dedication. It was also a time when the international nature of the Society was recognized by dropping “American” from the name and incorporating The Electrochemical Society in the State of New York in 1930.

During this period, Robert M. Burns became a force for positive change in the Society. He was influential in establishing the Patron grade of membership that allowed companies to support the Society directly rather than through advertising and he was among those who encouraged publication of the Corrosion Handbook – the second in the series of the Electrochemical Society monographs. Burns also suggested a long overdue change in meeting and publication polices, of which authors now only had to submit abstracts of their papers.[2]

Meetings[edit]

ECS holds international meetings in the spring and fall of each year, providing a forum for exchanging information on the latest scientific and technical developments in the fields of electrochemical and solid-state science and technology. ECS meetings bring together scientists, engineers, and researchers from academia, industry, and government laboratories to share results and discuss issues on related topics through a variety of formats, such as oral presentations, poster sessions, panel discussions, and tutorial sessions.

Publications[edit]

ECS publishes peer-reviewed technical journals, proceedings, monographs, conference abstracts, and a quarterly news magazine.

Journals[edit]

Digital Library[edit]

The ECS Digital Library (DL) is home to the Journal of The Electrochemical Society (JES), the flagship journal of The Electrochemical Society, published continuously since 1902. Three new peer-reviewed journals joined JES in mid-2012 – ECS Journal of Solid State Science and Technology (JSS), ECS Electrochemistry Letters (EEL), and ECS Solid State Letters (SSL). Still accessible as an archived journal is Electrochemical and Solid-State Letters (ESL).

Interface[edit]

The quarterly publication provides a forum for the exchange of ideas and news within international scientific community at-large.

ECS Meetings Abstracts[edit]

Contains extended abstracts of the technical papers presented at the spring and fall meetings of ECS.

ECS Transactions[edit]

An online proceedings database of full-text content from ECS and ECS sponsored conferences.

ECS Bookstore[edit]

The ECS Bookstore offers a centralized location to browse and purchase ECS books (ECS Transactions, Proceedings Volumes, and Monographs).

Open access[edit]

Part of ECS's mission is to disseminate research as widely as possible. Hence, the organization tries to expand the number of articles published as open access. Authors who publish with ECS are offered the choice of publishing their articles as open access at the point of submitting their manuscript[3] and if they are ECS members, have attended an ECS meeting, or are from an institution that subscribes to ECS publications, article processing charges are waived.[4]

Awards[edit]

ECS recognizes members for outstanding technical achievement in electrochemical and solid-state science and technology with a number of different awards.[5]

Notable members[edit]

Members of ECS work to apply their knowledge and vision to build a more promising future for the planet. The Society’s most notable members include:

  • Thomas Edison: Edison became a member of ECS on April 4, 1903. Early members, such as Charles Burgess, recall attending meeting at Edison's home in the early days of the Society.[6] Most recognized for the invention of the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and the practical electric light bulb – Edison’s contributions to electrochemistry were monumental.[7]
  • Gordon Moore: Known for his 1965 principal for the delivery of more powerful and lower costing semiconductor chips, which was later dubbed Moore's Law – Moore continues to be committed to progress in science and technology.[8]
  • Edward Goodrich Acheson: Recognized for inventing the Acheson process and being a manufacturer of carborundum and graphite, Acheson is among ECS’s most prestigious members.[9]
  • Herbert Dow: Among his most significant achievements, Dow founded the Dow Chemical Company in 1897.[10]
  • Norman Hackerman: Known internationally as an expert in metal corrosion, Hackerman is most recognized for developing the electrochemistry of oxidation.
  • Carl Wagner: Often referred to as the father of solid state chemistry, Wagner’s work on oxidation rate theory, counter diffusion of ions, and defect chemistry considerably advanced our knowledge of how reactions proceed at the atomic level in the solid state.
  • Charles W. Tobias: As former ECS President and pioneer in the field of electrochemical engineering, Tobias was instrumental in the advancement of electrochemical science. Through his role in forming the Chemical Engineering Department at Berkeley in 1947, Tobias made a long-lasting and far-reaching impact on the field.[11]
  • Leo Baekeland: Aside from holding the post of President of The Electrochemical Society in 1909,[12] Baekland is most famously know for inventing the Bakelite in 1907. Baekeland's entrepreneurial genius and inventive nature made him one of the most important players in chemical technology.[13]
  • Edward Weston: Noted for his achievements in electroplating, Weston developed the electrochemical cell – named the Weston cell, for the voltage standard.[14]
  • Charles Martin Hall: Hall is best known for inventing an inexpensive process to produce aluminum.[15]
  • Willis R. Whitney: Among his many achievements, Whitney is most recognized for founding the research laboratory of the General Electric Company.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Trumbore, Forrest; Dennis, Turner (2002). The Electrochemical Society 1902-2002: A Centennial History. Pennington, NJ: The Electrochemical Society. 
  2. ^ Trumbore, Forrest; Dennis, Turner (2002). The Electrochemical Society 1902-2002: A Centennial History. Pennington, NJ: The Electrochemical Society. 
  3. ^ Gerth, Rob. "Journal of The Electrochemical Society Impact Facotr Up 10%". ECS Redcat Blog. 
  4. ^ "Author Choice Open Access at ECS". The Electrochemical Society. 
  5. ^ "The ECS Awards Program". Retrieved 29 October 2014. 
  6. ^ Trumbore, Forrest; Dennis, Turner (2002). The Electrochemical Society 1902-2002: A Centennial History. Pennington, NJ: The Electrochemical Society. 
  7. ^ "The Lemelson Center Presents... Edison Invents!". Smithsonian. 
  8. ^ "The Moore Family". Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation. 
  9. ^ "Edward Goodrich Acheson". Chemical heritage Foundation. 
  10. ^ "Herbert Henry Dow". Chemical Heritage Foundation. 
  11. ^ Charles Tobias: Young Investigator Award of The Electrochemical Society. Pennington, New Jersey: The Electrochemical Society. 
  12. ^ "ECS President | Leo H. Baekeland". The Electrochemical Society. 
  13. ^ "Leo Hendrik Baekeland". Chemical heritage Foundation. 
  14. ^ "Edward Weston". Corrosion Doctors. 
  15. ^ "Charles Martin Hall". Oberlin College. 
  16. ^ "Willis R. Whitney". Lighting A Revolution. 

External links[edit]