The Emigrants (film)
||This article may require cleanup to meet Wikipedia's quality standards. (March 2009)|
|Directed by||Jan Troell|
|Produced by||Bengt Forslund|
|Written by||Bengt Forslund
|Starring||Max von Sydow
|Distributed by||Warner Bros. (U.S.)|
The Emigrants (Swedish: Utvandrarna) is a 1971 Swedish film directed by Jan Troell. It tells the story of a Swedish group who emigrate from Småland, Sweden to Minnesota, United States in the 19th century. The film follows the hardship of the group in Sweden and on the trip.
The film is based on the first two novels of The Emigrants suite by Vilhelm Moberg: The Emigrants and Unto a Good Land. It was adapted to the screen by Bengt Forslund and Jan Troell. The Emigrants stars Max von Sydow and Liv Ullmann in the lead, along with Eddie Axberg, Sven-Olof Bern, Aina Alfredsson, Allan Edwall, Monica Zetterlund and Pierre Lindstedt. The Emigrants was followed by a 1972 sequel, The New Land (Nybyggarna), with the same cast.
The Emigrants was critically hailed all over the world, and was nominated for Academy Award for Best Foreign Film in 1971. After screened properly in 1972, it was nominated for four more Oscars the following year, all in the major categories: Best Picture, Best Director for Troell, Best Actress for Ullmann, and Best Adapted Screenplay.
In the middle of the 19th century, a young couple, Kristina and Karl-Oskar, live in Småland - a province of southern Sweden. They survive on a small plot of infertile land. Times are difficult: there is bad weather, the harvests are poor, and hunger prevails. Hunger forces the couple's first-born child to secretly eat food that was not ready to be eaten. Their child dies as a result, and her death convinces Kristina to agree to Karl-Oskar's desire to emigrate to the US. They are joined by Karl-Oskar's brother, Robert, another family that is escaping religious persecution, and a man running away from a troublesome wife. The film traces their difficult ten-week journey on a rickety sailing ship across the Atlantic, then an inland journey to what is now Minnesota. The emigrants survive the journey and start their life in the New World.
- Max von Sydow as Karl Oskar Nilsson
- Liv Ullmann as Kristina Nilsson
- Eddie Axberg as Robert Nilsson
- Pierre Lindstedt as Arvid
- Allan Edwall as Danjel
- Monica Zetterlund as Ulrika
- Hans Alfredson as Jonas Petter
- Aina Alfredsson as Märta
- Sven-Olof Bern as Nils
- Gustaf Färingborg as Brusander, The Vicar
- Åke Fridell as Aron
- Bruno Sörwing as Lönnegren
- Arnold Alfredsson as Verger
- Ulla Smidje as Inga-Lena, Danjel's wife
- Eva-Lena Zetterlund as Elin, Ulrika's daughter
- Bror Englund as Måns Jakob
- Agneta Prytz as Fina Kajsa
- Halvar Björk as Anders Månsson
Richard Schickel wrote in Life that "Jan Troell has made the masterpiece about the dream that shaped America - a dream, and an America, fast disappearing from our views." Vincent Canby of The New York Times hailed the acting performances, especially from Sydow and Ullmann, which he found to hold "a kind of spontaneous truth, in look and gesture, that does a lot to relieve the otherwise programed nobility, truth and beauty." One complaint was raised by Canby: "As he showed in Here's Your Life, Mr. Troell, who is a fine cameraman, simply cannot resist the extra shot of sunlight-reflected-in-water that becomes just one too many, a thing of movie decoration."
Awards and honours
The Emigrants was nominated for five Academy Awards. It is notable that the nomination for Best Foreign Language Film came from the 1972 Oscars, while the rest came from the following year:
- Best Picture
- Best Director (Jan Troell)
- Best Actress in a Leading Role (Liv Ullmann)
- Best Writing, Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium
- List of submissions to the 44th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film
- List of Swedish submissions for the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film
- Brooks, Tim, and Earle Marsh, The Complete Directory to Prime-Time Network and Cable TV Shows, 1946-Present, Sixth Edition, New York: Ballantine Books, 1995, ISBN 0-345-39736-3, p. 738.
- Schickel, Richard (1972). "When America was a dream". Life (October 13): 28. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- Canby, Vincent (1972-09-25). "' The Emigrants,' a Swedish Film Epic, Lands Here". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
- "The 44th Academy Awards (1972) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-11-27.
- "Utvandrarna (1971)". Swedish Film Institute. 2 March 2014.