The End of the World (Doctor Who)
|158 – "The End of the World"|
|Doctor Who episode|
The Guests approach Platform One
|Writer||Russell T Davies|
|Script editor||Helen Raynor|
|Executive producer(s)||Russell T Davies
|Incidental music composer||Murray Gold|
|Originally broadcast||2 April 2005|
"The End of the World" is the second episode of Series One of the British science-fiction television series Doctor Who. Written by show runner Russell T Davies and directed by Euros Lyn, the episode was first broadcast on 2 April 2005.
In the episode, alien time traveller the Doctor (Christopher Eccleston) takes his new companion Rose Tyler (Billie Piper) on her first trip through time and space in the TARDIS to the year five billion where many rich alien delegates have gathered on a space station called Platform One to watch the Sun expand and destroy the Earth, but one of these guests is plotting to profit from the event by killing them all.
The Doctor takes Rose to the year 5.5/apple/26, five billion years into her future. They land on Platform One, a space station in orbit around Earth. They have arrived in time for a party celebrating the final destruction of Earth by the expansion of the Sun. The Earth has long since been abandoned, but has been kept up by a historical trust. The Doctor uses his psychic paper to pass as their invitation to the party, and he and Rose find many elite alien beings there. The guests include Lady Cassandra O'Brien, billed as "the last human" but actually a face on a large piece of skin that must be continually moisturised. Also present are the Face of Boe, the Moxx of Balhoon, the Adherents of the Repeated Meme, and living trees from the Forest of Cheem. Rose is overwhelmed by the strange beings and customs as well as how distant she is from home, and leaves to an observation room to collect her thoughts. The Doctor follows her, and tries to cheer her up by allowing her to call her mum Jackie by altering her mobile phone to be able to work over the distance in time.
Meanwhile, the gifts brought by the Adherents of the Repeated Meme are revealed to contain robotic spiders that immediately work at disabling functions on Platform One. The Steward of Platform One recognizes something is wrong, but is killed when the spiders cause the solar filter of his room to lower and expose him directly to the powerful solar radiation. The Doctor goes to investigate with the help of Jabe, of the Forest of Cheem, and discover the Steward's death and the spiders. Rose attempts to learn more from Lady Cassandra but only gets more upset over Cassandra's arrogance and walks away. Later, Rose meets some members of The Meme, who knock her out and drag her away. She is locked in a room where the solar filter is about to drop, and the Doctor manages to get the filter back up but cannot get her out.
Using a captured spider, the Doctor determines that the Meme are responsible. The Meme turn out to be empty shells, and the real controller is revealed to be Lady Cassandra. Cassandra admits to being the saboteur, her plan was to use the deaths of the assembled elite to generate profit from their companies to finance her operations. Cassandra teleports to her ship as the spiders bring down the shielding on the entire station and the gravity satellites are turned off. The direct radiation causes the solar filters to strain and crack, killing several of the guests from the intense radiation exposure and once again threatening Rose. The Doctor and Jabe travel to the bowels of Platform One to restore the automated shields, but it requires one of them to travel through several spinning fans. Jabe recognizes the Doctor as the last Time Lord and sacrifices herself to hold down a switch to slow down the fan blades. This allows the Doctor to reactivate the system just before the expanding Sun hits the station and destroys Earth.
The Doctor returns to the remaining guests and Rose, who is now free of the observation room. Using a device he finds in the room, the Doctor reverses Cassandra's teleport and brings her back onto the station. In the elevated temperature and without moisturising, Cassandra begins to dry out and crack. She begs for mercy from the Doctor, but he refuses to listen and Cassandra ruptures. Rose notes that with all the events that occurred no one had witnessed the actual destruction of Earth. The Doctor returns Rose to her present time, and explains to her that he is the last of the Time Lords, and that his planet of Gallifrey was destroyed in the wake of a great war. The episode closes with Rose and the Doctor going off to get chips on a sunny London afternoon.
The Doctor explains that the TARDIS's telepathic field is what gives Rose the ability to understand and be understood by the aliens. This concept was first introduced in the Fourth Doctor serial The Masque of Mandragora, described by the Doctor as a "Time Lord gift" he shares with his companions. In The Fires of Pompeii, the Doctor tells Donna that translation is a "gift of the TARDIS". In The Angels Take Manhattan, River Song implies this translation ability lingers in the mind even when people have left the TARDIS and are no longer near it.
The concept of a Doctor-supercharged communications device first appeared in The Three Doctors (1972–73), where the Second Doctor modifies the Brigadier's radio telephone to allow him to contact his men through interference generated by antimatter.
This is the fourth time in the series that Earth has been burned by the Sun, the other occasions being sometime after the 30th century in The Ark in Space (1975), two million years from the present in The Mysterious Planet (1986) and ten million years from the present in The Ark (1966).
Moreover, in The Ultimate Foe (1986), Earth is said to have been dragged over space by the Time Lords two million years in the future and renamed Ravolox on all the official records. No explanations are given in this episode about whether Earth have been brought back to its previous location at the time of its destruction, or how the characters know it is actually Earth.
In conversation with the Face of Boe, the Moxx of Balhoon mentions the "Bad Wolf scenario." On the BBC's Bad Wolf website, it was listed as "the classic bad wolf scenario". The phrase "Bad Wolf" is a story arc in series one. The Face of Boe is announced as being from the Silver Devastation, which is where Professor Yana reveals he is from in the episode Utopia.
The Doctor tells Jabe that he was once on another "unsinkable" ship and wound up clinging to an iceberg, an apparent reference to having been on the RMS Titanic when she sank. Which incarnation of the Doctor did this is not specified, although the Seventh Doctor was on board the Titanic in the Virgin New Adventures novel The Left-Handed Hummingbird by Kate Orman (which is of uncertain canonicity). He did not, however, wind up on an iceberg in that story. In the Fourth Doctor story The Invasion of Time (1978), the Doctor claims that he wasn't responsible for the disaster. In Rose a photograph of the Ninth Doctor is seen with a family who avoided the disaster by cancelling their trip for an unspecified reason (implied to be the Doctor).
Many of the Platform One interiors were filmed at the Temple of Peace in Cardiff, Wales in October 2004. Sets were also built and painted to match the Temple's marble interiors. Due to complexities in animating Cassandra, some of her lines were dropped the episode underran. To compensate, Davies came up with the character of maintenance worker Ruffalo, and scenes between Ruffalo and Rose were filmed at the Temple of Peace on 19 February 2005. In the documentary series Doctor Who Confidential, Russell T Davies joked that that there would never be such an expensive episode again (because of the large amount of CGI special effects). Both Cassandra and the robotic spiders — other than an inactive one — are completely CGI creatures. The documentary also reveals that there are 203 visual effects shots in this episode, compared to "about 100" in the film Gladiator. Davies stated that the character of Cassandra was inspired by drastic beauty treatments that had been taken by female celebrities. As of "The Wedding of River Song" (2011), no Doctor Who episode contains as many special effects shots.
The "iPod" (a Wurlitzer jukebox) that Cassandra unveils plays "Tainted Love" by Soft Cell and later "Toxic" by Britney Spears. "Toxic" was not actually released as a 7" 45 rpm vinyl single. The production team mocked up a 7" single for use in the episode.
Jabe's scan of the Doctor displays an animation by Drew Berry of translation, a process wherein a protein molecule is synthesised according to the genetic code carried by messenger RNA. A production sketch of the scanner drawn by Matthew Savage shows a scan of the Doctor indicating nine different DNA samples — one for each incarnation.
Cast notes 
Cassandra is a CGI creation voiced by actress Zoë Wanamaker. Writer Russell T Davies revealed that Cassandra was inspired by the appearance of various female celebrities at the Oscars. He said, "It was horrific seeing those beautiful women reduced to sticks. Nicole Kidman struck me in particular." Wanamaker reprised the role of Cassandra in the 2006 series' first episode, "New Earth."
Broadcast and reception 
This episode begins with a cold open, which from here on became a standard feature. This is a first for the series, which previously used pre-credits teaser sequences sparingly in special episodes such as the post-regeneration Castrovalva (1982); the 20th anniversary special, The Five Doctors (1983); and the 25th anniversary story, Remembrance of the Daleks (1988). According to a March 2006 interview with Russell T Davies, he requested for this episode to be broadcast back-to-back with "Rose", but the request was given to the BBC too close to transmission. In the U.S. the Sci-Fi Channel did run the two episodes consecutively on 17 March 2006.
Overnight figures showed that "The End of the World" was watched by 7.3 million viewers in the UK, down 2.6 million viewers from the premiere. When final ratings were calculated, figures rose to 7.97 million.
Arnold T Blumburg of the magazine Now Playing gave "The End of the World" a grade of "A-", praising the spectacle as well as the performances of Eccleston and Piper and their developing characters. However, he felt that the climax suffered from pacing issues. SFX called it a "brave episode to air so early, but it works", praising the way the alien concepts were reminiscent to the classic series. However, the reviewer wrote that "the full drama of the event is never quite captured" and "the murder plot...never quite takes flight, but it provides the framework for some brilliant scenes". In Who Is the Doctor, a guide to the revived series, Graeme Burk described "The End of the World" as "sheer, unadulterated fun", particularly praising the emotional connection that was built between the Doctor and Rose. Burk felt that there could have been more of a build-up to the Cassandra revelation, but commented that "a lot of the success of the story" was due to her. Burk's co-author Robert Smith? added that the episode allowed Eccleston to shine by offering the Doctor a wide range of emotions. Despite their positive reviews, Burk and Smith? noted that the switch at the end of the hallway with giant fans was "contrived" and "silly". In 2013, Patrick Mulkern of Radio Times felt that the episode had everything to be expected from Davies' Doctor Who: boldness, camp, and emotional and character drama.
- "The End of the World - Fact File". BBC. Retrieved 27 Mach 2012.
- The Three Doctors. Doctor Who. 1972-12-30–1973-01-20. BBC. BBC1.
- The Ark in Space. Doctor Who. 1975-01-25–1975-02-15. BBC. BBC1.
- The Mysterious Planet. Doctor Who. 1986-09-06–1986-09-27. BBC. BBC1.
- The Ark. Doctor Who. 1966-03-05–1966-03-26. BBC. BBC1.
- The Ultimate Foe. Doctor Who. 1986-11-29–1986-12-06. BBC. BBC1.
- "Bad Wolf Sightings — who is bad wolf? what is bad wolf?". BBC. Retrieved 2006-12-01.
- Orman, Kate (December 1993). The Left-Handed Hummingbird. Virgin Books. ISBN 0-426-20404-2.
- The Invasion of Time. Doctor Who. 1978-02-04–1978-03-11. BBC. BBC1.
- Writer Russell T Davies, Director Keith Boak, Producer Phil Collinson (2005-03-26). "Rose". Doctor Who. BBC. BBC One.
- "Walesarts, Temple of Peace, Cathays Park, Cardiff". BBC. Retrieved 2010-05-30.
- Gillaine Seaborne, Simon Pegg (2005-04-02). "The Good, The Bad and the Ugly". Doctor Who Confidential. Series 1. Episode 2. BBC. BBC Three.
- Burk and Smith? p. 11
- Burk and Smith? p. 9
- Production sketch by Matthew Savage
- Writer Russell T Davies, Director James Hawes, Producer Phil Collinson (2006-04-15). "New Earth". Doctor Who. BBC. BBC One.
- Nazzaro, Joe (2006-03-14). "Who Timing Was Right". Sci Fi Wire. Archived from the original on 2006-06-13. Retrieved 2006-12-01.
- Plunkett, John (4 April 2005). "Doctor Who loses 2.5 million viewers in timewarp". The Guardian. Retrieved 29 March 2012.
- Russell, Gary (2006). Doctor Who: The Inside Story. London: BBC Books. p. 139. ISBN 978-0-563-48649-7.
- Blumburg, Arnold T (6 April 2005). "Doctor Who - "The End of the World"". Now Playing. Archived from the original on 1 September 2005. Retrieved 21 January 2013.
- "Doctor Who: The End of the World". SFX. 2 April 2005. Retrieved 2012-04-15.
- Burk and Smith? p. 11-12
- Burk and Smith? p. 12-13
- Burk and Smith? p. 10
- Mulkern, Patrick (5 February 2013). "Doctor Who: The End of the World". Retrieved 18 February 2013.
- Burk, Graeme; Smith?, Robert (6 March 2012). "Series 1". Who Is the Doctor: The Unofficial Guide to Doctor Who-The New Series (1st ed.). ECW Press. pp. 3–62. ISBN 1-55022-984-2.
|Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Ninth Doctor|
- The End of the World on TARDIS Data Core, an external wiki
- BBC Doctor Who Homepage
- "The End of the World" at Doctor Who: A Brief History Of Time (Travel)
- "The End of the World" at TV.com
- Doctor Who Confidential — Episode 2: The Good, the Bad and the Ugly
- "The End of the World" at the Internet Movie Database