The Evil of the Daleks

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036 – The Evil of the Daleks
Doctor Who serial
Evil of the Daleks.jpg
A Dalek checks on the captive Victoria Waterfield
Cast
Others
Production
Writer David Whitaker
Director Derek Martinus
Script editor Gerry Davis (episodes 1-3)
Peter Bryant (episodes 4-7)
Producer Innes Lloyd
Peter Bryant (associate producer, episode 1)
Executive producer(s) None
Incidental music composer Dudley Simpson
Production code LL
Series Season 4
Length 7 episodes, 25 minutes each
Episode(s) missing 6 episodes (1, 3-7)
Date started 20 May 1967
Date ended 1 July 1967
Chronology
← Preceded by Followed by →
The Faceless Ones The Tomb of the Cybermen

The Evil of the Daleks is the partly missing ninth and final serial of the fourth season in the British science fiction television series Doctor Who, which originally aired in seven weekly parts from 20 May to 1 July 1967. This serial marked the debut of Deborah Watling as the Doctor's new companion, Victoria Waterfield. Only episode two, the episode in which Victoria first appears, is held in the BBC archives; the other six remain missing.

Evil was initially intended to be the last Dalek story on Doctor Who. Writer Terry Nation, the creator of the Daleks, was busily trying to sell the Daleks to American television at the time and it was intended to give them a big send-off from the series. However this was not to be his last encounter with them. In 1993, readers of DreamWatch Bulletin voted The Evil of the Daleks as the best ever Doctor Who story in a special poll for the series' thirtieth anniversary.

Plot[edit]

In 1966 London, the Second Doctor and Jamie watch helplessly as the TARDIS is loaded onto a lorry and driven away from Gatwick Airport. The trail leads them to an antique shop run by Edward Waterfield, who sells Victorian-style antiques that curiously seem as though they were still new. Waterfield is being coerced by the Daleks, who appear in a secret room of his shop through a time machine, and exterminate his mutinous employee Kennedy. Investigating the store, the Doctor and Jamie succumb to a booby trap that gasses them, and are dragged into the time machine by Waterfield.

They wake up to find that they have been transported to 1866, and are in the house of Theodore Maxtible, Waterfield's partner. The two had been trying to invent a time machine using mirrors and static electricity, when the Daleks emerged from their time cabinet. The Daleks then took Waterfield's daughter, Victoria, hostage and forced Waterfield to travel a century forward in time to lure the Doctor into a trap by stealing the TARDIS. Waterfield is obviously fearful for his daughter's safety and his own, but Maxtible seems to be going along with the Daleks for his own reasons.

The Daleks threaten to destroy the TARDIS unless the Doctor helps them by conducting an experiment to isolate the "Human Factor", the unique qualities of human beings that have allowed them to consistently resist and defeat the Daleks. Once the Doctor has isolated the Human Factor, he will then implant it into three Daleks, who will then become the precursors of a race of "super" Daleks, with the best qualities of humans and Daleks. To that end, the Daleks want the Doctor to test Jamie by sending him to rescue Victoria, who is being kept in the house. The Doctor is strangely cooperative with the Daleks, manipulating Jamie into the rescue mission but not telling him of the nature of the test.

Jamie manages to rescue Victoria, but she is taken prisoner again and transported through the time cabinet. The Doctor, observing how Jamie accomplished the rescue, distils the Human Factor, but continues to harbour suspicions that there is more to the experiment than just this. Once the Human Factor is implanted in the three Daleks, they become completely human in personality and seem almost childlike, although the Doctor says their mentalities will mature quickly. This was the Doctor's intent all along: that the human factor would lead to "human" Daleks that would be friendly to humanity. He christens the three Alpha, Beta and Omega, but they soon return through the time cabinet to Skaro, the Daleks' home planet.

Meanwhile, Waterfield has discovered that Maxtible has betrayed them all to the Daleks, hoping that he will be able to learn the alchemical secret of transmuting base metals into gold. However, Maxtible, who has travelled to Skaro through the mirror cabinet, is discovering just how ruthless the Daleks are and how empty their promises can be; he is tortured for his failure to bring the Doctor to them. Jamie, Waterfield and the Doctor are locked out of the time cabinet, but manage to use the Daleks' own short-range time machine to make the journey to Skaro before a Dalek bomb destroys Maxtible's house.

The trio find their way into the Dalek city and are brought before the imposing Dalek Emperor, who reveals the true reason behind the experiments and the capture of the TARDIS: by isolating the human factor, the Doctor has succeeded in isolating the "Dalek Factor" as well. The Daleks will use the "Dalek Factor"—the qualities that make the Daleks relentless killing machines—to reconvert the "human" Daleks. In addition, the Emperor wants the Doctor to use the TARDIS to spread the Dalek Factor throughout human history, turning all humanity into Daleks. The Doctor knows that the Emperor realises that he would die before complying with this order, and so is concerned about why the Emperor seems so confident.

Maxtible is tricked into walking through an archway that infuses him with the Dalek Factor, mentally turning him into a Dalek. He hypnotises the Doctor and lures him through the arch as well, apparently converting him. However, the Doctor is feigning his conversion and secretly plants a device on the arch while the Daleks hunt for the three "human" Daleks. As one still remains to be found, the Doctor suggests that all the Daleks be put through the conversion arch so that the "human" Dalek will once again be infused with the Dalek Factor.

As the first batch of Daleks go through the arch, the Doctor frees the others. The arch did not work on the Doctor because it was calibrated for humans, and he is not one. The Doctor has also substituted the Human Factor for the Dalek Factor on the arch, so the Daleks that go through will become "human" and rebel against the Emperor. The Emperor calls out his Black Daleks as the rebellion spreads and the City falls into chaos. Waterfield throws himself in front of a Black Dalek blast meant for the Doctor; the Doctor promises that Victoria will be taken care of, and Waterfield dies content. The Emperor is attacked and exterminated by the "human" Daleks. While the Doctor and his companions escape, Maxtible rushes back into the exploding city, screaming of the everlasting glory of the Dalek race.

The Doctor tells Jamie that they will be taking the now-orphaned Victoria along on their travels. Jamie, Victoria and the Doctor watch the Dalek City in flames from the top of a hill as the civil war continues. The Doctor pronounces this the end of the Daleks – the final end.

Continuity[edit]

Excluding Earth, the Doctor's journey to Skaro (via time cabinet) is one of the first times that the Doctor returns to an alien planet visited in a previous story.[1] Mirrors would later be used again to build a time machine in the 2008 episode "Turn Left".

Fans have suggested that this story is the final Dalek story in the context of Dalek history, though as with much in Doctor Who fandom, this is debatable. The FASA Doctor Who Role Playing Game supported this view, placing the story's date 143,350 years in the future of Gallifrey's "present". A scene cut from the script of the Third Doctor serial Day of the Daleks would have stated that the rebellious Daleks of this serial were destroyed, however, establishing that Evil was not the last Dalek story.

The story of the humanised Daleks was followed up on in the Doctor Who Magazine comic strip story Children of the Revolution (DWM #312-#317), featuring the Eighth Doctor and his companion Izzy. This contradicted an earlier comic strip (Bringer of Darkness, DWM Dalek Special) that took place after the events of "Evil". In the story, a group of marooned Daleks inform The Doctor that the rebel factions were destroyed and the Emperor again reigned supreme. Like all spin-off media, both strips' canocity in relation to the television series is unclear. Another Dalek is "humanised" after assimilating Rose Tyler's DNA in the Ninth Doctor episode "Dalek" (2005). Like the Daleks in Evil, this Dalek begins experiencing emotions like fear and empathy, and subsequently questions the instinctive Dalek xenophobia. Other versions of a Dalek Emperor would appear in Remembrance of the Daleks and "The Parting of the Ways". Executive producer Russell T Davies would dub Dalek heads of state "Puppet Emperors" in the 2005 Doctor Who Annual. The themes of Daleks consciously using a Human Factor (the ability of humans to survive and triumph) and the infusion into human slaves of an evil, genetic Dalek Factor are repeated in the back-to-back 2007 episodes "Daleks in Manhattan" and "Evolution of the Daleks".

Production[edit]

Cast notes[edit]

Patrick Troughton only appears in pre-filmed insert scenes for the fourth episode, as he was on holiday. Likewise Deborah Watling only appears in a pre-filmed scene in episode three. John Bailey, who played Edward Waterfield, had previously appeared in The Sensorites, and would later appear in The Horns of Nimon.

Anneke Wills and Michael Craze were both contracted up to episode 2 of The Evil of the Daleks to appear as Polly and Ben. However, it had been decided during the previous serial that the characters would be dropped; consequently both actors had their contracts paid up and were released after episode 2 of The Faceless Ones.[2]

Missing episodes[edit]

This story was wiped from the BBC's archives in the late 1960s. Episodes one to six were wiped in August 1968, and episode seven wiped in September 1969. Only episode two remains, in a telerecording found at a car boot sale then returned to the archive in May 1987.

In 2004, analysis of the repeated clip used in The Wheel in Space episode six revealed it to be from episode one rather than episode two, as had been long believed. This, however, only constitutes a few frames of recovered footage. The discovery of a behind-the-scenes film, The Last Dalek, made by the special effects team as they worked on the story's conclusion, facilitated a recreation of the climactic battle scenes. This recreation, along with the entire film, have been made available in different forms on various Troughton releases. In addition, tele-snaps and off-air audio recordings made by fans upon the original broadcasts exist for the entire story.

Broadcast and reception[edit]

Serial details by episode
Episode Broadcast date Run time Viewers
(in millions)
Archive
"Episode 1" 20 May 1967 (1967-05-20) 24:07 8.1 Only stills and/or fragments exist
"Episode 2" 27 May 1967 (1967-05-27) 25:13 7.5 16mm t/r
"Episode 3" 3 June 1967 (1967-06-03) 24:27 6.1 Only stills and/or fragments exist
"Episode 4" 10 June 1967 (1967-06-10) 24:43 5.3 Only stills and/or fragments exist
"Episode 5" 17 June 1967 (1967-06-17) 25:23 5.1 Only stills and/or fragments exist
"Episode 6" 24 June 1967 (1967-06-24) 24:48 6.8 Only stills and/or fragments exist
"Episode 7" 1 July 1967 (1967-07-01) 24:33 6.1 Only stills and/or fragments exist
[3][4][5]

The story was repeated in 1968 at the end of Season 5 (08/06/68 to 22/06/68 and 13/07/68 to 03/08/68) at 5.15pm. At the end of The Wheel in Space, the Doctor used a telepathic display machine to show new companion Zoe Heriot the sort of monsters she would face if she joined the TARDIS crew, and shows a clip from the end of episode 1 of The Evil of the Daleks. Over the following weeks (bridging the gap between Seasons 5 and 6) the entire story was shown, narration over the opening scene of episode 1 reminding viewers of the reason for the repeat. This was the only time any Doctor Who episodes (other than the first episode) were reshown in the 1960s. Ironically, Zoe herself would never encounter the Daleks on television; decades later, the Big Finish Productions audio story Fear of the Daleks would tell of an encounter between Zoe and the Daleks, set immediately after the Doctor's telepathic re-run.

Paul Cornell, Martin Day, and Keith Topping gave the serial a positive review in The Discontinuity Guide (1995), describing it as "A grandiose production which papers over its scientifically implausible aspects with a confident swagger."[6] In The Television Companion (1998), David J. Howe and Stephen James Walker noted how The Evil of the Daleks played tribute to the series' past, and praised Whitaker's writing and the production values.[7] In 2009, Patrick Mulkern of Radio Times wrote that the story "boasts an intriguing mystery, well-drawn characters, atmospheric settings and thrilling set-pieces", though it did have an "overly elaborate" plot. He particularly praised Jamie, as well as the incidental music.[8]

On stage[edit]

In 2006 the BBC and the Terry Nation estate licensed a charity stage version of the serial. It was adapted and directed by Nick Scovell, who also starred as the Doctor. Production was by Rob Thrush, who provided the Dalek voices, and the orchestral score was by Martin Johnson. The production ran at the New Theatre Royal, Portsmouth between 25 and 28 October 2006, playing to sell-out houses during its five-night run. £15,000 was raised towards the restoration of the theatre, with an additional £550 going to Children in Need. [9]

Commercial releases[edit]

In print[edit]

Doctor Who book
Book cover
The Evil of the Daleks
Series Target novelisations
Release number 155
Writer John Peel
Publisher Target Books
Cover artist Alister Pearson
ISBN 0-426-20389-5
Release date August 1993

Virgin Books published a novelisation of this serial by John Peel in August 1993. To date it is the last serial of the original series to be novelised. There are currently five serials that, due to complex licensing, are unavailable for adaptation. Although published by Virgin, it was released under the Target Books banner, as had all previous novelisations.

Home media[edit]

As with all missing episodes, off-air recordings of the soundtrack exist due to contemporary fan efforts. In 1992 a set was released on audiocassette, accompanied by linking narration from the Fourth Doctor, Tom Baker. However due to problems with background music clearance the scenes set in the Tricolour in episode one had to be deleted. Subsequently better quality copies of the soundtrack emerged and in 2003, the remastered soundtrack was re-released with the excised scenes restored (albeit with the background music changed) and with new narration by Frazer Hines, in the Doctor Who: Daleks collector's tin, alongside the soundtrack to The Power of the Daleks and a bonus disc featuring My Life as a Dalek, a historical documentary presented by Mark Gatiss. In 2004, this version saw subsequent individual release.

The sole surviving episode was featured in the Daleks: The Early Years VHS video. In November 2004, the same episode was released on DVD as part of the Lost in Time box set.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Howe & Walker 1998, pp. 126–7
  2. ^ Sullivan, Shannon (2005-05-08). "The Faceless Ones". A Brief History of Time Travel. Retrieved 2013-09-19. 
  3. ^ Shaun Lyon et al. (2007-03-31). "The Evil of the Daleks". Outpost Gallifrey. Archived from the original on 2008-06-17. Retrieved 2008-08-30. 
  4. ^ "The Evil of the Daleks". Doctor Who Reference Guide. Retrieved 2008-08-30. 
  5. ^ Sullivan, Shannon (2006-05-10). "The Evil of the Daleks". A Brief History of Time Travel. Retrieved 2008-08-30. 
  6. ^ Cornell, Paul; Day, Martin; Topping, Keith (1995). "The Evil of the Daleks". The Discontinuity Guide. London: Virgin Books. ISBN 0-426-20442-5. 
  7. ^ Howe, David J & Walker, Stephen James (1998). Doctor Who: The Television Companion (1st ed. ed.). London: BBC Books. ISBN 978-0-563-40588-7. 
  8. ^ Mulkern, Patrick (14 June 2009). "Doctor Who: The Evil of the Daleks". Radio Times. Retrieved 23 August 2013. 
  9. ^ The Evil of the Daleks Stage Show

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Reviews[edit]

Target novelisation[edit]