The Eye of the Heron

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The Eye of the Heron
The Eye of the Heron by Ursula K. Le Guin.jpg
Cover of first edition (hardback)
Author Ursula K. Le Guin
Original title Originally published in the Millennial Women anthology
Country United States
Language English
Genre Science fiction, utopian and dystopian fiction, social science fiction, feminist science fiction
Publisher Delacorte Press
Publication date
1978
Media type Print (hardcover and paperback)
Pages 192
ISBN 0-89340-651-1
OCLC 12449108

The Eye of the Heron is a 1978 science fiction novel by U.S. author Ursula K. Le Guin which was first published in the science fiction anthology Millennial Women.

Plot introduction[edit]

The Eye of the Heron is a science fiction novel set on the fictional planet of Victoria in a speculative future, probably sometime in the 22nd century, when the planet has been colonized for about a century and has no communication with Earth. The protagonist is a young woman called Luz but the story is told in the third person and the reader sees events from the point of view of several different characters. The Eye of the Heron is usually treated as one of Le Guin's minor novels although it exhibits her characteristic prose style and themes.

Explanation of the novel's title[edit]

The title is a reference to a fictional animal on the planet Victoria which early colonists called heron because of some superficial similarities to Earth heron. The characters' encounters with these animals occur at moments of significant introspection, particularly when they are considering that which they perceive as alien, or other, in relation to themselves.

Plot summary[edit]

The planet of Victoria received two waves of colonists from Earth: first two prison ships founding a penal colony and then one ship of political exiles. The descendants of the prisoners mostly inhabit the City. The descendants of the political exiles, the "People of Peace", inhabit Shantih Town, which is known to the City dwellers as Shanty Town. The Shantih Towners, whose primary occupation is farming, want to settle another valley further away from the City. The City "Bosses" do not want to lose the control they believe they have over the Shanty Towners and so they take action to try to prevent any settlement beyond their sphere of influence.

Characters in The Eye of the Heron[edit]

City characters[edit]

  • Luz Marina Falco Cooper
  • Luis Burnier Falco (Luz's father and a Boss)
  • Herman Macmilan
  • Captain Eden

Shantih Town characters[edit]

  • Vera Adelson
  • Lev Shults
  • Southwind
  • Andre
  • Hari
  • Elia

Major themes[edit]

The major themes in The Eye of the Heron are themes common to much of Le Guin's fiction and include the social constructions of gender, interactions between individuals from different societies, intra-actions within societies, and contact with that which is perceived as alien or other. The novel also explores different forms of social and political organization by juxtaposing pacifist anarchism with violent oligarchy. The characters' metaphorical internal journeys are reflected in literal external journeys throughout the plot.

When asked, in a 1995 interview, what role the feminist movement had played in her writing, Le Guin situated The Eye of the Heron in the context of her development as a writer:

"I gradually realized that my own fiction was telling me that I could no longer ignore the feminine. While I was writing The Eye of the Heron in 1977, the hero insisted on destroying himself before the middle of the book. "Hey," I said, "you can't do that, you're the hero. Where's my book?" I stopped writing. The book had a woman in it, but I didn't know how to write about women. I blundered around a while and then found some guidance in feminist theory. I got excited when I discovered feminist literary criticism was something I could read and actually enjoy. I read The Norton Book of Literature by Women from cover to cover. It was a bible for me. It taught me that I didn't have to write like an honorary man anymore, that I could write like a woman and feel liberated in doing so."[1]

Allusions to other works[edit]

The Eye of the Heron contains the phrase: "A beginning place". Le Guin reused this phrase in the title of her 1980 novel The Beginning Place.

Allusions to history[edit]

The Eye of the Heron refers to a fictional historical Long March which is probably an allusion[original research?] to any of several historical marches for social and political freedom.

Awards and nominations[edit]

Release details[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ White, Jonathan (Spring 1995). "Coming back from the silence (interview with Ursula Le Guin)". Whole Earth Review. 
  2. ^ Kelly, Mark R. (2000–2007). "1979 Locus Awards". The Locus Index to SF Awards. Locus Publications. Retrieved 2007-03-18. 
Bibliography
  • Bernardo, Susan M.; Murphy, Graham J. (2006). Ursula K. Le Guin: A Critical Companion (1st ed.). Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-33225-8. 
  • Cadden, Mike (2005). Ursula K. Le Guin Beyond Genre: Fiction for Children and Adults (1st ed.). New York, NY: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-99527-2. 

External links[edit]