The Fabulous World of Jules Verne

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The Fabulous World of Jules Verne
Vynalez zkazy 1958 poster.jpg
Original Czech film poster
Directed by Karel Zeman
Produced by Zdeněk Novák
Written by Karel Zeman
František Hrubín
Jiří Brdečka
Milan Vacha
Based on Facing the Flag 
by Jules Verne
Starring Lubor Tokoš
Arnošt Navrátil
Miloslav Holub
Music by Zdeněk Liška
Cinematography Jiří Tarantík
Bohuslav Pikhart
Antonín Horák
Edited by Zdeněk Stehlík
Distributed by Ceskoslovensky Statni Film
Warner Bros. Pictures (U.S release)
Release date(s)
  • 1958 (1958)
Running time 83 minutes
Country Czechoslovakia
Language Czech

The Fabulous World of Jules Verne (Czech: Vynález zkázy, literally The Deadly Invention or An Invention for Destruction) is a 1958 Czechoslovak adventure film directed by Karel Zeman. Based on several works by Jules Verne, primarily his 1896 novel Facing the Flag, the film evokes the original illustrations for Verne's works by combining live actors with various forms of animation.[1]

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

"Back-Cup Island": one of several Léon Benett engravings faithfully recreated in the film

Style[edit]

The film has long been appreciated for its unique visual style, which faithfully recreates that of the Victorian line engravings (by Édouard Riou, Léon Benett, and others) featured in the original editions of Verne's novels.[1] According to Karel Zeman's daughter Ludmila Zeman: "As a child, I remember I had all the books with those beautiful engravings. I really can't visualize the story any other way. And my father felt, because he adored Verne, he believed it can only be a good telling if he used the same techniques."[2]

Much of this style was created in-camera, thanks to the production design for the film. Zeman's crew made and used hard rubber paint rollers to add engraving-like hatching to scenery and costumes.[2] The effect was not lost on reviewers: Pauline Kael noted that "there are more stripes, more patterns on the clothing, the decor, and on the image itself than a sane person can easily imagine."[1]

To complete the effect, Zeman and his crew composited the film with various forms of animation. A commentator for Experimental Conversations noted that the end result "must stand alongside [The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari] as one of the great visual and stylistic triumphs of the cinematic medium," and added that "the film combines all manner of tricks and effects - double exposures, painted animation, cut-out animation, stop-motion animation, puppets, miniatures, models, stylised matte-paintings, and who knows what else - with its live-action footage to create a seamless blend of startling, crisp, black-and-white material. The process was dubbed 'Mystimation' [for the later US release], a name which seems perfectly apt for something which really does need to be seen to be believed."[3]

Music[edit]

The film's score was written by Zdeněk Liška, a highly regarded film composer known for his skill with musical characterizations and humor, as well as for his innovative use of electronic music techniques.[4] In the mid-twentieth century, he was the foremost Czech composer of fantasy film scores.[5] The score is written in an old-fashioned style complementing the quaintness of the visuals. The main theme, reminiscent of a music box, is scored for harpsichord, accompanied by a chamber ensemble of string instruments and woodwinds. The love theme, apparently based on the song "Tit-willow" from the Gilbert and Sullivan comic opera The Mikado, is likewise played by woodwinds and a muted harpsichord.[5] Liška's score also includes various shorter cues, such as a short pathos-filled theme for the sinking of the ship Amelie, keyboard strikes matching the attacks on the giant octopus, and a serene finale for string orchestra.[5] The film's score remains one of Liška's most notable works.[4][5]

Release and reception[edit]

Reynold Brown film poster for the American release, with the new title and advertising style

Vynález zkázy premiered in Czechoslovakia on 22 August 1958,[6] and was featured at Expo 58 in Brussels, where it won the Grand Prix at the International Film Festival.[7] Over the following year, the film also garnered a Silver Sombrero at the First International Film Festival in Guadalajara, a Czechoslovak Film Critics Award, a Crystal Star from the French Academy of Film, and other awards.[8] In 2010, a publication of the Czech Ministry of Foreign Affairs estimated Vynález zkázy as the most successful film in the history of Czech cinema.[9]

The film was brought to the United States in 1961 by the American entrepreneur Joseph E. Levine, who had it dubbed into English, christened The Fabulous World of Jules Verne, and released by Warner Bros. Pictures as part of a double feature for children paired with Bimbo the Great.[10] Despite the niche marketing of the film, it quickly won several high-profile admirers: New York Times critic Howard Thompson found it "fresh, funny and highly imaginative," with "a marvelous eyeful of trick effects."[11] Pauline Kael was similarly glowing, calling the film a "wonderful giddy science fantasy" and adding that Zeman "sustains the Victorian tone, with its delight in the magic of science, that makes Verne seem so playfully archaic."[1] Charles Stinson of the Los Angeles Times began a highly positive review for the film by saying: "The Fabulous World of Jules Verne is precisely that. For once the title writers and the press agents have been found failing to exaggerate. They'd better watch it."[12] Thanks to the American release, the film was nominated for the Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation in 1962.[13]

The film was screened by the Museum of Modern Art in December 2012 as part of the exhibition An Auteurist History of Film. MoMA's film curator Charles Silver called the film "a bubbling over […] of unprecedented imagination" with "an undeniably poetic fairy-tale quality."[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Kael, Pauline (1991). 5001 Nights at the Movies. New York: Holt. p. 179. ISBN 0-8050-1367-9. 
  2. ^ a b Proč Karel Zeman film natočil [Why Zeman Made the Film] (featurette). Prague: Karel Zeman Museum. Nov 6, 2012. 
  3. ^ Barrett, Alex (Winter 2010). "The Fabulous World of Jules Verne". Experimental Conversations (6). Retrieved 2 February 2012. 
  4. ^ a b Gardavský, Čeněk (1965), Contemporary Czechoslovak Composers, Prague: Panton, pp. 280–281 
  5. ^ a b c d Larson, Randall D. (1985), Musique Fantastique: A Survey of Film Music in the Fantastic Cinema, Metuchen, N.J.: Scarecrow Press, p. 216 
  6. ^ "Vynález zkázy (1958)". kinobox.cz. 
  7. ^ Pišťanek, Peter (2009-09-17). "Karel Zeman Génius animovaného filmu". SME. Retrieved 1 February 2012. 
  8. ^ Karel Zeman filmography
  9. ^ Hubálková, Petra (23 September 2010). "Czech film production for children". Czech.cz. Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Czech Republic). Retrieved 1 September 2013. 
  10. ^ "A Strange Introduction to Karel Zeman". TCM Movie Morlocks. TCM. Retrieved 2 February 2012. 
  11. ^ Thompson, Howard (29 June 1961). "Screen: 2 From Abroad: 'World of Jules Verne' and 'Bimbo the Great'". The New York Times. Retrieved 2 February 2012. 
  12. ^ Stinson, Charles (22 September 1961). "'World of Jules Verne' Archaic Yet Prophetic". Los Angeles Times: A10. 
  13. ^ "1962 Hugo Awards". The Hugo Awards. World Science Fiction Society. Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  14. ^ Silver, Charles (4 December 2012). "Karel Zeman's The Fabulous World of Jules Verne". Inside/Out. MoMA. Retrieved 11 April 2013. 

External links[edit]