The Fauna of British India, Including Ceylon and Burma

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The Fauna of British India (short title) with long titles including The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma,[1] The Fauna of British India including the remainder of the Oriental Region is a series of publications that was made by the British government in India and published by Taylor and Francis of London. The series was started somewhere in 1881 after a letter was sent to the Secretary of State for India signed by Charles Darwin, Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker and other "eminent men of science".[2][3] W. T. Blanford was appointed editor and began work on the volume on mammals.

In this volume on the mammals, Blanford notes:

The need for new and revised descriptive works had, for some years before 1881, been felt and discussed amongst naturalists in India, but the attention of the Government was, I believe, first called to the matter by a memorial dated Sept. 15th of that year, prepared by Mr. P. L. Sclater, the well-known Secretary of the Zoological Society, signed by Mr. Charles Darwin, Sir J. Hooker, Professor Huxley, Sir J. Lubbock, Prof. W. H. Flower, and by Mr. Sclater himself, and presented to the Secretary of State for India. This memorial recommended the preparation of a series of Handbooks of Indian Zoology and my appointment as Editor. It is scarcely necessary to add that to the recommendation of men so highly respected and so well known in the world of Science the publication of the present Fauna of British India is greatly due, and that Mr. Sclater is entitled to the thanks of all interested in the Zoology of India for the important part he took in the transaction. I can only express a hope that the present series as a whole may be worthy of the distinguished support to which, in so great a degree, it owes its origin.

After Blanford's death, Arthur Everett Shipley became the editor. The first series was followed by a second edition of some of the volumes such as the mammals, birds, reptiles and butterflies. The second edition is sometimes called the "new fauna". There were changes incorporated in this that included for instance the usage of trinomials for the birds. Following Shipley's death in 1927, Col. J. Stephenson took over as editor.[4] After Indian Independence in 1947 a few volumes were published under the new name of Fauna of India but some of the volumes that were under preparation were never published. The 1953 volume on Polychaetes by Pierre Fauvel was published by the Indian Press from Allahabad.

Protozoa[edit]

List of publications in the series in 1914. Average of £1 for each volume

Coelenterata[edit]

Nematoda, Cestoda, Oligochaeta, Annelida etc.[edit]

Crustacea[edit]

Although these volumes were sanctioned, they were never published.[5]

  • Nilsson-Cantell, CA (?) Cirripedia
  • Chopra BN (?) Brachyura (Oxyrhyncha)
  • Seymour Sewell, RB (?) Copepoda (Calanoids)

Echinodermata[edit]

  • Mortensen, Theodor Echinoidea (This was never produced due to the death of the author. See preface by R B Seymour Sewell in the 1953 Polychaeta volume.)

Mollusca[edit]

Arachnida[edit]

Hemiptera[edit]

Dermaptera[edit]

  • Burr, M. (1910) Dermaptera (Earwigs) [217 p - 10 pl]

Odonata[edit]

  • Fraser, F.C. (1933) Odonata. 1 Introduction, Coenagriidae 423 p
  • Fraser, F.C. (1934) Odonata. 2 Agriidae, Gomphidae 398 p - 120 figs - 4 col. pl.
  • Fraser, F.C. (1936) Odonata. 3 Cordulegasteridae, Aeshnidae, Libellulidae. 46 p.

Orthoptera[edit]

Second edition
  • Uvarov, BP (?) Acridiidae
  • Chopard L. (1969) The Fauna of India and the Adjacent Countries. Orthoptera. Vol.2: Grylloidea. Calcutta: Baptist Mission Press.
  • Henry G M (?) Tettigoniidae

Blattaria[edit]

  • Shelford, R. Blattidae (sanctioned but not published)[6]

Coleoptera[edit]

List of publications from 1936. Prices listed in Rupees
Sanctioned but not published
  • Beeson CFC Scolytidae
  • Beeson CFC Platypodidae
  • Stebbing, E.P. Buprestidae[6]

Diptera[edit]

Aphaniptera[edit]

  • Sharif, M (?) Fleas.

Hymenoptera[edit]

Lepidoptera[edit]

Second edition

Reptilia and Amphibia[edit]

Second edition

Fishes[edit]

  • Day, Francis (July 11, 1889) Fishes Volume I Chondropterygii, Teleoste (Physostomi; Acanthopterygii: Percidae)
  • Day, Francis (September 21, 1889) Fishes Volume II Teleostei (Acanthopterygii excl. Percidae; Anacanthini; Lophobranchii; Plectognathi), Leptocardii
Second edition
  • Hora, SL (?) (projected to be published in 5 volumes in 1953 but not published)

Birds[edit]

Second edition
  • Baker, Stuart (1922) Birds. 1 524 p
  • Baker, Stuart (1924) Birds. 2 606 p - 86 figs
  • Baker, Stuart (1926) Birds. 3 534 p
  • Baker, Stuart (1927) Birds. 4 471 p - 71 figs
  • Baker, Stuart (1928) Birds. 5 469 p - 49 figs
  • Baker, Stuart (1929) Birds. 6 548 p
  • Baker, Stuart (1930) Birds. 7 484 p (Synonymical catalogue Passeres-Grallae)
  • Baker, Stuart (1930) Birds. 8. 326 p (Synonymical catalogue Grallae - Pygopodes; Corrigenda and Addenda)

Mammals[edit]

  • Blanford, WT (1888, 1891) Mammalia
    • Part 1 Primates, Carnivora, Insectivora
    • Part 2 Chiroptera, Rodentia, Ungulata, Cetacea, Sirenia, Edentata
Second edition

References[edit]

  1. ^ Talbot, G (1947) Butterflies Volume 2 issued in December 1947 includes a slip noting that the title should now read "...including Pakistan, Ceylon and Burma"
  2. ^ Kinnear, N.B. (1951). "The history of Indian mammalogy and ornithology. Part I. Mammals.". J. Bombay. Nat. Hist. Soc. 50: 766–778. 
  3. ^ Kinnear, N.B. (1952). "The history of Indian mammalogy and ornithology. Part II. Birds.". J. Bombay. Nat. Hist. Soc. 51 (1): 104–110. 
  4. ^ Baker, ECS (1928). Fauna of British India. Birds. Volume 5 (2 ed.). Taylor and Francis, London. p. iii. 
  5. ^ Sewell, RB Seymour (1953) Preface to the Fauna of India. Polychaeta
  6. ^ a b Lefroy, HM (1910) Review. Fauna of British India. Burr, H.M. JBNHS 20:203-204