The Five Dravidians

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The Five Dravidians
Country Anuradhapura Kingdom
Titles King of Anuradhapura
Founder Pulahatta
Ethnicity Dravidian


The Five Dravidian were five Tamil Chiefs apparently from the Pandyan Dynasty who ruled the Anuradhapura Kingdom for 14 years from 103 BC to 88 BC.[1][2][3]

Background[edit]

Main article: Anuradhapura Kingdom

Before the Five Dravidian had invaded the island, the Anuradhapura Kingdom was ruled by Valagamba (104–103 BC, 89–76 BC) also known as Vatthagamani Abhaya. In 103 BC Valagamba was overthrown by these five conquerors from South India, who ruled until 89 BC when they were defeated by Valagamba, restoring his own throne.

Rulers[edit]

Pulahatta[edit]

Pulahatta
King of Anuradhapura
Reign 103 BC – 100 BC
Died 100 BC
Predecessor Valagamba
Successor Bahiya

Pulahatta was the first of the Five Dravidians. He was a Tamil Chiefs from the Pandyan Dynasty, in South India, who conquered the reigning monarch Valagamba, who had only come to the throne five months before.[3] He appointed Bahiya as his Chief Minister and reigned for three years until he was murdered in 100 BC by Bahiya.[4]

Bahiya[edit]

Bahiya
King of Anuradhapura
Reign 100 BC – 98 BC
Died 98 BC
Predecessor Pulahatta
Successor Panya Mara

Bahiya was the second of the Five Dravidians, he ruled from 100 BC to 98 BC. Chief Minister of Pulahatha, during Pulahatha's reign, he murdered him and ruled as king. Bahiya's reign came to an end when his Prime Minister, Panya Mara, killed him after only two years of assuming the throne.[4]

Panya Mara[edit]

Panya Mara
King of Anuradhapura
Reign 98 BC – 91 BC
Died 91 BC
Predecessor Bahiya
Successor Pilaya Mara

Panya Mara, the third of the Five Dravidians reigned from 98 BC to 91 BC, the longest of any of the Five Dravidians. before ascending the throne he had the office of Prime Minister under Bahiya, whom Panya Mara then killed taking the throne while appointing Pilaya Mara as his Chief Minister.[4]

Pilaya Mara[edit]

Pilaya Mara
King of Anuradhapura
Reign 91 BC – 90 BC
Died 90 BC
Predecessor Panya Mara
Successor Dathika

Pilaya Mara was King of Anuradhapura from 91 BC to 90 BC. Assuming the throne like his predecessors, murdering Panya Mara, when he was Chief Minister for him. Pilaya Mara had the shortest of all the reigns of the Five Dravidians only lasting seven months, being killed by his own Chief Minister Dathika.[4]

Dathika[edit]

Dathika
King of Anuradhapura
Reign 90 BC – 88 BC
Died 88 BC
Predecessor Pilaya Mara
Successor Valagamba

Dathika was the last of the Five Dravidians, who ruled for two years from 90 BC to 88 BC. Dathika came to the throne after murdering his king Pilaya Mara, whom he was Chief Minister for. In 88 BC he was killed, losing the throne, by Valagamba restoring his reign and the dynasty of the House of Vijaya who had reigned since the start of the monarchy. Valagamba went on to rule the Anuradhapura Kingdom for the next 12 years.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "CHAPTER II DUTTHA GAMANI TO KASSAPA OF SIGIRIYA THIRD CENTURY B.C.- SIXTH CENTURY A.D.". http://lakdiva.org. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  2. ^ "King Vattagamini: Walagambahu (104 BC – 104 BC)". Mahavamsa.org. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  3. ^ a b "c.33: The Ten Kings". Mahavamsa.org. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Sri Lanka Sinhala Royal Family Genealogy". Rootsweb. Retrieved 12 December 2011. 

External links[edit]