|17th Service Battalion of the Middlesex Regiment|
Recruitment poster featuring the Football Battalion
|Active||12 December 1914|
|Nickname||"The Football Battalion"
The 17th Service Battalion of the Middlesex Regiment was a First World War Battalion of the Middlesex Regiment, part of the British Army, which was formed as a Pals battalion. The core of the battalion was a group of professional footballers, which was the reason for its most commonly used name, The Football Battalion. The Battalion fought in the Battle of the Somme amongst others, and soldiers who fought for the 17th included Second Lt. Walter Tull, who was the first black Infantry Officer in the British Army.
During the First World War there had been an initial push by clubs for professional football to continue in order to keep the public's spirits up. This stance was not widely agreed with and public opinion turned against professional footballers. One soldier, serving in France, wrote to a British newspaper to complain that "hundreds of thousands of able-bodied young roughs were watching hirelings playing football" while others were serving their country. The suggestion was even made that King George V should cease being a patron of The Football Association. Sir Arthur Conan Doyle publicly objected and appealed for footballers to volunteer for service, saying "If a footballer has strength of limb, let them serve and march in the field of battle".
William Joynson-Hicks formed the battalion on 12 December 1914 at Fulham town hall after Secretary of State for War, Lord Kitchener, suggested it as part of the Pals battalion scheme. England international Frank Buckley became the first player to join, out of thirty players who signed up at its formation. The formation was announced to the general public on 1 January 1915.
During Army training, the players were allowed leave on a Saturday to return to their clubs to take part in games. However, the clubs found themselves having to subsidise the train fares as the Army did not pay for them.
By the following March, 122 professional footballers had signed up for the battalion, which led to press complaints as there were some 1800 eligible footballers. These recruits included the whole of Clapton Orient (later to be known as Leyton Orient) – the entire Heart of Midlothian team had signed up prior to the formation of the battalion. In addition to footballers, officials and referees also joined the 17th, along with football fans themselves. Many football players deliberately chose to avoid the battalion by joining other regiments, causing the War Office to initially have difficulties filling the battalion.
A number of decorations were issued to the soldiers with the battalion. Lyndon Sandoe, of Cardiff City and Wales, was awarded the Distinguished Conduct Medal with bar, and the Military Medal. Northampton Town's Walter Tull was recommended for the Military Cross during the war, and became the first Black Infantry Officer in the British Army. The battalion suffered heavy losses, including at the Battle of Delville Wood and the Battle of Guillemont during the Battle of the Somme. During the First World War, the battalion lost more than a thousand men, including 462 in one battle alone at the Battle of Arras in 1917.
A memorial to the Football Battalion was unveiled in 2010 in Longueval, France. It was attended by members of the Football Supporters' Federation and representatives of more than 20 clubs. It had been paid for through donations received from football supporters having been promoted by former professional footballer and SAS soldier Phil Stant. The ceremony was conducted by Father Owen Beament of Millwall F.C., and a two-minute silence was started by Gareth Ainsworth.
A granite memorial to the three Clapton Orient players who died in the Battle of the Somme whilst members of the battalion was unveiled in 2011, located in Northern France. Over 200 Leyton Orient supporters travelled for the unveiling, which commemorated the lives of Richard McFadden, William Jonas and George Scott.
- Maj. Frank Buckley (Bradford City and England)
- Cpt. Edward Bell (Southampton and Portsmouth)
- Cpt. Ernest Parfitt
- Lt. Joseph Bache (Aston Villa)
- Lt. Jimmy Hugall (Clapton Orient)
- Lt. Vivian Woodward (Chelsea and England)
- 2nd Lt. Walter Tull (Northampton Town)
- CSM Richard McFadden (Clapton Orient)
- CQMS Fred Parker (Clapton Orient)
- Sgt Maj. Lyndon Sandoe (Cardiff City)
- Sgt. Percy Barnfather (Merthyr Town)
- Sgt. Joseph Smith (Chesterfield)
- Cpl. George Saunders (Clapton Orient)
- Lce Cpl. Frederick Bullock (Huddersfield Town)
- Lce Cpl. Norman Holmes (Clapton Orient)
- Pte. Tommy Barber (Aston Villa)
- Pte. George Beech (Sheffield Wednesday)
- Pte. Billy Booth (Manchester United)
- Pte. Pat Gallacher (Tottenham Hotspur)
- Pte. William Jonas (Clapton Orient)
- Pte. Billy Jones (Brighton & Hove Albion)
- Pte. Gordon Jones[disambiguation needed] (Clapton Orient)
- Pte. Oscar Linkson (Manchester United)
- Pte. Tommy Lonsdale (West Ham United)
- Pte. Frank Martin (Grimsby Town)
- Pte. George Scott (Clapton Orient)
- Pte. Jackie Sheldon (Liverpool and Manchester United)
- Pte. Sidney Wheelhouse (Grimsby Town)
- Jack Cock (Huddersfield Town)
- Allen Foster (Reading)
- William Gerrish (Aston Villa)
- Fred Keenor (Cardiff City and Wales)
- James McCormick (Plymouth Argyle)
- Bob Whiting (Brighton and Hove Albion)
- John Williams (Cardiff City and Wales)
- Fraser, Alan (9 November 2011). "A reminder of what it's really all about... Officers and men of the 17th Middlesex". The Daily Mail. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- Devine, Darren (8 October 2010). "Book tells wartime story of the 17th Middlesex – the "Football Battalion"". Western Mail. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- Thomas, Ronan (10 November 2010). "Final Whistle: 'Pom Pom' Whiting". BBC News. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- "Football Battalion is Formed". The Spokesman-Review. XXXIV (70). 5 January 1915. p. 2. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- "Walter Tull – the Army years" (PDF). Black History 4 School. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- "The Manchester United star who died at the Somme – story of a true football hero". Daily Mirror. 13 November 2010. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- Winter, Henry (21 October 2010). "Footballers' Battalions remembered on Somme battlefield". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- Fletcher, Paul (22 October 2010). "Somme ceremony puts football in perspective". BBC Blogs. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- Clements, Kate (22 July 2011). "Memorial to the ‘Football Battalion’ unveiled on the Somme". First World War Centenary (Imperial War Museum). Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- "Lieutenant Bache Killed" (PDF). The New York Times. 20 February 1916. Retrieved 29 April 2012.
- Jenkins, Steve (5 August 2011). "Clapton Orient's "Brothers In Arms"". leytonorient.com (Leyton Orient F.C.). Archived from the original on 24 January 2012.
- Phillips, Martin (10 November 2011). "First 11; Football heroes who fought in Great War". The Sun. Retrieved 29 April 2012.