The Founding of a Republic

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The Founding of a Republic
The Founding of a Republic - poster.jpg
Film poster
Traditional 建國大業
Simplified 建国大业
Mandarin Jiàn Gúo Dà Yè
Cantonese Gin3 Gwok3 Daai6 Jip6
Directed by Huang Jianxin
Han Sanping
Produced by Huang Jianxin
Han Sanping
Written by Chen Baoguang
Wang Xingdong
Starring Tang Guoqiang
Zhang Guoli
Xu Qing
Liu Jin
Chen Kun
Wang Wufu
Music by Shu Nan
Cinematography Zhao Xiaoshi
Editing by Xu Hongyu
Studio China Film Group
Shanghai Film Studio
Media Asia Films
Emperor Motion Pictures
Universe Entertainment
Polybona Films
China Movie Channel
Beijing Guoli Changsheng Movies & TV Productions
Beijing Hualu Baina Film & TV Production
Jiangsu Broadcasting Corporation
DMG Entertainment
Beijing Xinbaoyuan Movie & TV Investment
Distributed by China Film Group
Beijing Polybona Film Distribution (China)
Universe Films Distribution (Hong Kong)
Release dates
  • September 16, 2009 (2009-09-16)
Running time 135 minutes
Country China
Language Mandarin
Budget $8.8–$10 million
Box office $62.5 million[1][2]

The Founding of a Republic is a 2009 Chinese historical film commissioned by China's film regulator and made by the state-owned China Film Group (CFG) to mark the 60th anniversary of the People's Republic of China. The film was directed by Huang Jianxin and China Film Group head Han Sanping.

Although the film premiered on September 17, 2009 in mainland China, it has yet to receive publicity in Taiwan. The film was produced with the backing of the Communist Party, but in response to reactions outside Mainland China, Huang Jianxin, the film's co-director, "has said it was unfair to describe The Founding of a Republic as propaganda, since modern Chinese audience were too sophisticated to swallow a simplistic rendering of history."[3] While the Taiwan government has asserted that it has no plans to actively censor the film, it has yet to be released because Taiwan's 2009 annual quota of 10 mainland films was already reached.[4]

The film retells the tale of the Communist ascendancy and triumph, and has a star-studded cast including Andy Lau, Ge You, Hu Jun, Leon Lai, Zhang Ziyi, Donnie Yen, Jackie Chan, Jet Li, Zhao Wei, and directors Jiang Wen, Chen Kaige and John Woo, many of whom make cameo appearances so brief they could be easily missed; the leading roles are played by actors equally renowned in China, such as Tang Guoqiang and Zhang Guoli, but they are less well-known internationally. A CFG spokesman said many stars answered Han Sanping's call to appear in the film, and waived their fee. Thus, the movie kept to its modest budget of 60–70 million yuan (US$8.8–$10 million). According to the executive at one of China's top multiplex chains, the film unusually marries "the core of an 'ethically inspiring' film with commercial packaging."[5]

Plot[edit]

In 1945 after the end of the Second Sino-Japanese War, Mao Zedong and members of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) travel to Chongqing for a meeting with Chiang Kai-shek and the Kuomintang (KMT). With help from the China Democratic League, the Double Tenth Agreement is signed between the KMT and CCP, with both sides agreeing to stop the civil war and to establish a multi-party government in China.

The following year, Chiang Kai-shek calls for a National Assembly in Nanjing and is elected as President of the Republic of China (ROC). At the same time, the peace negotiations between the CCP and KMT fail and the civil war continues. Other political figures such as Zhang Lan, Soong Ching-ling and Li Jishen, support the CCP because they oppose Chiang's government, even though they are in non-battleground areas such as Shanghai and Hong Kong.

In May 1948, the CCP declares the opening of a "War of Liberation" against Chiang's ROC government, with many other political parties responding to the call and taking the CCP's side. The Red Army scores victories against the NRA in subsequent battles and eventually Chiang's forces retreat to Taiwan in December 1949. On 1 October 1949, Mao Zedong proclaims the People's Republic of China with its capital at Beijing, marking the start of a new era for China.

Cast[edit]

Main figures[edit]

Actor Role Description
Tang Guoqiang Mao Zedong Chairman of the CCP, later Chairman of the PRC
Zhang Guoli Chiang Kai-shek President of the ROC
Xu Qing Soong Ching-ling Sun Yat-sen's wife; later Vice Chairwoman of the PRC
Liu Jin Zhou Enlai Vice Chairman of the CCP, later Premier of the PRC
Chen Kun Chiang Ching-kuo Chiang Kai-shek's son; Youth League of the Three People's Principles leader, later President of the ROC
Wang Wufu Zhu De Commander-in-chief of the Red Army, later Vice Chairman of the PRC
Wang Xueqi Li Zongren Vice President of the ROC
Liu Sha Liu Shaoqi CCP Central Committee secretary, later Chairman of the PRC
Wang Jian Ren Bishi CCP Central Committee secretary
Jin Xin Li Jishen NRA general, later Vice Chairman of the PRC
Wang Bing Zhang Lan Chairman of the China Democratic League, later Vice Chairman of the PRC
Vivian Wu Soong May-ling Chiang Kai-shek's wife and Soong Ching-ling's sister; later First Lady of the ROC
Xiu Zongdi Fu Zuoyi Chairman of Chahar government, later PRC Water Resources Minister

Chinese Communist Party figures[edit]

Actor Role Description
Huang Wei Deng Yingchao Zhou Enlai's wife; later CPPCC Chairwoman
Shi Xin Deng Xiaoping CCP Central Committee secretary, later Chairman of the CMC
Zong Liqun Peng Dehuai Second-in-command of the Red Army, later Vice Chairman of the CMC
You Liping Lin Biao Red Army general, later Vice Chairman of the PRC
Che Xiaotong Liu Bocheng Red Army general, later Marshal of the PLA
Zhao Yong He Long Red Army general, later Marshal of the PLA and Vice Premier of the PRC
Gu Wei Chen Yi Red Army general, later Foreign Minister of the PRC
Sun Jitang Luo Ronghuan Red Army general, later Marshal of the PLA
Wang Jun Xu Xiangqian Red Army general, later Marshal of the PLA
Ao Yang Nie Rongzhen Red Army general, later Marshal of the PLA
Ye Jin Ye Jianying Red Army general, later Vice Chairman of the CCP Central Committee
Hou Yong Chen Geng Red Army general
Zhao Ningyu Liu Yalou Red Army general
Zhang Erdan Jiang Qing Mao Zedong's wife
Xie Gang Gao Gang Vice Chairman of the CCP Central Committee, later Vice Chairman of the State Planning Commission
Wang Huaying Pan Hannian CCP politician, later Deputy Mayor of Shanghai
Huang Xiaoming Li Yinqiao Mao Zedong's chief bodyguard
Ma Yue Yan Changling Mao Zedong's chief bodyguard
Donnie Yen Tian Han Lyricist for March of the Volunteers, later member of the PRC Culture Ministry
Xu Fan Liao Mengxing Liao Zhongkai and He Xiangning's daughter; Soong Ching-ling's secretary, later member of the All-China Women's Federation
Chen Hao Fu Dongju Fu Zuoyi's daughter; People's Daily reporter
Chen Daoming Yan Jinwen Deputy leader of Shanghai Investigative Branch of State Secrets Department
Zhang Ziyi Gong Peng PRC Foreign Affairs Ministry official

Kuomintang figures[edit]

Actor Role Description
Leon Lai Cai Tingkai NRA general, later CCP member
Chen Kaige Feng Yuxiang Chiang Kai-shek's sworn brother, NRA general, Vice President of National Military Council
Jiang Wen Mao Renfeng Head of BIS
Hu Jun Gu Zhutong Commander-in-chief of NRA; later Chief of staff of NRA
Andy Lau Yu Jishi NRA general
Chen Baoguo Zhou Zhirou NRA Air Force general
Jet Li Chen Shaokuan NRA Navy admiral, later NPC member
Xiao Wenge He Yingqin NRA general
You Yong Bai Chongxi NRA general
Li Qiang Chen Cheng NRA general, later Vice President of the ROC
Yang Xiaodan Zhang Zhizhong NRA general, later CCP member
Tong Dawei Kong Lingkan Kung Hsiang-hsi and Soong Ai-ling's son
Cao Kefan Wu Kuo-chen Mayor of Shanghai, later Governor of Taiwan Province
Zhong Xinghuo Huang Shaoxiong Vice President of Control Yuan, later NPC member
Xia Gang Shao Lizi NRA secretary, later NPC member
Ding Zhicheng Lu Guangsheng BIS agent
Tao Zeru Wu Tiecheng Vice President of Legislative Yuan, later Senior Advisor to the Office of the President of the ROC
Xu Huanshan Yu Youren President of Control Yuan
Zhao Xiaoshi Sun Fo Sun Yat-sen's son; President of Legislative Yuan
Sun Xing Du Yuming NRA general
Lin Dongfu Gan Jiehou Li Zongren's private secretariat representative
Ye Xiaojian Tai Chi-tao President of Examination Yuan
Zhang Hanyu Liu Congwen

China Democratic League figures[edit]

Actor Role Description
Ge Cunzhuang Tan Pingshan KMT Revolutionary Committee member
Zhang Shizhong Shen Junru CDL member, later President of the PRC Supreme People's Court
Bi Yanjun Luo Longji CDL member, later CCP member
Wu Gang Wen Yiduo Poet, CDL member
Qiao Lisheng Guo Moruo Author, poet, historian, archaeologist; later President of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
Deng Chao Xu Beihong Artist, later President of the China Central Academy of Fine Arts
Li Bin He Xiangning Artist, CDL member, later CCP member
Zhang Qiufang Li Dequan Feng Yuxiang's wife; member of the KMT Revolutionary Committee, later PRC Health Minister
Liu Yiwei Li Huang Chinese Youth Party founder

Other notable historical figures[edit]

Actor Role Description
Feng Xiaogang Du Yuesheng Shanghai Green Gang boss
John Woo Liu Wenhui Sichuan warlord
Feng Yuanzheng Philip Fugh John Leighton Stuart's personal assistant

Foreign political figures[edit]

Actor Role Description
Aleksandr Pavlov Joseph Stalin Soviet Union leader
Donald Eugene McCoy George Marshall United States military leader, later Secretary of State and Secretary of Defense
Donald Freeman Patrick J. Hurley United States Ambassador to China
Leslin H Collings John Leighton Stuart United States Ambassador to China, President of Yenching University

Fictional characters[edit]

Actor Role
Sun Honglei Hu Liwei, Central Daily News reporter
Fan Wei Guo Bencai, Mao Zedong's cook
Liu Ye Red Army old soldier
Ge You Red Army Fourth Division leader
Wang Baoqiang Red Army Fourth Division soldiers
Wang Xuebing
Huang Shengyi Xinhua News Agency broadcaster
Jackie Chan Reporter interviewing Li Jishen
Chen Hong Reporter interviewing Zhang Lan
Li Youbin Newspaper agency head
Zhang Jianya Chiang Kai-shek's deputy
Lian Jin Zhou Zhirou's deputy
Sun Xing Yu Jishi's deputy
Guo Xiaodong NRA officer
Liu Ye KMT police officers
Huang Zixuan
Guo Degang Cameraman
Zhang Shen Translator accompanying Liu Shaoqi to the Soviet Union
Gong Beibi Red Army female soldiers
He Lin
Yang Ruoxi
Che Yongli
Tony Leung Ka-fai CPPCC members
Feng Gong
Zhao Wei
Miao Pu
Dong Xuan
Chen Shu
Ning Jing
Shen Aojun
Wang Yajie
Zhao Baoyue
Wang Fuli

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Chinese) 2009 Yearly Box Office Ranking for Mainland China
  2. ^ Total Gross: The Founding of a Republic (excluding Mainland China)
  3. ^ Foster, Peter (17 September 2009). "Epic film The Founding of a Republic marks 60 years of Chinese Communism". The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 25 May 2010. 
  4. ^ "Taiwan Says it won't censor China propaganda film". Retrieved 2009-09-28. 
  5. ^ Lee, Min (3 September 2009). "China injects star power into anniversary film".  More than one of |author= and |last= specified (help)

External links[edit]