This article is about Balanchine's 1946 ballet. For the four humours, see Four Temperaments
The Four Temperaments is a ballet made by New York City Ballet co-founder and balletmaestro George Balanchine to music he commissioned from Paul Hindemith (the latter's eponymous 1940 music for string orchestra and piano) for the opening program of Ballet Society, immediate forerunner of City Ballet.
The première took place on Wednesday, November 20th, 1946, at the Central High School of Needle Trades, New York City, with mise en scène by Kurt Seligmann and lighting by Jean Rosenthal. Leon Barzin conducted and the pianist was Nicholas Kopeikine. The City Ballet première was held in 1951 in practice clothes and without scenery; in 1964 it received new lighting at the New York State Theater, Lincoln Center, by David Hays. NYCB principal dancer Albert Evans chose to include The Four Temperaments in his farewell performance, Sunday, June 20th, 2010.
The ballet can be read to be a creation story.
2009 Saratoga Springs
References and notes
- 1989, Seahorse Films, Dancing for Mr.B. (excerpts from 1947 Ballet Society rehearsal).
Videography and DVD
- 1995 Nonesuch, The Balanchine Library: Dancing for Mr.B, excerpts from the 1947 Ballet Society rehearsal
- 1995 Nonesuch, The Balanchine Library: Choreography by Balanchine, 1977
- 2004 Kultur, Balanchine, excerpt from Melancholich
- 1962 Dutch television
- 1963 NBC, excerpt
- 1964 CBC Montreal, L'Heure du Concert
- 1977 PBS, Dance in America
- 1984 PBS, Dance in America: Balanchine