The Freedom Association
|Founder(s)||Viscount De L'Isle, Norris McWhirter, Ross McWhirter and John Gouriet|
|Key people||Simon Richards (Director), Tim Congdon (Honorary Chairman), Christopher Gill (Honorary President), John Whittingdale (Council member), Dan Hannan (Council member), Philip Davies (Council member) and Roger Helmer (Council member)|
|Focus(es)||Conservatism, libertarianism, euroscepticism|
The Freedom Association (TFA) is a pressure group in the United Kingdom that describes itself as non-partisan, centre-right and libertarian, which has links to the Conservative Party. TFA was founded in 1975 as the National Association for Freedom (NAFF) and gained public prominence through its anti-trade union campaigns. Its popularity grew after campaigning against perceived abuses to individual freedom including big business, big government, organised labour and terrorist activities. By the end of the 1970s the organisation had around 20,000 members including the wife of the deputy Labour leader Herbert Morrison. In the 1980s, TFA campaigned against sporting sanctions imposed on apartheid-era South Africa – earning a judicial rebuke after taking unsuccessful legal action to overturn the International Cricket Council ban on touring teams, which it saw as an imposition on cricketers' freedom. TFA has also campaigned against the UK's membership of the European Union and for greater impartiality at the BBC, having in the past exerted pressure to secure an impartiality clause in the Broadcasting Act 1990. The Association's honorary President is Christopher Gill. The current director of The Freedom Association is Simon Richards.
- 1 Origin
- 2 Political stance
- 3 Leadership
- 4 Campaigns
- 5 Political Events
- 6 Publications
- 7 British Tea Party movement
- 8 References
- 9 External links
The Freedom Association was founded in 1975 as the National Association for Freedom (NAFF) by the Viscount De L'Isle, Norris McWhirter, Ross McWhirter and John Gouriet. Ross McWhirter had drawn up a fifteen point Charter of Rights and Liberties before being assassinated by the Provisional IRA in November 1975. NAFF was renamed The Freedom Association in the winter of 1978. Andrew Gamble reported shortly after that the renaming was undertaken in order to avoid confusion with the National Front.
The Freedom Association describes itself as "a non-partisan, centre-right, libertarian, pressure group". In their study of the use of litigation by pressure groups, Carol Harlow and Richard Rawlings call TFA "an avowedly conservative group". Marina Hyde, writing in The Guardian, has called the organisation a "charmless libertarian pressure group". In their study of the use of litigation by pressure groups, Carol Harlow and Richard Rawlings call TFA "an avowedly conservative group".
The organisation describes itself as having seven core principles, namely individual freedom, personal and family responsibility, the rule of law, limited government, free market economy, national parliamentary democracy and strong national defences. Writing in 1989, Michael White differentiated between TFA's brand of libertarianism and that of civil liberties campaigners, arguing that: "The unavoidable fact is that TFA represents that ancient tradition of English concepts of freedom, easily traceable to Magna Carta, which see liberty in terms of freedoms from restraints and obligations, not civil rights and duties enunciated by Jefferson in the rebellious American colonies, by Tom Paine and the revolutionaries of 1789".
The group has no formal party political affiliations but historically many members of TFA have also been associated with the Conservative Party. TFA has been described as the "conservative wing of the Conservative Party". Since 2007, TFA has been running fringe events at the Conservative Party conference with speakers such as Daniel Hannan and John Redwood and groups including the Taxpayers' Alliance.
The Freedom Association's council includes Tim Congdon CBE (Honorary Chairman), Christopher Gill RD (Honorary President) and Vladimir Bukovsky (Honorary Vice-President). Other council members include Conservative MPs Christopher Chope, Philip Davies, Robert Halfon, Philip Hollobone, Gerald Howarth, John Whittingdale, and Andrew Rosindell, Conservative MEP Daniel Hannan, UKIP MEP Roger Helmer, former Conservative MSP Brian Monteith, Lord David Stoddart, House of Lords cross-bencher Baroness Cox and former leader of UKIP Lord Pearson. TFA employs three members of staff, including director Simon Richards.
In the 1970s, the founders regarded the power of the UK trade union movement as excessive and out of control. Soon after its formation the National Association for Freedom as TFA was then known became involved in a number of industrial disputes providing support to both employers and non-unionised workers to counter to the power of the Trades Unions. The best known of these actions was "Operation Pony Express" during the Grunwick dispute. Harold Walker, the Labour Secretary of State for Employment between 1976 and 1979, was strongly critical of NAFF's activities, claiming the group was an "ultra right-wing political organisation" which "sought to interfere in industrial disputes, with harmful consequences". Following the election of the Conservative government of Margaret Thatcher in 1979 TFA became more low-profile. In January 1989, The Guardian's Michael White reported that TFA "no longer has the power or glory it enjoyed when it was Thatcherism's extra-parliamentary advance guard against a fading Labour government and its union allies."
Apartheid-era South Africa
In the 1980s, TFA campaigned in support of the right of England cricketers to tour in apartheid-era South Africa. In 1989, when the International Cricket Conference (ICC) passed a resolution formalising sanctions against players, coaches and administrators who worked in South Africa, Norris McWhirter described the decision as "a crushing blow against cricketers' freedom to trade". TFA had obtained a criminal summons against the ICC, alleging blackmail but this was subsequently quashed in the High Court, where the judge Lord Taylor ruled that TFA's application was "an abuse of the process of the court" and was "launched solely as a device to disrupt or embarrass the International Cricket Conference". The organisation later received funding from the South African government. In 1988, the association threatened to seek a legal injunction against the BBC to prevent the broadcaster from airing the Nelson Mandela 70th Birthday Tribute from Wembley Stadium. A group of Conservative MPs and TFA objected to the possibility that the broadcast would include a message from Mandela or "other anti-apartheid propaganda". The threat was eventually dropped, "in the hope that the BBC [would] not broadcast any attempt to use the concert for promoting the African National Congress or similar anti-apartheid bodies". The Freedom Association have since changed their views on Mandela, having featured him on their website for one of their weekly "Thank Freedom It's Friday" installments.
National identity cards
In 2010 the group campaigned against the proposed introduction of national identity cards, which they deemed to be a threat to civil liberties. Previously, in the 1980s, some prominent supporters of TFA[who?] had supported the introduction of ID cards.
Better Off Out
In April 2006 TFA launched Better Off Out - a campaign for the UK to leave the EU. This has attracted the support of one Labour and twelve Tory MPs, plus a number of MEPs and Peers. It was officially launched in Parliament by Philip Davies, despite criticism from Prime Minister, David Cameron. Signatories to the campaign include Dan Hannan, Douglas Carswell, Philip Hollobone, Jeffrey Donaldson, David Nuttall, Austin Mitchell, David Campbell-Bannerman, Nigel Farage, Gerard Batten, Roger Helmer, and Patrick Minford.
Free The Airwaves
The Freedom Association also has a campaign to abolish the BBC licence fee. It opposes the BBC on what it perceives as bias, the restriction on the free market and claims that it no longer represents a public service broadcaster.
As part of their commitment to freedom of speech, The Freedom Association wants to see reform of libel law in the UK. They believe that the use of superinjunctions and defamation law effectively acts as a limit on free speech.
Freedom Association Societies
Beginning in 2009, the Association initiated a programme to create localised "Freedom Association Societies" at universities throughout the United Kingdom. The first such group was established at the University of York followed by another founded at the University of Exeter by John Gill, the grandson of Christopher Gill, the Association's President. Other Freedom Association Societies have since been established at Bath Spa University, the University of Birmingham, Brighton University, Cambridge University, Cardiff University, Hull University, Portsmouth University and both the University of Southampton and Southampton Solent University. In the 1980s, TFA ran a Campaign for Student Freedom, against the National Union of Students.
The Freedom Zone
The Freedom Zone is a fringe event run by The Freedom Association, focusing on topical political issue through discussions with politicians and commentators, which has been run at party conferences since 2008. Most recently, they attended the 2013 Conservative Party Conference, where they held discussions on the City of London, Internet Regulation, UKIP and the EU. Speakers at the Freedom Zone have included Eric Pickles, Dan Hannan, Hugh Orde, Dominic Raab, Fraser Nelson, Paul Staines, Peter Lilley, John Whittingdale, Ruth Lea and Nigel Farage. The Freedom Zone is always held outside the "secure zone" of the main Conservative party conference, because The Freedom Association has been banned from the main venue since 2006. TFA therefore promote debates of more controversial issues, which normally do not feature in the main debate such as during the 2013 Freedom Zone, when they held a debate on the problem of Tory defection to UKIP - "Why I left v Why I'm staying", having already invited Nigel Farage to speak the day before.
The Freedom Association also hold pub quizzes in Westminster that have gained a "cult status" among politicos
The Freedom Association produces many publications on a range of issues through their charitable arm, The Hampden Trust. Recent publications include "In Defence of the City", a collection of essays by financial commentators and professionals about the role of financial services in the UK and their contribution to the UK economy with an introduction by Mark Littlewood, and "Commonwealth, Common-trade, Common-growth", a book advocating a move towards increased trade with Commonwealth countries amidst high growth in developing countries. As well as this, The Freedom Association publich a number of reports on the EU through their Better Off Out campaign, such as "", written by Patrick Minford and submitted to the government for their balance of competences review. The Freedom Association also publishes a quarterly newsletter entitled "Freedom Today", which features a number of articles from TFA supporters.
British Tea Party movement
The Freedom Association has expressed an interest in establishing a British equivalent of the American Tea Party movement, though its director, Simon Richards, stated in October 2010 that he was worried that such a project could be hijacked by extremist groups such as the English Defence League.
- Barberis, Peter, McHugh, John, Tyldesley, Mike, Encyclopedia of British and Irish Political Organizations: Parties, Groups and Movements of the 20th Century, Continuum International Publishing Group, 2005 p.321
- "John Gouriet". The Daily Telegraph. 13 September 2010. Retrieved 3 November 2010.
- Gamble, Andrew (1979). "The middle-class revolt". Parliamentary Affairs 33 (1): 233–234.
- "About TFA". The Freedom Association. Retrieved 8 November 2010.
- Harlow, Carol; Rawlings, Richard (1992). Pressure through Law. Abingdon: Routledge. p. 317. ISBN 0-415-01549-9.
- Hyde, Marina (2010-06-14). "North Korea set their World Cup target: happiness for the Dear Leader". The Guardian. "the Freedom Association, the charmless libertarian pressure group whose policies included mounting legal challenges against peace campaigners and allowing 1980s cricketers "freedom to trade" in apartheid South Africa."
- Harlow, Carol; Rawlings, Richard (1992). Pressure through Law. Abingdon: Routledge. p. 317. ISBN 0415015499.
- White, Michael (24 January 1989). "Liberties with freedom: The Freedom Association's notions of cricket". The Guardian.
- Vincent, Andrew (2010). Modern Political Ideologies (3rd ed.). Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell. p. 66. ISBN 1-4051-5495-0.
- Wheeler, Brian (5 October 2009). "Dispatches from the Freedom Zone". BBC News. Retrieved 5 November 2010.
- The Freedom Zone
- "Who's who at The Freedom Association". TFA. Retrieved 21 October 2013.
- "Plea to Grunwick to cooperate in inquiry". The Times (59893) (London). 22 December 1976. p. 6.
- Cashmore, Ellis (2005). Making Sense of Sports (4th ed.). Abingdon: Routledge. p. 440. ISBN 0-415-34853-6.
- "Cricket action is bowled out". Evening Times. 23 January 1989. p. 5. Retrieved 4 November 2010.
- Lowles, Nick (April 2001). "Blood money". Searchlight. Retrieved 26 April 2010.
- Gunn, Sheila; McEwen, Andrew (11 June 1988). "BBC fuels row on Mandela concert". The Times.
- Quote from Nelson Mandela
- "Conference police keep stop forms". BBC News. 31 January 2006. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- Richards, Simon (3 February 2010). "Identity cards". The Freedom Association. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- "Kettering". UKPollingreport.co.uk. Retrieved 1 December 2010.
- Carlin, Brendan; Isaby, Jonathan (27 April 2006). "Tory MPs sign up to anti-EU campaign". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved 12 March 2011.
- Philip Davies launches 'Better Off Out' of EU campaign
- Better Off Out supporters
- Free The Airwaves
- Libel Reform. Retrieved 22 October 2013
- Exeposé, Monday October 11th 2010, Issue #569
- The Freedom Zone
- Conservative Party Conference Fringe guide
- Freedom Zone 2013 Review. Retrieved 22 October 2013
- Top 100 most influential Right-wingers: 100-51
- In Defence of The City
- Commonwealth, Common-trade, Common-growth
- The EU's Effect on the UK's Place in the World
- Freedom Today
- Townsend, Mark (10 October 2010). "English Defence League forges links with America's Tea Party". The Observer (London). Retrieved 3 November 2010.