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The Gift (The X-Files)

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"The Gift"
The X-Files episode
Episode no. Season 8
Episode 11
Directed by Kim Manners
Written by Frank Spotnitz
Production code 8ABX11[1]
Original air date February 4, 2001 (2001-02-04)
Running time 44 minutes[2]
Guest actors
Episode chronology
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List of The X-Files episodes

"The Gift" is the eleventh episode of the eighth season of the American science fiction television series The X-Files. It premiered on the Fox network in the United States on February 4, 2001. The episode was written by Frank Spotnitz and directed by Kim Manners. "The Gift" has elements of both a "Monster-of-the-Week" episode, as well as an entry in the series' mythology. The episode received a Nielsen rating of 8.8 and was viewed by 14.6 million viewers. Overall, the episode received largely mixed reviews from television critics; while many appreciated the return focus on Fox Mulder's (David Duchovny) absence, others felt that the plot revelations were unnaturally forced into the show.

The season centers on FBI special agents Dana Scully (Gillian Anderson) and her new partner John Doggett (Robert Patrick)—following the alien abduction of her former partner, Mulder—who work on cases linked to the paranormal, called X-Files. In this episode, Doggett comes upon an old case about a professed "soul-eater" that he hopes will ultimately prove the truth behind Mulder’s abduction. In a series of flashbacks, it is revealed that, after his exposure to an alien artifact, Mulder was slowly dying of a brain disease. In an attempt to heal himself, he tracked down the soul eater a year before the events of the episode, but felt pity for the creature. In the present, Doggett is shot and killed by the local sheriff, but the soul eater consumes his death and is finally allowed to die, resurrecting Doggett in the process.

"The Gift" featured a substantial appearance of Duchovny who had elected not to return to the show as a full-time main character following the ending of season seven. The episode was written by Spotnitz to be deliberately based in supernatural folklore of the soul eater. Gillian Anderson, who did not appear in the episode, save for a few cameos, later revealed that she was grateful for the "Doggett-centric" episodes because they allowed her to spend more time with her daughter. The episode has been analyzed for its themes of death and resurrection, its use of a medicine wheel as a motif, and both its similarity and contrasting nature to the fourth season episode "Leonard Betts".



FBI special agent Fox Mulder (David Duchovny) is currently missing, having been abducted by aliens in the seventh season finale, "Requiem." His partner Dana Scully (Gillian Anderson) has been working with Agent John Doggett (Robert Patrick) in order to locate him. After a false lead in the Arizona desert early in the year, Doggett has been assigned to the X-Files division, but he has continued his search for Mulder, despite a lack of definite leads.[4][5]


A man drives up to and enters a house, which has an ominous symbol drawn in blood on the door. When he's inside, a creature that looks somewhat human-like approaches the woman but the mysterious man shoots the creature three times. As he returns to his car his identity is finally revealed: Agent Mulder.

Agent Doggett investigates a possible lead into Mulder's disappearance in Squamash, Pennsylvania. Apparently, in the spring of 2000, Mulder visited the small town searching for something to cure his terminal brain disease that he received via exposure to an alien artifact. Doggett is informed by the local sheriff (Michael McGrady) that Mulder was there investigating a case involving Marie Hangemuhl (Natalie Radford). In a flashback, it is revealed that Mulder believed Hangemuhl was told by her sister about a Native American legend of some sort of creature that lives in the woods. While interrogating the Hangemuhls in the present, Doggett learns that Hangemuhl is suffering from terminal renal failure. As he is leaving, he also notices plastered-over gunshot holes in their wall. Later, at Mulder's apartment, Doggett finds a gun Mulder kept hidden under his sink. Meanwhile, in Squamash, a backhoe digs at a stone circle located in the town cemetery. Later that night, the citizens of Squamash show up at a cabin in the woods, demanding to a rustic woman (Caroline Lagerfelt) living there that "it" be sent out. A creature attempts to escape, but it is captured.

Doggett and Walter Skinner (Mitch Pileggi) return to Squamash, and the two ask the sheriff about the murder of an unidentified transient. Doggett believes that the transient was murdered by Mulder. Doggett and Skinner travel to the cemetery and discover that the grave dug up by the backhoe earlier is that of the transient. The two find the casket empty, but Doggett notices that the transient tunneled out of his own coffin. The sheriff arrives with the creature—revealed to be a soul eater, a creature that subsists off of human disease—at the Hangemuhl home, where the symbol in blood is on the door again. The hideous creature opens its jaws wide and bites Hangemuhl. Doggett suggests to Skinner that Mulder shot someone to protect Hangemuhl from the man who was supposed to be in that grave. Meanwhile, deep underground, the creature vomits what appears to be the visceral remains of Marie into a person-shaped mold in the soil.

Doggett goes off alone to see the woman who guarded the creature in the woods. The woman implies that Mulder, feeling sorry for the creature, was trying to euthanize the creature, not save Hangemuhl. Doggett hears a noise and finds a trap door leading into the tunnels. Underground, he finds Hangemuhl and takes her to the hospital. Skinner checks in with Doggett who reports that Hangemuhl's kidneys have healed spontaneously. Doggett returns to the woman in the woods who watches over the creature; after recoiling at its ugliness, the women explains that it looks the way it does because it takes the sickness of others into itself, while healing them in the process. Doggett decides to take the creature away from the society, which only uses it. However, Doggett is shot and killed in a scuffle with the sheriff and is promptly buried. Later, Doggett awakens in the tunnels. In the dark corner of the cavern, the woman kneels beside the dead soul eater. She weeps over it, revealing that, by eating Doggett's death, it has finally been allowed to die.[6]

Back at FBI Headquarters, Doggett is struggling to write his report. When Skinner checks in on him, he encourages Doggett to not submit a report, as it would contradict Mulder's earlier report and damage his, Scully's, and Doggett's reputation. Doggett protests that Scully had no knowledge of the events, but Skinner reminds him that it would take months to clear her name, and that it is enough that the two of them know the truth about what happened.


Background and writing[edit]

"The Gift" was written by executive producer Frank Spotnitz.

"The Gift" featured the first substantial appearance from Duchovny as Mulder since the season openers "Within" and "Without".[7][8] After settling his contract dispute with Fox, Duchovny quit full-time participation in the show after the seventh season.[9] In order to explain Mulder's absence, Duchovny's character was abducted by aliens in the seventh season finale, "Requiem". After several rounds of contractual discussions, Duchovny agreed to return for a total of 11 season eight episodes.[10] Series creator Chris Carter later argued that Mulder's absences from the series did not affect the characterization, noting that "there are characters who can be powerful as absent centers, as Mulder was through the eighth and ninth seasons."[11]

The episode was written by executive producer Frank Spotnitz and was intended as a morality tale. Due to the fact that the episode is steeped in folklore surrounding the mythical soul eater, Spotnitz noted that, "If you're going to depart from literal reality as most of us know—if you're going to go into supernatural—as a writer you have to ask yourself 'Why? What's the purpose? What's the reason?' And if you don't really have a point or reason, your story's probably not going to be very good."[11] Spotnitz later noted that he had "a thing for vomiting", thus the presence of the soul eater—or as Spotnitz referred to it, the "sin eater"—who consumed his victims' bodies, absorbed their illnesses, and then vomited their remains into a mold that brought them back to life.[12]

The episode touches upon and explores Mulder's brain disease, a plot device that was introduced in the season opener "Within".[13] This was largely a retcon placed in the series after the fact.[14][15][16] The series rationalized this revelation with the fact that, due to Mulder's exposure to the black oil in the fourth season episodes "Tunguska" and "Terma" and his forced brain operation by The Smoking Man (William B. Davis) in the seventh season episode "The Sixth Extinction II: Amor Fati", his brain developed an incurable disease that was slowly killing him.[13][17][18][19] In fact, Mulder's "one-week recovery" from his brain surgery was a point of criticism when "The Sixth Extinction II: Amor Fati" initially aired in 1999.[10] The episode contains characteristics of both a "Monster-of-the-Week" episode, as well as a mytharc episode. The Complete X-Files book, released in 2008, considers the episode part of the overall myth arc, however, it was not included on the 2005 DVD release The X-Files Mythology, Volume 4 – Super Soldiers.[20][21]


"The Gift" was directed by Kim Manners, and marked his third directing credit for the season, after the opening two-parter "Within" and "Without".[1] Although the episode was the eighth entry aired during the 2000–01 season, it was actually the eleventh filmed, as evidenced by its production number.[1][22] This was largely due to Duchovny's availability.[23] Due to Duchovny's limited availability, Mulder's appearances were limited to flashbacks.[24] This technique had previously been used during the filming of the episode "Per Manum", which—although it was aired after "The Gift"—was filmed before this episode.[1][25] "The Gift" was the first episode that make-up artist Matthew W. Mungle's company worked on for The X-Files. The soul eater was a combination of actor Jordan Marder in make-up, and a silicon dummy whose mouth would distend and the teeth would move forward.[26]

The majority of the episode—like the rest of seasons six, seven, eight and nine—was filmed in and around the Los Angeles, California area.[27] The scenes taking place at the soul eater's residence were filmed on Ventura Farms, a California horse establishment and filming location near the town of Thousand Oaks.[22][28][29] The filming location had previously been used for the earlier eight season episode "Patience", for scenes taking place at the undertaker's residence.[30][31] The scene featuring The Lone Gunmen talking to Doggett via webcams was actually filmed on the set of their spin-off series, the eponymous The Lone Gunmen.[32] Although the bulk of the episode was filmed by director Manners, the snippet of the Gunmen was directed by Bryan Spicer, who directed several of The Lone Gunmen episodes, as well as the Gunmen-centric sixth season entry "Three of a Kind".[32][33][34]

The episode was written to not require Gillian Anderson at all. As a result, the finished episode only features stock footage of Scully from "Within", and Anderson was not required to film any new scenes.[15][35] Anderson later revealed that she was extremely grateful for the "Doggett-centric" episodes, because it allowed time for her to spend time with her daughter, Piper Maru. Due to the fact that her daughter was attending school in Canada, Anderson had "a very strict schedule with" her. Anderson was determined that the show would understand this and plan accordingly. She explained, "I was determined that they respect that I would work for three weeks and then have two or three weeks off to go and be with her. So they agreed to that, and that was important to me. I'd never had that before on the show."[11]


The episode makes prominent use of a medicine wheel (left), which has stylistically been compared to the program symbol for The X-Files (right).

As The X-Files entered into its eighth season, "human resurrection and salvation" as well as "disease, suffering, and healing" became an increasingly central focus of the show.[36] "The Gift", along with various other episodes during the eighth season of the show, would be the first to explore themes of death and resurrection. These sub-themes emerged in the season premiere "Within" when Scully is shown Mulder's tombstone. In "The Gift", the theme is explored further; not only is Doggett mortally wounded and then resurrected, the story behind Mulder's inoperable brain tumor is also explored. In "Deadalive", the theme reappears in full-force: Billy Miles is found dead but resurrects, Mulder is buried for three months, and later, is brought back to life. This sub-theme would continue well into the ninth season, in entries such as "Audrey Pauley".[36]

The episode makes heavy use of a medicine wheel. Doggett first discovers this symbol on the unknown grave that he digs up. The wheel is a Native American symbol common in folklore that is considered sacred; although the size and shape varies, it usually consists of a central stone or cairn, concentric circles of stones, and at least two lines coming from the center of the middle stone. The stone usage has been "mired in controversy", but most Native American scholars agree that it represents the "synthesis and wholeness, including concepts of renewal and rebirth".[37] In the episode, the symbol is similar to the "X" that is "identical to The X-Files program symbol".[37]

Amy Donaldson, in her book We Want to Believe contrasted the soul eater from "The Gift" to Leonard Betts, a "Monster-of-the-Week" character from the fourth season episode of the same name. In the episode, Mulder and Scully investigate the supposed death and regeneration of an emergency medical technician (EMT) named Leonard Betts, a mutant who subsists on and can detect cancer in others, as well as regenerate severed body parts.[38] Donaldson reasons that Betts' condition, in which he is "riddled with cancer" but can "see the sickness within people", is a metaphor for someone who "has let sin or evil become the regular course of life".[39] Although Betts can detect and consume the illness, his motives are derived from "his own self appetite".[39] Donaldson argues that the soul eater is the polar opposite of Betts because it takes an illness in order to help a person. This is in contrast to Betts, who takes an illness—and harms his victim in the process—in order to keep himself alive.[40]



Fox heavily promoted the episode due to the return of David Duchovny as Fox Mulder.

"The Gift" first premiered on Fox in the United States on February 4, 2001.[1] The episode earned a Nielsen household rating of 8.8, meaning that it was seen by 8.8% of the nation's estimated households.[41] The episode was viewed by 8.87 million households[41][nb 1] and 14.6 million viewers overall.[42] The episode ranked as the 35th most-watched episode for the week ending February 4.[41] The episode subsequently debuted in the United Kingdom on the BBC Two on May 19, 2002.[1] Furthermore, because this was Duchovny's first episode since the season opener, Fox heavily promoted the promo spots on television; in the clip the announcer noted that "David Duchovny returns to The X-Files" in the episode.[43] In part, the episode was heavily promoted because it occurred during the February Sweeps, a time in which Nielsen processes approximately 2 million paper diaries from households across the country to collect viewing information.[25] On November 4, 2003, the episode was released as part of the eighth season DVD box set.[44]


Critical reception to the episode was largely mixed. Zack Handlen of The A.V. Club awarded the episode an "A" and called it "a great monster story, and my favorite of what I've seen of [season eight] so far."[45] He argued that the episode was "so effective" because it "isn't just the inversion of the monster/normal personal dichotomy; the show has pulled that trick before, and while it tires to play coy about the true nature of the soul eater at first, it's not hard to recognize who the real villain is."[45] Handlen also wrote that the episode both "forces the audience to identify more strongly with Doggett" and made good use of Anderson's absence.[45] Meghan Deans of felt that, while "the tale of the soul eater may have been a little rushed and a little sloppy", the episode itself "has a spark to it [which is the] spark of the absent, the drive of the missing. The feeling that we’re all here for a reason, and that the show wants to live."[46]

Television Without Pity writer Jessica Morgan rated the episode a "B+" and applauded the return of Duchovny, writing, "welcome back, [...] you magnificent bastard."[15] Tom Kessenich, in his book Examinations wrote a mixed review of the episode. On one hand, he praised the feel of the episode, writing, "in many ways, this was an episode that brought back the intensity, magic, and the power of The X-Files that I have been missing throughout this most mundane of seasons."[47] In this manner, Kessenich felt that Doggett became "part of The X-Files for the first time."[47] However, Kessenich also felt that the plot involving Mulder's terminal brain disease was a mis-step, noting that Mulder would have never kept something so serious and personal from Scully. He wrote, "a year ago, Mulder was not dying [but] what we once knew as truth has suddenly been replaced with a lie."[16] George Avalos and Michael Liedtke of the Contra Costa Times called the entry "one of the season's more engaging episodes" and wrote positively of the "intriguing possibilities" that it set up for the final part of the season.[24] They were also positive about the manner in which Doggett and Mulder were able to connect in "some mystical way".[24] However, Avalos and Liedtke were critical of the episode's placement, noting that it would have worked better had it been the "fourth or fifth episode of the season", as opposed to the eighth.[24] Furthermore, they negatively wrote about the revelation that Mulder was suffering from a terminal brain disease, calling it a "monumental story" curve that did not bother "to connect all the dots behind" it.[24]

Robert Shearman and Lars Pearson, in their book Wanting to Believe: A Critical Guide to The X-Files, Millennium & The Lone Gunmen, rated the episode two stars out of five. Despite calling the episode "different", the two wrote that the story involving Mulder was "not very satisfying".[48] In addition, the two called the finale "problematic" because it featured Skinner and Doggett suppressing the truth, a thematic choice that goes against the spirit of the series.[48] Paula Vitaris from Cinefantastique gave the episode a negative review and awarded it one-and-a-half stars out of four.[35] Vitaris criticized Doggett's role, noting that "you would think after this even he would become a raging believer, but no, he's not changed one bit."[35] Marisa Guthrie of the Boston Herald derided the fact that Duchovny was given such little amounts of screen time. Furthermore, she was critical that Doggett remained a skeptic at the end of the episode.[25]


  1. ^ At the time of airing, the estimated number of households was 100.8 million.[41] Thus, 8.8 percent of 100.8 million is 8.87 million households.


  1. ^ a b c d e f The X-Files: The Complete Eighth Season (booklet). Kim Manners, et al. Fox. 
  2. ^ "The X-Files, Season 8". iTunes Store. Apple. Retrieved 28 August 2012. 
  3. ^ "The X-Files – 'The Gift'". Fox Broadcasting Company. February 2002. Archived from the original on 2 February 2002. Retrieved 27 April 2012. 
  4. ^ "Within". BBC Cult. BBC. Retrieved 1 October 2009. 
  5. ^ Janulewicz, Tom. "The X-Files – 'Without'". TechMediaNetwork. Archived from the original on 2001-11-11. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  6. ^ "The Gift". BBC Cult. BBC. Retrieved 16 January 2012. 
  7. ^ Kim Manners (director); Chris Carter (writer) (5 November 2001). "Within". The X-Files. Season 8. Episode 1. Fox. 
  8. ^ Kim Manners (director); Chris Carter (writer) (12 November 2001). "Without". The X-Files. Season 8. Episode 2. Fox. 
  9. ^ "Duchovny Quits X-Files". BBC News (BBC). 18 May 2001. Retrieved 5 July 2009. 
  10. ^ a b Elber, Lynn (18 May 2000). "Fox Mulder 'Ready to Get Back to Work'". TechMediaNetwork. Archived from the original on 24 September 2004. Retrieved 5 July 2009. 
  11. ^ a b c Hurwitz and Knowles (2008), p. 189
  12. ^ Spotnitz, Frank (2011). "The X-Files – Season 9 – Episode 3 – Daemonicus". Big Light Productions. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  13. ^ a b "The X-Files – 'Within'". Fox Broadcasting Company. February 2002. Archived from the original on 2 February 2002. Retrieved 27 April 2012. 
  14. ^ Kessenich, Tom (July 22, 2001). "What's Next? Fox Drama 'The X-Files' Will Try to Recover From a Disappointing Season". Wisconsin State Journal (Lee Enterprises). Retrieved December 26, 2012.  (subscription required)
  15. ^ a b c Morgan, Jessica (21 February 2001). "The Gift". Television Without Pity. NBCUniversal. Retrieved 5 January 2012. 
  16. ^ a b Kessenich (2002), p. 154
  17. ^ Meisler (1998), pp. 95–101
  18. ^ Edwards (1996), pp. 200–201
  19. ^ Shapiro (2000), pp. 19–28
  20. ^ Hurwitz and Knowles (2008), p. 239
  21. ^ Kim Manners, et al. The X-Files Mythology, Volume 4 – Super Soldiers (DVD). Fox. 
  22. ^ a b Fraga (2010), p. 198
  23. ^ Kessenich (2002), pp. 144–147
  24. ^ a b c d e Avalos, George; Liedtke, Michael (8 February 2001). "X-Cursions: This 'Gift' is Better Late Than Never". Contra Costa Times (MediaNews Group). Retrieved 25 November 2012.  (subscription required)
  25. ^ a b c Guthrie, Marisa (16 February 2001). "The Truth Has Left the Building: The Air Has Gone Out of 'The X-Files'". The Boston Herald (Herald Media Inc.). Retrieved 26 November 2012.  (subscription required)
  26. ^ Mungle, Matthew. "Exhibit – The X-Files". W.M. Creations Inc. Archived from the original on August 21, 2011. Retrieved December 3, 2012. 
  27. ^ Fraga (2010), passim
  28. ^ "About Us". Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  29. ^ "Filming". Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  30. ^ Fraga (2010), p. 185
  31. ^ Flaherty, Mike (22 September 2000). "'The X-Files': Fighting the Future". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  32. ^ a b Spotnitz, Frank (2011). "The X-Files – Season 8 – Episode 11 – The Gift". Big Light Productions. Retrieved 17 May 2012. 
  33. ^ The X-Files: The Complete Sixth Season (booklet). Kim Manners, et al. Fox. 
  34. ^ The Lone Gunmen: The Complete Series (booklet). Rob Bowman, et al. Fox. 
  35. ^ a b c Vitaris, Paula (April 2002). "The X-Files Season Eight Episode Guide". Cinefantastique 34 (2): 42–49. 
  36. ^ a b Kellner (2003), p. 155.
  37. ^ a b McIlwain (2005), p. 147
  38. ^ Meisler (1998), pp. 144–150
  39. ^ a b Donaldson (2011), p. 215
  40. ^ Donaldson (2011), p. 214
  41. ^ a b c d Associated Press (7 February 2001). "Last Week's Top TV Shows". Associated Press Archives. 
  42. ^ "'Outback' in Business". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. 16 February 2001. Retrieved 26 November 2012. 
  43. ^ Promo Spots – 8X11 The Gift – 20 secs (DVD). The X-Files: The Complete Eight Season: Fox Home Entertainment. 2001. 
  44. ^ Kim Manners, et al (2006). The X-Files: The Complete Eighth Season (DVD). 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment. 
  45. ^ a b c Handlen, Zack (November 9, 2013). "'The Gift'/'Medusa' | The X-Files/Millennium". The A.V. Club. The Onion. Retrieved November 10, 2013. 
  46. ^ Deans, Meghan (April 4, 2013). "The X-Files: 'The Gift'". Tor Books. Retrieved April 19, 2013. 
  47. ^ a b Kessenich (2002), p. 153
  48. ^ a b Shearman and Pearson (2009), p. 238


  • Donaldson, Amy (2011). We Want to Believe. Cascade Books. ISBN 9781606083611. 
  • Edwards, Ted (1996). X-Files Confidential. Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 9780316218085. 
  • Fraga, Erica (2010). LAX-Files: Behind the Scenes with the Los Angeles Cast and Crew. CreateSpace. ISBN 9781451503418. 
  • Hurwitz, Matt; Knowles, Chris (2008). The Complete X-Files. Insight Editions. ISBN 1933784806. 
  • Kellner, Douglas (2003). Media Spectacle. Routledge. ISBN 9780415268288. 
  • Kessenich, Tom (2002). Examinations: An Unauthorized Look at Seasons 6–9 of the X-Files. Trafford Publishing. ISBN 9781553698128. 
  • McIlwain, Charlton (2005). When Death Goes Pop: Death, Media & the Remaking of Community. Peter Lang. ISBN 9780820470641. 
  • Meisler, Andy (1998), I Want to Believe (The Official Guide to the X-Files, Vol. 3), Perennial Currents, ISBN 9780061053863 
  • Shapiro, Marc (2000). All Things: The Official Guide to the X-Files Volume 6. Harper Prism. ISBN 9780061076114. 
  • Shearman, Robert; Pearson, Lars (2009). Wanting to Believe: A Critical Guide to The X-Files, Millennium & The Lone Gunmen. Mad Norwegian Press. ISBN 9780975944691. 

External links[edit]