The Glass Palace

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The Glass Palace
The Glass Palace.jpg
Hardback 1st edition cover
Author Amitav Ghosh
Country US, India
Language English
Genre Historical Fiction
Publisher Ravi Dayal, Penguin India
Publication date
2000
Media type Print (hardback)
ISBN 978-0-375-75877-5
Preceded by The Calcutta Chromosome
Followed by The Hungry Tide

The Glass Palace is a 2000 historical novel by Indian writer Amitav Ghosh. The novel is set in Burma, Bengal, India, and Malaya, spans a century from the fall of the Konbaung Dynasty in Mandalay, through the Second World War to modern times. Focusing mainly on the early 20th Century, it explores a broad range of issues, ranging from the changing economic landscape of Burma and India, to pertinent questions about what constitutes a nation and how these change as society is swept along by the tide of modernity.[1]

The name of the novel derives from the Glass Palace Chronicle, which is an old Burmese historical work commissioned by King Bagyidaw in 1829.

Summary[edit]

Part One - Mandalay[edit]

The novel starts with a teenage boy called Rajkumar running through the city of Mandalay to find a woman called Ma Cho. He is the last surviving member of his family and comes to Burma from India with a bright entrepreneurial spirit and a hunger for success.

Rajkumar's work as an assistant on Ma Cho's food stall takes place in the shadow of the Glass Palace, in which King Thibaw and his wife reside with their daughters, the princesses. As the British invasion comes to topple the incumbent regime, everyday citizens of Mandalay are able to enter the enshrined building, and it is then that Rajkumar spots Dolly, one of the princesses' attendants, and instantly falls in love with her. However, the entire Royal Family and their entourage are quickly extradited by the British and forced into house arrest thousands of miles away on the West coast of India.

Part Two - Ratnagiri[edit]

Thibaw Palace, Residence of Burmese King exiled in Ratnagiri by British. King Thibaw is one of the few real characters in the novel.

Whilst Rajkumar's quickly evolving career begins to take shape with the help of Saya John, a successful teak merchant (Ma Cho's sometime lover), we are given a glimpse into the awkward beginnings of a new life for King Thebaw and his family as they try to settle into the port town of Ratnagiri, north of Goa. Events conspire to weave Outram House (the name of the residence the British provide to house the family and what remains of their assistants) more firmly into the life of Ratnagiri than had been expected. King Thebaw is revered by the local community, and in time the family come to feel secure and even happy in their new surroundings. The arrival of a new Collector stirs up feelings of resentment towards the colonial regime, but Uma, the Collector's headstrong wife, is able to help bridge the gap by befriending Dolly.

Meanwhile, Rajkumar has been enduring the hardships of the teak trade, having witnessed man and beast working together on an epic scale as elephants transport large volumes of wood down from the forests for sale into the British Empire's vastly expanding markets. Being the opportunist that he is, Rajkumar starts to make his own way in world after receiving advice from his new friend and colleague Doh Say. Borrowing cash from Saya John, he makes the journey to India to recruit poverty-stricken village-dwellers into the comparatively lucrative (yet undoubtedly perilous) world of early oil-mining in Burma. Having made enough money this way, Rajkumar does what has been his dream for some time: buy a timber-yard of his own, with Doh Say as business partner.

Having built a more than modest commercial empire, Rajkumar had one piece of unfinished business: to track down the only girl he'd ever loved, Dolly. Through an Indian connection in Rangoon (Yangon), Rajkumar makes contact with Ratnagiri via Uma, and is accordingly granted an audience with the Collector and his wife over a meal that of course stiffly conforms to colonial best practice. To his surprise, Dolly is present, and after some drama, he finally persuades her to leave the family she has been exiled with, and return with him to Burma as his wife.

Part Three - The Money Tree[edit]

Saya John prides himself on being able to spot the next big commodity, and on their return to Rangoon, he hands Rajkumar and Dolly a small clump of odd elastic material: rubber.

Part Four - The Wedding[edit]

A joining of multi-ethnic families in Calcutta.

Part Five - Morningside[edit]

Life before World War II on a rubber plantation in Malaya by Rajkumar with help of Saya John.

Part Six - The Front[edit]

The story of the Japanese invasion of Malaya and Burma and the subsequent family losses of lives and properties.

Part Seven - The Glass Palace[edit]

Post WWII lives of the scattered families.

Characters[edit]

Burmese Royal Family[edit]

Rajkumar's Family[edit]

  • Rajkumar Raha (the central character)
  • Dolly Sein (Lady-in-waiting to Queen Supayalat and marries to Rajkumar)
  • Neel Raha (Rajkumar and Dolly's elder son) - Neel dies trying to take his father's place in the family business. Bombs scare the elephants and he is crushed by falling timber
  • Dinu Raha (Rajkumar and Dolly's younger son)
  • Ilongo (illegitimate child of Rajkumar)
  • Jaya (Neel and Manju's daughter)

Saya John's Family[edit]

  • Saya John - Dies when bayoneted by a Japanese soldier
  • Matthew (Saya John's son) - Dies in an accident
  • Elsa Hoffman (Matthew's wife) - Dies in the accident which kills Matthew
  • Alison (Matthew and Elsa's Daughter) - Dies in a battle of sorts, she kills 4 soldiers and then shoots herself

Timmy (son of Matthew and Elsa who moves to America)

Uma Dey's Family[edit]

  • Beni Prasad Dey (District Collector at Ratnagiri and marries to Uma)- Dies trying to take a boat out to sea
  • Uma Dey (Madame Collector and Dolly's best friend)
  • Manju (Uma's niece and marries to Neel) - Commits suicide, after Neel dies, by falling off a raft
  • Arjun (Uma's nephew) - Dies in battle with his batman Kishan Singh
  • Bela (Uma's youngest niece)

Awards and translations[edit]

The Glass Palace was the Eurasian regional winner in the "Best Book" category of the 2001 Commonwealth Writers' Prize,[2] but Amitav Ghosh was not aware that his publishers had submitted his book, and he withdrew it upon learning that he had won the regional round.[3] It is also winner of Grand Prize for Fiction, Frankfurt eBook Award, 2001 [2] and New York Times Notable Books of 2001.

The Glass Palace was translated and published into over 25 languages. It was also translated into Burmese by writer Nay Win Myint and published serialized at one of Burma's leading literary magazines Shwe Amyutay. Since the last part of novel is an extended elegy to Aung San Suu Kyi, Burmese Press Scrutiny Board asked for many cuts in the translation.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "There'll Always Be an England in India" (Press release). www.nytimes.com. Retrieved 2008-01-14. 
  2. ^ a b "Wild West at the London Book Fair". The Guardian (Press release). guardian.co.uk = 24 March 2001. 2001-03-24. Retrieved 2001-03-24. 
  3. ^ "Amitav Ghosh - The Writer of Truth" (Press release). Kavita Chhibber. 
  4. ^ "The Glass Palace - Now in Burmese" (Press release). Amitav Ghosh. Retrieved 2009-05-14.