The Go-Between (film)
Original British quad format poster
|Directed by||Joseph Losey|
|Produced by||John Heyman
|Screenplay by||Harold Pinter|
|Based on||The Go-Between
by L. P. Hartley
|Music by||Michel Legrand|
|Edited by||Reginald Beck|
|Distributed by||MGM-EMI Distributors (UK)
Columbia Pictures (US)
|Budget||£500,000 or under $1 million|
The Go-Between is a 1971 British romantic drama film, directed by Joseph Losey. Its screenplay, by Harold Pinter, is an adaptation of the 1953 novel of the same name by L. P. Hartley. The film stars Julie Christie, Alan Bates, Margaret Leighton, Michael Redgrave and Dominic Guard.
The story follows a young boy named Leo (Dominic Guard), who is invited by a school friend, Marcus, to spend his summer holidays at a Norfolk country house during the early 1900s. While Leo stays there, he finds himself a 'go-between' caught up between Marian (Julie Christie), his friend's elder sister, and a farmer neighbor, Ted Burgess (Alan Bates) whom she loves, though about to be engaged to a Viscount, Hugh Trimingham (Edward Fox). Dominic Guard plays the young Leo and Michael Redgrave plays Leo in old age.
Pinter's screenplay – his final collaboration with Losey, following The Servant (1963) and Accident (1967) – is largely faithful to the novel, though it alludes to the novel's opening events in dialogue and incorporates events described in the novel's epilogue within the central narrative.
- Julie Christie as Marian Maudsley (Lady Trimingham)
- Edward Fox as Hugh Trimingham
- Alan Bates as Ted Burgess
- Margaret Leighton as Mrs. Maudsley
- Michael Redgrave as the older Leo Colston
- Dominic Guard as the young Leo Colston
- Michael Gough as Mr. Maudsley
- Richard Gibson as Marcus Maudsley
- Simon Hume-Kendall as Denys
- Roger Lloyd-Pack as Charles
- Amaryllis Garnett as Kate
The rights to the novel had been in the hands of many producers, among them Sir Alex Korda, who purchased it in 1956. He originally envisioned Alec Guinness and Margaret Leighton in the leads and hired Nancy Mitford to write a script.
Joseph Losey was interested in filming the novel. He tried to get financing for a version in 1963 after The Servant and then again in 1968.
Eventually John Heyman managed to get financing from EMI Films, where Bryan Forbes agreed to pay £75,000 for the script. Because of the relatively steep budget, EMI had to seek co-production financing from MGM.
Michel Legrand composed the soundtrack for the film. The main theme was later used as the title music for the French "true crime" documentary series Faites entrer l'accusé (in French Wikipedia). The love theme "I Still See You" written by Legrand with lyrics by Hal Sharper was performed by Scott Walker and released as a single in late 1971.
The film was first shown in May 1971 at the 1971 Cannes Film Festival, where it won the Palme d'Or. A few days before, James Aubrey, head of MGM, had sold his interest in it to Columbia Pictures, because he disliked the final film and regarded it a flop.
The film was released in the UK on 24 September 1971, opening at ABC1 on Shaftesbury Avenue in London. A month later, on 29 October, Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother arrived at the ABC Cinema on Prince of Wales Road in Norwich to attend the local premiere, thus giving Norwich its first ever Royal Premiere.
An enthusiastic John Russell Taylor wrote in The Times that, "Up to now, Accident was without argument Losey's best film; now in The Go-Between it has a serious contender for the title. And everything is achieved by apparently doing the absolute minimum."
Charles Champlain in The Los Angeles Times wrote after the US premiere in November 1971 that The Go-Between was one of the best movies of the previous six years. Andrew Sarris in The Village Voice labeled it the best movie of the year. Joanne Klein saw the filmscript as a major stylistic and technical advance in Pinter’s work for the screen, and Foster Hirsch described it as “one of the world’s great films”.
In 1999, it was included on the British Film Institute's list of its 100 best British films. At the BAFTA festival it was nominated in no less than 12 categories, winning four; Screenplay: Harold Pinter (his second BAFTA), Edward Fox (Supporting actor), Dominic Guard (Most Promising Newcomer to Leading Film Roles), Supporting actress: Margaret Leighton (her second nomination and her only win), which makes it one of the most successful in the history of the competition.
- The Times, 24 September 1971, page 9: The shadows of a country-house summer (film review by John Russell Taylor) - Read 2014-01-11 in The Times Digital Archive
- BBFC: The Go-Between Linked 2014-01-11
- Walker, Alexander (1974). Hollywood UK – The British Film Industry in the Sixties. Stein and Day. p. 439. ISBN 978-0-812-81549-8.
- Losey Revels in Happy 'Go-Between' By MEL GUSSOW. New York Times (1923-Current file) [New York, N.Y] 11 Aug 1971: 44.
- Bryan Forbes: A Divided Life – Memoirs (page 100)
- The Go-Between: EMI Films 1970 at Norwich the old city.
- Compare the movie's main theme on YouTube with the one for the French crime series on YouTube.
- Festival de Cannes: The Go-Between (Le Messager), Grand Prix International du Festival, 1971 Linked 2014-01-11
- Bryan Forbes: A Divided Life – Memoirs (page 221)
- East Anglian Film Archive: Anglia News: Queen Mother at Premiere of 'The Go-Between' at ABC Norwich Linked 2014-01-11
- NAT COHEN. "British film finance." Times [London, England] 20 Aug. 1971: 13. The Times Digital Archive. Web. 6 Apr. 2014.
- Sarris, Andrew. “The Go-Between.” The Village Voice (12 August 1971), n. p.
- Billington, Michael (2007). Harold Pinter. 2nd ed. London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 978-0-571-23476-9. [Updated edition of The Life and Work of Harold Pinter (London: Faber, 1996).]
- Forbes, Bryan (1993). A Divided Life – Memoirs. Mandarin Publishing. ISBN 978-0-749-30884-1.
- Gale, Steven H. (2003). Sharp Cut – Harold Pinter's Screenplays and the Artistic Process. Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 978-0-813-12244-1.
- Gale, Steven H. (editor; 2001). The Films of Harold Pinter. Albany, New York: State University of New York Press. ISBN 978-0-791-44931-8.
- Hartop, Christopher (2011). Norfolk Summer: Making The Go-Between. Cambridge: John Adamson. ISBN 978-1-898565-07-9.
- The Go-Between in the British Film Institute's "Explore film..." database
- The Go-Between at the British Film Institute's Screenonline
- The Go-Between at the Internet Movie Database
- HaroldPinter.org: Films by Harold Pinter - The Go Between