The Gods of Pegāna
|The Gods of Pegāna|
cover of The Gods of Pegāna
|Cover artist||Sidney Sime|
|Genre||Fantasy short stories|
|Publisher||Elkin Mathews, 1905, Pegana Press, 1911|
|Media type||Print (Hardback)|
|Followed by||Time and the Gods|
The Gods of Pegāna is the first book by Anglo-Irish fantasy writer Lord Dunsany, published on a commission basis in 1905. It is considered[by whom?] a major influence on the work of J. R. R. Tolkien, H. P. Lovecraft, Ursula K. Le Guin  and many others[who?]. The book was reviewed favourably but as an unusual piece. One of the more influential reviews was by Edward Thomas in the London Daily Chronicle.
The book is a series of short stories linked by Dunsany's invented pantheon of deities who dwell in Pegāna. It was followed by a further collection Time and the Gods and by some stories in The Sword of Welleran and Other Stories and in Tales of Three Hemispheres. In 1919 Dunsany told an American interviewer "In The Gods of Pegana I tried to account for the ocean and the moon. I don't know whether anyone else has ever tried that before".
Aside from its various stand-alone editions, the complete text of the collection is included in the Ballantine Adult Fantasy collection Beyond the Fields We Know (1972), in The Complete Pegāna (1998), and in the Gollancz Fantasy Masterworks omnibus Time and the Gods (2000).
- "The Gods of Pegāna"
- "Of Skarl the Drummer"
- "Of the Making of the Worlds"
- "Of the Game of the Gods"
- "The Chaunt of the Gods"
- "The Sayings of Kib"
- "Concerning Sish"
- "The Sayings of Slid"
- "The Deeds of Mung"
- "The Chaunt of the Priests"
- "The Sayings of Limpang-Tung"
- "Of Yoharneth-Lahai"
- "Of Roon, the God of Going"
- "The Revolt of the Home Gods"
- "Of Dorozhand"
- "The Eye in the Waste"
- "Of the Thing That Is Neither God Nor Beast"
- "Yonath the Prophet"
- "Yug the Prophet"
- "Alhireth-Hotep the Prophet"
- "Kabok the Prophet"
- "Of the Calamity That Befel Yūn-Ilāra by the Sea, and of the Building of the Tower of the Ending of Days"
- "Of How the Gods Whelmed Sidith"
- "Of How Imbaun Became High Prophet in Aradec of All the Gods Save One"
- "Of How Imbaun Met Zodrak"
- "The Sayings of Imbaun"
- "Of How Imbaun Spake of Death to the King"
- "Of Ood"
- "The River"
- "The Bird of Doom and the End"
New York Times critic John Corbin described Dunsany's debut collection as "an attempt to create an Olympus of his own and people it with an assemblage of deities, each with a personality and a power over human life acutely conceived and visualized. . . . To me, [the collection] is autobiography, and all the more self-revealing because it is profoundly unconscious. As an achievement of the imagination", Corbin concluded, "this bible of the gods of Pegana is simply amazing".
Gahan Wilson praised The Gods of Pegana as "a wonderfully sustained exercise in totally ironic fantasy which may never be beaten. Speaking in a highly original mix of King James Bible English, Yeatsian syntax, and Scheherazadian imagery, [Dunsany] introduces us to a wonderfully sinister Valhalla populated with mad, spectacularly cruel and wonderfully silly gods . . . whose only genuine amusement appears to derive from the inventive damage they inflict upon their misbegotten worshippers". E. F. Bleiler lauded the collection as "a convincing, marvelous creation of an alien cosmology".
S. T. Joshi, noting that Dunsany was reading Nietzche at the time he was writing The Gods of Pegana, declared it "an instantiation of the quintessential act of fantasy: the creation of a new world. Dunsany has simply carried the procedure one step further than any of his conceivable predecessors -- William Beckford (Vathek), William Morris with his medieval fantasies -- by inventing an entire cosmogony. . . . Dunsany embodies his new realm with his own philosophical predilections, and these predilections -- although expressed in the most gorgeously evocative of prose-poetry -- are of a very modern, even radical sort".
The chief of the gods of Pegāna is Mana-Yood-Sushai, who created the other gods and then fell asleep; when he wakes, he "will make again new gods and other worlds, and will destroy the gods whom he hath made." Men may pray to "all the gods but one"; only the gods themselves may pray to Mana-Yood-Sushai.
Skarl the Drummer
After Mana-Yood-Sushai "made the gods and Skarl", Skarl made a drum and began to beat on it in order to lull his creator to sleep; he keeps drumming eternally, for "if he cease for an instant then Mana-Yood-Sushai will start awake, and there will be worlds nor gods no more." Dunsany writes that
- Some say that the Worlds and the Suns are but the echoes of the drumming of Skarl, and others say that they be dreams that arise in the mind of MANA because of the drumming of Skarl, as one may dream whose rest is troubled by sound of song, but none knoweth, for who hath heard the voice of Mana-Yood-Sushai, or who hath seen his drummer?
The small gods
Besides MANA-YOOD-SUSHAI, there are numerous other gods in Pegāna's pantheon, known as the small gods:
- Kib, The Sender of Life. The creator of beasts and Men.
- Mung, Lord of all Deaths 
- Sish, the Destroyer of Hours. The god of time.
- Dorozhand, Whose Eyes Regard the End. The god of Destiny.
- Slid, Whose Soul is the Sea. The lord of all waters.
- Limpang-Tung, the God of Mirth and of Melodious Minstrels.
- Yoharneth-Lahai, the God of Little Dreams and Fancies.
- Roon, the God of Going.
- Hoodrazai, the Eye in the Waste. The mirthless god who knows the secret of MANA-YOOD-SUSHAI.
- Sirami, the Lord of All Forgetting 
- Mosahn, the bird of doom 
- Grimbol, Zeebol and Trehagobol, the three goddesses of the tallest mountains, mothers of the three (once) revelious river gods.
The thousand home gods
According to Roon, the God of Going, "There are a thousand home gods, the little gods that sit before the hearth and mind the fire--there is one Roon." These home gods include:
- Pitsu, who stroketh the cat
- Hobith who calms the dog
- Habaniah, the lord of glowing embers
- Zumbiboo, the lord of dust (described as "little")
- Gribaun, who sits in the heart of the fire to turn the wood to ash (called "old")
- Kilooloogung, the lord of arising smoke
- Jabim, the Lord of broken things
- Triboogie, the Lord of Dusk
- Hish, the Lord of Silence
- Wohoon, the Lord of Noises in the Night
- Eimes, Zanes and Segastrion, the (once) revelious lords of the three rivers of the plain
- Umbool, the Lord of the Drought
- Araxes, Zadres and Hyraglion, stars in the south
- Ingazi, Yo and Mindo, stars to the north
Trogool, neither god nor beast
Trogool is the mysterious thing, sat at the very south pole of the cosmos and whose duty is to turn over the pages of a great book, in which the very history writes itself every day until the end of the world. The fully written pages are "black", meaning the night, and when it is turned, then the white page symbolizes a new day. Trogool never answers prayer, and the pages that had been turned shall never be turned back, neither by him nor anyone.
Trogool is the Thing that men in many countries have called by many names, IT is the Thing that sits behind the gods, whose book is the Scheme of Things.
- Review included in Critical Essays on Lord Dunsany, edited by S. T. Joshi, Scarecrow Press, Aug 22, 2013
- M. K. Wisehart, "Ideals and Fame: A One-Act Conversation With Lord Dunsany," New York Sun Book World, October 19, 1919, p.25
- ISFDB publication history
- "The Gods of Dunsany", The New York Times, January 26, 1919 (Arts & Leisure)
- "Books", Realms of Fantasy, October 1998, p.14
- E. F. Bleiler, The Guide to Supernatural Fiction, Kent State University Press, 1983 p.104)
- "Introduction", The Complete Pegana: All the Tales Pertaining to the Fabulous Realm of Pegana, Chaosium, 1998, p.viii
- The Sayings of Kib
- The Deeds of Mung
- Concerning Sish
- Of Dorozhand
- The Sayings of Slid
- The Sayings of Limpang Tung
- Of Yoharneth-Lahai
- Of Roon, The God of Going...
- The Eye in the Waste
- The River
- The Bird of Doom and the End
- Of Roon, the God of Going, and the Thousand Home Gods
- Bleiler, Everett (1948). The Checklist of Fantastic Literature. Chicago: Shasta Publishers. p. 104.
|Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- The Gods of Pegana on the official Dunsany website
- Project Gutenberg text
- The Gods of Pegana, Lord Dunsany; complete text at Wikisource