The Golden Age (Shostakovich)
The Golden Age (or The Age of Gold) (Russian: Золотой век, Zolotoi vek), Op. 22, is a ballet in three acts and six scenes by Dmitri Shostakovich with libretto by Alexander Ivanovsky. It premiered in 1930 at the Academic Theatre of Opera and Ballet (Kirov Theatre). Choreographers: Vasili Vainonen - the first act, Leonid Jacobson - the second act, V.Chesnakov - the third act.
The premiere took place in October 1930 at the Mariinsky Theatre (Theatre Kirov of Leningrav). The performance was 18 times and has been removed by the censor as ideologically incorrect ballet, because there was a very well put trendy European dances, the Soviet Union recognized like bourgeois.
The ballet is a satirical take on the political and cultural change in 1920s' Europe. It follows a Soviet football team in a Western city where they come into contact with many politically incorrect bad characters (the Diva, the Fascist, the Agent Provocateur, the Negro and others). The team fall victim to match rigging, police harassment, and unjust imprisonment by the evil bourgeoisie. The team are freed from jail when the local workers overthrow their capitalist overlords and the ballet ends with a dance of solidarity between the workers and the football team.
Woodwinds: 2 flutes (2nd doubling piccolo), 2 oboes (2nd doubling cor anglais), 3 clarinets (2nd doubling Eb clarinet, 3rd doubling bass clarinet), 2 saxophones, 2 bassoons (2nd doubling double bassoon)
Brass: 4 French horns, 3 trumpets, 3 trombones, euphonium, tuba
Strings: violins, violas, cellos, double basses
Shostakovich extracted a suite from the ballet, Op. 22a. It has four movements:
- Introduction (Allegro non troppo)
- Polka (Allegretto)
He also arranged the Polka for solo piano (Op. 22b) and piano for four hands (Op. 22c), in 1935 and 1962 respectively.
The second edition 
The years passed. Shostakovich's music, surviving attacks of formalism, was officially named a genius, but for this case it was possible to return the old ballet. That and decided to do ballet master of the Bolshoi Theatre Yuri Grigorovich in 1982, having written a new libretto together with Isaac Glickman.
They moved the action to the USSR in the 1920s to a restaurant called The Golden Age. Conflict unfolded between the Soviet Komsomol and the gang.
The premiere was held November 4, 1982 in Moscow's Bolshoi Theatre.
The third edition 
In 2006, the playwright Konstantin Uchitel wrote a new libretto for the same music. The action takes place in our time. Old man and old woman met and remember his youth and his love.