The Grange, Edinburgh
The Grange (originally St Giles' Grange) is a suburb of Edinburgh, about one and a half miles south of the city centre, with Morningside and Greenhill to the west and Newington to the east. It is a conservation area characterised by large late Victorian stone-built villas, often with very large gardens. Many have now been sub-divided into flats, with further flats often being built on the grounds.
There are mentions of 'Sanct-Geill-Grange' in charters of King David and King Edgar, as church lands attached to St. Giles parish church in Edinburgh, the king retaining the superiority. On June 16, 1376, King Robert II granted the superiority of the barony and lands of St Giles to his eldest son, John, Earl of Carrick, Steward of Scotland. In 1391 the estate was conferred upon the Wardlaw family.
On October 29, 1506, St Giles Grange passed to John Cant, a Burgess of Edinburgh, and his spouse Agnes Carkettle, and in 1517 they granted the use of 18 acres (73,000 m2) of land to the nuns of St Catherine of Sienna. On March 19, 1691 a John Cant sold St Giles Grange in its entirety to William Dick. It is interesting to note that at that time the 18 acres (73,000 m2) previously feued to the nuns was now in the possession of Sir John Napier, the famous inventor of logarithms. When Isabel Dick, the heiress, married Sir Andrew Lauder, 5th Baronet of Fountainhall, in 1731, The Grange passed to him.
The original tower house appears to be of a very early date possibly the 13th century, ornamented with two turrets and a battlemented roof; its position was isolated at the eastern end of the Burgh Muir, which at that time consisted of waste tracts of moorland and morass, stretching out southward as far as the Braid Hills and eastward to St. Leonard's Crags.
The mansion, The Grange House, was enlarged over the centuries, a major restoration being carried out by Sir Thomas Dick Lauder, Bt. On May 16, 1836, Lord Cockburn recorded in his diary: "There was an annular eclipse of the sun yesterday afternoon....it was a beautiful spectacle......I was on the top of the tower at The Grange House, with Sir Thomas Dick Lauder and his family."
The house survived until 1936 when it was demolished to make way for flats. Stone wyverns from its gateposts, known locally as the 'Lauder griffins', were re-erected in Grange Loan. One was placed at the entrance to a stretch of Lover's Loan, a centuries-old path which was preserved in a late 19th-century redevelopment and is marked out with high stone walls separating it from the gardens on either side. At one point the path borders the Grange Cemetery where various well-known people are buried, including Sir Thomas Dick Lauder, Hugh Miller, and Thomas Chalmers.
From the 1860s The Grange was developed as an early suburb, built gradually upon the lands of The Grange estate — still owned by the Dick Lauder family. Some of the Victorian villas still retain substantial mature trees and gardens which pre-date the housing. In 1835 Earl Grey (of Reform Bill fame) stayed with Sir Thomas Dick Lauder at The Grange House, and commemorated his visit by planting an oak-tree in a conspicuous spot in The Avenue, upon the bank of the north side, not very far from the ivy-clad arch. It was called 'Earl Grey's Oak' and was still healthy in 1898. It is not known if it has survived.
Within the area lies the campus of the Astley Ainslie Hospital.
It includes a very interesting "Egyptian portal" to the land of the dead for the wife of a William Stuart (died 1868) on the north wall, by the sculptor Robert Thomson. Sculptures by William Birnie Rhind (Dr. James Cappie) and Henry Snell Gamley (David Menzies) can also be found. Other notable graves include:-
- Harry Burrows Acton (1908-1974)
- Sir Andrew Agnew, 7th Baronet
- Rev William Arnot
- Sir William James and Sir James Gardiner Baird, 7th and 8th Baronets of Saughton Hall
- James Bannerman (theologian)
- John Bartholomew, Sr. and John Bartholomew Jr. mapmakers
- John Begg (architect)
- George Bertram, engineer and paper-maker
- Benjamin Blyth (engineer)
- Hugh Wylie Brown
- Rev John Brown, Moderator of the Church of Scotland 1916 (his memorial also marks 4 sons lost in WWI)
- George Washington Browne (architect)
- Viscount Bryce politician
- Rev James Buchanan
- Edward Calvert (architect)
- Dr Thomas Chalmers
- Dugald Christie (missionary)
- Robin Cook
- Alexander Cowan papermaker and philanthropist
- Sir Robert Cranston
- Prof Rev William Cunningham
- Rev Alexander Duff (missionary)
- Prof John Duncan (theologian)
- Rev Patrick Fairbairn
- Rev Thomas Finlayson
- Rev William Galbraith (mathematician)
- Rev James Gall astronomer and founder of Carrubbers Close Mission.
- Giles Alexander Esme Gordon
- Sir James Gowans
- General James Hope Grant
- Dr Thomas Guthrie
- Prof William Henderson (physician and homeopath)
- Robert Herdman RSA, Victorian artist
- Rev William Maxwell Hetherington
- William Ballantyne Hodgson
- William Hole (artist)... (buried in the ground of James Lindsay WS)
- The Home baronets, John (1872-1938, 12th Baronet of Blackadder} and David George (1904-1992, 13th Baronet of Blackadder)
- John Hutchison (sculptor)
- David Irving (librarian)
- Alexander Keith Johnston (1804-1871) geographer (also memorialising his son of the same name, an African explorer).
- David Kennedy (1825-1886) Scottish singer (subject of a monument at the foot of Calton Hill)
- John Kinross (architect)
- Charles Maclaren, founder and editor of the Scotsman newspaper
- Sir Alexander Charles Gibson Maitland
- David Masson historian
- Hugh Miller (pioneer geologist)
- Henry James Moncrieff, 2nd Baron Moncrieff with a sculpture of his wife "Minna" on the stone
- Robert Morham (architect)
- Duncan Napier (herbalist)
- James Napier (chemist)
- Thomas Nelson (publisher)
- John Pringle Nichol (astronomer)
- Prof James Nicol geologist
- Very Rev Robert Nicol, Moderator of the Church of Scotland 1914
- Frederick Niecks musical scholar
- John Nisbet, artist (with his 3 wives)
- Pollock Sinclair Nisbet, artist
- Robert Buchan Nisbet, artist
- Thomas Oliver, co-founder of Oliver & Boyd
- Waller Hugh Paton, RSA artist
- John Thomas Rochead, architect of the Wallace Monument
- Frederick Schenck, lithographer
- Prof George Smeaton
- The sculptor brothers David Watson Stevenson and William Grant Stevenson buried together
- Andrew Usher
- Sir John Usher, Baronet
- Sir George Warrender of Lochend, 6th Baronet (after whom the Warrender section of Marchmont is named)
- Robert Wilson architect of the Edinburgh Board Schools
- Sir James Lawton Wingate (artist)
- Robert Young (biblical scholar)
In popular culture
Residents of the suburb have included the author J.K. Rowling and the former RBS CEO Fred Goodwin. Goodwin relocated from The Grange after the vandalism to which his property there was subjected but has since returned after being thrown out of his family home in Colinton by his wife due to revelations of his marital infidelity. The Grange was also a principal filming location during the production of the BBC Three comedy-drama Pramface which starred Scarlett Alice Johnson and Sean Michael Verey in the lead roles. The Grange features extensively in the showpiece but is appropriated in order to pose as an upmarket North London suburb due to its appearance similarities and for the sake of plot integration.
- Stewart-Smith, J., The Grange of St. Giles, Edinburgh, 1898: 2
- The Great Seal of Scotland, 1306-1424: 27
- The Great Seal of Scotland, 1306-1424: 40
- The Great Seal of Scotland, 1424-1513: 2999
- Stewart-Smith, J., The Grange of St. Giles, Edinburgh, 1898: 21
- Stewart-Smith, J., The Grange of St. Giles, Edinburgh, 1898: 28-9
- Stewart-Smith, J., The Grange of St. Giles, Edinburgh, 1898: 5
- Stewart-Smith, J., The Grange of St. Giles, Edinburgh, 1898: 328-336
- Stewart-Smith, J., The Grange of St. Giles, Edinburgh, 1898: 340
- Dictionary of Scottish Architects: Robert Wilson
- Coulters Property Sales and Lettings - Edinburgh Neighbourhood Spotlight: The Grange
- The Damnation of Fred Goodwin
- The Damnation of Fred Goodwin
- Fred the Shred is back: Shamed RBS boss returns to country he nearly bankrupted after buying £3.5m 'WAG dream house'
- The Guardian - Vandals target Sir Fred Goodwin's house and car
- The Scotsman - Wife kicks cheating Sir Fred out of family home
- The Scotsman - Edinburgh to be backdrop for new BBC comedy series
- Stewart-Smith, J; The Grange of St Giles, Edinburgh, 1898, is possibly the best history of The Grange extant.
- Bartholomew's Chronological map of Edinburgh (1919)
- Grange Association
- Edinburgh University Gazeteer article on The Grange