The Great Bear (lithograph)
The Great Bear is a 1992 lithograph by Simon Patterson. At first glance the work looks like the London Underground Tube map, but Patterson uses each line to represent groups of people, including scientists, saints, philosophers, comedians, explorers and footballers.
The copyright of the work is shared between the artist and London Underground from whom the artist obtained permission after protracted negotiation.
The Great Bear has provoked a wide range of responses. Ian Russell, writing in Images, representations and heritage: moving beyond modern approaches to archaeology in 2006, felt that the map emphasises that "the tube map distorts and masks realities". Social historian Joe Moran wrote in his 2005 work Reading the Everyday that the map "suggests that the tube map has become its own reality, entirely abstracted from the work it ostensibly represents". David Pike, author of 'Modernist Space and the Transformation of Underground London', expressed his belief that Patterson "discovered the dreams of modernism within the world of the 1990s in the same way that he found the dreams of the present lurking within the modernist space of Harry Beck's underground map", comparing the work to the writing of Iain Sinclair and the artwork of Mark Dion.
- Wood, Denis; Fels, John; Krygier, John (2010). Rethinking the Power of Maps. Guilford Press. pp. 117–118. ISBN 1-59385-366-1.
- Russell, Ian (2006). Images, representations and heritage: moving beyond modern approaches to archaeology. Springer. p. 264. ISBN 978-1-4419-4075-9.
- Moran, Joe (2005). Reading the Everyday. Taylor & Francis. p. 173. ISBN 978-0-415-31709-2.
- Pike, David (2002). Pamela K. Gilbert, ed. Imagined Londons. SUNY Press. p. 116. ISBN 978-0-7914-5502-9.
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