The Great Waldo Pepper
|The Great Waldo Pepper|
Theatrical release poster by Gary Meyer
|Directed by||George Roy Hill|
|Produced by||George Roy Hill|
|Written by||George Roy Hill
|Music by||Henry Mancini|
|Edited by||William H. Reynolds|
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures|
|Running time||107 minutes|
The Great Waldo Pepper is a 1975 drama film directed, produced, and co-written by George Roy Hill. Set during 1926–1931, the movie stars Robert Redford as a disaffected World War I veteran pilot who missed the opportunity to fly in combat and his sense of dislocation post-war in the America of the early 1920s. Margot Kidder, Bo Svenson, Edward Hermann and Susan Sarandon round out the cast.
World War I veteran Waldo Pepper (Robert Redford) feels he has missed out on the glory of aerial combat after being made a flight instructor. After the war, Waldo had taken up barnstorming to make a living. He soon tangles with rival barnstormer (and fellow war veteran) Axel Olsson (Bo Svenson).
Enemies at first, Waldo and Axel become partners and try out various stunts. One of these stunts, a car-to-aircraft transfer, goes wrong and Waldo is nearly killed after Axel is unable to climb high enough to clear a barn and Waldo slams into it. Waldo then goes home to Kansas to recuperate with former flame Maude (Margot Kidder) and her family. Maude, however, is not happy to see Waldo at first; because every time she does, Waldo gets injured in some way. Eventually, however, they make up and become lovers once again. Meanwhile, Maude's brother Ezra (Edward Hermann), an old friend of Waldo's, promises to build him a high-performance monoplane as soon as he is well enough to fly it. Waldo's goal is to become the first pilot in history to perform an outside loop, and Ezra feels that Waldo can do it with his monoplane.
In the meantime, Waldo recuperates and rejoins Axel. The two eventually get a job flying for a traveling flying circus owned by Doc Dillhoefer (Philip Bruns). In an effort to attract bigger crowds, Dillhoefer hires Mary Beth (Sarandon) to act as the show's new attraction. As the show moves from town to town and the crew practices new stunts; they experience problems, errors and crashes.
As a result of the death of Mary Beth during a wing walking stunt, Waldo is grounded by Newt Potts (Geoffrey Lewis) (a man from Waldo's war past), now an inspector of the newly formed Air Commerce division of the federal government. Tragedy occurs at the Dillhoefer Circus when Ezra attempts the outside loop in his monoplane. He crashes on his third attempt, and the crowds rush out of the stands to see the wreckage. Some of the spectators are smoking as they watch Waldo struggle to free Ezra. One of the cigarettes is flicked into gas leaking from the aircraft, igniting it and eventually burning Ezra to death. Because no one helped Waldo try to save him, Waldo goes on a rampage, jumps in his aircraft and begins buzzing the crowd, which leads to his permanent grounding.
That does not stop Waldo from flying for long. Using an alias, Waldo gets a job as a stunt pilot in a Hollywood film depicting the air battles of the Great War. Famous German air ace Ernst Kessler (Bo Brundin) has also been hired by the producers, as a consultant and to fly a Fokker Dr. I replica.[N 1]
During filming of a famous wartime duel, Waldo in a Sopwith Camel, Kessler in the Fokker, although their aircraft are unarmed, begin dogfighting in deadly earnest, using their aircraft as weapons, each repeatedly colliding with the other. Eventually, Waldo damages Kessler's aircraft so much the German can barely control it; he concedes. Each salutes the other, and flies his own way.[N 2]
- Robert Redford as Waldo Pepper
- Bo Svenson as Axel Olsson
- Bo Brundin as Ernst Kessler
- Susan Sarandon as Mary Beth
- Geoffrey Lewis as Newt Potts
- Edward Hermann as Ezra Stiles
- Philip Bruns as Dillhoefer
- Roderick Cook as Werfel
- Kelly Jean Peters as Patsy
- Margot Kidder as Maude Stiles
The Great Waldo Pepper was a "passion project" for director George Roy Hill, who was himself a pilot. He and William Goldman had what Goldman described as "a huge falling out" during the middle of Goldman's writing the screenplay. Nevertheless, they managed to complete the project.
Frank Tallman flew the air sequences using actual aircraft – not models. Waldo flew a Standard J-1 biplane. A lot of the other aircraft in the film, including Axel's, were Curtiss JN-4 biplanes. A number of de Havilland Tiger Moth biplanes, modified to look like Curtiss JN-4s, were used for the crash scenes.
The Great Waldo Pepper was filmed in Elgin, Texas. Aerial sequences were filmed at Zuehl Airfieldnear San Antonio, which is not too far from Fort Sam Houston, where the pioneering silent aviation classic Wings was shot in 1926-27. Several aerial scenes were also filmed over the Sebring, Florida, Airport (also known for the 12 Hours of Sebring, a Le Mans-style endurance car race). Hill, who flew as a U.S. Marine Corps cargo pilot in World War II, made sure stars Bo Svenson and Robert Redford did each sequence with no parachutes or safety harnesses. He wanted them to feel what it was like to fly vintage aircraft. Fortunately, no one was hurt during the air scenes.
The Great Waldo Pepper opened to mixed to good reviews, with the biggest praise going to the film's aerial sequences. Vincent Canby of The New York Times wrote, "'The Great Waldo Pepper' is a most appealing movie. Its moods don't quite mesh and its aerial sequences are so vivid— sometimes literally breathtaking— that they upstage the human drama, but the total effect is healthily romantic." Leonard Maltin noted that the film disappointed at the box office, and, although compared to earlier efforts such as The Sting (1973), it was director George Roy Hill's "more personal" account that "... wavers uncomfortably between slapstick and drama."
The aerial sequences staged by Frank Tallman included the climactic fight between Waldo Pepper and Kessler. The scene featuring a replica Sopwith Camel and a replica Fokker Triplane, was loosely patterned after a real dogfight between German ace Werner Voss and a flight of aircraft led by British ace James McCudden.[N 3] Due to the attention to period details and the use of actual aircraft in the flying scenes, The Great Waldo Pepper is considered one of "great" aviation films, receiving a "four-star" rating by film and aviation historians Jack Hardwick and Ed Schnepf. Released in a number of home media formats, there are no extra features in the latest DVD.
Former silent screen actress Viola Dana was an honored guest at the premiere of The Great Waldo Pepper. In 1920, Dana had begun a relationship with Ormer "Lock" Locklear, a daring aviator, military veteran and budding film star, reputed to be the prototype for the character of Waldo Pepper. Locklear died when his aircraft crashed on August 2, 1920 during a nighttime film shoot for the Fox Studios feature, The Skywayman. [N 4]
- The disillusioned, bitter and heavy drinking depiction of Kessler is based on the real German ace and stunt pilot Ernst Udet.
- As the sound fades, the last shot of the film is of a page in a photo album. One of the pictures is of Waldo, and beneath it is a caption that reads, "Waldo Pepper. 1895–1931".
- The aircraft used in The Great Waldo Pepper were displayed at Tallman's Movieland of the Air Museum until it was closed after his death.
- Although married, Locklear had been dating Dana, and on the night before his death, in a premonition, gave her some of his personal effects. Dana witnessed the 1920 crash and would not fly again for 25 years.
- "The Great Waldo Pepper, Box Office Information." Box Office Mojo. Retrieved: August 31, 2014.
- de Haro 2012, p. X.
- Goldman 2000, p. 266.
- "Zuehl, Texas." Texas Escapes Online Magazine. Retrieved: August 31, 2014.
- Canby, Vincent. "The Great Waldo Pepper (1975); Redford is Waldo Pepper, jaunty pilot." The New York Times, March 14, 1975.
- Maltin 2009, p. 555.
- "The_Great_Waldo_Pepper." Internet Movie Plane Database. Retrieved: August 31, 2014.
- Hardwick and Schnepf 1989, p. 57.
- Anderson, Nancy. "Viola Dana Loved the Real Waldo Pepper". Greeley Daily Tribune, April 28, 1975, p. 23. Retrieved: October 23, 2014.
- Farmer 1984, p. 23.
- de Haro, Roberto. Twist of Fate: Love, Intrigue, and the Great War. Bloomington, Indianna: iUniverse, 2012. ISBN 978-1-46207-027-5.
- Farmer, James H. Celluloid Wings: The Impact of Movies on Aviation. Blue Ridge Summit, Pennsylvania: Tab Books Inc., 1984. ISBN 978-0-83062-374-7.
- Goldman, William. Which Lie Did I Tell?. London: Bloomsbury, 2000. ISBN 978-0-74755-317-5.
- Hardwick, Jack and Ed Schnepf. "A Viewer's Guide to Aviation Movies". The Making of the Great Aviation Films, General Aviation Series, Volume 2, 1989.
- Maltin, Leonard. Leonard Maltin's Movie Guide 2009. New York: New American Library, 2009 (originally published as TV Movies, then Leonard Maltin’s Movie & Video Guide), First edition 1969, published annually since 1988. ISBN 978-0-451-22468-2.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to The Great Waldo Pepper.|
- The Great Waldo Pepper at the TCM Movie Database
- The Great Waldo Pepper at the Internet Movie Database
- The Great Waldo Pepper at Box Office Mojo
- The Great Waldo Pepper, rottentomatoes.com