The Greatest American Hero
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|The Greatest American Hero|
|Created by||Stephen J. Cannell|
|Theme music composer||Mike Post
|Opening theme||"Theme from Greatest American Hero (Believe It or Not)"
Performed by Joey Scarbury
|Country of origin||United States|
|No. of seasons||3|
|No. of episodes||44 (List of episodes)|
|Running time||60 minutes|
|Distributor||Warner Bros. Television Distribution|
|Original run||March 18, 1981– February 3, 1983|
The Greatest American Hero is an American comedy-drama television series that aired for three seasons from 1981 to 1983 by ABC. Created by producer Stephen J. Cannell, it premiered as a two-hour pilot movie on March 18, 1981. The series features William Katt as teacher Ralph Hinkley ("Hanley" for the latter part of the first season), Robert Culp as FBI Agent Bill Maxwell, and Connie Sellecca as lawyer Pam Davidson.
The series chronicles Ralph's adventures after a group of aliens gives him a red suit that gives him superhuman abilities. Unfortunately, Ralph, who hates wearing the suit, immediately loses its instruction booklet, and thus has to learn how to use its powers by trial and error, often with comical results.
Ralph Hinkley is a high school teacher of special education students. Determined to teach them well, Ralph takes them on a "geological survey" field trip to the desert. Coming back from the field trip later that night, the school bus breaks down. Ralph starts to walk back through the desert to get help and he encounters a swerving car driven by FBI Special Agent Bill Maxwell (Culp) that stops just in time to avoid hitting Hinkley. Maxwell insists that he could not control the car. An alien spacecraft appears and the aliens tell Ralph and Bill (by way of the car radio) that they are to work together to save the world from self-destruction[clarification needed] and Ralph will be given the power to change it. They are given a black case. Later Ralph opens it and finds a red suit (with cape), which endows him with superhuman abilities. Pam Davidson is an attorney who handled Ralph's divorce and later becomes his wife. She often joins Ralph and Bill on their adventures.
Suit and hero persona
Ralph's uniform grants him the powers of flight, super strength, resistance to injury (including direct bullet hits to areas covered by the suit), invisibility, precognition, postcognition, E.S.P., telekinesis, x-ray vision, super speed, pyrokinesis, holographic vision, shrinking, psychometry, and a sense to detect the supernatural. Notably, while the suit enables Ralph to fly, it does not endow him with any particular skill at landing, so he frequently crashes in an undignified (if undamaged) heap. In the episode "Fire Man" he displays resistance to fire/heat and uses "superbreath" (blowing out a flamethrower), he also uses it in "There's Just No Accounting..." to extinguish a molotov cocktail. He also shows signs of being able to control minds when he is exposed to high doses of plutonium radiation. In the season two finale episode, "Lilacs, Mr. Maxwell", Ralph is shown to control a dog by a holograph. This may have been an improvisational power of the suit, but is never tried again. In "The Shock Will Kill You," he (or the suit) becomes strongly magnetized.
In the season two episode "Don't Mess Around with Jim," Ralph and Maxwell learn that they are not the first duo who received such a uniform. Jim "J.J." Beck had received the suit, and Marshall Dunn was his partner, much like Ralph and Maxwell operated. But Jim was overwhelmed with the power of the suit, and he used it selfishly until it was taken away. It is unknown if there were others before Jim who were visited by the aliens. In "Divorce Venusian Style," the pair meet the alien, whose world was apparently destroyed (which hints as to why it wants to protect humanity) and calls Earth one of the few remaining "garden planets." It is also revealed that there are several other people in seeming "suspended animation" aboard its ship (Bill speculates that they are possible replacements for them). Ralph is given another instruction book—- supposedly the alien's last copy, but he loses it as well, when he and the book shrink to a fraction of their normal sizes, and he is not holding the book when he returns to his original height.
The hero persona never receives a "superhero name," either, although Scarbury sings the Elton John song "Rocket Man" in the pilot. However, in the episode "The Shock Could Kill You," Ralph refers to himself sarcastically as "Captain Gonzo."
Like his own character of Ralph Hinkley/Hanley, William Katt found the suit very uncomfortable and hated wearing it. Producers made various modifications to the suit to help him, and accommodated him by scheduling filming so he would not have to wear it all work-day.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (September 2013)|
On the DVD of Season 1, Stephen J. Cannell notes that the symbol design on the front of the suit is actually based on a pair of scissors that he had on his desk during the design of the uniform. However, in Jeff Rovin's book, The World Encyclopedia of Superheroes, the author claimed that it is actually an "open book and needle emblem."
The symbol on Ralph's uniform resembles the Chinese character "center" [中]. As the symbol is red in color, Hong Kong television station TVB termed the Cantonese-dubbed version of the show [飛天紅中俠], translated to mean "Flying Red Center Hero".
The symbol's bilateral symmetry seemingly avoided the "backward S" problem encountered on the Adventures of Superman. For the low-budget 1950s series, editors would on occasion "flop" stock footage of George Reeves in flight, causing the "S" shield to appear reversed. However, in many Greatest American Hero composite flying sequences, Ralph wore a watch- and the timepiece alternates from one wrist to the other, especially during extended flying sequences.
Cast and characters
- William Katt as Ralph Hinkley/Hanley
- Robert Culp as Bill Maxwell
- Connie Sellecca as Pam Davidson
- Faye Grant as Rhonda Blake
- Michael Paré as Tony Villicana
- Jesse D. Goins as Cyler Johnson
- William Bogert as Les Carlisle
The main character's name was originally Ralph Hinkley, but after the assassination attempt of Ronald Reagan by John Hinckley, Jr. on March 30, 1981, the character's last name was changed to "Hanley". For the rest of the first season, he was either "Ralph" or "Mister H" (a style of nickname popularized by Fonzie's calling the Cunningham parents "Mr. and Mrs. C" on the contemporary series Happy Days). In the episode where Ralph is given a promotion and his own office space, we see the name "Ralph Hanley" on the door plaque. At the start of season two, the name had changed back to Hinkley. In the season three episode "Live At Eleven", Ralph is given a name tag at a political rally with his last name spelled "Hunkley" and Ralph gives up saying "it's close enough for politics".
On the series' season 1 DVD set Stephen J. Cannell explained that he had planned Greatest American Hero as a series emphasizing real life problems, whereas when a change of management occurred in ABC, they requested more heroic, save-the-day type episodes. As agreed originally between Cannell and then ABC executives Marcy Carsey and Tom Werner (who would later form Carsey-Werner Productions company), the powers would be in the suit, not the man (though the suit would only work for him) and Ralph would try to solve ordinary-type problems, such as trying to stop corruption in Major League Baseball ("The Two Hundred Miles-Per-Hour Fastball") or an assassination attempt ("The Best Desk Scenario"). The series initially emphasized what Cannell referred to as "character comedy" based on human flaws such as envy (in the aforementioned "The Best Desk Scenario") or hypochondria ("Plague").
Cannell was trying to avoid save-the-day type episodes, as per the original Adventures of Superman television series, but according to Cannell on the DVD set, when Carsey and Werner left ABC (soon after the show was purchased by the network) the new network executives wanted the show to be more like a children's show than an adults' show. So they pushed for the types of shows that Cannell did not want, shows that involved Ralph trying to stop some sort of calamity from happening, including nuclear war ("Operation Spoilsport") and even a Loch Ness Monster-type of creature ("The Devil in the Deep Blue Sea"). For the season two finale, a serious and appropriate for the time (considering the Cold War) episode was produced; "Lilacs, Mr. Maxwell", written and directed by Robert Culp. The episode story concerns a KGB mole-agent (played by guest actor Dixie Carter) placed into the FBI with the sole purpose of discovering the methods used by agent Bill Maxwell in catching spies and other assorted villains. Cannell gave Culp free rein to produce the episode.
This was also the first of Cannell's series to feature the "Stephen J. Cannell Productions" logo. The production company's first series Tenspeed and Brown Shoe did not feature the logo.
The theme song (and variants of the theme) are used frequently throughout. "Believe It or Not" was composed by Mike Post (music) and Stephen Geyer (lyrics) and sung by Joey Scarbury. The theme song became well known popularly during the show's run. "Believe it or Not" debuted in the Top 40 of the Billboard Hot 100 on May 9, 1981, eventually peaking at #2 during the weeks of August 15 and August 22, and spending a total of 18 weeks in the Top 40. It also peaked at the #1 position on the Record World Chart.
The powers of the red suit were somewhat general, but still were similar enough to the abilities of Superman that Warner Bros., the owners of DC Comics, filed a lawsuit against ABC, which was ultimately dismissed.
In the pilot episode, while Ralph ponders whether to accept the suit, he observes his son watching the Superfriends cartoon. Batman is heard to say, "We need one more Superfriend who can fly!" In a later scene, having yet to convince Pam he really is a superhero, Ralph jokes, "Look at it this way. You're one step ahead of Lois Lane: she never found out who Clark Kent really was." In "Saturday On Sunset Boulevard," Ralph needs to change his clothing quickly. Seeing a telephone booth, he grumbles, "No! Never!", but ends up using it. Later, while Ralph struggles to get changed in the back of Bill's car, Bill notes "We need to get you a bigger phone booth."
The Greatest American Heroine
During 1986, the original principal cast reunited for a pilot movie for a new NBC series to be named The Greatest American Heroine, which did not result in a new series, and the pilot was never broadcast by NBC. Ultimately, the pilot was reedited as an episode of the original series (complete with original opening credits and theme), and added to syndication sets of the original series, for which it is the final episode. Immediately after the beginning credits, the episode's title card is superimposed over a nighttime view of the Los Angeles skyline, reading "The Greatest American Hero" before appending the letters "i n e" individually to the sound of the NBC chimes. Once famous, Ralph hosted Saturday Night Live and became a regular guest of The Tonight Show both of which are NBC series.
The pilot movie reveals that several years after the final episode, Ralph's secret identity was finally revealed to the public, resulting in his becoming a celebrity. This angers the aliens who gave him the suit, and they charge him with finding a new hero to wear the costume and use its powers for fighting evil. Once the transfer is made, they explain, all memory of Ralph's exploits will be purged from the world's memory and only to be remembered only by Ralph, Pam, and Bill.
Bill begins their search by researching people with desired hero qualities, but Ralph finds a young woman named Holly Hathaway (Mary Ellen Stuart), an elementary school teacher who spends her off-hours time looking for lost kittens, raising environmental awareness, and serving as a foster mother. The rest of the episode deals with her learning how to use the suit with Bill Maxwell's guidance, and the pair trying to develop a working relationship.
|“||I just finished watching the DVD collection of it and thought it had some really great direction and I think it kind of slipped and slid around a little bit, they changed the main character's name a couple times ... It seemed to be suffering from the same kind of mistreatment that 'Firefly' suffered from—episodes being shown out of order, never for more than two weeks consecutively, [and] being preempted for different things.
It's too bad they just didn't just let it continue in this very strong direction and just let it become its own thing and let it grow and let it be incredibly strong, What better way to pay homage to something I enjoyed as a younger man than to do it again?
During July 2008, it was announced that Katt was writing a comic book series based on the television series for his publishing company, Catastrophic Comics, in conjunction with Arcana Studios. The three-issue mini-series debuted later that year, featuring an updated retelling of the original pilot episode set in the present. Katt also contributes to the show's Facebook page.
Anchor Bay Entertainment company released the complete series in DVD format in Region 1 for the first time during 2005. Additionally, on October 3, 2006, they released a special 13-disc boxed set that includes all 43 episodes of the series as well as other bonus material. However, both the individual DVD sets and the complete boxed set are missing original performances by Mike Post and Joey Scarbury whenever the song concerned originated by another artist. As of 2009, these releases have been discontinued and are out of print.
On October 14, 2009, it was announced that Mill Creek Entertainment company had acquired the rights to several Stephen J. Cannell series including The Greatest American Hero. They subsequently re-released the first season as well as a complete series box set on May 18, 2010. Season 2 was re-released on October 12, 2010.
On November 10, 2011, Mill Creek Entertainment released The Greatest American Heroine TV movie on DVD.
|Title||Ep. #||Release date|
|Season 1||9||February 15, 2005
May 18, 2010 (re-release)
|Season 2||22||April 5, 2005
October 12, 2010 (re-release)
|Season 3||13||August 2, 2005|
|Complete Series (Mill Creek)||43||May 18, 2010|
|The Greatest American Heroine||November 10, 2011|
- "Don't Mess Around with Jim" on IMDB
- "Just My Show Interviews The Greatest American Hero's William Katt". Retrieved 2010-05-14.
- NEWMAN. "''Warner Bros. Inc. v. American Broadcasting Co.'' 720 F.2d 231 (2d Cir. 1983)". Law.cornell.edu. Retrieved 2011-06-18.
- Spiegel, Danny. "Hero Worship" TV Guide; June 21, 2010; Page 77
- "Mill Creek Gets DVD Rights to 14 More Classic Stephen J. Cannell TV Programs!". Tvshowsondvd.com. Retrieved 2011-06-18.
- "The Greatest American Hero DVD news: Announcement for The Greatest American Hero - The Complete Series". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Retrieved 2011-06-18.
- "The Greatest American Hero DVD news: Announcement for The Greatest American Hero - Season 2". TVShowsOnDVD.com. Retrieved 2011-06-18.
- "Greatest American / Return of Hunter / Jake Lassiter / The Great Pretender". Retrieved 2013-02-04.
- The Greatest American Hero at the Internet Movie Database
- The Greatest American Hero at TV.com
- The Greatest American Hero at CBS.com