The Greens–European Free Alliance

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The Greens/European Free Alliance
European Parliament group
Logo greens-efa.png
Name The Greens/European Free Alliance
English abbr. Greens/EFA[1]
French abbr. Verts/ALE[2]
Formal name Parliamentary Group of The Greens / European Free Alliance in the European Parliament
Ideology Green politics[3]
Regionalism[3]
Minority politics[3]
European parties European Green Party
European Free Alliance
From 1999
Preceded by The Green Group
European Radical Alliance
Chaired by Daniel Cohn-Bendit MEP & Rebecca Harms MEP
MEP(s) 50 (June 2014)
Website http://www.greens-efa.eu/

The Greens/European Free Alliance (Greens/EFA) is the political group in the European Parliament containing green and regionalist political parties.[4][5][6] The group was formed following the 1999 European elections for the 5th European Parliament.

The Greens/EFA group consists of two distinct European political parties – the European Green Party (EGP) and the European Free Alliance (EFA).[7] The EFA consists of parties representing stateless nations, regionalist and minority political interests. The Alliance has generally limited its membership to progressive[clarification needed] parties.[8] These European parties are joined by MEPs from non-aligned national parties, which have included the Dutch Europe Transparent (2004–2009) and the Swedish Pirate Party (2009–2014).[9]

Group members[edit]

State National party European party MEPs 2004-2009 MEPs 2009-2014 MEPs 2014-2019
Austria Austria The Greens – The Green Alternative European Green Party
2 / 19
2 / 19
3 / 18
Belgium Belgium Ecolo European Green Party
1 / 24
2 / 22
1 / 21
Green European Green Party
1 / 24
1 / 22
1 / 21
New Flemish Alliance European Free Alliance in EPP-ED group
1 / 22
in ECR
Croatia Croatia Croatian Sustainable Development European Green Party
1 / 11
Denmark Denmark Socialist People's Party European Green Party,[A 1] NGLA
1 / 14
1 / 13
1 / 13
Estonia Estonia Independent (Indrek Tarand) independent[10]
1 / 6
1 / 6
Finland Finland Green League European Green Party
1 / 14
2 / 13
1 / 13
France France Europe Ecology – The Greens European Green Party
6 / 78
15 / 74
[B 1]
6 / 74
Party of the Corsican Nation European Free Alliance
1 / 78
1 / 72
1 / 73
Germany Germany Alliance '90/The Greens European Green Party
13 / 99
14 / 99
11 / 96
Pirate Party European Pirate Party
1 / 96
Ecological Democratic Party non-aligned
1 / 96
Greece Greece Ecologist Greens European Green Party
0 / 24
1 / 22
0 / 21
Hungary Hungary Politics Can Be Different European Green Party
1 / 21
Dialogue for Hungary non-aligned
1 / 21
Italy Italy Federation of the Greens European Green Party
2 / 78
0 / 72
0 / 73
Latvia Latvia Latvian Russian Union European Free Alliance
1 / 9
1 / 9
1 / 8
Lithuania Lithuania Lithuanian Peasant and Greens Union non-aligned
1 / 11
Luxembourg Luxembourg The Greens European Green Party
1 / 6
1 / 6
1 / 6
Netherlands Netherlands GreenLeft European Green Party
2 / 23
3 / 26
2 / 26
Europe Transparent non-aligned
2 / 23
Portugal Portugal LIVRE[B 2] European Green Party
1 / 12
0 / 21
Romania Romania Independent (László Tőkés) European Free Alliance
1 / 35
[B 3]
Spain Spain EQUO European Green Party
1 / 54
0 / 54
0 / 54
Republican Left of Catalonia European Free Alliance
0 / 54
1 / 54
[B 4]
Left for the Right to Decide[B 5] European Free Alliance
2 / 54
Initiative for Catalonia Greens European Green Party
1 / 54
1 / 54
1 / 54
Valencian Nationalist Bloc European Free Alliance
1 / 54
Basque Solidarity European Free Alliance
1 / 54
0 / 54
0 / 54
Galician Nationalist Bloc European Free Alliance
0 / 54
1 / 54
[B 6]
0 / 54
Slovenia Slovenia Verjamem non-aligned
1 / 8
Sweden Sweden Green Party European Green Party
1 / 19
2 / 20
4 / 20
Pirate Party European Pirate Party
2 / 20
[B 1]
0 / 20
United Kingdom United Kingdom Green Party of England and Wales European Green Party
3 / 78
2 / 73
3 / 73
Scottish National Party European Free Alliance
2 / 78
2 / 73
2 / 73
Plaid Cymru – Party of Wales European Free Alliance
1 / 78
1 / 73
1 / 73
Sources [11] [12]
  1. ^ Observer status
  1. ^ a b including one Lisbon MEP
  2. ^ Independent candidate Rui Tavares until formation of LIVRE in 2014.
  3. ^ Realigned with EPP
  4. ^ until 31/12/2011
  5. ^ Alliance of Republican Left of Catalonia, Catalan New Left and Catalunya Sí.
  6. ^ from 01/01/2012
The Greens/EFA has MEPs from 15 states, including 11 with more than one MEP (in dark green) and 4 with one MEP each (in light green).

References[edit]

  1. ^ Who we are - The Greens | European Free Alliance. Greens-efa.eu. Retrieved on 2013-09-28.
  2. ^ Qui sommes-nous ? - The Greens | European Free Alliance. Greens-efa.eu. Retrieved on 2013-09-28.
  3. ^ a b c Parties and Elections in Europe: The database about parliamentary elections and political parties in Europe, by Wolfram Nordsieck
  4. ^ John Peterson; Michael Shackleton (22 March 2012). The Institutions of the European Union. Oxford University Press. pp. 341–. ISBN 978-0-19-957498-8. Retrieved 7 August 2013. 
  5. ^ Andreas Staab (24 June 2011). The European Union Explained, Second Edition: Institutions, Actors, Global Impact. Indiana University Press. pp. 67–. ISBN 978-0-253-00164-1. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  6. ^ Alexander H. Trechsel (13 September 2013). Towards a Federal Europe. Taylor & Francis. pp. 72–. ISBN 978-1-317-99818-1. 
  7. ^ Who we are on greens-efa.eu
  8. ^ Gupta, Devashree (2008). "Nationalism Across Borders: Transnational Nationalist Advocacy in the European Union". Comparative European Politics 6 (6): 61. doi:10.1057/palgrave.cep.6110127. 
  9. ^ VoteWatch Europe: European Parliament, Council of the EU. Votewatch.eu. Retrieved on 2013-09-28.
  10. ^ Indrek Tarand on europarl.europa.eu
  11. ^ List of elected MEPs on greens-efa.eu
  12. ^ European Parliament Election Results, 2014

External links[edit]