The Grey and Simcoe Foresters

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Grey and Simcoe Foresters is a Primary Reserve infantry regiment of the Canadian Forces. Within the Canadian Army, it is part of the 4th Canadian Division's (formerly known as Land Force Central Area) 31 Canadian Brigade Group.[1] Due to the restructuring of the British Army, The Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters Regiment was amalgamated into The Mercian Regiment, as its 2nd Battalion (Worcesters and Foresters), leaving The Grey and Simcoe Foresters as the only remaining unit in the Commonwealth of Nations known to be distinctly designated as a regiment of Foresters.

The Grey and Simcoe Foresters
GSFCrest
Cap Badge of the Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Active 1866–
Country Canada
Branch Army Reserve
Type Line Infantry
Role Light Infantry
Size One battalion
Part of Royal Canadian Infantry Corps
Garrison/HQ Barrie, and Owen Sound, Ontario
Motto Tenacious and Versatile
March The 31st Greys
Commanders
Commanding Officer Lieutenant-Colonel Shane R.A. McArthur
Regimental Sergeant Major CWO Bernard

Origin and lineage[edit]

While many regiments of fusiliers, grenadiers and highlanders may be found in the armies of the Commonwealth, only one regiment of foresters exist – The Grey and Simcoe Foresters of the Canadian Army. The Canadian Foresters have had a unique history that has lived up to its rural versatility and spirit. The Foresters have enjoyed one of the most diverse roles in the Canadian Army, serving as infantry, armoured and artillery. Previously, The Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters of the British Army also held this title, however due to restructuring into The Mercian Regiment, only one holder of this name now exists.

Foresters are a very old form of infantry finding its antecedents in Robin Hood’s Sherwood Forest. The Grey and Simcoe Foresters were formed from the 1936 amalgamation of the 31st Grey Regiment and the 35th Simcoe Foresters both originally gazetted on September 14, 1866. Following the 1837 Rebellion, the Government of Upper Canada retained in January 1838 one troop of cavalry and three militia battalions on active service along the Niagara River and in Toronto. One of these battalions was a composite made up of soldiers from the two Simcoe County battalions of that era. This composite battalion, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel Carthew, was known as the 1st Simcoe Incorporated Militia (Royal Foresters). This is the earliest known reference to the Simcoe County militia as "Foresters."

History[edit]

Early history through World War I[edit]

The 31st Grey Battalion of Infantry was organized and formed from six independent and rifle companies located in Owen Sound, Meaford, Leith, Durham and Flesherton, and Gazetted on 14 September 1866. These companies had been created in the 1850s. Lieutenant-Colonel W.D. Pollard was the first commanding officer of the 31st Greys. Concurrently in Simcoe County, the independent infantry and rifle companies in Barrie, Collingwood, Cookstown, Bradford, Oro and Orillia were organized into the 35th Battalion of Infantry (Simcoe Foresters), which was also Gazetted on 14 September 1866. Lieutenant-Colonel A.R. Stephen commanded this new battalion. Prior to their formal organization into this new battalion structure, these independent companies from Grey and Simcoe counties had deployed from 1864–66 to guard strategic points along the Canada-USA border in response to the Fenian Raids.

In 1885, Lieutenant-Colonel W.E. O'Brien, 35th Simcoe Foresters, took command of the York-Simcoe Battalion, which was formed from four companies of the 35th Simcoe Foresters and four companies of the 12th York Rangers to counter the Riel Rebellion in western Canada. In recognition of this contribution 35th Simcoe Foresters received its first battle honour "North West Canada 1885".

This memorial stone is currently housed at St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church, 47 Owen St, Barrie, ON, Canada

During the Second Boer War the regiments contributed men to the Canadian contingents sent to assist the British Army. While attached to the 2nd (Special Service) Battalion, The Royal Canadian Regiment at the Battle of Paardeberg, Private James Halkett Findlay from the 35 Simcoe Foresters, became one of the first Canadians and the first Forester to be killed-in-action on Feb 18th 1900. During the First World War, the 31st and 35th regiments recruited men for four battalions (the 147th, 157th, 177th, and 248th (Grey) Battalion) and supplied quotas for two more, the 4th and 15th Battalions, CEF.

The Great War brought with it the creation of Camp Borden, where the Barrie, Ontario and Collingwood, Ontario companies of the 157th Simcoe Foresters were ordered to begin construction of the new camp in May 1916. In June, another company from Barrie arrived to help speed-up the construction. As such the 157th, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel D.H. MacLaren, became the founding battalion of Camp Borden, which it constructed to accommodate 40 infantry battalions in 10 brigades. Before the Camp was opened the remainder of the 157th and the entire 177th, under the command of Lieutenant-Colonel J.B. McPhee, arrived. By that summer, Camp Borden was home to 36 CEF battalions in 9 brigades before they embarked overseas, including the 147th, which had been training at Camp Niagara. One 157th Simcoe Forester would later become the Premier of Ontario for four terms of office, the Honourable Leslie Frost of Orillia. In 1917, Private Thomas William Holmes of the 147th Grey Battalion became Canada's youngest winner of the Victoria Cross, while assigned to the 4th Canadian Mounted Rifles. By war's end, the Grey and Simcoe counties had contributed over 6,000 soldiers, of whom several hundred were killed-in-action. The Grey's Roll of Honour alone lists 342 killed-in-action.

World War II[edit]

During World War II, the 1st Battalion was mobilized on 1 June 1940 and arrived at Camp Borden on 28 June, with a strength of 24 officers and 936 other ranks. Lieutenant-Colonel T.J. (Uncle Tom) Rutherford commanded the 1st Battalion until succeeded by Lieutenant-Colonel V.R. Fell. By war's end Rutherford had been promoted to Brigadier was appointed as a Commander of the Order of the British Empire. The 1st Battalion left Camp Borden on 17 April 1941 and became an armoured unit overseas, while the 2nd Battalion remained in Canada as an infantry unit. On January 26, 1942, the 1st Battalion became the 26th Army Tank Battalion (later Regiment), Royal Canadian Armoured Corps. They embarked for England on June 16, 1943, having served as local protection force in Ontario and Nova Scotia since mobilization. Unfortunately, the regiment had to swallow a bitter pill when on November 1, 1943 the regiment was broken up for reinforcements. Consequently, Foresters found themselves represented in tank regiments in almost every theatre of conflict.

Postwar[edit]

Following the war the 2nd Battalion was converted to artillery becoming the 45th Anti-Tank Regiment on April 1, 1946, with the designation "(Self -Propelled)" being added on June 19, 1947. On October 1, 1954, the unit was amalgamated with the 55th Light Anti-Aircraft Regiment, RCA. The Foresters returned to the armoured corps on May 19, 1958, as the 28th Armoured Regiment.

Reverting to its original infantry role in 1970, the regiment was part of London District (now 31 Canadian Brigade Group) until transferring to 32 Canadian Brigade Group on June 19, 1995. In peacetime at home, the Foresters have responded to assistance to civil authority during 1954 Hurricane Hazel, the 1985 Barrie tornado outbreak, the 1997 Red River Flood and the Ontario Ice Storm (1998), as well as to forest fires over the years. As well, many members have served as augmentation from the Korean War onwards, including the Middle East (UNEF II), Golan Heights (UNDOF), Cyprus (UNFICYP), the Former Yugoslavia (Croatia and Bosnia-Herzegovina) (UNPROFOR, IFOR, and SFOR) and more recently Afghanistan (ISAF) and Sierra Leone (IMATT) .

There are over 2000 soldiers currently serving in the 31st Canadian Brigade Group, 5% being Regular Forces and 95% being Reserve Forces.

The Grey and Simcoe Foresters are conveniently stationed near the Land Force Central Area Training Centre (LFCA TC). LFCA TC was designed in 1942 for the purpose of training soldiers in tank warfare and artillery gunnery. LFCA TC's current role not only includes being tasked to provide and maintain ranges, training areas, facilities and equipment for approximately 10,000 reserve soldiers in the Ontario area, but also plays host to a variety of other countries military units and non military agencies, for training exercises.

War In Afghanistan[edit]

The regiment contributed an aggregate of more than 20% of its authorized strength to the various Task Forces which served in Afghanistan between 2002 and 2014.[2]

Battle honours[edit]

In the list below, battle honours in capitals were awarded for participation in large operations and campaigns, while those in lowercase indicate honours granted for more specific battles. Battle honours in Bold Type are emblazoned on the regimental colour.[3]

North West Rebellion[edit]

The Great War[edit]

War In Afghanistan[edit]

  • AFGHANISTAN[6]

Garrison locations[edit]

Regimental Headquarters and "B" Company
The Armoury
37 Parkside Drive
Barrie, Ontario L4N 1W8

"A"Company
The Tommy Holmes, VC, Memorial Armoury
858-10th Street East
Owen Sound, Ontario N4K1T4

Site Date(s) & Architect Designated Location Province Description Image
Barrie Armoury
1913-14 David Ewart 1997 Recognized - Register of the Government of Canada Heritage Buildings Barrie 37 Parkside Dr at High Street 44°23′20″N 79°41′47″W / 44.38884°N 79.69634°W / 44.38884; -79.69634 Ontario

Housing The Grey and Simcoe Foresters, this large, mansard roofed Baronial style structure with sturdy projecting towers and a three-arched entrance is in a residential area near the centre of the city.

Cap Badge of the Grey & Simcoe Foresters
Tommy Holmes VC Memorial Armoury Owen Sound 858-10th Street East 44°34′12″N 80°55′50″W / 44.56996°N 80.93045°W / 44.56996; -80.93045 Ontario

Houses "A" Company of The Grey and Simcoe Foresters. Tommy Holmes was Canada's youngest Victoria Cross winner

Cap Badge of the Grey & Simcoe Foresters

Colours[edit]

The Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario, the Honourable Pauline McGibbon, presented new Colours to the regiment on 28 May 1978. The Regiment had been without colours since the Colours of the Simcoe Foresters, presented in 1932, were laid-up in St. Thomas Anglican Church at Shanty Bay, Ontario, near Barrie, on 17 November 1946, when the Regiment was converted to Royal Canadian Artillery. In 1968, a decade after reverting to armour as the 28th Armoured Regiment, Royal Canadian Armoured Corps, a guidon was approved but never produced. Two years later, The Grey and Simcoe Foresters reverted to infantry, Royal Canadian Infantry Corps. On 3 September 1983, the Colours were trooped in the presence of His Excellency The Right Honourable Edward Schreyer . In 1986, the Colours were paraded with the Guard of Honour for HRH The Princess Anne during her official opening of Queen's Quay, Toronto, Ontario.

The first Colour of the 31st Grey Battalion was presented and consecrated 22 March 1867 at Annan, Ontario. It had first been produced following the Fenian Raids for the Leith Rifles, which became No. 3 Company, 31st Grey Battalion. This Colour was entrusted to the Telford family, which presented it to the Regiment in 1962, which laid it up in the Owen Sound Officers' Mess.

The 147th Grey (Overseas) Battalion received its Colours on 22 August 1916 at Camp Borden. These were laid-up for safe keeping in St. Nicholas Cathedral, Newcastle-on-Tyne, England, on 26 May 1917. They were reclaimed on 3 March 1919 and returned to Canada where they were deposited in the Owen Sound Public Library on 16 September. Eventually, they were encased in the Owen Sound Officers' Mess. In a rather unorthodox approach, a duplicate stand of 147th Colours was produced in 1948 by the Grey Council Council and deposited in the old County Courthouse by the Association on 13 April 1949. The 248th Grey (Overseas) Battalion did not receive Colours before embarking for England in 1916 and was later disbanded for reinforcements.

The 35th Simcoe Foresters received its first stand of Colours on 25 May 1868, one year after Canada's Confederation, during the reign of Queen Victoria. The second stand of Colours was presented on 8 July 1909 (during the reign of King Edward VII) and later laid-up in All Saints Anglican Church Collingwood, Ontario on 15 October 1932, (during the reign of King George V), following presentation of the third stand of Colours. On 17 September 2000, the 1909 Colours were reclaimed by the Regiment and laid-up in the regimental museum at Barrie, Ontario.

The 157th Overseas Battalion (Simcoe Foresters) of the Canadian Expeditionary Force received its Colours on 12 October 1916 at Camp Borden. Following the First World War this stand of Colours was laid-up in St. Andrews Presbyterian Church, Barrie, Ontario on 10 October 1919 and subsequently moved to the Simcoe County Archives on 21 July 1968 and then to the Simcoe County Museum in December 1979. On 18 June 1982, the Regiment reclaimed this stand of Colours and laid them up in its Barrie Officers' Mess. The 177th Overeseas Battalion (Simcoe Foresters) did not receive a stand of Colours during its short existence.

Some Grey and Simcoes of note[edit]

Major-General Sir Sam Steele, 35th Simcoe Foresters, 31st Grey, Lord Strathcona's Horse (Royal Canadians), North-West Mounted Police, South African Constabularly,
Lieutenant-Colonel W.E. O'Brien, 35th Simcoe Foresters, Commanding Officer York-Simcoe Battalion, Riel Rebellion,
Captain the Honourable Leslie Frost, 157th Battalion (Simcoe Foresters), CEF, 20th Battalion CEF, Premier of Ontario,
Major the Honourable Sir Daniel Hunter McMillan, 35th Simcoe Foresters, 95th Battalion, Lieutenant Governor of Manitoba,
Private Thomas William Holmes, VC 147th (Grey) Battalion, CEF, 4th Canadian Mounted Rifles,
Brigadier Thomas Rutherford, CBE, ED, 147th (Grey) Battalion, CEF, 4th Canadian Mounted Rifles, The Grey and Simcoe Foresters,
Colonel the Honourable Mr. Justice Robert C. Rutherford, MBE, CD, The Grey and Simcoe Foresters, Governor General's Horse Guards

Grey and Simcoe Foresters Regimental museum[edit]

Grey and Simcoe Foresters Regimental museum
Location Mulcaster Street, Barrie, Ontario Canada
Type Regimental museum

The Grey and Simcoe Foresters Regimental Museum is located on Mulcaster Street, Barrie, Ontario. The museum perpetuates the history of the Grey & Simcoe Foresters as a means of instilling pride of Regiment & Country in new recruits and to enable the public at large to better appreciate the role of the military in the development of the area.[7] The museum is affiliated with: CMA, CHIN, OMMC and Virtual Museum of Canada.

The museum offers a variety of artifacts from the 19th century and from both world wars. Most of the artifacts in the museum have been donated by various Simcoe and Grey Regiment members. The museum is operated and maintained by Grey and Simcoe Foresters Regiment volunteers. Hours: May – November: Wednesday – Friday 11 – 4pm; Saturday 10 – 3pm; ....December–April: By appointment.

Armorial description[edit]

The Badge of The Grey and Simcoe Foresters is armorially described as, resting on a scroll Vert inscribed "FORESTERS" Argent Maltese Cross Argent charged with a pomme bearing a stag couchant upon a mount proper encircled wreath of autumnal maple leaves on the sinister arm of the Cross and extending to the wreath a demi scroll Vert inscribed "GREY &" Argent on the dexter arm of the Cross and extending to the wreath a demi scroll Vert inscribed "SIMCOE" Argent the ensigned with the Crown.

The Badge was adopted upon the amalgamation of the Grey Regiment and the Simcoe Foresters in December 1936, and is based upon the former badge of the allied regiment, the Sherwood Foresters, perpetuated by the present-day 2nd Battalion (Worcesters and Foresters), Mercian Regiment

The regimental camp flag is Lincoln green over hunting scarlet on the diagonal and bears the badge in silver and gold in the upper left.

See also[edit]

Media[edit]

  • Chajkowsky, William E. "The History of Camp Borden, 1916–18, Land of Sand, Sin and Sorrow." Vineland: Station Press, 1983.
    Fisher, Major J.R. and Captain E.J. Fuller. "The Grey and Simcoe Foresters, A Concise Regimental History." Barrie: The Grey and Simcoe Foresters, 2008 ISBN 0-9683546-1-0
    Frost, Honourable Leslie. "Fighting Men" Toronto: Clarke, Irwin, 1967
  • Rutherford, Brigadier Tom, ed. "An Unofficial History of The Grey and Simcoe Foresters Regiment 1866 to 1973." Owen Sound: The Grey and Simcoe Foresters, 1974
  • Telford, Major Murray M. "Scarlet to Green, the colours, uniforms and insignia of The Grey and Simcoe Foresters." Erin: The Boston Mills Press, 1987 ISBN 0-919783-82-1
  • Ronald Cohn Jesse Russell "The Grey and Simcoe Foresters" (Jan 1 2013)

Retrieved from "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/157th_Battalion_(Simcoe_Foresters),_CEF"

External links[edit]

Alliances[edit]

Lineage[edit]

Lineage
The Grey and Simcoe Foresters 28th Armoured Regiment 45th Anti-Tank Regiment 26th Army Tank Regiment The Grey and Simcoe Foresters 31st Grey Regiment
35th Simcoe Foresters

Order of precedence[edit]

Preceded by
The Royal Highland Fusiliers of Canada
The Grey and Simcoe Foresters Succeeded by
The Lorne Scots (Peel, Dufferin and Halton Regiment)

References[edit]

  1. ^ 31 Canadian Brigade Group
  2. ^ http://pm.gc.ca/eng/news/2014/05/09/south-west-asia-theatre-honours
  3. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  4. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  5. ^ Canadian Forces Publication A-DH-267-003 Insignia and Lineages of the Canadian Forces. Volume 3: Combat Arms Regiments.
  6. ^ "South-West Asia Theatre Honours". Office of the Prime Minister of Canada. Retrieved 11 May 2014. 
  7. ^ A-AD-266-000/AG-001 Canadian Forces Museums –Operations and Administration 2002-04-03