The Hartlepools (UK Parliament constituency)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

The Hartlepools /ˈhɑrtˌlɨpʉl/ was a borough constituency represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. The constituency became Hartlepool in 1974. The seat's name reflected the representation of both 'old' Hartlepool and West Hartlepool).

History[edit]

The Hartlepools was enfranchised as a borough constituency by the Reform Act 1867, being given one MP. It had previously been part of a two-MP electoral division in County Durham.

Since the Second World War, Hartlepool has been a Labour constituency, though it has attracted surprises at times. It was held by the Conservatives between 1959–1964.

The constituency became Hartlepool in 1974.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[1] Political party Offices held
1868 Ralph Ward Jackson Conservative
1874 Thomas Richardson Liberal
1875 by-election Lowthian Bell Liberal
1880 Thomas Richardson Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1891 by-election Christopher Furness Liberal
1895 Sir Thomas Richardson Liberal Unionist
1900 Sir Christopher Furness Liberal
1910 by-election Stephen Furness Liberal
1914 by-election Sir Walter Runciman Liberal
1918 William George Howard Gritten Conservative
1922 William Jowitt Liberal
1924 Sir Wilfred Sugden Conservative/Unionist
1929 William George Howard Gritten Conservative
1943 by-election Col. Thomas George Greenwell Conservative
1945 David Thomas Jones Labour
1959 Cmdr John Simon Kerans Conservative
1964 Edward Leadbitter Labour

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: The Hartlepools
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Leadbitter 27,704 57.9 -1.4
Conservative RM Marshall 20,188 42.2 +1.5
Majority 7,516 15.7 -3.0
Turnout 47,892 74.4 -4.0
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: The Hartlepools
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Leadbitter 27,509 59.3 +6.4
Conservative H Bransom 18,857 40.7 -6.4
Majority 8,652 18.7 +12.8
Turnout 46,366 78.5 -3.4
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: The Hartlepools
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Edward Leadbitter 25,883 52.9 +3.1
Conservative G Dodsworth 23,016 47.1 -3.1
Majority 2,867 5.9
Turnout 48,899 81.9 -1.4
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: The Hartlepools
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Simon Kerans 25,463 50.2
Labour David Thomas Jones 25,281 49.8
Majority 182 0.4
Turnout 50,744 83.3
Conservative gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1955: The Hartlepools
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Thomas Jones 25,145 51.63
Conservative G. Goodhart 23,560 48.37
Majority 1,585 3.25
Turnout 81.84
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1951: The Hartlepools
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Thomas Jones 27,147 52.63
Conservative P.T. Carter 24,437 47.37
Majority 2,710 5.25
Turnout 86.56
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1950: The Hartlepools
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Thomas Jones 25,609 50.61
Conservative Col. Thomas George Greenwell 20,373 40.26
Liberal F.J. Long 4,623 9.14
Majority 5,236 10.35
Turnout 87.15
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: The Hartlepools[2]

Electorate 52,612

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour David Thomas Jones 16,502 41.2 n/a
Conservative Col. Thomas George Greenwell 16,227 40.5 -23.6
Liberal Godfrey Russell Vick 6,903 17.3 n/a
Independent Harry Lane 390 1.0 n/a
Majority 275 0.7 -46.0
Turnout 76.1 +36.6
Labour gain from Conservative Swing n/a
Hartlepool by-election, 1943[3]

Electorate 52,794

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Col. Thomas George Greenwell 13,333 64.1 +16.3
Common Wealth Elaine Frances Burton 3,634 17.4 n/a
The People's Candidate Oswald Tupton 2,351 11.3 n/a
Independent Progressive William Reginald Hipwell 1,510 7.2 n/a
Majority 9,699 46.7 +36.0
Turnout 39.5 -43.8
Conservative hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: The Hartlepools[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William George Howard Gritten 21,828 47.8 -20.3
Labour C.A. Goatcher 16,931 37.0 +5.1
Liberal Cllr. J. Scott-Cowell 6,939 15.2 n/a
Majority 4,897 10.7 25.4
Turnout 83.0 -1.4
Conservative hold Swing -12.7
General Election 1931: The Hartlepools[5]

Electorate 53,652

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative William George Howard Gritten 30,842 68.1 +30.1
Labour Alasdair Alpin MacGregor 14,462 31.9 +7.6
Majority 16,380 36.2 +29.9
Turnout 45,304 84.4 -1.5
Conservative hold Swing +15.0

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: The Hartlepools[6]

Electorate 52,944

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist William George Howard Gritten 17,271 38.0 -11.5
Liberal Stephen Noel Furness 17,133 37.7 -3.1
Labour Gilbert Oliver 11,052 24.3 +14.6
Majority 138 0.3 8.4
Turnout 85.9 -4.4
Unionist hold Swing -4.2
General Election 1924: The Hartlepools[7]

Electorate 42,676

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Wilfrid Hart Sugden 19,077 49.5 +3.4
Liberal William Allen Jowitt 15,724 40.8 -5.6
Labour Craigie Mason Aitchison 3,717 9.7 +2.2
Majority 3,353 8.7 9.0
Turnout 90.3 +2.8
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +4.5
General Election 1923: The Hartlepools[8]

Electorate 42,071

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Allen Jowitt 17,101 46.4 -4.4
Unionist William George Howard Gritten 16,956 46.1 -3.1
Labour George Belt 2,755 7.5 n/a
Majority 145 0.3 -1.3
Turnout 87.5 +0.3
Liberal hold Swing -0.7
General Election 1922: The Hartlepools[9]

Electorate 41,206

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal William Allen Jowitt 18,252 50.8 +20.7
Unionist William George Howard Gritten 17,685 49.2 -2.1
Majority 567 1.6 22.8
Turnout 87.2 +13.1
Liberal gain from Unionist Swing +11.4

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: The Hartlepools[10]

Electorate 39,578

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist William George Howard Gritten 13,003 51.3
Liberal
  1. Charles Macfarlane
7,647 30.1
Labour William John Sherwood 4,733 18.6
Majority 5,356 21.2
Turnout 64.1
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing

A # denotes candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
References

Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

  1. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "H" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  2. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  3. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  4. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  5. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  6. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  7. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  8. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  9. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.
  10. ^ British parliamentary election results 1918-1949, Craig, F. W. S.

Coordinates: 54°39′N 1°16′W / 54.650°N 1.267°W / 54.650; -1.267