The Homesman

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The Homesman
The Homesman poster.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Tommy Lee Jones
Produced by Tommy Lee Jones
Luc Besson
Peter M. Brant
Brian Kennedy;[1][2]
Written by Tommy Lee Jones
Kieran Fitzgerald
Wesley Oliver
Based on The Homesman 
by Glendon Swarthout
Starring Tommy Lee Jones
Hilary Swank
Music by Marco Beltrami
Cinematography Rodrigo Prieto
Edited by Roberto Silvi
Production
company
EuropaCorp
Ithaca
The Javelina Film Company
Distributed by Saban Films
Roadside Attractions
Release dates
  • May 18, 2014 (2014-05-18) (Cannes)
  • November 14, 2014 (2014-11-14) (United States)
Running time 122 minutes[3]
Country France
United States
Language English
Budget $16 million
Box office $878,399[4]

The Homesman is a 2014 American period drama film set in the 1850s midwest produced and directed by Tommy Lee Jones and co-written with Kieran Fitzgerald and Wesley Oliver, based on the 1988 novel of same name by Glendon Swarthout. The film stars Jones and Hilary Swank and also features an ensemble cast that includes Meryl Streep, Hailee Steinfeld, John Lithgow, and James Spader.

The film was selected to compete for the Palme d'Or in the main competition section at the 2014 Cannes Film Festival[5] and received a North American limited release on November 14, 2014 by Roadside Attractions.[6] The Homesman has received positive to mixed reviews from critics. Rotten Tomatoes gave the film a rating average of 7/10.

The title refers to the task of taking immigrants back home, which was typically a man's job to carry out, hence The Homesman.

Plot[edit]

Mary Bee Cuddy is a middle-aged spinster from New York, a former teacher who journeyed to the Midwest for more opportunity. She is an active member of the small farming community she now calls home in Nebraska, and has significant financial prospects and sizable land ownership. Though seemingly strong and independent, inside she is suffering from depression from isolation, and after being rejected by potential husbands for being too 'plain'. She proposes to a man named Bob Giffen and sings to him on her makeshift piano, and he turns her down.

After a harsh winter, three young women—Arabella Sours, Theoline Belknapp, and Gro Svendsen—begin to show signs of insanity due to the hardships they faced. One lost her children to diphtheria, one killed her own child, and one was raped and suffers a breakdown after her mother dies. Reverend Dowd calls upon one of their husbands to escort the women eastward to a church in Iowa that cares for the mentally ill. Unsatisfied with any of the men's potential, Mary Bee volunteers for the task alone because she is unhappy with her life and wants an adventure, and Dowd reluctantly agrees. Mary Bee also feels strongly for the care of these women, knowing that she herself is battling mental health issues.

After loading the women into a wagon, Cuddy sets out for Iowa, and before she leaves she encounters George Briggs, a claim jumper, who has been lynched for using another man's land as his own. Sniveling and begging to be helped, Briggs appeals to Cuddy for help. She frees him in return for his help escorting the women. He immediately casts doubt on the job and tells her that he considers himself free to leave at any time. In spite of this however, he remains with her as they make the journey. Briggs' experience comes in handy when fending off hostile Indians and when one of the women wanders off and is taken in by a wandering man. However, when they discover a desecrated grave of an eleven-year old girl, Cuddy wants to stop and restore the grave, while Briggs vows to push on. Cuddy agrees to catch up with him, and after restoring the grave sets out on horseback. Riding all night, she eventually wakes and discovers that her horse has returned her to the grave.

Finally catching up to Briggs, Cuddy tells him that they make a great team and suggests that they marry. Briggs, like all the previous men, rejects Cuddy on the grounds of her looks, but when a naked Cuddy propositions him later that night, he agrees and the two have sex. The next morning, Briggs is devastated to find that Cuddy has committed suicide from her worsening depression from being emasculated in a way by Briggs, and then rejected by him. Her religious beliefs go against sleeping with a man before marriage. He buries her body and lashes out in anger at Sours, Belknapp, and Svendsen. He takes a horse and leaves the three women behind to their own devices, but when the trio follow him on foot, almost drowning in the river crossing, he returns and pledges to care for them until Iowa.

Briggs seeks food and shelter at a hotel belonging to Aloysius Duffy, who informs him that they have no reservations for him despite the hotel being completely abandoned. Angry and bitter after all his hardship, Briggs lashes out at Duffy, whose men force him to leave at gunpoint. Briggs seemingly leaves, and then doubles back on horseback, stealing Duffy's roast pig dinner and shooting Duffy in the foot when he comes downstairs. He then burns the hotel to the ground, killing Duffy and his men in the process.

Briggs finally reaches Iowa, passing the women into the care of Altha Carter, the wife of a church reverend. He informs her of Cuddy's death but does not disclose the true cause. He then suggests marriage to young Tabitha Hutchinson after feeling guilty about not taking Mary Bee's proposal, but then decides against it and leaves the young girl be. Instead, he makes a headstone for Cuddy's grave and boards a barge as he departs. He meets a group of musicians and begins taunting the men on the far bank as he drunkenly dances and fires his weapons, and as the barge departs, one of the workers kicks Mary Bees' headstone into the river.

Cast[edit]

Note: Gummer is Streep's daughter. They previously appeared in The House of the Spirits, but this is the first time they've shared a scene.

Themes[edit]

The film shows the unsparingly harsh and difficult life of early settlers of the American Midwest in the 1850s. The Homesman has been called a 'feminist western' although it's important to note the film takes place in Iowa and Nebraska which is the Midwestern United States and not the Western United States, therefore some have deemed it an 'anti-western'. Critics have noted that the lives of women during this time are rarely explored, as opposed to men, while also commenting that women today are still having to balance many hats including the societal pressures for women to be married and have children and be the 'perfect wife and mother'.[7][8][9]

Score[edit]

The music by Marco Beltrami has received praise from critics. The score emphasizes the use of wind sounds to show how early settlers had to endure the constant wind without solid shelter, which imitates the character themes of being mentally undone by the elements that surround them. Beltrami used inventive measures such as using a 'wind piano'. Beltrami said the goal was to take the 'warmth' out of the sound to dissipate the air.[10]

Release[edit]

Director and cast at the 2014 Cannes Film Festival

The Homesman premiered on May 18, 2014, in competition at the 2014 Cannes Film Festival. The film also was screened at the 2014 Telluride Film Festival, and the AFI Film Festival, among others. Saban Entertainment bought the film after Cannes for release, with Roadside Attractions joining to distribute the film in the U.S. EuropaCorp will distribute abroad.[11] The film was limited-released in the United States on November 14, 2014, with plans to expand over following months.[12][13]

Critical response[edit]

The Homesman has received positive to mixed reviews from critics. With particulars standing out being Swank's performance, the cinematography, score, and costumes. Rotten Tomatoes gave the film an 80% approval rating based on 60 reviews, with a rating average of 7/10. The site's consensus states "A squarely traditional yet somewhat progressive Western, The Homesman adds another absorbing entry to Tommy Lee Jones' directorial résumé".[14] Metacritic gave the film a score of 70/100 based on 27 critics, indicating generally favorable reviews.[15]

Betsy Sharkey with the Los Angeles Times wrote: Swank and Jones, in particular, are a very good odd couple, playing saint and sinner, sometimes reversing the roles. What the directing side of Jones does best is to cede the spotlight to his star. He builds a strong platform for Swank to take on yet another woman who refuses to be bound by gender conventions .[16]

Andrew O'Hehir with Salon wrote: ...Swank gives a magnificent performance as a woman whose calm and capable exterior cannot completely conceal her worsening desperation. In its unsentimental poetry, its stripped-down imagery and its unforgettable lead performances, “The Homesman” is a ruthless western classic. ...cinematographer Rodrigo Prieto’s harsh, horizontal landscapes – like the haunting, unsettling score by Marco Beltrami – are anything but picturesque and reassuring, and serve to support a strikingly bleak portrait of life on the 19th-century American frontier[17]

Claudia Puig with USA Today wrote: Set on the Great Plains in the mid-1800s, The Homesman aims for a story that's poignant and told sparely, but comes across as mawkish, tedious and self-indulgent. Swank brings a gravitas to her character that is undermined when some of her antics are played for laughs. In a 10-minute cameo, Meryl Streep's character is more fully developed than any of the leads' roles. The story attempts to show how hard it was for women in the Old West, but it ends up being Jones' surly show.[18]

Accolades[edit]

List of accolades received by The Homesman
Year Award Category Recipient(s) and Nominee(s) Result
2014 2014 Cannes Film Festival Palme d'Or Tommy Lee Jones Nominated
World Soundtrack Awards Film Composer of The Year Marco Beltrami Nominated

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.hollywoodreporter.com/news/cannes-tommy-lee-jones-homesman-705278
  2. ^ http://deadline.com/2014/05/cannes-saban-acquired-north-american-rights-to-tommy-lee-jones-the-homesman-734483/
  3. ^ "THE HOMESMAN (15)". British Board of Film Classification. August 26, 2014. Retrieved November 19, 2014. 
  4. ^ "The Homesman (2014)". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved November 23, 2014. 
  5. ^ "2014 Official Selection". Cannes. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  6. ^ Cambridge Film Festival
  7. ^ http://thebourbonsoakedmom.blogspot.com/2014/10/stay-at-home-moms-working-moms-pressure.html accessed 11/18/14
  8. ^ http://thelmadams.com/wordpress/2014/11/16/interview-hilary-swank-stands-tall-dives-deep-discussing-the-homesman/ accessed 11/18/2014
  9. ^ http://www.laweekly.com/publicspectacle/2014/11/20/the-biggest-outdoor-wind-harp-in-malibu accessed 11/23/14
  10. ^ http://www.npr.org/2014/11/22/365691849/in-the-homesman-wind-is-the-sound-of-insanity accessed 11/23/14
  11. ^ "Cannes Film Festival: Official Selection Lineup Announced". Variety. 2014-04-17. Retrieved 2014-06-21. 
  12. ^ http://blogs.indiewire.com/thompsononhollywood/arthouse-audit-foxcatcher-strong-rosewater-so-so-the-homesman-modest-20141116 accessed 11/18/14
  13. ^ Fleming, Mike (2014-02-18). "Saban Films, Roadside Take Cannes Pic 'The Homesman'". Deadline.com. Retrieved 2014-06-21. 
  14. ^ http://www.rottentomatoes.com/m/the_homesman/?search=the%20homesman accessed 11/18/14
  15. ^ http://www.metacritic.com/movie/the-homesman accessed 11/18/2014
  16. ^ http://www.latimes.com/entertainment/movies/la-et-mn-homesman-review-20141114-column.html? accessed 11/18/14
  17. ^ http://www.salon.com/2014/11/14/the_homesman_tommy_lee_jones_and_hilary_swank_are_unforgettable_in_a_ruthless_classic_western/ accessed 11/18/14
  18. ^ http://www.usatoday.com/story/life/movies/2014/11/13/the-homesman-review/18102017/ accessed 11/18/14

External links[edit]