The Hub, Bronx
The Hub is the retail, theater, and restaurant heart of the South Bronx, New York. It is located where four roads converge: East 149th Street, and Willis, Melrose and Third Avenues. It is primarily located inside the neighborhood of Melrose but also lines the northern border of Mott Haven. The Hub has been called "the Broadway of the Bronx". It is the site of both maximum traffic and architectural density. In configuration, it resembles a miniature Times Square, a spatial "bow-tie" created by the geometry of the street intersections. It is a primary shopping district for Bronx residents, and many new hip hop trends can be found in the Hub long before they spread to the rest of New York City and the world. The area is part of Bronx Community Board 1.
The Hub is the oldest major shopping locale in the Bronx. Between 1900 and 1930, the number of Bronx residents increased from 201,000 to 1,265,000. Inhabitants throughout the borough shopped in department stores and boutiques at 149th Street and 3rd Avenue, an area that came to be known in this time as "the Hub". In the 1930s the Hub had movie palaces and vaudeville theaters. These included the Bronx Opera House, recently targeted for development as a boutique hotel, and the former Jackson Theatre.
A few decades after it became a national symbol of urban decay, the South Bronx is now home to several new construction projects that are rebuilding neighborhoods that have seen little new construction in half a century. On March 14, 2006, the mayor and other elected officials took part in the symbolic groundbreaking ceremony for the new "Hub Retail and Office Center". After a year and a half of construction, the Hub Retail and Office Center opened in the middle of 2007. Current tenants include Staples, Rite Aid, and Forman Mills, a clothing store opening its first New York store in the Bronx. Upcoming tenants include Nine West and Sleepy's. As a result, the Hub's district is extended to East 156th Street in Melrose.
Shopping traffic in the Hub is generated via foot, car, and public transportation. The sidewalks in the Hub are often packed with people. Merchants hawk their wares by calling out to the crowd or passing out small handbills. Music stores offer a wide selection of hip-hop, reggae, gospel, and Latin music. Craft stores have knitting and sewing supplies. Local clothing stores such as Revolution Boutique compete with major chains like Jimmy Jazz and Foot Locker.
- Bx2: to Kingsbridge Heights or Third Avenue–138th Street station (via Grand Concourse)
- Bx4 / Bx4A: to Westchester Square (4 via Westchester Avenue, 4A via Westchester and Metropolitan Avenues)
- Bx15: to Fordham Plaza or Manhattanville (via Third Avenue)
- Bx19: to New York Botanical Gardens or Riverbank State Park (via 149th Street–Southern Boulevard)
- Bx21: Westchester Square or Third Avenue–138th Street station (via Boston Road)
- Bx32: to VA Hospital or Third Avenue–138th Street station (via Morris-Jerome Avenues)
- Bx41 / Bx41 SBS: to Gun Hill Road (via Webster Avenue)
- Third Avenue – 149th Street station on the IRT White Plains Road Line (2 5 trains) of the New York City Subway
The Hub does not today have a nearby Metro-North Railroad station, but the Melrose Station is a few blocks north at 162nd Street and Park Avenue. In 1902 a large Grand Union Station was proposed near 138th Street, half a mile from the Hub, which would have been served by many of the railroads entering Manhattan at the time. The 149th Street (IRT Third Avenue Line) elevated station operated from 1887 to 1973.
- The Hub from Forgotten-NY.com
- Bronx Neighborhood Histories[dead link]
- Bronx Hub revival gathers steam[dead link]
- Bronx Hub
- Community Board District 1, The South Bronx. Accessed September 23, 2007.
- A Brief Look at The Bronx, Bronx Historical Society. Accessed September 23, 2007.
- Williams, Timothy (March 19, 2006). "Now Booming, Not Burning, the Bronx Fears a Downside". The New York Times. Retrieved September 23, 2007.
- HUB Retail and Office Center, Furman Center for Real Estate and Urban Policy at New York University. Accessed September 29, 2007.[dead link]
- "New Grand Union Station Proposed for the Bronx". The New York Times. November 2, 1902. p. 25. Retrieved August 27, 2010.