The Indian Partnership Act, 1932

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The Indian Partnership Act, 1932
Emblem of India.svg
An Act to define and amend the law relating to partnership.
Citation No. 9 of 1932
Enacted by Parliament of India
Date assented to 8 April 1932
Date commenced 1 October 1932 except section 69 which came into force on the 1st day of October 1933.
Committee report
extends to the whole of India except for Jammu and Kashmir.

The Indian Partnership Act, 1932 is an act enacted by the Parliament of India to regulate partnership firms in India. It received the assent of the Governor-General on 8 April 1932 and came into force on 1 October 1932. Before the enactment of this act, partnerships were governed by the provisions of the Indian Contract Act. The act is administered through the Ministry of Corporate Affairs. The act is not applicable to Limited Liability Partnerships, since they are governed by the Limited liability Partnership Act, 2008.

The term 'partnership' is defined under section 4 of Indian partnership act 1932 as under "Patnership is an agreement between two or more persons who have agreed to share profits and loses of the business carried on by all or any one of them acting upon all."

Section 2 of the act defines,

(a) an "act of a firm" means any act or omission by all the partners, or by any partner or agent of the firm which gives rise to a right enforceable by or against the firm;

(b) "business" includes every trade, occupation and profession;

(c) "prescribed" means prescribed by rules made under this Act; (c-1) "Registrar" means the Registrar of Firms appointed under sub-section (1) of section 57 and includes the Deputy Registrar of Firms and Assistant Registrar of Firms appointed under sub-section (2) of that section;

(d) "third party" used in relation to a firm or to a partner therein means any person who is not a partner in the firm; and

(e) expressions used but not defined in this Act and defined in the Indian Contract Act, 1872, shall have the meanings assigned to them in that Act.

Partnership refers to an agreement between persons to share their profits or losses arising on account of actions carried by all or one of them acting on behalf of all. The persons who have entered such an agreement are called partners and give their collective business a name, which is necessarily their firm-name. This relation between partners arises out of a contract or an agreement, which means a husband and wife carrying on a business or members of a Hindu undivided family re not into partnership. The share of profits received by any individual from the firm, money received by a lender of money, salary received by a worker or a servant, annuity received by a widow or a child of a deceased partner, does not make them a partner of the firm.

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