The Joshua Tree Tour
|The Joshua Tree Tour|
|Tour by U2|
|Associated album||The Joshua Tree|
|Start date||2 April 1987|
|End date||20 December 1987|
|U2 concert chronology|
The Joshua Tree Tour was a concert tour by the Irish rock band U2, which took place during 1987, in support of their album The Joshua Tree. The tour was depicted by the video and live album Live from Paris.
This tour's opening night was 2 April at Arizona State University's Activity Center in Tempe, Arizona. The day before the opening night, Bono had partially lost his voice, due to the week of rehearsals the band held at A.S.U.'s Activity Center. He asked the audience to help him sing the majority of the set, which they were happy to do. He had fully regained his voice for the second of the two shows at the arena on 4 April.
The first leg took place in American indoor arenas during April and May. The 29 concerts generated US$7,051,329 with a total of 465,452 tickets sold. 1,063 tickets from Las Vegas remained unsold equating to a 99.77% sellout for the 1st American leg. The first leg finished with 5 concerts at the Brendan Byrne Arena in East Rutherford between 11 and 16 May.
The second leg in European arenas and outdoor stadiums ran from late May through to early August, starting at the Stadio Flaminio in Rome on 27 May. The final show of the European leg is at Pairc Ui Chaoimh in Cork on 8 August.
The third leg returned to American and Canadian arenas and stadiums in the autumn. The tour ended on 20 December back where it started in Tempe, Arizona, but this time at Sun Devil Stadium.
On 30 April, the band played the Pontiac Silverdome, their first headlining stadium show in the United States. While the show's reviews were positive, they said that a video screen is necessary for people at the back. U2 production manager, Willie Williams, recalls the debate within the band about the use of screens and whether they would divide the audience's attention between the stage and the screen. A video screen was installed behind the lighting tower at the 20 September show at the RFK Stadium in Washington, D.C. so the back half of the stadium could better see the band, and screens were used at most stadium shows for the rest of the tour.
The Joshua Tree Tour sold out stadiums around the world, the first time the band had consistently played venues of that size. The Joshua Tree and its singles had become huge hits and the band had reached a new height in their popularity. Tickets for shows were often very hard to get, especially on the first American leg when they only played in arenas.
That first leg was also organised around multiple-night stands in centres of U2 fandom along the two U.S. coasts, with only a very few dates in the middle of the country. These multiple-night stands also featured an unusual set list twist. All but the last night would begin in conventional concert fashion with the rousing pair of "Where the Streets Have No Name" into "I Will Follow", but the last night in each city would begin with the house lights fully up and the band performing the early 1960s classic "Stand By Me", with The Edge singing one verse, all intended as a friendly, informal opening. The house lights would then stay up for "Pride (In the Name of Love)", only going off at the end of it; the rest of the set list would be consequently scrambled from the norm.
The new level of fame, exposure and the frantic nature of the tour put the U2 organisation under a large amount of stress.
The 79 North American shows on the tour sold 2,035,539 tickets and grossed $35 million.
At Wembley Stadium in London, Bono sang The Beatles' "Help!", dedicating it to those in the audience who were dreading another five years of the recently re-elected Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher. As another sign of the group's confidence, they also covered The Beatles' heretofore untouchable "Helter Skelter", declaring "This is a song Charles Manson stole from the Beatles; we're stealin' it back." Other notable covers from the tour included Eddie Cochran's "C'mon Everybody", Peggy Seeger's "The Ballad of Springhill", Neil Young's "Southern Man", Curtis Mayfield's "People Get Ready" (during which Bono would invite a fan to play guitar on the song) and numerous Bob Dylan covers including "Maggie's Farm" and "I Shall Be Released". On 20 April, following a performance of I Shall Be Released in Los Angeles, the band surprised the audience by bringing out Dylan himself for a performance of Knockin' on Heaven's Door. During the performance, Bono jokingly said, "I usually make up my own words to Bob Dylan songs. He says he doesn't mind." Dylan replied in kind, saying "I do it too." Bono often would sing excerpts of other songs, notably ones by The Rolling Stones and Lou Reed's Walk on the Wild Side, near the end of the song Bad as he had done during the Live Aid performance and would do on later tours.
U2 covered Ben E. King's "Stand By Me" at their 25 September, '87 show at Philadelphia's old JFK Stadium, accompanied by a guest performance from Bruce Springsteen.
The band performed Christmas (Baby Please Come Home) at their final concert in Tempe, Arizona on 20 December 1987. The band had recorded the track for the compilation album A Very Special Christmas months earlier on the European leg of their tour.
Filming for Rattle and Hum documentary
The band filmed and recorded various shows from the tour for the documentary and album Rattle and Hum. The band filmed the black-and-white footage at Denver's McNichols Sports Arena on 7 and 8 November 1987. They chose the city following the success of their Live at Red Rocks: Under a Blood Red Sky video, which was filmed at Red Rocks Amphitheatre in 1983. "We thought lightning might strike twice", said guitarist The Edge. Seven songs from the second show were used in the film, none from the first. Hours before the second Denver show, an IRA bomb killed eleven people at a Remembrance Day ceremony in the Northern Irish town of Enniskillen (see Remembrance Day Bombing). Bono addressed the event angrily during the band's performance of Sunday Bloody Sunday, which was included in the film. Bono's reference to the number of people killed in the incident was later edited for the film to reflect the actual number.
The band also gave a brief, free performance in San Francisco, California three days later on 11 November 1987, billed as the "Save the Yuppies" concert, from which the performance of All Along the Watchtower was taken for the film and album. During the performance of Sunday Bloody Sunday, Bono observed a fan holding a sign with the letters "SF" and "U2" on it. Believing the "SF" in the sign to refer to Sinn Fein, Bono reacted angrily to the fan and the sign, apparently not realizing that the "SF" more likely stood for San Francisco. Also during the performance, Bono spray painted "Stop the Traffic, Rock and Roll" on the Vaillancourt Fountain in Justin Herman Plaza, which was captured in the film. The act angered some, including then-mayor Dianne Feinstein.
At least part of the band's second concert in Fort Worth, Texas was filmed and featured in the film, as the band performed an early version of the then-unreleased song When Love Comes to Town with blues performer B.B. King. The band would go on to tour with King on their Lovetown Tour two years later.
Colour outdoor concert footage was taken from the band's Tempe, Arizona shows on 19 December 1987 and 20 December 1987. The initial plan was that the colour outdoor footage would have been taken during 2 shows in Buenos Aires, but during the tour planning this became impossible due to heavy costs to transport all the equipment. The shows were the final two of the tour, having been held in the same city in which the tour opened.
A number of opening acts were used for the tour. Lone Justice was still given emphasis in this role, as they had been on the Unforgettable Fire Tour, but it was not enough to give them a successful career. Other openers included The Pretenders, Big Audio Dynamite, UB40, Little Steven, The BoDeans, Mason Ruffner, World Party, Stevie Ray Vaughan, Spear of Destiny, The Waterboys, Hurrah!, Los Lobos, Buckwheat Zydeco, The Pogues, The Alarm, The Silencers, and Lou Reed.
On 1 November in Indianapolis, U2 appeared as their own support act, The Dalton Brothers, playing between sets by the Bodeans and Los Lobos. They were dressed in Western outfits and wigs while Bono spoke with a twangy southern accent. Playing their own country-influenced song, "Lucille", and Hank Williams' "Lost Highway", only some of the audience in the front few rows recognised them. The Dalton Brothers also appear in Los Angeles and Hampton.
B.B. King was the opening act for both final shows of the tour on 19 and 20 December at Sun Devil Stadium in Tempe, Arizona, and in Fort Worth same year.
During rehearsals on 1 April 1987, the day before the opening show in Tempe, Arizona, Bono fell onto a spotlight he was carrying during a rendition of "Bullet the Blue Sky", cutting open his chin. He was taken to a hospital and the wound was stitched up. Bono later said, “I was lost in the music and at the start of any tour you're just getting to know the physicality of the stage... and you're overestimating your own physicality. You think you're made of metal and you're not. Cuts and bruises, that's what I remember from The Joshua Tree.”
Bono sustained a second injury on 20 September 1987 during a concert at RFK Stadium in Washington, D.C. on the third leg of the tour. He fell off the rain-slicked stage and dislocated his arm. He completed the performance and had his arm popped back into place after its conclusion. His arm was in a sling for twelve shows between 22 September and 20 October, which is visible at some points during the 1988 film Rattle and Hum.
|2 April 1987||Tempe||United States||Arizona State University Activity Center|
|4 April 1987|
|5 April 1987||Tucson||Tucson Convention Center|
|7 April 1987||Houston||The Summit|
|8 April 1987|
|10 April 1987||Las Cruces||Pan American Center|
|12 April 1987||Paradise||Thomas & Mack Center|
|13 April 1987||San Diego||San Diego Sports Arena|
|17 April 1987||Los Angeles||Sports Arena|
|18 April 1987|
|20 April 1987|
|21 April 1987|
|22 April 1987|
|24 April 1987||Daly City||Cow Palace|
|25 April 1987|
|29 April 1987||Rosemont||Rosemont Horizon|
|30 April 1987||Pontiac||Pontiac Silverdome|
|2 May 1987||Worcester||Centrum|
|3 May 1987|
|4 May 1987|
|7 May 1987||Hartford||Hartford Civic Center|
|8 May 1987|
|9 May 1987|
|11 May 1987||East Rutherford||Brendan Byrne Arena|
|12 May 1987|
|13 May 1987|
|15 May 1987|
|16 May 1987|
|Leg 2: Europe|
|27 May 1987||Rome||Italy||Stadio Flaminio|
|29 May 1987||Modena||Stadio Alberto Braglia|
|30 May 1987|
|2 June 1987||London||England||Wembley Arena|
|3 June 1987||Birmingham||National Exhibition Centre|
|6 June 1987||Gothenburg||Sweden||Eriksberg Shipyard Docks|
|8 June 1987||Budapest||Hungary||Népstadion|
|11 June 1987||London||England||Wembley Stadium|
|12 June 1987|
|15 June 1987||Paris||France||Le Zénith|
|17 June 1987||Cologne||Germany||Müngersdorfer Stadium|
|18 June 1987||Poznań||Poland||Hala Arena|
|19 June 1987||Warsaw||Sala Kongresowa|
|21 June 1987||Basel||Switzerland||St. Jakob Stadium|
|24 June 1987||Belfast||Northern Ireland||King's Hall|
|27 June 1987||Dublin||Ireland||Croke Park|
|28 June 1987|
|1 July 1987||Leeds||England||Elland Road|
|4 July 1987||Paris||France||Hippodrome de Vincennes|
|5 July 1987|
|8 July 1987||Brussels||Belgium||Forest National|
|10 July 1987||Rotterdam||Netherlands||Feijenoord Stadion|
|11 July 1987|
|15 July 1987||Madrid||Spain||Santiago Bernabéu Stadium|
|18 July 1987||Montpellier||France||Espace Richter|
|21 July 1987||Munich||Germany||Olympiahalle|
|22 July 1987|
|25 July 1987||Cardiff||Wales||Cardiff Arms Park|
|29 July 1987||Glasgow||Scotland||SECC|
|30 July 1987|
|1 August 1987||Edinburgh||Murrayfield Stadium|
|3 August 1987||Birmingham||England||National Exhibition Centre|
|4 August 1987|
|8 August 1987||Cork||Ireland||Páirc Uí Chaoimh|
|Leg 3: North America|
|10 September 1987||Uniondale||United States||Nassau Coliseum|
|11 September 1987|
|12 September 1987||Philadelphia||The Spectrum|
|14 September 1987||East Rutherford||Giants Stadium|
|17 September 1987||Boston||Boston Garden|
|18 September 1987|
|20 September 1987||Washington, D.C.||Robert F. Kennedy Memorial Stadium|
|22 September 1987||Foxboro||Foxboro Stadium|
|23 September 1987||New Haven||New Haven Coliseum|
|25 September 1987||Philadelphia||JFK Stadium|
|28 September 1987||New York City||Madison Square Garden|
|29 September 1987|
|1 October 1987||Montreal||Canada||Olympic Stadium|
|3 October 1987||Toronto||Canadian National Exhibition Stadium|
|6 October 1987||Cleveland||United States||Cleveland Stadium|
|7 October 1987||Buffalo||Memorial Auditorium|
|9 October 1987||Syracuse||Carrier Dome|
|11 October 1987||Rochester||Silver Stadium|
|13 October 1987||Pittsburgh||Three Rivers Stadium|
|20 October 1987||Iowa City||Carver–Hawkeye Arena|
|22 October 1987||Champaign||Assembly Hall|
|23 October 1987||Lexington||Rupp Arena|
|25 October 1987||St. Louis||St. Louis Arena|
|26 October 1987||Kansas City||Kemper Arena|
|28 October 1987||Rosemont||Rosemont Horizon|
|29 October 1987|
|30 October 1987|
|1 November 1987||Indianapolis||Hoosier Dome|
|3 November 1987||Saint Paul||St. Paul Civic Center|
|4 November 1987|
|7 November 1987||Denver||McNichols Arena|
|8 November 1987|
|11 November 1987||San Francisco||Justin Herman Plaza|
|12 November 1987||Vancouver||Canada||BC Place Stadium|
|14 November 1987||Oakland||United States||Oakland Coliseum|
|15 November 1987|
|17 November 1987||Los Angeles||Los Angeles Memorial Coliseum|
|18 November 1987|
|22 November 1987||Austin||Frank Erwin Center|
|23 November 1987||Fort Worth||Tarrant County Convention Center|
|24 November 1987|
|26 November 1987||Baton Rouge||LSU Assembly Center|
|28 November 1987||Murfreesboro||Charles M. Murphy Athletic Center|
|3 December 1987||Miami||Orange Bowl|
|5 December 1987||Tampa||Tampa Stadium|
|8 December 1987||Atlanta||The Omni|
|9 December 1987|
|11 December 1987||Hampton||Hampton Coliseum|
|12 December 1987|
|19 December 1987||Tempe||Sun Devil Stadium|
|20 December 1987|
- de la Parra (1996), p. 102.
- de la Parra (2003), pp. 103–110
- McGee (2008), p. 109.
- McGee (2008), p. 104.
- McGee (2008), p. 110.
- Graham, Bill (17 December 1987). "Band on the Run". Hot Press.
- Grossweiner, Bob (1 June 1992). "U2: It's A Business". Hit Parader.
- McGee (2008), p. 112
- McGee (2008)
- McGee (2008), p. 102.
- U2 (July 2010). "Stairway to Devon − OK, Somerset!". Q. p. 103.
- McGee (2008), pp. 110, 112.
- de la Parra (2003), pp. 79–102
- de la Parra (2003), pp. 111–121