The Keep (film)
Original film poster for The Keep
|Directed by||Michael Mann|
|Produced by||Gene Kirkwood
Howard W. Koch, Jr.
|Screenplay by||Michael Mann|
|Based on||The Keep by
F. Paul Wilson
|Music by||Tangerine Dream|
|Distributed by||Paramount Pictures|
|Release dates||December 16, 1983|
|Running time||96 min.|
|Box office||$3,661,757 (USA)|
The Keep is a 1983 horror film directed by Michael Mann and starring Scott Glenn, Gabriel Byrne, Jürgen Prochnow, Alberta Watson and Ian McKellen. It was released by Paramount Pictures. The story is based on the F. Paul Wilson novel of the same name, published in 1981 (1982 in the United Kingdom). Despite being a critical and commercial failure, it retained a cult following, mostly due to the film’s music score by Tangerine Dream and the film’s mixture of Gothic horror and World War II elements.
Wilson has publicly expressed his distaste for the film version, writing in the short story collection The Barren (and Others) that it is, “Visually intriguing, but otherwise utterly incomprehensible.”
Within an uninhabited citadel (the “Keep” of the title) in World War II Romania lies entrapped a dangerous entity named Radu Molasar. The inner walls of the citadel contain 108 T-shaped icons, supposedly made of nickel. When the German Army occupies the castle to control the Dinu Mountain Pass following the commencement of Operation Barbarossa, Molasar is unleashed by a pair of looting soldiers who identify one glowing icon as being made of silver. In the ensuing days, Molasar kills several soldiers. A detachment of Einsatzkommandos then arrives to deal with what is thought to be partisan activity, executing villagers as collective punishment.
At the instigation of the local priest, the Germans retrieve a Jewish historian, Professor Theodore Cuza, from a concentration camp. He deciphers a mysterious message emblazoned on a wall of the citadel. Molasar saves the professor's daughter, Eva Cuza, from sexual assault by two Einsatzkommandos, and then enlists the aid of her grateful father to escape. Cuza is also cured of his debilitating scleroderma by the touch of Molasar and therefore becomes doubly indebted to the entity, who is taking on a solid form. However, a mysterious stranger named Glaeken suddenly arrives to foil this plan. After an unsuccessful attempt by the professor to have the stranger stopped, the two supernatural beings confront each other. Molasar, who is not perturbed by Christian crosses, is weakened and drawn back into the innermost recesses. Glaeken is transfixed, taking the place of the seal that was broken by the German looters.
- Scott Glenn as Glaeken Trismegestus
- Alberta Watson as Eva Cuza
- Jürgen Prochnow as Captain Klaus Woermann
- Robert Prosky as Father Fonescu
- Gabriel Byrne as SD Sturmbannführer Eric Kaempffer
- Ian McKellen as Dr. Theodore Cuza
- W. Morgan Sheppard as Alexandru
- Royston Tickner as Tomescu
- Michael Carter as Radu Molasar
- Bruce Payne as Border Guard
The sets for the Romanian village were built at the disused Glyn Rhonwy quarry, a former slate quarry near Llanberis in North Wales. Some interiors of the keep utilised the stonework within the Llechwedd Slate Caverns, near Blaenau Ffestiniog. Due to heavy rain, the film suffered significant delays in its shooting schedule. The special effects for the creature were made by Nick Maley, helped by Nick Allder, who had previously worked on Alien and The Empire Strikes Back.
Molasar was conceived by Enki Bilal.
The theme and incidental music was composed by Tangerine Dream. The band previously worked with Michael Mann on his first theatrical film Thief. The score to The Keep is primarily made up of moody soundscapes as opposed to straightforward music cues. However, music is still present in the film. Most notably, an ambient cover of Howard Blake's "Walking in the Air" was featured during the end sequence of the film. Additionally, a new arrangement of the song "Gloria" from Mass for Four Voices by William Byrd can also be heard in the film.
Due to rights issues, the version of the film that is currently available on streaming media sites contains a different score than its original release. A limited run of 150 original soundtrack CDs were sold at a concert by the group in the UK in 1997, and Virgin Records soon announced that the album would be available for general release in early 1998, but legal issues with the film studio stopped the release. The full score can be found in the laserdisc and VHS versions of the film.
The film was released on laserdisc and VHS by Paramount Home Video. As of 2013[update], the film has not been officially released on DVD or Blu-ray Disc in any country, but is available for streaming on Amazon instant video with a drastically different soundtrack than its original release.
The Keep has received generally negative reviews, with a Rotten Tomatoes rating of 27%.
- "Anyone work on ‘The Keep’ in 1980′s". Life in the Vertical. Retrieved 14 December 2012.
- McKellen, Ian. "The Keep: Notes by Ian McKellen".
- Everitt 1984, p. 20.
- "The Keep". boxofficemojo.com. Retrieved 2011-04-19.
- "Company Credits for The Keep". IMDb.com. Retrieved 2011-04-19.
- "The Keep boardgame". www.boardgamegeek.com. Retrieved 14 December2012.
- "The Keep Rotten Tomatoes". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved 14 April 2013.
- Everitt, David (1984). "The creature effects of The Keep". Fangoria (O'Quinn Studios Inc.) (33): 20–23. ISSN 0164-2111. Retrieved 14 September 2013.
- The Keep at the Internet Movie Database
- The Keep at allmovie
- Stéphane Piter's documentary, A World War II Fairytale: the Making of Michael Mann's the Keep
- Stéphane Piter's Keep website, dedicated to getting a director’s cut of the film released to DVD or Blu-ray
- Molasar’s Homepage, a Keep website dedicated to obtaining the 1984 and 2001 releases of the LP record
- The Keep Score by Tangerine Dream: Strange Obsessions for the Music from an Obscure 1983 Supernatural Horror Film
- Twelve Magazine Articles on Michael Mann's The Keep
- Manhunter.net’s take on The Keep—including a complete set of colour lobby cards from 1983[dead link]