King's Shropshire Light Infantry
|The King’s Shropshire Light Infantry (53rd and 85th)|
Men of the King's Shropshire Light Infantry queue for their rations at a rest camp in Holland, 26 October 1944.
|Part of||Light Infantry Brigade (1948 to 1968)|
|Garrison/HQ||Copthorne Barracks, Shrewsbury|
|Motto||Aucto Splendore Resurgo ("I rise again with increased splendour")|
|Colors||burgundy, gold, dark blue and dark green|
|March||Quick : 1st Bn : "Old Towler" - 2de Bn : "The daughter of the regiment"|
|Lt-Gen Sir Charles Edmond Knox
Maj-Gen Raymond Northland Revell Reade
The King's Shropshire Light Infantry (KSLI) was a regiment of the British Army, formed in 1881, but with antecedents dating back to 1755. The KSLI was amalgamated with three other English county light infantry regiments in 1968 to became part of The Light Infantry. In February 2007 The Light Infantry itself became part of the new large regiment, The Rifles.
The King's Light Infantry (Shropshire Regiment) was formed on July 1, 1881, as the county regiment of Herefordshire and Shropshire as part of the Childers Reforms. It was renamed as The King's (Shropshire Light Infantry) in March 1882.
The regiment was an amalgamation of the 53rd (Shropshire) Regiment of Foot and the 85th (King's Light Infantry) Regiment of Foot, which became the regular 1st and 2nd Battalions. The 1881 reforms also redesignated the militia and rifle volunteers units within the regimental district as battalions of the regiment. Accordingly the Shropshire Militia and Royal Herefordshire Militia became the 3rd and 4th (Militia) Battalions respectively, and the 1st and 2nd Shropshire Rifle Volunteer Corps became the 1st and 2nd Volunteer Battalions. The 1st Herefordshire (Herefordshire and Radnorshire) Rifle Volunteer Corps was also affiliated as a volunteer battalion, without change of title.
In 1908, as part of the Haldane Reforms, the two militia battalions were merged to form the 3rd (Special Reserve) Battalion and the 1st and 2nd VBs were merged to form the 4th Battalion Territorial Force. At the same time, the Herefordshire RVC became independent as the Herefordshire Regiment (TF).
World War I
- 1st Battalion: Regulars, served in 6th Division
- 2nd Battalion: Regulars, served in 27th Division
- 3rd (Special Reserve) Battalion: served as a depot/training unit in home defence
- 1/4th Battalion: First Line Territorials, served in India before returning to the Western Front in 1917
- 2/4th Battalion: Second Line Territorials, formed October 1914, disbanded 1917
- 3/4th (later 4th Reserve) Battalion: Territorials, served as a training unit in home defence
- 5th (Service) Battalion: New Army (K1), formed August 1914, served in 14th (Light) Division
- 6th (Service) Battalion: New Army (K2), formed September 1914, served in 20th (Light) Division
- 7th (Service) Battalion: New Army (K3), formed September 1914, served in 3rd Division
- 8th (Service) Battalion: New Army (K3), formed September 1914, served in 22nd Division
- 9th (Reserve) Battalion: New Army (K4), formed October 1914, became 48th Training Reserve Battalion in home defence
- 10th (Shropshire & Cheshire Yeomanry) Battalion: formed in Egypt 1917 from Shropshire Yeomanry and Cheshire Yeomanry
In 1921 the regiment was renamed as The King's Shropshire Light Infantry.
World War II
- 1st Battalion: Regulars, served in 1st Division
- 2nd Battalion: Regulars, served in 3rd Division
- 4th Battalion: First Line Territorials, served in 53rd (Welsh Division) and 11th Armoured Division
- 5th Battalion: Second Line Territorials, formed 1939, served in 38th (Welsh Division)
- 6th Battalion: formed June 1940, served in home defence, converted into 181st Field Regiment, Royal Artillery in March 1942
- 7th Battalion: served in home defence, converted into 99th Anti-Tank Regiment, Royal Artillery, in November 1942, disbanded December 1943
- 8th (Home Defence) Battalion: formed 1941
- 50th (Holding) Battalion: formed 1940
|This section needs additional citations for verification. (September 2014)|
It was a member of the KSLI who was recorded as the first British Army casualty of the Second World War, killed in France during the "Phoney War period′′ - Corporal Thomas Priday was killed by a German landmine near Metz on 9 December 1939 when the 1st Battalion was based near the Maginot Line as part of the original British Expeditionary Force that was sent to France at the outbreak of war. Remarkably, it was also members of the KSLI who were part of the operation to arrest Grand-Admiral Karl Dönitz, successor to Hitler, at the very end of the war. The 1st Battalion would serve with the 1st Infantry Division for the entire war serving in the Battle of Dunkirk, the Tunisia Campaign and the Italian Campaign including one of the most controversial battles of the whole war, the Battle of Anzio which saw some of the fiercest fighting of the war. The 2nd Battalion began the war in Jamaica, with a company detached to the Bermuda Garrison. The battalion eventually would join the 185th Infantry Brigade originally assigned to the 79th Armoured Division but then was transferred to the 3rd Infantry Division. The battalion took part in the D-Day landings of Operation Overlord, where they suffered 114 casualties on D-Day alone, and fought in the Normandy Campaign, Operation Market Garden and the rest of the North-West Europe Campaign with the 21st Army Group. James Stokes of the 2nd KSLI was awarded the Victoria Cross. The 4th KSLI also served in the North-West Europe Campaign as part of the 159th Infantry Brigade of the 11th Armoured Division. Towards the end of the war, George Harold Eardley of 4 KSLI was also awarded the Victoria Cross for knocking out multiple enemy machine guns.
A hostilities-only unit, 6th Battalion was converted into 181st Field Regiment, Royal Artillery in 1942. At the time there was a shortage of insignia, so the troops were ordered to cut off the 'KING'S' and 'L.I.' from the ends of their cloth shoulder titles, leaving 'SHROPSHIRE', which led to the regiment's nickname 'the Shropshire Gunners'. This regiment served with 15th (Scottish) Infantry Division, wearing Scottish Tam o' Shanter caps and Royal Artillery badges, but still with a regimental badge of a gold light infantry bugle horn embroidered on a green background. The Shropshire Gunners supported 15th (Scottish) throughout the North West Europe Campaign from Normandy to Germany, being the first field artillery regiment across both the Rhine and the Elbe.
In 1948 the KSLI was reduced to one regular battalion and became part of the Light Infantry Brigade, and in 1968 the four regiments of the Brigade (the KSLI, Somerset and Cornwall Light Infantry, King's Own Yorkshire Light Infantry and Durham Light Infantry) amalgamated to form The Light Infantry, with the 1st KSLI being redesignated as the 3rd Battalion of the new regiment.
- Egypt 1882
- Suakin 1885
- South Africa 1899-1902
- Ten selected honours for the First World War:
- Armentieres, 1914
- Ypres 1915, '17
- Somme 1916, '18
- Arras, 1917, '18
- Cambrai, 1917, '18
- Doiran, 1917, '18
- Ten selected honours for the Second World War:
- Dunkirk, 1940
- Normandy Landing
- North-West Europe 1940, '44-'45
- Italy, 1943-5
- Korea, 1951-2
The following served as Colonel of the regiment:
- Gen Sir Charles Trollope, KCB (1st Bn 27 December 1868)
- Gen Sir Henry de Bathe, 4th Baronet (2nd Bn 25 April 1880)
- Lt-Gen Sir Charles Edmond Knox (6 January 1907)
- Maj-Gen Raymond Northland Revell Reade, CB (19 January 1921)
- Gen Sir Charles John Cecil Grant, KCB, KCBO, DSO (16 February 1931)
- Maj-Gen John Malcolm Lawrence Grover, CB, MC (1 January 1947)
- Lt-Gen Sir Ernest Edward Down, KBE, CB (5 May 1955)
- Maj-Gen Reginald Cox, CB, DSO (5 November 1957)
- Gen Sir Geoffrey Randolph Dixon Musson, GCB, CBE, DSO (5 November 1963)
Depot and museum
The KSLI were based at Copthorne Barracks in Shrewsbury: this is now the HQ of the 143 West Midlands Brigade, along with TA, cadet and support units. Its regimental museum has been located in Shrewsbury Castle since 1985 and combines the collections of the 53rd, the 85th, the KSLI to 1968, the local Militia, Rifle Volunteers and Territorials, as well as those of other county regiments - the Shropshire Yeomanry and the Shropshire Artillery. The museum was attacked by the IRA in 1992 and extensive damage to the collection and to some of the Castle resulted. It re-opened in 1995.
- KSLI at Regiments.org, accessed 20 September 2014.
- Westlake, pp. 209–12.
- KSLI at Long, Long Trail, accessed 20 September 2014.
- 181 Fd Rgt at RA 39–45, accessed 20 September 2014.
- 99 A/T Rgt at RA 39–45, accessed 20 September 2014.
- Neal, pp 30–31.
- Shropshire regimental Museum accessed 20 September 2014.
- Lt-Col H.F. Joslen, Orders of Battle, United Kingdom and Colonial Formations and Units in the Second World War, 1939–1945, London: HM Stationery Office, 1960/Uckfield: Naval & Military Press, 2003, ISBN 1843424746.
- N.B. Leslie, The Succession of Colonels of the British Army from 1660 to the Present Day, Society for Army Historical Research Special Publication No 11, 1974.
- Don Neal, Guns and Bugles: The Story of the 6th Bn KSLI – 181st Field Regiment RA 1940–1946, Studley: Brewin, 2001, ISBN 1-85858-192-3.
- Arthur Swinson, A Register of the Regiments and Corps of the British Army, London, 1972.
- Ray Westlake, Tracing the Rifle Volunteers, Barnsley: Pen and Sword, 2010, ISBN 978-1-84884-211-3.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to King's Shropshire Light Infantry.|
- KSLI at Shropshire Regimental Museum
- The Long, Long Trail
- Land Forces of Britain, the Empire and Commonwealth (Regiments.org)
- The Royal Artillery 1939–45