||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (June 2009)|
Original line-up in 1963. L-R Don Gallucci, Jack Ely, Lynn Easton, Mike Mitchell, and Bob Nordby
|Origin||Portland, Oregon, United States|
|Genres||Beat music, surf music, garage rock|
|Labels||Jerden, Wand, Sundazed|
|Members||Mike Mitchell (1959-present)
Dick Peterson (1963-present)
Steve Peterson (1988-present)
Todd McPherson (1992-present)
Dennis Mitchell (2006-present)
|Past members||Lynn Easton (1959-1967)
Jack Ely (1959-1963)
Bob Nordby (1959-1963)
Don Gallucci (1962-1963)
Gary Abbott (1962-1963)
Norm Sundholm (1963-1967)
Barry Curtis (1963-2005)
Kerry Magness (1966-1967)
J.C. Reick (1966-1967)
Turley Richards (1967)
Pete Borg (1967)
Jeff Beals (1967-1968)
Steve Friedson (1967-1973)
Yank Barry (1968-1969)
Fred Dennis (1972-1984)
Andy Parypa (1982-1984)
Kim Nicklaus (1982-1984)
Marc Willett (1984-1992)
The Kingsmen are a 1960s beat/garage rock band from Portland, Oregon, United States. They are best known for their 1963 recording of Richard Berry's "Louie Louie", which held the No. 2 spot on the Billboard charts for six weeks. The single has become an enduring classic.
In 1959, Lynn Easton invited Jack Ely to play with him at a Portland Hotel gig, with Ely singing and playing guitar and Easton on the drum kit. The two teenagers grew up together, as their parents were close friends. Easton and Ely performed at yacht club parties, and soon added Mike Mitchell on guitar and Bob Nordby on bass to round out the band. They called themselves the Kingsmen, taking the name from a recently disbanded group. The Kingsmen began their collective career playing at fashion shows, Red Cross events, and supermarket promotions, generally avoiding rock songs on their setlist.
In 1962, while playing a gig at the Pypo Club in Seaside, Oregon, then managed by Al Dardis, the band noticed Rockin' Robin Roberts's version of "Louie Louie" being played on the jukebox for hours on end. The entire club would get up and dance. Ely convinced the Kingsmen to learn the song, which they played at dances to a great crowd response. Unknown to him, he changed the beat because he misheard it on a jukebox. Ken Chase, host of radio station KISN, formed his own club to capitalize on these dance crazes. Dubbed the "Chase", the Kingsmen became the club's house band and Ken Chase became the band's manager. On April 5, 1963, Chase booked the band an hour-long session at the local Northwestern Inc. studio for the following day. The band had just played a 90-minute "Louie Louie" marathon.
Despite the band's annoyance at having so little time to prepare, on April 6 at 10 AM the Kingsmen walked into the three-microphone recording studio. In order to sound like a live performance, Ely was forced to lean back and sing to a microphone suspended from the ceiling. "It was more yelling than singing," Ely said, "'cause I was trying to be heard over all the instruments." In addition, he was wearing braces at the time of the performance, further compounding his infamously slurred words. Ely sang the beginning of the third verse several bars too early, but realized his mistake and waited for the rest of the band to catch up. In what was thought to be a warm-up, the song was recorded in its first and only take. The Kingsmen were not proud of the version, but their manager liked the rawness of their cover. The B-side was "Haunted Castle", composed by Ely and Don Gallucci, the new keyboardist. However, Lynn Easton was credited on both the Jerden and Wand releases. The entire session cost $50, and the band split the cost.
"Louie Louie" was kept from the top spot on the charts in late 1963 and early 1964 by the Singing Nun and Bobby Vinton, who monopolized the No. 1 slot for four weeks apiece. The Kingsmen single reached No. 1 on the Cashbox chart and No. 2 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. Additionally in the UK it reached No. 26 on the Record Retailer chart. It sold over one million copies, and was awarded a gold disc.
The band attracted nationwide attention when "Louie Louie" was banned by the governor of Indiana, Matthew E. Welsh, also attracting the attention of the FBI because of alleged indecent lyrics in their version of the song. The lyrics were, in fact, innocent, but Ely's baffling enunciation permitted teenage fans and concerned parents alike to imagine the most scandalous obscenities. All of this attention only made the song more popular. In April 1966 "Louie Louie" was reissued and once again hit the music charts, reaching No. 65 on the Cashbox chart and No. 97 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart.
In 1985, Ross Shafer, host and a writer-performer of the late-night comedy series Almost Live! on the Seattle TV station KING, spearheaded an effort to have "Louie Louie" replace "Washington, My Home" by Helen Davis as Washington's official state song. Picking up on this initially prankish effort, Whatcom County Councilman Craig Cole introduced Resolution No. 85-12 in the state legislature, citing the need for a "contemporary theme song that can be used to engender a sense of pride and community, and in the enhancement of tourism and economic development". His resolution also called for the creation of a new "Louie Louie County". While the House did not pass it, the Senate's Resolution 1985-37 declared April 12, 1985, "Louie Louie Day". A crowd of 4,000, estimated by press reports, convened at the state capitol that day for speeches, singalongs, and performances by the Wailers, the Kingsmen, and Paul Revere and the Raiders. Two days later, a Seattle event commemorated the occasion with the premiere performance of a new, Washington-centric version of the song written by composer Berry.
In 1994 Jerden Records released The Louie Louie Collection, a Northwest-oriented compilation featuring versions by the Kingsmen, Paul Revere and the Raiders, Don & the Goodtimes, Little Bill & the Adventurers, the Feelies, Ian Whitcomb, the University of Washington Husky Marching Band, and others. The UW Husky Marching Band has been playing "Louie Louie" for over 40 years.
Over the years the Kingsmen's version of "Louie Louie" has been recognized by organizations and publications worldwide for its influence on the history of rock and roll. Rankings and recognition in major publications and surveys are shown in the table below.
|Rock & Roll Hall of Fame||500 Songs That Shaped Rock and Roll||1995||None|
|National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences||Grammy Hall of Fame||1999||None|
|National Public Radio||The 300 Most Important American Records of the 20th Century||1999||None|
|The Wire Magazine||The 100 Most Important Records Ever Made||1992||None|
|Mojo Magazine||Ultimate Jukebox: The 100 Singles You Must Own||2003||#1|
|Rolling Stone Magazine||40 Songs That Changed The World||2007||#5|
|VH1||100 Greatest Songs of Rock and Roll||2007||#11|
|Dave Marsh - The Heart of Rock and Soul||The 1001 Greatest Singles Ever Made||1989||#11|
|Rolling Stone Magazine||The 100 Best Singles of the Last 25 Years||1989||#18|
|Mojo Magazine||100 Greatest Singles of All Time||1997||#51|
|Rolling Stone Magazine||The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time||2004||#54|
|NEA and RIAA||Songs of the Century||1999||#57|
|Mojo Magazine||Big Bangs: 100 Records That Changed The World||2007||#70|
|NME Magazine||The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time||2014||#157|
|WCBS-FM||Top 1001 Songs of the Century||2005||#184|
The Kingsmen name and history
Before the success of "Louie Louie", the members of the Kingsmen took varied paths. Easton, whose mother had registered the name of the group and therefore owned it, declared that from this point on he intended to be the singer, forcing Ely to play the drums. This led Jack Ely and Bob Nordby to quit the group in 1963.
Don Gallucci was forced out because he wasn't old enough to tour and later formed Don and the Goodtimes, which morphed into the short-lived Touch. Later, Gallucci became a record producer with Elektra Records, with his most famous production being The Stooges' seminal second album Fun House. ("Louie Louie" was frequently performed at Stooges concerts; the song appears on their live album as well as an Iggy Pop solo record.)
The two remaining original Kingsmen, Lynn Easton and Mike Mitchell, were joined by Dick Peterson, Barry Curtis and Norm Sundholm to record and tour as the official band. This line-up stayed intact from late 1963 into 1966 and charted multiple singles and albums with Easton as the principal vocalist.
After Ely's departure and considerable chart success by the new line-up, the group learned that he was performing with another group as The Kingsmen. Following legal action, a settlement was reached and Easton, Mitchell, Peterson, Curtis and Sundholm established their rights to the "Kingsmen" name. Thus, Ely was forced to stop using the name, Easton was forced to stop lip syncing to Ely's vocals, and subsequent releases of "Louie Louie" were required to have the text "Lead vocal by Jack Ely" below the title. Unable to perform using the Kingsmen name, Ely continued with his groups the Squires and the Courtmen. He also received a gold record for "Louie Louie" as part of the settlement.
The Kingsmen's 1964 follow up to "Louie Louie" was a party version of "Money (That's What I Want)" which hit the Billboard Hot 100 at No. 16 and on Cashbox at No. 17. Then came "Little Latin Lupe Lu" peaking on Billboard at No. 46 and Cashbox at No. 49. After that it was "Death of An Angel" No. 33 on Cashbox and No. 42 on Billboard.
1965 saw the Kingsmen return to the Top 10 nationally with "The Jolly Green Giant" reaching No. 4 on Billboard and No. 8 on Cashbox. The follow-up song was "The Climb" No. 45 on Cashbox and No. 65 on Billboard. "Annie Fanny" was released next reaching No. 43 on Cashbox & No. 47 on Billboard. Next came "(You Got) The Gamma Goochee" No. 98 on Cashbox & No. 122 on Billboard. The group also appeared in the beach party movie How To Stuff A Wild Bikini singing "Give Her Lovin'". Their recording of the title song was also on the soundtrack album.
In 1966 the Kingsmen continued to hit the charts, with "Killer Joe" reaching No. 77 on Billboard & No. 81 on Cashbox. In 1967 they made the chart for the last time with "Bo Diddley Bach" reaching No. 128 on Billboard.
On November 9, 1998, The Kingsmen were awarded ownership of all their early recordings released on Wand Records from Gusto Records, including "Louie Louie." They had not been paid royalties on the songs since the 1960s.
Other uses of the name
Prior to this group's formation, another group called The Kingsmen operated in 1958 and was made up of members of Bill Haley & His Comets who were moonlighting from their regular work with Haley. This group scored a hit record (#35) on Billboard with the instrumental entitled "Week End", written by Rudy Pompilli, Franny Beecher, and Billy Williamson, backed with "Better Believe It" as the B side. They released a follow-up single on East West Records featuring "The Catwalk" backed with "Conga Rock". Although the Comets did the actual recordings, when The Kingsmen went on tour a different set of musicians performed instead of Haley's people. The band made at least one appearance on American Bandstand in 1958.
Various other groups have used the name "The Kingsmen", including a gospel vocal group formed in 1956 (also referred to as The Kingsmen Quartet) and bands that were later renamed as Flamin' Groovies, The Gants and The Statler Brothers. An a cappella group at Columbia University is traditionally known as The Kingsmen; one incarnation of that group became Sha Na Na. Also circa 1962-63, Bruza/Magnoli/Nofz/Tomczyk adopted the name in Southeast Michigan until disbanding in the late-1970s.
In late 1968 with the original group on a recording and touring hiatus, the Kingsmen's management team, believing they owned the rights to the name, worked with the Kasenetz-Katz production organization and studio musicians to release a single on the Earth label ("Feed Me"/"Just A 'B' Side"). A separate group was formed with new members (including lead singer Yank Barry) to tour on the East Coast until disbanding after a cease and desist order was filed by the original group.
U.S. singles and albums released from 1963 through 2003, plus major compilation releases.
Listed in chronological release order with peak chart position (Billboard Hot 100) noted.
- Louie Louie/Haunted Castle (Jerden 712) 1963)
- Louie Louie/Haunted Castle (Wand 143) 1963 (#2) -- B-side changed to Little Green Thing on later pressings; Re-released in 1966 as Louie Louie 64-65-66 w/ Haunted Castle B-side
- Money/Bent Scepter (Wand 150) 1964 (#16)
- Little Latin Lupe Lu/David's Mood (Wand 157) 1964 (#46)
- Death Of An Angel/Searching For Love (Wand 164) 1964 (#42)
- The Jolly Green Giant/Long Green (Wand 172) 1964 (#4)
- The Climb/The Waiting (Wand 183) 1965 (#65)
- Annie Fanny/Give Her Lovin’ (Wand 189) 1965 (#47)
- (You Got) The Gamma Goochee/It's Only The Dog (Wand 1107) 1965 (#122)
- Killer Joe/Little Green Thing (Wand 1115) 1966 (#77)
- The Krunch/The Climb (Wand 1118) 1966
- My Wife Can't Cook/Little Sally Tease (Wand 1127) 1966
- If I Needed Someone/Grass Is Green (Wand 1137) 1966
- Trouble/Daytime Shadows (Wand 1147) 1967
- Children's Caretaker/The Wolf of Manhattan (Wand 1154) 1967
- Don't Say No/(I Have Found) Another Girl (Wand 1157) 1967
- Bo Diddley Bach/Just Before The Break of Day (Wand 1164) 1968 (#128)
- Get Out of My Life Woman/Since You’ve Been Gone (Wand 1174) 1968
- On Love/I Guess I Was Dreamin’ (Wand 1180) 1968
- You Better Do Right/Today (Capitol 3576) 1973
Listed in chronological order with peak chart position (Billboard) noted.
- The Kingsmen In Person (Wand WDM/WDS-657) 1963 (#20)
- The Kingsmen Volume II (Wand WDM/WDS-659) 1964 (#15)
- The Kingsmen Volume 3 (Wand WDM/WDS-662) 1965 (#22)
- The Kingsmen On Campus (Wand WDM/WDS-670) 1965 (#68)
- 15 Great Hits (Wand WDM/WDS-674) 1966 (#87)
- Up And Away (Wand WDM/WDS-675) 1966
- The Kingsmen – A Quarter To Three (Picc-A-Dilly PIC-3329) 1980
- The Kingsmen - Ya Ya (Picc-A-Dilly PIC-3330) 1980
- The Kingsmen - House Party (Picc-A-Dilly PIC-3346) 1980
- Live and Unreleased (Jerden 7004) recorded 1963, released 1992
- Since We’ve Been Gone (Sundazed 6027) recorded 1967, released 1994
- The Kingsmen – Plugged (Kingsmen CD No. 1) 1995
- Garage Sale (Louie Louie Records – no catalog #) 2003
Appearances (60s releases)
- Original Great Northwest Hits, Volume 1 (Jerden JRL 7001, 1964) - Louie Louie
- Original Great Northwest Hits, Volume 2 (Jerden JRL 7002, 1964) - J.A.J.
- The Groups are the Greatest -- The Greatest of the Groups (Scepter 518, 1964) - Louie Louie, Money, Bent Scepter
- Murray The K -- The Fifth Beatle Gives You Their Golden Gassers (Scepter 524, 1964) - Louie Louie, Money
- The Greatest on Stage (Wand 661, 1965) - David's Mood, Money, Louie Louie
- How to Stuff a Wild Bikini soundtrack (Wand 671, 1965) - Give Her Lovin', How To Stuff A Wild Bikini
- The Hitmakers (Jerden JRL 7005, 1965) - Twist And Shout, All The Little Animals
- KHJ Boss Goldens, Volume 1 (Original Sound KHJ 9365, 1965) - The Jolly Green Giant
- Wolfman's Favorite Oldies (Scepter 564, 1967) - Louie Louie, Killer Joe
- Battle of the Bands, Volume 2 (Panorama 109, 1967) - C.C. Rider
- The Kingsmen Greatest Hits (Wand WDM/WDS-681) 1967
- The Best of the Kingsmen (Scepter/Citation Series CTN-18002) 1972
- The Kingsmen Greatest Hits (Picc-A-Dilly PIC-3348) 1981
- The Best of the Kingsmen (Rhino RNLP 126) 1985
- Rock & Roll – Kingsmen (Starday N5-2125) 1985
- Louie Louie – The Kingsmen (Prime Cuts 1322) 1986
- The Kingsmen – 12 Greatest (Golden Circle CS 57582) 198?
- The Kingsmen – Louie, Louie (Golden Circle GC57881) 1987
- The Jolly Green Giant (Richmond 2125) 1988
- The Kingsmen – Louie Louie (Highland Music/Richmond 2138) 1988
- The Best of the Kingsmen (Rhino 70745) 1989
- The Kingsmen – Louie Louie and More Golden Classics (Collectables 5073) 1991
- The Kingsmen – 20 Greats (Highland Music/Festival FST FCD 4417) 1991
- The World of the Kingsmen/Louie Louie (Trace 0400612) 1992
- The Best of the Kingsmen (Laserlight/Delta 124 24) 1995
- The Very Best of the Kingsmen (Varese Sarabande/Varese Vintage 5905) 1998
- The Kingsmen’s Greatest Hits (K-tel K4185-2) 1998
- Louie Louie: The Very Best of the Kingsmen (Collectables 5628) 1999
- The Kingsmen – America’s Premier 60s Garage Band (Edel America 70172) 2000
- The Kingsmen – Gold (N'Dagroove Records NDA5331, 2012)
- Marsh, Dave (1993). Louie Louie: The History and Mythology of the World's Most Famous Rock 'n' Roll Song. New York City: Hyperion Books. ISBN 1562828657.
- Blecha, Peter (2009). Sonic Boom! The History of Northwest Rock: From Louie Louie to Smells Like Teen Spirit. Milwaukee, Wisconsin: Backbeat Books. ISBN 0879309466.
- Peterson, Dick (2005). Louie Louie: Me Gotta Go Now. Sherwood, Oregon: Thalian Press. ISBN 1420856103.
- Ace Records (UK); 'Love that Louie' CD sleevenotes.
- Rhino Records; 'The Best of Louie Louie' CD sleevenotes.
- Renaissance Records; 'Touch' CD sleevenotes.
- Yank Barry was the lead singer for a separate Kingsmen group in the late 60s. More details in "Other uses of the name" section. He is listed at www.louielouie.org as a Kingsmen member based on his shared history with the original group and his ongoing humanitarian efforts. In 2014 he was invited to sing with the band at a concert in Florida.
- Marsh 1993, p. 85
- Marsh 1993, p. 86
- Marsh 1993, p. 87
- Blecha 2009, p. 134
- Blecha 2009, p. 135
- Marsh 1993, p. 83
- Blecha 2009, p. 136
- Blecha 2009, p. 137
- Marsh 1993, p. 88
- Hayes, Ron (August 13, 1993). "Rock's Rumored Dirtiest Song Turns 30". Lewiston Morning Tribune. Retrieved July 19, 2012.
- Blecha 2009, p. 138
- Blecha 2009, p. 136.
- Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 161. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.
- Seattle Weekly (October 27, 1999) Music: "The State I'm In", by Kurt B. Reighley
- The Bellingham Herald (February 20, 2006): "What Would You Pick as State Vegetable?", by Dean Kahn
- Liner notes, The Best Of Louie Louie Volume 2 (Rhino R1 70515), by Doc Pelzell
- "Louie Louie Collection - Various Artists". AllMusic. Retrieved 2013-09-21.
- University of Washington Husky Marching Band
- Peterson 2005, p. 325.
- Peterson 2005, p. 327.
- "Kingsmen web site historical page". Retrieved 2014-05-29.
- "Yank Barry: Saint or Sinner?". Retrieved 2014-07-07.