The Last Assyrians
|The Last Assyrians|
|Directed by||Robert Alaux|
Francois Le Bayon,Robert Alaux
Emile Loreaux,Robert Alaux
|Edited by||Agnes Mouchel|
|Running time||53 minutes|
|Language||English, French, Syriac|
This film begins in the Chaldo-Assyrian community of Sarcelles, France (Paris metropolitan area) and tells of the rebuilding of the identity of the Aramaic-speaking Christians. They are one of the first people to convert to Christianity and they still speak and write Syriac, a modern dialect of Aramaic. They are members of the Chaldean Catholic Church, Assyrian Church of the East, Ancient Church of the East, and also of the Syriac Orthodox Church and the Syriac Catholic Church. They originate from northern Iraq, south east Turkey, north east Syria or north west Iran (in essence the area that was known as Assyria from the 25th century BC to the 7th century AD) and are the descendants of the Semitic peoples of ancient Mesopotamia.
Labelled by the European Catholic Church as heretics in the 5th century, they founded Church of the East and Syriac Church (erroneously renamed Nestorian and Jacobite by Western Christians). They have kept alive one of the oldest Christian liturgies; they translated ancient Greek texts first into Syriac and vice versa, and then into Arabic, and evangelised China, India and Mongolia during the Golden Age of the Arabic Empire.
In 1915, together with the Armenians, they were the victims of ethnically and religiously motivated genocide and many fled to Europe and the United States. Again, they were slaughtered in Iraq in 1933. Even if various names are used to describe them as Assyrians, Chaldo-Assyrians, Chaldeans, Syriacs, Suraye, Suryoyo, Syrians, Arameans etc, they share the same culture and language, and they belong to one people.
Very few of them remain in Tur Abdin (Turkey), where monks protect some of the oldest monasteries of Christianity. There were around 1.5 million Chaldo-Assyrians in Iraq before 1990; now, many are fleeing their ancient homelands in the face of ethnic and religious persecution, and several political movements like the Assyrian Democratic Movement and the Chaldean Syriac Assyrian Popular Council are working to help to maintain their culture. Now a big part of these communities lives in western countries where the memory of their genocide becomes a central point of their identity.
Production and distribution
This film is the result of a seven years work in Turkey (Tur Abdin, Qotchanes, Hakkâri), Iraq (before and after the arrival of American troops), Syria, USA and Europe. It contains interviews of Pr. Sebastian Brock (Oxford, UK), and Pr. Joseph Yacoub (Lyon, France), and received support from the Aramaic speaking Churches. The documentary was made by Lieurac Productions(Paris, France) and financed by the Centre National de la Cinématographie.
It was broadcast on TV channels of Europe, North Africa and Middle East, and selected in several international festivals. Several screenings took place in France, Lebanon, United Kingdom, Spain, Italy, Germany, Netherland, Belgium, Sweden, United States of America, Costa Rica, Thailand etc.
This documentary film was one of the very first to tell this history and to speak of the Assyrian/Syriac genocide. The last Assyrians supports the fight for its recognition, and various institutions show the film in order to keep alive the culture of this indigenous people of Mesopotamia.
A controversy took place about the title: a part of the Chaldean/Syriac/Aramean communities do not recognize the word 'Assyrian' as the name of their People. Many Christians in Syria, outside of the north east, espouse an Aramean identity. Similarly, some Chaldean Catholics prefer the non-ethnic Doctrinal term, Chaldean or Chaldo-Assyrian.
- Assyrian continuity
- Assyrian/Chaldean/Syriac diaspora
- Assyrian Democratic Movement
- Assyrian Genocide
- Assyrian people
- List of Assyrians
- Names of Syriac Christians
- Assyrian Church of the East
- Chaldean Catholic Church
- Ancient Church of the East
- Assyrian war of independence
- Chaldean Christians
- Chaldean Syriac Assyrian Popular Council
- Christianity in Iraq
- Christianity in Turkey
- Christianity in Iran
- Church of the East
- History of Eastern Christianity
- Minorities in Iraq
- Syriac Catholic Church
- Syriac Orthodox Church
- "Festival International du Film Oriental de Genève 2011(Switzerland)".
- "XVII Rassegna Internazionale del Cinema Archeologico 2006 (Italy)".
- "Faito Doc Festival 2007 (Italy)".
- Awarded by the Syriac League in Lebanon(Habib Afram) at the IXth Symposium Syriacum in September 2004; and awarded in Enschede (Netherlands, January 2005) by the Center for Information and Documentation Assyria led by Sabri Atman, founder of the Seyfo Center