The Last Temptation of Christ
|The Last Temptation of Christ|
1st UK edition
|Original title||O Teleutaios Peirasmos|
|Translator||Peter A. Bien (US)|
|Genre(s)||Religion, Historical novel|
|Publisher||Simon and Schuster (USA) & Bruno Cassirer (UK)|
|Media type||Print (Hardback & Paperback)|
|Pages||506 pp (first edition, hardback)|
The Last Temptation of Christ (or The Last Temptation) is a novel written by Nikos Kazantzakis, first published in 1953. It was first published in English in 1960. It follows the life of Jesus Christ from his perspective. The novel has been the subject of a great deal of controversy due to its subject matter, and appears regularly on lists of banned books.
The central thesis of the book is that Jesus, while free from sin, was still subject to fear, doubt, depression, reluctance, and lust. Kazantzakis argues in the novel's preface that by facing and conquering all of man's weaknesses, Jesus struggled to do God's will, without ever giving in to the temptations of the flesh. The novel thus powerfully advances the argument that, had Jesus succumbed to any such temptation, especially the opportunity to save himself from the cross, his life would have held no more significance than that of any benign philosopher. In this sense, the novel can be viewed as thoroughly orthodox and traditionalist in its attitude to Jesus's role as redeemer.
In popular culture
It is discussed in The Da Vinci Code when in a flashback Sophie remembers her grandfather defending the film version. In the film Donnie Darko, it is one of the films on the marquee. This is a debated allusion to Donnie's decision to not avoid his death at the end of the movie.
In The X Files episode "The Sixth Extinction II: Amor Fati", Fox Mulder has a hallucination that Earth has been colonized by the aliens. His hallucination of the colonization bears a resemblance to the intended theme of the novel.
- Athenai: Diphros, 1953.
- New York: Simon Schuster Inc., 1960.
- Margaret Bald, Literature Suppressed on Religious Grounds, pages 179-181 (New York: File on File, Inc., 2006). ISBN 0-8160-6269-2
- Deans, Jason (17 December 2003). "Scorsese movie tops TV complaints list". London: Guardian Unlimited. Retrieved 5 January 2009.
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