The Last Temptation of Christ
1st UK edition
|Original title||O Teleutaios Peirasmos|
|Translator||Peter A. Bien (US)|
|Genre||Religion, Historical novel|
|Publisher||Simon and Schuster (USA) & Bruno Cassirer (UK)|
|Media type||Print (Hardback & Paperback)|
|Pages||506 pp (first edition, hardback)|
The Last Temptation of Christ (or The Last Temptation) is a historical novel written by Nikos Kazantzakis, first published in 1953. It was first published in English in 1960. It follows the life of Jesus Christ from his perspective. The novel has been the subject of a great deal of controversy due to its subject matter, and appears regularly on lists of banned books.
The central thesis of the book is that Jesus, while free from sin, was still subject to fear, doubt, depression, reluctance, and lust. Kazantzakis argues in the novel's preface that by facing and conquering all of man's weaknesses, Jesus struggled to do God's will, without ever giving in to the temptations of the flesh. The novel advances the argument that, had Jesus succumbed to any such temptation, especially the opportunity to save himself from the cross, his life would have held no more significance than that of any other philosopher.
In popular culture
In the second episode of the Adult Swim series Moral Orel, the book is one of many to be burned by the censorious town librarian, who uses a copy of Last Temptation as a makeshift torch.
It is discussed in The Da Vinci Code when in a flashback Sophie remembers her grandfather defending the film version. In the film Donnie Darko, it is one of the films on the marquee. This is a debated allusion to Donnie's decision to not avoid his death at the end of the movie.
In The X Files episode "The Sixth Extinction II: Amor Fati", Fox Mulder has a hallucination that Earth has been colonized by the aliens. His hallucination of the colonization bears a resemblance to the intended theme of the novel.
The book was placed on The Index of Forbidden Books by the Catholic Church for its portrayal of Jesus as a man given to temptations of the flesh.
- Athenai: Diphros, 1953.
- New York: Simon Schuster Inc., 1960.
- Bald, Margaret (2006). Literature Suppressed on Religious Grounds. Banned Books Volume 2 (revised ed.). New York: Facts on File. pp. 179–181. ISBN 9780816062690. OCLC 62090850.
- Deans, Jason (17 December 2003). "Scorsese movie tops TV complaints list". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 5 January 2009.
- Miesel, Sandra (31 August 2003). "Dismantling the Da Vinci Code". Crisis Magazine. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
- VanDerWerff, Todd (1 December 2012). "'The Sixth Extinction'/'The Sixth Extinction II: Amor Fati'". The A.V. Club. Retrieved 8 August 2013.
- Encyclopedia of Censorship: 322 http://books.google.com/books?id=bunHURgi7FcC&pg=PA321&lpg=PA321&dq=catholic+church+index+last+temptation&source=bl&ots=bun8Xk4-W2&sig=aN1GKIefOZnSDgvZmnTLHo9Jrdc&hl=en&sa=X&ei=aKcQVLGONcKtyATwhoCYDQ&ved=0CEIQ6AEwBQ#v=onepage&q=catholic%20church%20index%20last%20temptation&f=false
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