The Last Voyage

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The Last Voyage
TheLastVoyagePoster.jpg
Original poster
Directed by Andrew L. Stone
Produced by Andrew L. Stone
Virginia L. Stone
Written by Andrew L. Stone
Starring Robert Stack
Dorothy Malone
George Sanders
Edmond O'Brien
Woody Strode
George Furness
Jack Kruschen
Tammy Marihugh
Music by Andrew L. Stone
Virginia L. Stone
Cinematography Hal Mohr
Editing by Virginia L. Stone
Distributed by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Release dates February 19, 1960
Running time 91 minutes
Country United States
Language English
Budget $1,370,000[1]
Box office $2,060,000[1][2]

The Last Voyage is a 1960 American disaster film written and directed by Andrew L. Stone.[3][4] It stars Robert Stack and Dorothy Malone.

The screenplay centers on the sinking of an aged ocean liner in the Pacific Ocean following an explosion in the boiler room. There are some plot similarities to the disaster involving the Italian liner SS Andrea Doria, which sank after a collision four years earlier.

Plot[edit]

The film begins with a view of the SS Claridon, as the narrator [George Furness, who also plays Third Officer Osborne in the film] states "The SS Claridon, a proud ship, a venerable ship, but as ships go, an old ship. A very old ship. For thirty-eight years, she's weathered everything the elements could throw at her. Typhoons, zero-zero fogs, the scorching heat of the tropics. Now she is scheduled for only five more crossings. Then a new ship, a plush, streamlined beauty will take her place. It is then that the Claridon will pass into oblivion. She has an appointment with the scrapyard. But, it's an appointment she'll never keep. For this is her last voyage."

Cliff and Laurie Henderson and their daughter Jill are relocating to Tokyo and decide to sail there on board the ship. A fire in the boiler room is extinguished quickly, but not before several safety valves have been fused shut. When Chief Engineer Pringle attempts to open one, a huge explosion rips through the room and the many decks situated above it, killing him and some of the passengers and trapping Laurie under a steel beam in her stateroom, in addition to causing widespread panic and opening a huge hole in the side of the ship.

Cliff runs back to their stateroom and finds that he can't get Laurie out alone. He then finds Jill trapped on the other side of the room. He tries to use a shattered piece of the bed to get to the other side, but it falls through the huge hole caused by the explosion. Third Officer Osborne believes that the crew should start loading the passengers into the lifeboats, but Captain Robert Adams is reluctant, as he's never lost a ship. He tries to reassure them that they are in no immediate danger but this doesn't help calm them. Cliff finally manages to rescue Jill by using a board to have her crawl across the hole on.

Down in the boiler room, Second Engineer Walsh reports to the captain that a seam to the bulkhead has broken away. Cliff tries to get the help of a steward, but to no avail. A passenger states that he overheard his conversation, and wants to help.

Osborne reports that the boiler room is now half-full. The Claridon then begins to transmit an SOS, on orders of Captain Adams. Cliff and a few other men return to the stateroom to try and help free Laurie, but find they need a torch.

The carpenter reports to the crew that the boiler room is now two-thirds full. To make matters worse, Walsh doesn't know how long the bulkhead will last. Captain Adams makes an announcement to the passengers to put on their life jackets. This is more reason to panic. They then begin loading and launching the lifeboats.

Cliff finds a torch, and tries to rush back to Laurie with the help of crewman Hank Lawson, but they still need an acetylene fuel tank. Walsh reports that if one more strut breaks, the ship will sink.

On instruction from Cliff, Lawson puts Jill onto a lifeboat, and asks him to return with an acetylene tank.

The boiler room then floods, causing the ship to sink lower. Also, a second explosion happens on the boat deck.

Captain Adams is looking at his promotion letter to commodore of the line while Laurie holds a piece of shattered mirror in her hand, contemplating suicide to free Cliff from risking his life to save her. She chooses not to die and tosses the piece away.

When Cliff and Lawson are down in the dining room, it too floods, causing water to burst through the large windows.

Captain Adams returns to his office to retrieve the ship's log and papers when he is killed after the forward smokestack falls on him. Meanwhile, Cliff finally gets Laurie out from under the steel beam with the help of Lawson and Walsh. They get up to the boat deck along with Walsh. As they proceed to the stern where a lifeboat is standing by, Walsh jumps off the ship and swims away from it. Cliff, Laurie, Third Offices Osborne and Ragland, and Lawson jump into the water and find a lifeboat just as the ship sinks. Cliff personally helps Lawson aboard the boat, in thanks for his devotion to assisting Laurie's rescue, and the narrator concludes with "This was the death of the steamship Claridon. This was her last voyage."

Production[edit]

The film originally was scheduled to be shot in CinemaScope off the coast of England, but instead it was filmed almost entirely in the Sea of Japan off the coast of Osaka. The ship used in the film was the legendary French luxury liner SS Ile de France, which had been in service from 1927 until 1959, when it was sold to a Japanese scrapyard. Her former owners initially attempted to block Stone's rental of the ship (for $1.5 million),[5] but withdrew their opposition when MGM agreed not to identify the vessel by its original name when publicizing the film.[6]

The ship was towed to shallow waters, where jets of water shot onto the ship from fireboats [5] flooded forward compartments and made it appear she was sinking by the bow. Her forward funnel was sent crashing into the deckhouse and her Art Deco interiors were destroyed by explosives and/or flooded. Because there were too many poisonous jellyfish in the Sea of Japan, the final lifeboat scene was filmed in Santa Monica, California.[6] In his autobiography Straight Shooting, Robert Stack recalled, "No special effects for Andy [Stone]; he actually planned to destroy a liner and photograph the process. Thus began a film called The Last Voyage, which . . . for yours truly very nearly lived up to its title." [5] According to William H. Miller, American maritime historian, The French Line thereafter forbade any use of the ships they sold for scrap to be used for anything other than scrapping.

The film marked the third and final pairing of Stack and Dorothy Malone. They had previously co-starred in the Douglas Sirk films Written on the Wind (1956) and The Tarnished Angels (1958).

Cast[edit]

Box Office[edit]

According to MGM records the film earned $1,060,000 in the US and Canada and $1 million elsewhere resulting in a $551,000 loss.[1]

Critical reception[edit]

Bosley Crowther of The New York Times called the film "exciting" and noted "the tension is held unrelentingly until the very end." He added, "Well, almost the end. Let's be honest. Things do finally come to a point where a reasonably realistic viewer is likely to mutter, 'Oh, no!' That's the point where the water in the stateroom is rising above Miss Malone's chin and Mr. Stack, Edmond O'Brien and Woody Strode are still working frantically with an acetylene torch to cut her free. Then the obvious desperation of the problem and the questionable buoyancy of the ship lead one to have misgivings about the reasonableness of Mr. Stone. But up to this point of departure, we have to hand it to him; he has put together a picture that has drama, conviction and suspense. Using as his setting the old condemned liner Ile de France . . . he has got an extraordinary feeling of the actuality of being aboard a ship, the creeping terror of a disaster, the agony of a great vessel's death. And in all of his performers, especially Miss Malone, he has got a moving reflection of frenzy, futility and fear." [7]

The critic for Time called the film "the most violently overstimulating experience of the new year in cinema: an attempt by two shrewd shock merchants, Andrew and Virginia Stone . . . to give the mass audience a continuous, 91-minute injection of adrenaline . . . As a piece of professional entertainment, The Last Voyage is plainly superior to the picture it was patterned after, the British version of the loss of the Titanic. The script takes advantage of its fictional freedom, as the script of A Night to Remember could not, to focus its interest and excite its pace. The scenes of destruction are particularly explicit and dramatic . . . And yet, in its total effect, The Last Voyage lacks an element essential in all great disasters: dignity. Indeed, the idle depredation of a noble old ship, for the mere sake of salable sensation, may seem to some moviegoers an absolute indignity." [8]

Awards and nominations[edit]

A. J. Lohman was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Visual Effects but lost to Gene Warren and Tim Baar for The Time Machine.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c The Eddie Mannix Ledger, Los Angeles: Margaret Herrick Library, Center for Motion Picture Study .
  2. ^ Domestic figures see "Rental Potentials of 1960", Variety, 4 January 1961 p 47.
  3. ^ Variety film review; January 20, 1960, page 6.
  4. ^ Harrison's Reports film review; January 23, 1960, page 14.
  5. ^ a b c The Last Voyage main article at Turner Classic Movies
  6. ^ a b Notes for The Last Voyage at Turner Classic Movies
  7. ^ The New York Times review
  8. ^ Time review

External links[edit]