The Lemon Pipers
|The Lemon Pipers|
|Origin||Oxford, Ohio, United States|
|Genres||Psychedelic pop, Bubblegum|
|Past members||Ivan Browne
Rick "Levi" Coghill
The Lemon Pipers were a 1960s psychedelic pop band from Oxford, Ohio, known chiefly for their song "Green Tambourine", which reached No. 1 in the United States in 1968. The song has been credited as being the first bubblegum pop chart-topper.
The Lemon Pipers comprised singer Dale "Ivan" Browne (born 1947), guitarist William Bartlett (born 1946, South Harrow, Middlesex, England), keyboardist Robert G. "Reg" Nave (born 1945), drummer William E. Albaugh (1948–1999), and bassist Steve Walmsley (born 1948, Cleveland, Ohio ) who replaced the original bass guitarist Ron "Dude" Dudek.
The band was formed in 1966 by student musicians from Oxford, Ohio, who had played the college bars with their previous groups that included The Wombats (Nave), Ivan and the Sabres (Browne) and Tony and the Bandits (Bartlett, Albaugh and Dudek). The band played a mixture of blues, hard rock and folk rock, covering a few Byrds and The Who tracks. They gigged regularly in an Oxford bar called The Boar's Head, and Cincinnati underground rock venues, The Mug Club and later The Ludlow Garage, and released a single on the Carol Records label, "Quiet Please". The original band existed as a quartet, and then gained notoriety by reaching the finals in the Ohio Battle of the Bands at the Cleveland Public Auditorium in 1967, losing out to the James Gang.
The band then recruited Browne, a Miami University student as frontman, and engaged the Ohio music industry impresario, Mark Barger, who steered the Lemon Pipers to Buddah Records, then run by Neil Bogart. The Lemon Pipers, relying in part on advice from Barger, agreed to enter into a recording contract and music publishing deal with Buddah. The group began playing larger auditorium and concert hall venues around the US, including an appearance at Fillmore West in San Francisco, California. Buddah's plans for the group centred on bubblegum pop rather than rock, and the Lemon Pipers joined a stable already containing Ohio Express and the 1910 Fruitgum Company. Paul Leka was assigned to be their record producer.
Buddah did not know how to handle the band at first and the group's debut on Buddah was a Bartlett composition, "Turn Around and Take a Look". When the song failed to make the charts, the label asked Leka and his songwriting partner, Shelley Pinz, who were working out of a Brill Building office on Broadway, to come up with a song. The pair wrote "Green Tambourine" and the band reluctantly recorded it. The song entered the Billboard Hot 100 at the end of 1967 and reached No. 1 in February 1968 on the Billboard and Cashbox charts. The song peaked at No. 7 in the UK Singles Chart, and was also a hit worldwide. It sold over two million copies, and was awarded a gold disc by the Recording Industry Association of America (R.I.A.A.) in February 1968.
The success of "Green Tambourine" caused the label to put pressure on the group to stay in the bubblegum genre, and in March 1968 the band released another Leka/Pinz song, "Rice Is Nice", which peaked at No. 46 on the US Billboard charts, No.42 on the US Cashbox charts and No. 41 in the UK in May. The band had little enthusiasm for either song, however, dubbing them "funny-money music" and recording them only because they knew they would be dropped by Buddah if they refused. "Ordinary Point of View", written by Eric Ehrmann and featuring a Bartlett country solo, was recorded, but rejected by Buddah. Disenchanted with Buddah and the music industry, Ehrmann stopped writing songs and went on to become one of the early contributors to Rolling Stone magazine. As is common with the music associated with the 1960s, a few copyright and royalties issues connected with the current owners of the Kama Sutra music publishing catalog and Lemon Pipers songs remain unresolved.
What the Lemon Pipers did not know when they agreed to record for Buddah, and what may in part have led to their frustration as musicians who gigged at the Avalon Ballroom in San Francisco and were molded into a bubble gum band is that while affable, high profile Neil Bogart was regarded as the marketing genius of the record company, he was a front man for the real owner, Morris Levy, a music business powerhouse with ties to the underworld. Levy would become part of a major FBI investigation into alleged organized crime infiltration into the music business. Long after the Pipers split up Levy was convicted of two extortion charges by a Federal jury in Camden, New Jersey, a conviction that was held up by a U.S. Court of Appeals in Philadelphia. He was sentenced to ten years in prison and fined $200,000 but he died of cancer in 1990 before he could serve the time.
The Lemon Pipers evolution from 1960s rock music into a gold record bubblegum band created what Nave has described as "the duality of the Lemon Pipers": "We were a stand-up rock 'n' roll band, and then all of a sudden, we're in a studio, being told how to play and what to play."
The chasm between the label’s aspirations and the band’s own musical tastes became apparent on the Lemon Pipers’ debut album, Green Tambourine. Produced by Leka, the album contained five Leka/Pinz songs, as well as two extended tracks written by the band, "Fifty Year Void" and "Through With You" (the latter, written by Bartlett, bearing influences of The Byrds and, according to the original LP label, running 8:31 in length). "Ask Me If I Care" written by Ehrmann, was also featured. Like the Lemon Pipers members, Nave and Albaugh, Ehrmann was a member of the Kappa chapter of Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity. Writing in Bubblegum is the Naked Truth, Gary Pig Gold commented: "It was the Pipers’ way with a tough-pop gem in the under-four-minute category which was most impressive by far: "Rainbow Tree", "Shoeshine Boy" and especially "Blueberry Blue" each sported a taut, musical sophistication worthy of The Move and, dare I say it, even the Magical Mystery Beatles."
The band recorded a second album for Buddah, Jungle Marmalade, which again showed both sides of the band – another Leka/Pinz bubblegum song, "Jelly Jungle", (released as a single and peaking at No. 51 on Billboard and No. 30 on Cashbox in the US), a version of the Carole King/Gerry Goffin penned song "I Was Not Born to Follow," and an 11 minute, 43 second epic, "Dead End Street"/"Half Light".
The band left the Buddah label in 1969 and later dissolved. Bartlett, Walmsley and Nave formed Starstruck, whose recording of a Lead Belly song, "Black Betty" was reworked by Super K Productions producers Jerry Kasenetz and Jeff Katz, and released in 1977 under the name of Ram Jam, featuring Bartlett. Browne moved to California to continue playing music, Walmsley played bass around Oxford. Bartlett became despondent and reclusive following the death of his wife Dee Dee. Nave became a jazz disc jockey and played organ occasionally with The Blues Merchants in southwestern Ohio venues.
Drummer Bill Albaugh died on January 20, 1999, at the age of 53.
- "Quiet Please" / "Monaural 78" (1966) -- Carol Records
- "Turn Around and Take a Look" / "Danger" (1967) -- Buddah 11
- "Green Tambourine" (US Billboard No. 1, US Cashbox No.1) / "No Help From Me" (1967) -- Buddah 23
- "Rice is Nice" (US Billboard No. 46, US Cashbox No. 42) / "Blueberry Blue" (1968) -- Buddah 31
- "Jelly Jungle (Of Orange Marmalade)" (US Billboard No. 51, US Cashbox No.30) / "Shoeshine Boy" (1968) -- Buddah 41
- "Wine and Violet" / "Lonely Atmosphere" (1968) -- Buddah 63
- "Hard Core" / "Rainbow Tree" (1969) -- Buddah 124
- "I Was Not Born To Follow" / "Rainbow Tree" (1969) -- Buddah 136"
|1.||"Rice is Nice"|
|3.||"Turn Around and Take a Look"|
|5.||"Ask Me If I Care"|
|9.||"The Shoemaker of Leatherwear Square"|
|10.||"Fifty Year Void"|
|11.||"Through With You"|
- Jungle Marmalade—Buddah BDM-1016 (Mono — promotional release only)/BDS-5016 (Stereo) (1968)
|1.||"Jelly Jungle (Of Orange Marmalade)"|
|2.||"I Was Not Born to Follow"|
|3.||"Everything is You"|
|4.||"Catch Me Falling"|
|6.||"Love Beads and Meditation"|
|7.||"Need Someone (The Painter)"|
|9.||"Wine and Violet"|
|10.||"Dead End Street"|
The US version of Jungle Marmalade contained "Lonely Atmosphere" (side 2, track 2) and is listed as such on the side 2 label, although it is misidentified as "Mirrors" on the back of the album jacket. Conversely, the Canadian issue of this album featured a different song ("Mirrors") on side 2, track 2. On the Canadian issue, the track is erroneously identified as "Lonely Atmosphere" on the side 2 label. The jacket remained unchanged, with "Mirrors" correctly listed on the back cover. In short, the US version did not contain "Mirrors," whilst the Canadian version did not include "Lonely Atmosphere".
- The Best of The Lemon Pipers: Green Tambourine Buddha 99798—2001
|2.||"Rice is Nice"|
|6.||"The Shoemaker of Leatherwear Square"|
|7.||"Jelly Jungle (Of Orange Marmalade)"|
|8.||"Everything is You"|
|9.||"Love Beads and Meditation"|
|10.||"Catch Me Falling"|
|11.||"I Was Not Born To Follow"|
|12.||"Wine and Violet"|
|13.||"Dead End Street"|
- List of artists who reached number one in the United States
- List of 1960s one-hit wonders in the United States
- Eds, Cooper, Kim; Smay, David (2001). Bubblegum Music is the Naked Truth. Feral House. ISBN 0-922915-69-5.
- Murrells, Joseph (1978). The Book of Golden Discs (2nd ed.). London: Barrie and Jenkins Ltd. p. 224. ISBN 0-214-20512-6.
- Huey, Steve. "The Lemon Pipers". Allmusic. Retrieved April 1, 2010.
- "Lemon Pipers: More than 'Green Tambourine'" by Larry Nager, The Cincinnati Enquirer
- Nite, Norm N. and Newman, Ralph M.: Rock On: The Illustrated Encyclopedia Of Rock N' Roll, (Thomas Y. Crowell, 1978) p. 276.
- Liner notes to Best of the Lemon Pipers, Camden/BMG, 1998.
- Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 317. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.
- "Allmusic ((( Lemon Pipers > Charts & Awards > Billbooard Singles )))".
- Thedeadrockstarsclub.com Accessed March 2010
- "Allmusic ((( Green Tambourine > Review )))".
- "Allmusic ((( Jungle Marmalade > Overview )))".
- "Allmusic (The Best of The Lemon Pipers: Green Tambourine)".