The Leys School
|Motto||"In Fide Fiducia"
(Latin for In Faith, Trust)
|Type||Independent day and boarding school|
United Kingdom Coordinates:
|DfE URN||110914 Tables|
|Houses||See the Houses section|
|Former pupils||Old Leysians|
The Leys School is a co-educational Independent school. The Leys is located in Cambridge, England, and is a day and boarding school for about 560 pupils between the ages of eleven and eighteen. The school is a member of the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference.
- 1 History
- 2 Principles
- 3 Academic results
- 4 Sport
- 5 Houses
- 6 Goodbye, Mr Chips
- 7 Notable alumni
- 8 Headmasters
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 Further reading
- 12 External links
The Nineteenth Century saw the founding of a large number of new schools in Britain, especially by the churches—including the Methodist church. Although there were already several leading schools that offered an education for the sons of Ministers of the church, some Methodists were asking also for schools to be established for sons of lay church members. The Methodist Conference set up a committee to look at the possibility of starting a new school at either Oxford or Cambridge.
Following several visits to Cambridge, they discovered that a twenty-acre (80,000 m2) site called "The Leys Estate" was being offered for sale. The estate was situated within easy reach of the city centre on the Trumpington Road, and it was close to the River Cam and to a number of Cambridge Colleges. The estate was acquired for the sum of £14,275 on 27 September 1872. The Reverend Doctor W.F. Moulton, who had been the secretary of the committee, was asked to become headmaster of the new school. The school opened on 16 February 1875 with sixteen boys, all from English Methodist families. After two years there were 100 pupils.
During the Twentieth Century, The Leys grew significantly and by 1930 the number of pupils had reached 271. During World War Two, the school temporarily moved to the Atholl Palace Hotel in Pitlochry, Scotland, returning to Cambridge in 1946. During the Cold War, the school was designated the auxiliary headquarters to the Regional Seat of Government for Cambridge in time of war. Today the majority of the pupils are boarders and since the admission of girls to the Sixth Form in the 1980s, the school has become fully co-educational. It now accepts pupils from the age of eleven, rather than the age of thirteen as it was before.
Due to its location, the school is popular with Cambridge academics as a place to send their children, as well as a place to teach. Notably, Stephen Hawking sent his son to the school and has given a number of talks to its pupils since then.
Despite its Methodist traditions it has, for more than fifty years, been liberal on religion (although never secular). Many pupils received confirmation into the Church of England in the school chapel, and some others have had religious backgrounds from faiths other than the Christianity. Despite its religious liberalism, The Leys is predominantly a Christian school and they state openly that "The School’s Christian ethos lies at the heart of our education philosophy."
Pupils attend chapel services twice a week; a weekday service on a Friday afternoon plus Sunday services with the whole boarding community on a monthly basis with a weekly service with just their House on another specified day of the week. In addition, Holy Communion takes place once a term.
The school motto is "In Fide Fiducia" (Latin for "In Faith, Trust"), which is also the motto for its associated prep school, St Faith's School. The two schools make up The Leys and St. Faith's Foundation. The school song is Rev. B. Hellier's Χαίρετε.
Another point of interest is its limited entrance selection, as the school depends more on the flexibility of its staff and an assessment of a pupil's potential than exam grades.
In the A-Level sitting of 2010, 32.7 percent of the school's pupils achieved results of three As or better, 94.1 percent of Leysian pupils' grades received were A, B, C or F, while 99.4 percent were graded A–E.
In the GCSE sitting of 2010, 68.4 percent of papers were graded at A or A*. Forty percent of Leysian pupils gained ten or more A or A* grades.
The main sports played by boys during the three terms are:
The school has a range of sports facilities spread across its 50-acre (200,000 m2) site. Other than the above mentioned sports, the sports pitches include concrete, grass and AstroTurf tennis courts and a football pitch. The AstroTurf pitches are fully lit for night-time play. Indoor facilities include a fully equipped fitness centre, a sports hall for indoor sports such as badminton and netball, three squash courts and an aerobics studio. The school has a 25-meter heated indoor swimming pool and a rowing boathouse on the River Cam as well as several boats.
The school has an arrangement with Cambridge University allowing university academics and students limited use of its sports facilities, and many of the University's squash fixtures are held at the school. The school also allows local state schools use its sports facilities.
The Leys swims, competing against Eton (the only team to do so), and on a national level at the annual Bath Cup.
There is also a rowing club, with a boat house in position on the Cam. Along with sailing (at St. Ives), this is a minority sport, counted among "pitch games" (the school's name for non-team sports). Other pitch games, include squash, badminton, tennis, athletics, karate, Eton Fives and golf.
Famous Leysian sportsmen include Neil White (Olympic hockey in 1948); Freddie Brown (Captain of England's cricket team); Geoff Windsor-Lewis (Wales Rugby, 1960) and Paul Svehlik (England and Great Britain Hockey).
There are eleven separate Houses.
School is a thirteen to eighteen boys' boarding house with 30–35 boarders and 18-20 home boarders. School House is situated in the centre of the main campus overlooking the Thomson (Science) Building, Great Hall, Old Gym and Swimming Pool.
- Housemaster - Mr Tomos Reed
- Assistant Housemaster - Mr Laurence Higgins
West is a thirteen to eighteen boys' boarding house with room for 45–48 boarders with 25–30 home boarders. West House is situated on the far side of the Campus overlooking the Astro Turf and the Humanities classroom block (Clapham Building).
- Housemaster - Mr Andrew Long
- Assistant Housemaster - Mr Robert Francis
North A is a boys' boarding house of 40–45 boarders and fifteen to twenty home boarders. It is situated close to the Main Library, Sixth Form Club, Tuck Shop and the Chapel. It overlooks the Upper Quadrangle.
- Housemaster - Mr Ben A Barton
- Assistant Housemaster - Mr James William Fawcett
Bisseker is part of the co-educational day house(known internally by its former name of B House). Initially a home-boarding house, it was converted into three separate day houses by Rev. John Barrett (8th Headmaster). Bisseker is named after the 3rd headmaster of the school and is on the top floor of the day house building.
- Housemistress - Miss Ethna Prosser
Barker On the middle floor of the day house building, it overlooks the library, the maths department and the Upper Quadrangle and it excels in sports and maths. It was named after the 5th headmaster of the school.
- Housemaster - Mr Gavin Deudney
Barrett At the bottom of the day house building. Typically around 50 people in each day house. Barrett is a strongly academic house, which also excels in music and sport, it was named after the 8th headmaster Rev John Barrett.
- Housemaster - Mr Martin Gale
Dale is a girls' boarding house with 38-42 boarders and 17-20 home boarders. Dale House is situated in the centre of the main Campus and is close to Great Hall, Science Building, Music School and Swimming Pool.
- Housemistress - Miss Claire Battison
- Assistant Housemistress - Miss Lucy Corble
Fen is a girls' thirteen to eighteen boarding house with 45–50 boarders and twenty to 25 home boarders. It is situated close to the Theatre and Rugg Technology Centre overlooking the main playing fields and Coe Fen at the western edge of the main Campus.
- Housemistress - Mrs Karen Cox
East is the Sixth Form boys' house with 27–30 boarders. Boys making direct entry into the Sixth Form are normally accommodated here. It overlooks the Deer Park and the Chapel to the North. There are also views over the main playing fields and sports complex to the south.
- Housemaster - Rev. Clifford MeHarry
- Assistant Housemaster - Mr Stephen Hancock
Granta is the Sixth Form girls' house with 30 boarders and up to two home boarders. Girls making direct entry into the Sixth Form are normally accommodated here. It is situated in the centre of the Campus overlooking the Chapel and Deer Park.
Moulton is the junior eleven to thirteen house for twenty to 25 boarders and 35–40 day pupils. The day facilities are situated on East of the campus overlooking the Deer Park and the Chapel to the north. The boarding house is a two minute walk from the main gates in a Victorian town house. Moulton house was opened in 1998 and marked the first time that The Leys had allowed students aged eleven into the school. A section of East House was sacrificed to accommodate this new house (thus resulting in East being transformed into a purely Sixth Form boarding house).
- Housemistress - Miss Alison MacPherson
- Housemaster - Mr Denzil Fernandes
Goodbye, Mr Chips
The setting for popular novel and play Goodbye, Mr. Chips is believed to have been based on The Leys where author James Hilton was a pupil (1915–1918). Hilton is reported to have said that the inspiration for the protagonist, Chips, came chiefly from W.H. Balgarnie, one of the masters at The Leys (1900–30) who was in charge of the Leys Fortnightly (where Hilton's first short stories and essays were published). Over the years old boys have written to Geoffery Houghton, a master of The Leys for a number of years and a historian of the school, confirming the links between Chips and Balgarnie. As with Mr. Chips, Balgarnie died at the school, at the age of 82, having been linked with the school for 51 years and living his last years in modest lodgings opposite the school. Again, like Mr. Chips, Balgarnie was a strict disciplinarian, but would also invite boys to visit him for tea and biscuits.
Hilton wrote, upon Balgarnie's death that "Balgarnie was, I suppose, the chief model for my story. When I read so many other stories about public school life, I am struck by the fact that I suffered no such purgatory as their authors apparently did, and much of this miracle was due to Balgarnie."  Furthermore, the facial hair of one of the masters at The Leys earned him the nickname "Chops," a likely inspiration for Mr. Chips' name.
Known as Old Leysians, they include:
- James Moulton (1875–81).
- Sir John Clapham (North 'A' House, 1887–92): Historian.
- Louis Arnaud Reid (1909-1912): writer on aesthetics; foundation professor of the philosophy of education, London Institute of Education; Leys Board of Governors.
- Eric Havelock (1917–21): Classicist.
- J.J.C. Smart (1933–38): Scottish-Australian philosopher.
- Christopher Smout (1946–51): Current Historiographer Royal.
- Simon Keynes (1965–70): Elrington and Bosworth Professor of Anglo-Saxon at the University of Cambridge.
- Tanaka Ginnosuke (North 'A' House, 1891–1893): Introduced rugby to Japan.
- J. Arthur Rank, 1st Baron Rank of Sutton Scotney (North 'B' House, 1901–06): Industrialist and film producer; founder of the Rank Organisation.
- Amschel Mayor James Rothschild (-1973): Businessman and member of the prominent Rothschild family
- John James Oddy (1880–1885): Conservative MP for Pudsey.
- Walford Davis Green (1882–1887): Conservative MP for Wednesbury.
- Sir Poonambalam Thyagarajan Rajan, Chief Minister of Madras Presidency, British India, April 4 - August 24, 1946.
- Peter Oliver, Baron Oliver of Aylmerton (School House, 1934–38): Judge, barrister and member of the House of Lords.
- Richard Taylor (North 'B' House, 1947–53): Physician and independent MP for Wyre Forest.
- Martin Bell (East House, 1952–56): Former BBC News Correspondent and independent MP for Tatton.
- King George Tupou V, former King of Tonga (196?–66).
- King Hamad ibn Isa Al Khalifa, current King of Bahrain (196?–68).
- Brent Symonette (196?–72): Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs of The Bahamas.
- King 'Aho'eitu 'Unuaki'otonga Tuku'aho (North 'B' House, 1973–77): Current King of Tonga.
- Francis Arthur Bainbridge (Unknown-1893): Physiologist; discoverer of the Bainbridge reflex.
- Sir Henry Dale (School House, 1891–94): Scientist; Nobel laureate; studied the chemical transmission of nerve impulses.
- Donald Woods Winnicott (North 'B' House, 1910–14): Pediatrician and psychoanalyst.
- Sir Donald Bailey (North 'B' House, 1916–19): Inventor of the Bailey Bridge.
- Neville Robinson (School House, 1938–43): Physicist who achieved record low temperature.
- Sir Andrew Wiles (North 'A' House, 1966–70): Mathematician, proved Fermat's last theorem.
- G. LI. Lloyd: Wales rugby union international who played against England 1900, 1901 and 1903.
- A.B. Flett: Scotland rugby union international in 1901–02.
- Tinsley Lindley (1883–1885): Captained the England football team (1888, 1891).
- Frank Handford (1894–1899): English rugby union international who played on four occasions for his country and was part of the first official British and Irish Lions team that toured South Africa in 1910.
- W.M. Lowry: England rugby union international in 1920.
- Freddie Brown (School House, 1924–29): Captained England cricket team fifteen times between 1949–51.
- Alan Skinner (1926–1931): first-class cricket cricketer for Derbyshire County Cricket Club.
- David Skinner, (193?-1938) Captain of Derbyshire County Cricket Club.
- Justin Benson (East House 1980–1984): first-class cricket cricketer for Leicestershire County Cricket Club and Ireland Captain.
- Jamie Murray (Moulton House, 1998–99): Tennis player, won the Wimbledon Doubles in 2007—the first Briton to win at Wimbledon for twenty years; elder brother of tennis player Andy Murray.
- Georgie Gent (formerly Stoop) (1999–2004): Tennis player.
- Alex Goode: Rugby player with Saracens F.C. and the England Rugby Team
- Eric Whelpton (1879–1881): Author, basis for fictional character Lord Peter Wimsey.
- James Hilton (West House, 1915–18): Author whose works include Goodbye, Mr. Chips and Shangri-La.
- Ralph Izzard (1925–28): Journalist, author, British Naval Intelligence Officer, inspiration for the Ian Fleming novel Casino Royale and one of the inspirations for its protagonist James Bond.
- Malcolm Lowry (West House, 1923–27): Author whose works include Under the Volcano.
- Sir Alastair Burnet (School House, 1942–46): Journalist and broadcaster; editor of The Economist from 1965–74; long-serving ITN newscaster.
- J.G. Ballard (North 'B' House, 1946–49): Author whose works include Empire of the Sun.
- Christopher Hitchens (North 'B' House, 1962–66): Journalist and polemicist.
- Peter Hitchens (West House, 1965–67): Journalist and polemicist;.
- Michael Latimer (East House, 1955-59): Actor.
- Michael Rennie (West House, 1924–26): Actor
- Sir John Royce, British jurist.
- Commander Nigel "Sharkey" Ward: Fleet Air Arm squadron commander during the Falklands War.
Old Leysians have their own old boys' sports clubs including the "Old Leysian Football Club," which in its hey day (during the 1930s) was one of the leading Rugby clubs in the London area. There is also an active "Old Leysian Golfing Society."
- William Fiddian Moulton|W.F. Moulton 1875–1898
- W.T.A. Barber 1898–1919
- H. Bisseker 1919–1934
- W.G. Humphrey 1934–1958
- W.A. Barker 1958–1975
- B.T. Bellis 1975–1986
- T.G. Benyan 1986–1990
- John C.A. Barrett|Rev. Dr. John Barrett 1990–2004
- Mark Slater 2004 – 2013
- Martin Priestley 2014 -
- http://www.subbrit.org.uk/rsg/features/sfs/file5.htm The Leys School was designated a Regional Seat of Government in wartime
- Football: The Rugby Union Game — Page 30 by Francis Marshall, Leonard R. Tosswill — Football — 1925
- The Life of Ian Fleming, John Pearson, p. 194-195, (Jonathan Cape, London, 1966) ISBN 978-1-85410-898-2
- Baker, Derek (1975). Partnership in Excellence: A Late-Victorian Educational Venture: The Leys School, Cambridge, 1875-1975. Cambridge: The Governors of The Leys School.
- Houghton, Geoff and Pat (2000). Well-regulated Minds and Improper Moments: A History of The Leys School. Cambridge: The Governors of The Leys School. ISBN 0-9501721-8-9.