The Lucy–Desi Comedy Hour

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"We Love Lucy" redirects here. Not to be confused with I Love Lucy.
The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour
Lucy-DesiTitleScreen.jpg
Format Situation comedy
Created by Jess Oppenheimer
Madelyn Davis
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Written by Madelyn Davis
Bob Carroll, Jr.
Bob Schiller
Bob Weiskopf
Directed by Jerry Thorpe
Desi Arnaz
Starring Lucille Ball
Desi Arnaz
Vivian Vance
William Frawley
Richard Keith
Composer(s) Wilbur Hatch
Country of origin United States
No. of episodes 13 (List of episodes)
Production
Executive producer(s) Desi Arnaz
Producer(s) Bert Granet
Running time 60 minutes
Production company(s) Desilu Productions
Distributor CBS Television Distribution
Broadcast
Original channel CBS
Original run November 6, 1957 (1957-11-06) – April 1, 1960 (1960-04-01)
Chronology
Preceded by I Love Lucy (1951-1957)
Followed by The Lucy Show

The Lucy–Desi Comedy Hour is a collection of thirteen one-hour specials airing occasionally from 1957 to 1960 (as opposed to a thirty-minute regular series). The first five were shown as specials during the 1957-58 television season. The remaining eight were originally shown as part of Westinghouse Desilu Playhouse. Its original network title was The Ford Lucille Ball-Desi Arnaz Show for the first season, and The Westinghouse Desilu Playhouse Presents The Lucille Ball-Desi Arnaz Show for the following seasons. It was the successor to the classic comedy, I Love Lucy, and featured the same major cast members. The production schedule avoided the grind of a regular weekly series.[1]

Desilu produced the show, which was mostly filmed at their Los Angeles studios with occasional on-location shoots at Lake Arrowhead, Las Vegas and Sun Valley, Idaho. CBS reran the show under the "Lucy-Desi" title during the summers of 1962-1967, after which it went into syndication.

Premise[edit]

Desi Arnaz was often questioned why he changed the format of I Love Lucy, a weekly, 30-minute program produced at 25 new episodes a season very successfully to the Comedy Hour format of one-hour specials shown weeks or months apart. "You've got to change in this business. You can't stand still. I'd rather make a big change while we are still ahead. It would be ridiculous for us to wait until people got sick and tired of the regular half-hour every Monday night. We have been the luckiest show on the air, but we've worked for it. I have never worked so hard in my life. And while I suppose it's not really for me to say, I think I can honestly say that we have never done a really bad show in six years" he noted at the time. He also noted the high stakes involved for the cost per episode ($350,000) "they not only have to be good, they have to be great. We're going to be in an awful spot with these shows; they've got to be good". [2]

Arnaz' determination to change scheduling formats went back several years, as far back as 1954. "When I first suggested it, CBS wouldn't listen. Last year (1956) again, they talked me into continuing with the weekly half-hour. But this time (1957) I made up my mind."[3]

Keeping the main plot line of the I Love Lucy program allowed Comedy Hour to retain the main cast. It also allowed Arnaz to drop any hint of continuity by releasing all of the I Love Lucy characters and substituting them with celebrity guest stars. That concept, which proved so successful during the program's Hollywood episodes in seasons 4 & 5, was what Arnaz had in mind when he commented 'you can't stand still'. Except for the main cast (Ball, Arnaz, Vance and Frawley) only one character from I Love Lucy appeared on Comedy Hour; Lucy's mother, as Little Ricky's babysitter, in 'The Ricardos Go To Japan'. Arnaz believed the use of celebrity stars would allow him to demand higher fees, take some pressure off of himself portraying Ricky Ricardo and keep the 'Lucy' concept 'fresh' encouraging continued ratings success. Although done during the last season of I Love Lucy, the move to Connecticut allowed the writers to expand possible script ideas as they had "used up every conceivable story line that could be set in the tiny New York apartment'. [4]

Not noted publicly at the time, Arnaz was suffering serious health problems, and had been ordered by doctors to cut back on his work and acting schedule. When he entered into negotiations with CBS, for a seventh season of I Love Lucy, Arnaz insisted Desilu be allowed to change to the hour format and a monthly production schedule. CBS President William Paley would have sued Desilu had Arnaz's health not been an issue but instead agreed to the change. Arnaz quickly found a new sponsor for the 1957-1958 season: Ford Motor Company. [5] Originally Comedy Hour was slated to produce 10 original episodes per season. However, due to high production costs Arnaz cut that to 8, then 5 episodes. Five were produced in season one (1957-1958) and season two (1958-1959) then cut back to three in season three (1959-1960). [6]

Description and evaluation[edit]

A scene from "Lucy Takes a Cruise to Havana", 1957.

During the final season of I Love Lucy (episode 14), the Ricardos, soon followed by the Mertzes moved to Westport, Connecticut, reflecting the growth of the suburbs throughout America during the 1950s. Ricky commuted into New York City where he now owned The Babalu Club. A key part of the program's format was guest stars in each episode, including Ann Sothern; Rudy Vallee; Tallulah Bankhead; Fred MacMurray and June Haver; Betty Grable and Harry James; Fernando Lamas; Maurice Chevalier; Danny Thomas and his Make Room for Daddy co-stars; Red Skelton; Paul Douglas; Ida Lupino and Howard Duff; Milton Berle; Robert Cummings; and, in the final episode, "Lucy Meets the Moustache", Ernie Kovacs and Edie Adams.

Comedy Hour episodes focused on Lucy's interaction with the celebrity guest stars. Although still a key character, Ricky isn't a major part (of the episodes) and has less interaction with Lucy. Nearly every episode features his not allowing her to do something, which allows Lucy to interact with the guest stars to confound Ricky. Ricky's 'manic' personality has changed as well, and by the last episode (filmed in April 1960) is more subtle, almost depressed and he appears tired. His contributions are generally low-key (with the exception of the 'Berle' episode). Fred and Ethel are featured in fewer plot themes after the move to Connecticut, although Ethel does help Lucy carry out her schemes. Although noted in "I Love Lucy" as the main reason they were able to afford moving to Connecticut, the joint Ricardo-Mertz egg business is only mentioned once. Fred assumes his role as Ricky's band manager. As noted Arnaz had each episode written to 'stand alone' in order to expand themes and plots using celebrity guests. He also expected those guest stars to have significant screen time. Arnaz, Vance and Frawley all had their dialog and screen time reduced a great deal compared to I Love Lucy. This reduction was not well received by Vance, who considered leaving. Frawley, however, was happy with the reduction which gave him more time to attend to his other interests. New friends from the I Love Lucy Connecticut episodes, the Ramseys (or the Mortons), were not in the Comedy Hour cast and are only mentioned 2 times in it, each as baby-sitters for Little Ricky. Besides the Mertzes the only character from the I Love Lucy show to appear on the Comedy Hour was Lucy's mother (who appeared briefly in episode 12 (the 'Japan' episode)) as Little Ricky's babysitter. Little Ricky is used more but is still a minor character. Most feature him playing the drums, coming and going (examples include The Celebrity Next Door and, in several, off to school or some other function) and has no friends, unlike the 6th season of I Love Lucy, where a few are noted (Little Ricky Gets Stage Fright, Little Ricky Learns to Play the Drums, several of the Connecticut episodes, etc.) and no plot theme centers on him. Also the Ricardos do not interact with any neighbors in Westport (the Celebrity Next Door is the exception, although Bankhead appears in only that episode and features Lucy's only work with the PTA) and the town, a major plot theme in season 6 of ILL is hardly mentioned except in passing.

Comedy Hour episodes were one hour. Production costs estimated to be $340,000 per episode. Arnaz had originally proposed to run 10 episodes (one per month) but the high production costs forced Desilu to taper this to 5 episodes each in the 1957-1958, 1958-1959 seasons and only 3 in the final season (1959-1960). Arnaz had signed actress Debbie Reynolds to appear in a season 4 episode to be broadcast in January, 1961 and had been preparing to produce 3 specials for the 1960-1961 season. As noted in several histories Ball and Arnaz divorced in May, 1960. After the final Lucy-Desi program the two never worked together again, although Arnaz executive produced the first 15 of The Lucy Show episodes before leaving Desilu Productions in 1962.

For the 1957–58 and the 1958–59 seasons of The Lucille Ball-Desi Arnaz Show, the ratings were very good. However, by the start of the 1959–60 season, with the habit of viewing Lucy broken up every few months, being broadcast on different nights as well as the obvious tension revealed between Ball and Arnaz (due to their real-life marriage unraveling), viewers of the specials dropped and it was no longer a major hit in the ratings. Critics commented on the lackluster quality and poor scripts. The casts performances were also panned. The interaction between Ricky and Lucy, a major element of the original programs success, was not up to par (reflecting Ball and Arnaz' personal problems). Because of their personal problems (and Desi spending more time trying to maintain the Desilu "empire"), the live studio audience was replaced with a laugh track by the final season (although both comedian Milton Berle and writer Bob Schiller stated in The Lucy Book by Geoffrey Mark Fidelman that for the ninth season premiere show, "Milton Hides Out at The Ricardos", a live audience was brought in for some of the scenes to give a sense of timing). In the penultimate episode of the series, titled "The Ricardos Go to Japan", Lucy appeared on screen red-eyed due to her crying during the arguments between herself and Desi (although not seen on-camera due to the show being filmed in black and white).

In the making of the last episode, Ball and Arnaz did not speak directly to each other except when their characters were required to do so. The series filmed its final episode on March 2, 1960 and divorce proceedings started the next day. In the final episode, Edie Adams chose to sing "That's All", later commenting that she personally chose the song, unaware of the magnitude of the Ball-Arnaz marital woes or the pending divorce, and Ball's look of anguish and sadness was obvious in the finished airing of the episode. Adams stated that the mood on set was tense and sad. And, although it had not been publicly announced, most of the cast and crew knew it would be the program's last episode.[7] This could also be why the program did not have a unique final episode.

Critics have generally regarded the series as a rather pallid continuation of I Love Lucy, with not enough of the original show's brisk pace and memorable sketch-work, and an excessive use of celebrity guest-stars. Still, many fans enjoy the series because of the cast, which remained intact from the original. The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour is occasionally seen on nostalgia outlets like TV Land in its original hour-long format, or in edited thirty-minute installments (beginning in 1987) under the title We Love Lucy, where stations ran it directly after the sixth season of I Love Lucy. This allows them to have twenty-six additional "episodes" that run like a seventh season. Since The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour had only thirteen episodes spread over three seasons, all thirteen episodes were released in one DVD box collection. Me-TV carried the program in its original one hour format during the summer of 2012.[8]

The show is briefly memorialized in the Lucille Ball-Desi Arnaz Center in Jamestown, New York.

Cast[edit]

Actor/Character
Lucille Ball Lucy Ricardo
Desi Arnaz Ricky Ricardo
Vivian Vance Ethel Mertz
William Frawley Fred Mertz
Keith Thibodeaux credited as "Little Ricky" Little Ricky Ricardo, Jr.

Episodes[edit]

DVD release[edit]

CBS DVD released the entire series on DVD on March 13, 2007 in Region 1.[9]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Christopher Anderson. "I Love Lucy". The Museum of Broadcast Communications. Retrieved 2007-10-31. 
  2. ^ 'The "I Love Lucy" Book, Bart Andrews, 1985
  3. ^ 'The "I Love Lucy" Book, Bart Andrews, 1985
  4. ^ 'The "I Love Lucy" Book, Bart Andrews, 1985
  5. ^ 'Desilu' Sanders/Gilbert, 1993
  6. ^ 'The "I Love Lucy" Book, Bart Andrews, 1985
  7. ^ Kanfer, Stefan, ed. (2004), Ball of fire: the tumultuous life and comic art of Lucille Ball, Alfred A. Knopf, p. 384, ISBN 0-375-72771-X, retrieved 12 January 2012 
  8. ^ Me-TV Broadcast Schedule 2013
  9. ^ Lacey, Gord (7 December 2006). "The Lucy-Desi Comedy Hour - Artwork for the final seasons". TVshowsonDVD.com. Vancouver: Pacific Online. Retrieved 17 October 2011. 

External links[edit]