Das Labyrinth

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Das Labyrinth oder Der Kampf mit den Elementen. Der Zauberflöte zweyter Theil.
Opera by Peter von Winter
Salzburger Festspiele 2012 - Das Labyrinth.jpg
Julia Novikova as Queen of the Night at the Salzburg Festival 2012
Librettist Emanuel Schikaneder
Language German
Premiere 12 June 1798 (1798-06-12) – Theater auf der Wieden

Das Labyrinth oder Der Kampf mit den Elementen. Der Zauberflöte zweyter Theil (The Labyrinth or The Struggle with the Elements. The Magic Flute's Second Part) is a "grand heroic-comic opera" in two acts[1] composed in 1798 by Peter von Winter to a German libretto by Emanuel Schikaneder. The work is in the form of a Singspiel, a popular form that included both singing and spoken dialogue. The opera is a sequel of Mozart's The Magic Flute.

Performance history[edit]

The opera premiered at the suburban Freihaus-Theater auf der Wieden in Vienna on 12 June 1798. Schikaneder himself played Papageno, while the role of the Queen of the Night was sung by Mozart's sister-in-law Josepha Hofer-Mayer. Schikaneder was the librettist of Mozart's opera and he was considered to have been ″one of the most original and most influential theatre persons of his time."[2]

Alexandra Liedtke, the director of the Salzburg Festival production in 2012, interpreted the story and Schikaneder's libretto "as one the great fairy tales of history [...], in which the emblematic and the playfulness are standing in the limelights."[this quote needs a citation]

The opera was then also performed at the Theater an der Wien and the Konzerthaus Berlin (1803), the Opern- und Schauspielhaus Frankfurt (1806), the Staatstheater Nürnberg (1807) and other venues. In 1978, there was a production without spoken dialogue in an unauthentic musical arrangement, conducted by Wolfgang Sawallisch, directed by August Everding, stage design by Jürgen Rose in the Cuvilliés Theatre, Munich, and in September 2002 it was performed at Chemnitz Opera.[citation needed]

On 3 August 2012, the opera was presented for the first time at the Salzburg Festival, in the courtyard of the residence of the Prince Archbishop of Salzburg, conducted by Ivor Bolton and directed by Alexandra Liedtke.[3][4]

Roles[edit]

von Winter
Schikaneder
Role Voice type Premiere cast, 12 June 1798
(Conductor: –)
Sarastro bass Sebastian Mayer
Queen of the Night soprano Josepha Hofer-Mayer
Pamina, her daughter soprano
Tamino tenor
Papageno baritone Emanuel Schikaneder
Papagena soprano
First Lady (later: Venus) soprano
Second Lady (later: Adonis) mezzo-soprano
Third Lady (later: their Page) contralto
Three Genii treble, mezzo-soprano, contralto
Monostatos, a moor baritone Jakob Haibel
Tipheus, King of Paphos baritone
Sithos, his friend bass
High priestess actress
Two priestesses actresses
Gura, a moor actress and dancer
Papageno, Papagena the older bass, contralto
Two priests tenor, bass
Two guards of the labyrinth tenor, bass
Some priests and priestesses, some combatants of Tipheus, several little Papagenos and Papagenas, various moors, and other folk

Synopsis[edit]

Papageno Gate, the former main entrance of the Theater an der Wien (1801) – Schikaneder as Papageno

After fighting against fire and water there are still two elements for Pamina and Tamino which are not defeated: the air and the earth. Tipheus tries to divorce the engaged couple and Monostatos tries to force the love of Papagena. Papageno is meeting his parents and siblings.

Goethe's sequel[edit]

There is an other sequel to the original Magic Flute, also named Der Zauberflöte zweyter Theil, a libretto fragment by Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, intended to be set to music by Paul Wranitzky.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Das Labyrinth, libretto, 1806
  2. ^ Peter von Winter: Das Labyrinth. Booklet of the Salzburg Festival, 3 August 2012
  3. ^ Salzburger Festspiele: Peter von Winter: Das Labyrinth or The Battle with the Elements.
  4. ^ Eva Halus: "„Das Labyrinth“: Umjubelt, aber entbehrlich", ORF, 04.08.2012.
  • Branscombe, Peter (1991) Die Zauberflöte, Cambridge Opera Handbooks series, Cambridge University Press.
  • Brukner, Fritz (1934, ed.) Die Zauberflöte. Unbekannte Handschriften und seltene Drucke aus der Frühzeit von Mozarts Oper. Verlag Gilhofer & Ranschburg, Vienna.
  • Buch, David (2004) "Die Zauberflöte, Masonic Opera, and Other Fairy Tales", in Acta Musicologica 76, 2004.
  • Henderson, Donald G. (1983) "The "Magic Flute of Peter Winter", in Music & Letters 64 (3–4), pp. 193–205.
  • Jahrmärker, Manuela and Waidelich, Till Gerrit (1992, ed.) Der Zauberfloete zweyter Theil unter dem Titel: Das Labyrinth oder der Kampf mit den Elementen. Hans Schneider, Tutzing.

Further reading[edit]

  • Waidelich, Till Gerrit (2012) "Papagenos Selbstvermarktung in Peter von Winters Labyrinth (Der Zauberflöte zweyter Theil) sowie unbekannte Dokumente zu dessen Entstehung, Überlieferung und Rezeption in Wien und Berlin 1803", in: Acta Mozartiana, 59 (2012), pp. 139–177.

External links[edit]