The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis
Dobie.png
First season title card
Also known as Dobie Gillis (seasons 2–3)
Max Shulman's Dobie Gillis (season 4)
Genre Sitcom
Created by Max Shulman
Based on The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis and I Was a Teen-Age Dwarf
by Max Shulman
Directed by Rod Amateau
Stanley Z. Cherry
David Davis
Robert Gordon
Tom Montgomery
Ralph Murphy
Starring Dwayne Hickman
Frank Faylen
Florida Friebus
Bob Denver
Theme music composer Lionel Newman
Max Shulman
Opening theme "Dobie", performed by Judd Conlon's Rhythmaires (season 1-2)
"Dobie" (Instrumental) (seasons 3-4)
Ending theme "Dobie", performed by Judd Conlon's Rhythmaires (seasons 1-2)
"Dobie" (Instrumental) (seasons 3-4)
Country of origin United States
Original language(s) English
No. of seasons 4
No. of episodes 147 (List of episodes)
Production
Executive producer(s) Martin Manulis
Producer(s) Rod Amateau
Editor(s) Johnny Ehrin
Willard Nico
Robert Moore
Cinematography James Van Trees
Camera setup Single-camera setup
Running time 26 min
Production company(s) 20th Century Fox Television
Martin Manulis Productions (seasons 1-2)
Marman Productions (seasons 3-4)
Distributor 20th Century Fox Television
Broadcast
Original channel CBS
Picture format Black-and-white, film
Audio format Monaural
Original run September 29, 1959 (1959-09-29) – June 5, 1963 (1963-06-05)
Chronology
Preceded by The Affairs of Dobie Gillis (1953)
Followed by Zelda (1962, pilot)
Whatever Happened to Dobie Gillis (1978, pilot)
Bring Me the Head of Dobie Gillis (1988, telefilm)

The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis (also known as simply Dobie Gillis or Max Shulman's Dobie Gillis in later seasons and in syndication) is an American sitcom that aired on CBS from 1959 to 1963. The series and several episode scripts were adapted from a 1951 collection of short stories of the same name written by Max Shulman, who had also written a feature film adaptation of his short stories for MGM in 1953, The Affairs of Dobie Gillis.

The series revolved around the life of teenager/young adult Dobie Gillis (Dwayne Hickman), who, along with his best friend, beatnik Maynard G. Krebs (Bob Denver), struggles against the forces of his life - high school, the military, college, and his parents (Frank Faylen and Florida Friebus) - as he aspires to attain both wealth and dates with girls. The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis was produced by Martin Manulis Productions in association with 20th Century Fox Television. Creator Shulman also wrote the theme song in collaboration with Lionel Newman.

Dobie Gillis is significant as the first American network television program to feature teenagers as its lead characters, rather than as supporting characters in a program about a family such as Father Knows Best or Leave It to Beaver (an earlier teen-centered series, Meet Corliss Archer, aired briefly in syndication in 1954).[1][2] It also broke ground in depicting elements of counterculture, particularly the Beat Generation (albeit primarily embodied in the stereotypical form of the "beatnik"), not seen in earlier series.[1][2] Series star Dwayne Hickman would later say that Dobie represented “the end of innocence of the 1950s before the oncoming 1960s revolution”.[1]

Overview[edit]

Dobie Gillis and Maynard G. Krebs[edit]

Dobie Gillis (Dwayne Hickman, left), Maynard G. Krebs (Bob Denver, right) and one of Dobie's "many loves", Yvette LeBlanc (Danielle De Metz), in a still from the Dobie Gillis episode "Parlez-Vous English", originally aired December 27, 1960.

The series revolved around teenager Dobie Gillis (Dwayne Hickman), who aspired to have popularity, money, and the attention of beautiful and unattainable girls. He didn't have any of these qualities in abundance, and the tiny crises surrounding Dobie's lack of success made the story in each weekly episode. Also constantly in question, by Dobie and others, was Dobie's future, as the boy proved to be a poor student and an aimless drifter. Often falling in love with a new girl within minutes, the would-be poet Dobie would address his loves with flowery phrases such as "my great, tawny animal" and go out of his way each week to attract, keep, or win back the girl-of-the-moment.

His partner-in-crime was American television's first beatnik, Maynard G. Krebs (Bob Denver), who became the series' breakout character. An enthusiastic fan of jazz music (with a strong distaste for the music of Lawrence Welk), Maynard plays the bongos, collects tinfoil and petrified frogs, and steers clear of romance, authority figures, and work (yelping "Work?!" every time he hears the word). Always speaking with the vernacular and slang of the beatniks and jazz musicians he admired, Maynard punctuates his sentences with the word "like" and has a tendency towards malapropisms. The main running gag on Dobie Gillis would have Dobie (or some other character) describing something by rattling off a series of adjectives describing something undesirable or disgusting ("I'd be a ragged, useless, dirty wreck!"), after which a previously unseen Maynard would appear (entering the scene in close-up), saying "You rang?"

Supporting characters[edit]

Maynard was convinced life was for enjoying. Dobie's father, Herbert T. Gillis (Frank Faylen), who owned a grocery store, was only happy when Dobie was behind a broom. Dobie's father was often caught up in various elaborate get-rich-quick schemes, or situational bail-outs à la Ralph Kramden, with Dobie getting ensnared along with him; by the end both came around grudgingly to Maynard's point of view.

As a high school student, Dobie lived at home with his parents in the show's early years, and his interaction with his parents was a source of much of the humor. His mother Winnie (Florida Friebus) was very caring and perhaps tended to baby her son a little too much; his father Herbert was a very proud, hard-working child of the Great Depression and veteran of World War II, who was often (during the first season of the show) heard to declare, after dealing with one of many frustrations caused by Dobie, "I've gotta kill that boy, I've just gotta!" Deep down, however, Herbert was a good and decent man. The Gillis family also originally included an older son, Davey Gillis (portrayed by Dwayne Hickman's older brother Darryl Hickman), who made three appearances during the first season while home on break from college before being written out of the show.[3]

Dobie's two main antagonists were rich kids, Milton Armitage (Warren Beatty) and (after Beatty's departure) Chatsworth Osborne, Jr. (Steve Franken), Milton's cousin. Both characters represented the wealth and popularity to which Dobie aspired, but both also served as romantic and competitive rivals for Dobie. Milton and Chatsworth shared the same actress, Doris Packer, as their mother.

Dobie was hopelessly attracted to the money-hungry blonde Thalia Menninger (Tuesday Weld), who frequently entangled Dobie in her money-making schemes. Weld left the series after the first season and was replaced by a seemingly endless stream of young women equally hard for Dobie to obtain. Most, however, were not as money-obsessed as Thalia. Thalia's catchphrase was that the money was not for her but for her family; she would talk about ailments her family had that only money could cure, and claimed her looks were all her family had to lift them out of their bad situation in life.

Zelda Gilroy (Sheila James) was a brilliant and eager young girl who was hopelessly in love with Dobie, much to his annoyance. Zelda didn't find Dobie particularly attractive, but fell in love with him because she found him helpless and needing of her care, and also because of the concept of "propinquity" (that is, nearness; as Gillis and Gilroy, they were typically seated together in class).[2] Despite his protests, Dobie was clearly fond of Zelda, and Zelda claimed Dobie loved her but just hadn't realized it yet. To prove this, she'd wiggle her nose (like a rabbit) at Dobie, who would do the same back to Zelda, though Dobie said it was only a reflex that made him do it. Dobie and Zelda would later appear as a middle-aged married couple in the two spin-off Dobie Gillis reunion projects of the 1970s/1980s.

Mr. Leander Pomfritt (Herbert Anderson in the pilot, William Schallert thereafter) was Dobie's English and science teacher at Central High School, a stern educator fond of deadpan quips who referred to his pupils as "my young barbarians". Often finding himself frustrated with the less-than-studious team of Dobie and Maynard, Mr. Pomfritt nevertheless had concern for the boys and took time out to help them with their problems. Dobie's math teacher was Mrs. Ruth Adams (Jean Byron, with whom Schallert would later co-star on The Patty Duke Show), an attractive woman who was also concerned about Dobie's future. A running gag among all of Dobie's schoolteachers would have them, first stepping out of the path of the doorway, and then slowly announcing "class...dismissed!" as the students noisily and rapidly rush out of the classroom.

Format[edit]

Most of the action for the first season-and-a-half of Dobie Gillis centered around the Gillis grocery store, Central High School, and the Central City park, where Dobie often goes to think "when things bug [him]". The park scenes are used as the show's framing device, with Dobie sitting on a park bench in front of a reproduction Auguste Rodin's statue, The Thinker. Speaking directly to the audience, he would explain to the viewing audience his problem of the week, usually girls or money (in the earliest episodes, Dobie is seen emulating the trademark pose of The Thinker - head planted on fist in deep contemplation - before turning and acknowledging the camera).[3]

The teen characters graduated high school halfway through the second season, and Dobie and Maynard (along with Chatsworth) subsequently did a brief stint in the U.S. Army.[3] The peacetime draft was in effect at the time, and the Vietnam War was as yet only a minor concern to most Americans when the series ended. Although Dobie continued to break the fourth wall and narrate the episodes, the park set was eschewed when the character entered the Army for an abstract set with the same reproduction of "The Thinker", which remained in use for the rest of the series.

At the start of the third season, Dobie and Maynard received their Army discharges and they, Zelda, and Chatsworth enroll in S. Peter Pryor Junior College, where Mr. Pomfritt was now a professor after having resigned from his position at Central High. Dobie's science and history teacher at the college was Dr. Imogene Burkhart (Jean Byron, whose real name was used for that of the character). In season four, Dobie's teenage cousin Duncan "Dunky" Gillis (Bobby Diamond) moves in with the Gillises, and becomes something of a tag-along for Dobie and Maynard. The plots for the fourth season episodes tended more towards surreal plots and situations featuring Maynard as the central character rather than Dobie.[4]

Cast[edit]

Main[edit]

  • Dwayne Hickman as Dobie Gillis: a clean-cut teenager (later young adult) of below average intelligence who aspires to have dates with all of the beautiful girls he pursues, despite the pressures of home life, high school, and later the military and college. Dobie also serves as the series narrator, relating his observations to the audience from in front of a statue of Rodin's The Thinker.
  • Frank Faylen as Herbert T. Gillis: Dobie's old-fashioned, short-tempered, and gruff father, who runs a small independent grocery store
  • Florida Friebus as Winnifred "Winnie" Gillis: Dobie's doting mother, who tends to baby her son and critique her husband's parenting skills
  • Bob Denver as Maynard G. Krebs: Dobie's eccentric best friend, a would-be beatnik who shuns romance, authority figures, and work. Like Dobie, Maynard briefly joins the Army in season two between his high school graduation and enrollment in college.

Semi-regular[edit]

  • Tuesday Weld as Thalia Menninger (season 1): a beautiful high school classmate of Dobie's who is only willing to date Dobie if he either attains money or helps her in her schemes to make some for herself. Weld departed the series after the first season, later returning to guest star in two episodes, one in season 3 and one in season 4.
  • Warren Beatty as Milton Armitage (season 1): a rich jock at Dobie's high school and a rival of Dobie for Thalia's affections. Beatty quit the series mid-way through the first season.
  • Sheila James as Zelda Gilroy: the smartest girl in Dobie's high school and college, who is in love with the uninterested Dobie and schemes ways to get him to date and marry her.
  • Steve Franken as Chatsworth Osborne, Jr.: a spoiled rich boy and a classmate of Dobie's in high school and college. Chatsworth assumed the role left vacant by the departure of Milton from the series. Like Dobie, Chatsworth also briefly joins the Army in season two between his high school graduation and enrollment in college.
  • William Schallert as Professor Leander Pomfritt: a dry wit English and science teacher at Dobie's high school and later one of Dobie's college professors (seasons 1, 2 and 3). Herbert Anderson plays Mr. Pomfritt in the pilot episode.
  • Jean Byron as Mrs. Ruth Adams, Dobie's math teacher in high school (season 1) and Dr. Imogene Burkhart, one of Dobie's professors in college (seasons 3 and 4)
  • Doris Packer as Mrs. Clarice Armitage, Milton's mother: a rich and eccentric socialite. The character became Mrs. Chatsworth (Clarissa) Osborne, Sr. when Franken replaced Beatty mid-way through season one.
  • Bobby Diamond as Duncan "Dunky" Gillis (season 4), Dobie's younger teenage cousin

Notable recurring roles[edit]

  • Darryl Hickman as Davey Gillis (season 1): Dobie's older brother, a college student no more responsible and no less girl-crazy than Dobie. Davey was written out of the series after season one and Dobie is regarded as an only child thereafter.
  • Michael J. Pollard as Jerome Krebs (season 1). Maynard's cousin, also a beatnik. Jerome was intended as a replacement for Maynard when Bob Denver was drafted in mid-1959, and was written out of the show after Denver failed his Army physical and returned to the series.
  • Clinton Sundberg as Trembley, the Armitage/Osbourne butler
  • Marjorie Bennett as Mrs. Kenny (seasons 1 and 2): a frequent and persnickety customer of the Gillises' grocery store
  • Tommy Farrell as Riff Ryan (seasons 1 and 2): a beatnik record store owner and coffee house proprietor who serves as something of a reluctant mentor for Maynard
  • Raymond Bailey as Dean McGruder (seasons 3 and 4): head of S. Peter Pryor Junior College

Episodes and broadcast history[edit]

A total of 147 episodes of The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis were produced: 39 the first season, and 36 for each of the following seasons. The show originally aired on Tuesday evenings at 8:30 PM EST on CBS during its first three seasons, moving to Wednesdays at 8:30 PM EST (as the lead-in for The Beverly Hillbillies) in season 4. The series ranked within the Nielsen Top 30 during season two (#23, with a 23% share) and season three (#21 - tied with The Flintstones, with a 22.9 share).

Production[edit]

Max Shulman's first Dobie Gillis short stories were printed in 1945, and a short story compilation, The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis. was published in 1951.[5] A follow-up collection, I Was a Teen-Age Dwarf, appeared in 1959. The titular character appeared at various ages in these stories, though the majority of the stories centered around his college years. Aside from Dobie and his parents, Zelda Gilroy was the only other character from the books directly adapted to the series as a regular or recurring character.[2]

Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer produced the first media adaptation of The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis in 1953 as The Affairs of Dobie Gillis, a black-and-white musical film starring Debbie Reynolds, Bob Fosse, and Bobby Van as Dobie Gillis. Following its release, Shulman set about attempting to bring Dobie Gillis to television. An initial pilot was produced by veteran comedian and producer George Burns in 1957, with his son Ronnie Burns starring as Dobie.[3]

After this pilot did not sell, Shulman took Dobie Gillis to 20th Century Fox Television, run at the time by Martin Manulis. Manulis asked Shulman to reduce the Dobie character's age from 19 to 17, making him a high-school student instead of a college student and an age peer of Ricky Nelson from The Adventures of Ozzie and Harriet and Wally Cleaver (Tony Dow) from Leave It to Beaver.[6] Shulman agreed to the change after negotiating employment for himself on the series as show runner.[6] The Fox pilot, "Caper at the Bijou", featured Dwayne Hickman as Dobie, Frank Faylen and Florida Friebus as his parents, newcomer Bob Denver as a new character, Dobie's beatnik best friend Maynard G. Krebs, and Tuesday Weld as Dobie's love interest Thalia Menninger.

First pitched to and rejected by NBC, The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis was greenlit for series by CBS. Marlboro was the program's primary sponsor, and it sold a week-to-week alternating co-sponsorship to Pillsbury Company for the first two seasons, with Dwayne Hickman appearing in one of the Pillsbury commercials.[2] Colgate-Palmolive replaced Pillsbury as the alternate sponsor in season three.[2]

While the pilot for The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis was shot at the main 20th Century Fox lot in Century City, California, principal photography and production for the series proper took place at the original Fox Film Corporation studio at the intersection of Sunset Boulevard and Western Avenue (next to the headquarters of Deluxe) in Los Angeles, California.[3] Dobie Gillis was filmed with two cameras, a method that producer and director Rod Amateau had learned while working on The George Burns and Gracie Allen Show. Fox turned out one episode of Dobie Gillis a week, working from May to December of each year.[1] Dwayne Hickman's fourth-wall breaking monologues were saved for the end of the production of each episode; their length resulted in Hickman requesting and getting a teleprompter to read them from for season two forward.[1]

The show was not filmed before a live studio audience; during the first season, a live audience viewed each episode and provided its laugh track.[7] Subsequent seasons used a standard laugh track provided by technician Charles Douglass.[8]

Creator Max Shulman served as the show runner and an uncredited producer of Dobie Gillis.[9] He contributed scripts for episodes of the show during all four seasons, with several stories - including "Love is a Science" (season 1, episode 3), "Love is a Fallacy" (season 1, episode 22), and "Parlez-Vous English" (season 2, episode 11) - directly adapted by Shulman from his original Dobie Gillis short stories.[2][9]

During its fourth season, the show, by then known as Max Shulman's Dobie Gillis, suffered both from competition with NBC's color Western The Virginian and from the growing inattention from Max Shulman.[1] Shulman began spending increasing amounts of time at his home in Westport, Connecticut while the show was in active production,[1][9] ceding his role as show runner to associate producers Joel Kane and Guy Scarpitta. CBS decided not to renew Dobie Gillis after production had concluded on its fourth season.[1]

The theme song "Dobie" was written by 20th Century-Fox musical director Lionel Newman, with lyrics by Max Shulman. The theme was sung by Judd Conlon's Rhythmaires, with music conducted by Lionel Newman. Session singer Gloria Wood of the Rhythmaires provided the scat singing used as incidental score during the first two seasons.[10][11]

Series regular casting notes[edit]

Dwayne Hickman, at the time the breakout star on The Bob Cummings Show (also known as Love That Bob) as nephew Chuck MacDonald, won the part of Dobie Gillis over several other candidates, including Michael Landon. Despite being cast as a 17-year-old, Hickman was 24 when he starred the pilot in the summer of 1958. Because Hickman had appeared for several years on Bob Cummings as Chuck, he was required by Shulman and CBS to bleach his dark brown hair blond for the role of Dobie in order to distance himself from that character in the public's (and the sponsors') mind.[12] By the second season, however, Hickman was permitted to return to his natural hair color, after he'd complained to the producers that the constant bleaching required to keep his low crew cut hairstyle blond was causing his scalp to break out.[3]

Bob Denver, a 23-year-old grade school teacher and postal worker with no previous professional acting experience, won the part of 18-year-old Maynard G. Krebs after his sister, a casting director's secretary, added his name to a list of candidates auditioning for the role.[13] Denver and Hickman had both attended Loyola University together several years earlier and were casually acquainted before Dobie Gillis.[1] After filming the third episode of Dobie Gillis, Denver announced that he had received his draft notice. The character of Maynard enlisted in the Army and was given an elaborate sendoff in the show's next episode, "Maynard's Farewell to the Troops". Stage actor Michael J. Pollard was brought out from New York to play Maynard's cousin, Jerome Krebs, who was introduced at the end of "Maynard's Farewell to the Troops" and was to assume Maynard's role in future scripts.[13]

Before Pollard had completed his first episode, "The Sweet Singer of Central High", however, Denver returned and announced that he had been designated "4F" – unfit for service – during his physical because of a neck injury he had sustained some years earlier.[13] After completing "The Sweet Singer of Central High", Pollard was bought out of his contract – he had signed a "play-or-pay" contract and was paid for all 30 episodes he was to have appeared in – and Denver was rehired. Maynard's return was explained by stating that the Army had given Maynard a "hardship discharge" – the Army's hardship, not Maynard's.[13][14]

Initially only a supporting character, Denver's Maynard had graduated to co-lead by season two, as the character's "beatnik" mannerisms and eccentricities made him a hit with the viewing audience.[13] For a handful of episodes towards the end of season three, Maynard became the show’s lead character while Dwayne Hickman was hospitalized with and later recovering from pneumonia.[1] Despite Maynard's rise in popularity and increased screen time, however, Denver - who had signed on as a Fox contract player without an agent - was unable to negotiate a raise in his $250/week salary until season four.[13][8] Denver was able to parlay his role on Dobie Gillis into lead roles on later television series, in particular the one he is best remembered for, the 1964–67 CBS sitcom Gilligan's Island.[13]

Veteran actors Frank Faylen, a longtime acquaintance of the Hickman family and a fellow parishioner at their church,[1] and Florida Friebus were cast as Dobie's parents, Herbert T. Gillis and Winifred Gillis. Faylen's gruff, no-nonsense father character - which , according to Hickman, was essentially the same as Faylen's real-life personality[1] - was more of an antagonist to Dobie during the first season of the show, his demeanor underscored by his often-repeated catchphrase "I gotta kill that boy! I just gotta!" Both CBS and Marlboro strongly disapproved of the catchphrase and the Herbert T. Gillis character's hard edges.[1] An early season two episode, "You Ain't Nothin' But a Houn' Dog" (season two, episode 2), in which Dobie inadvertently wins a father-and-son essay contest, was produced to explain why Herbert ceased use of his catchphrase. Herbert was further softened as the series bore on, the character's anger tempered to frustration.

Recurring casting notes[edit]

Experienced child actress Tuesday Weld was cast as Dobie's love interest in "Caper at the Bijou" and stayed on as a semi-regular. Weld and Dwayne Hickman had previously appeared as a teenaged couple in the 1958 Fox feature film Rally 'Round the Flag, Boys!, based on a Max Shulman novel though produced without his input.[1] Neither Hickman nor Weld were fond of each other, with Hickman later stating he felt Weld was not as dedicated as necessary to rehearsal and referring to her as "a pain in the neck".[1] Weld, on the other hand, found Hickman pushy and out-of-touch.[1] Age 15 at the time of shooting the pilot, Weld had to legally spend much of her time onset in school with a tutor,[1] and the production periodically ran into issues involving Weld's later publicly known difficult home life.[5] Her work in Dobie Gillis and the feature film The Five Pennies made a star out of Weld, leading to substantial publicity.[8] She departed the series after the first year to star in features, though she was persuaded by Max Shulman to return for two guest appearances, "Birth of a Salesman" (season 3, episode 21) and "What's a Little Murder Between Friends?" (season 4, episode 2).[1]

Herbert Anderson was cast as Mr. Pomfritt, Dobie and Maynard's English teacher at school. Anderson also appeared in a lead role in the pilot for Dennis the Menace; when that show was picked up (also by CBS), he chose to stay with that cast, and veteran actor William Schallert appeared in the recurring role of Mr. Pomfritt through the end of season three.

Warren Beatty was cast as Milton Armitage, a recurring rival of Dobie's at his high school during the first half of season one. The 24-year-old MGM contract player had already been tapped by William Inge to appear in his play A Loss of Roses and the film Splendor in the Grass and some of his costars resultantly found his attitude on-set conceited[15]; Hickman later recalled that Beatty "looked at me like I was a bug" while on set.[1] Beatty did remain friends with his brief co-star Michael J. Pollard, and the two of them co-starred in Bonnie and Clyde eight years later. He quit the series in September 1959 - midway through production of the first season, after filming "The Smoke-Filled Room" - to appear in A Loss of Roses on Broadway.[15]

Veteran child actress Sheila James, who had worked with Dwayne Hickman on The Stu Erwin Show and The Bob Cummings Show, was cast without an audition as Zelda Gilroy, the tomboyish brainy girl who was in love with Dobie.[2] Originally intended as a one-shot character for the episode "Love is a Science" (season 1, episode 3), Max Shulman liked both Zelda and Sheila James and had Zelda retained as a semi-regular character.[2] Signing a contract with Dobie Gillis necessitated James, then 18 and in college, changing her major to English so that Shulman could assist her with her studies on set.[2]

After the third season of Dobie Gillis, Rod Amateau and Max Shulman produced a pilot for a Zelda spinoff starring Sheila James as Zelda Gilroy, with Joe Flynn and Jean Byron cast as her parents.[2] However, CBS president James Aubrey lingered over moving forward with the Zelda series for a long time before firmly rejecting the series, with Amateau telling James in private that Aubrey had found Zelda (and by extension James, then a closeted lesbian) "too butch".[5] James' contract for the pilot and the resulting waiting period caused her to be absent from much of the fourth and final season of Dobie Gillis, though Amateau was able to hire her to return as Zelda for four episodes towards the end of the season.[2] Acting roles became sparse for James by the late 1960s; she went into law and politics under her birth name of Sheila Kuehl and later became the first openly gay person elected to the California State Legislature.[5]

Steve Franken, a 28-year-old veteran character actor, was cast immediately after Beatty's departure as Chatsworth Osbourne, Jr, a replacement character for Milton Armitage. While both Milton and Chatsworth were rich rivals of Dobie Gillis (and both characters shared the same actress, Doris Packer, for a mother) and were, according to canon, cousins, where Beatty's Milton was a menacing, athletic physical threat, Franken's more pompous and foppish Chatsworth tended to plot and scheme his way through competitions with Dobie, more often than not using his riches to get ahead.[9] The Chatsworth character became popular enough that the producers had to consciously limit his appearances on the series to roughly one per month to prevent Franken from upstaging Hickman and Denver, but Franken stated both during and after Dobie Gillis that playing Chatsworth led him to be typecast and stifled his career.[9]

Young actor Bobby Diamond was brought on at the beginning of season four as Dobie's teenage cousin Duncan "Dunky" Gillis; by 1962, the by-then 28-year-old Dwayne Hickman had begun to look too mature to carry the teenage-based plot lines,[1] and instead Diamond's "Dunky" Gillis was given this material and the older yet immature Maynard as a running partner. The character was dropped midway through the fourth season, with attention shifting back to the characters of Dobie, Maynard, Chatsworth, and Zelda for the remaining episodes of the series.[1]

The actresses that played Dobie's love interests include Cheryl Holdridge, Michele Lee, Susan Watson, Marlo Thomas, Sally Kellerman, Ellen Burstyn (billed as Ellen McRae), Barbara Babcock, Sherry Jackson, Diana Millay and Barbara Bain. Yvonne Craig appeared in the opening credits and the closing sequence of the pilot film used to sell the series to CBS, but did not appear in the actual episode, "Caper at The Bijou", when it was broadcast. She would eventually play five different girl friends on the show, more than any other actress.

Other media[edit]

Dwayne Hickman's 1960 Capitol Records LP record, Dobie!, featured several songs Hickman also sang on Dobie Gillis during season two.

After the first season of The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis had aired, Capitol Records attempted to make a recording star out of Dwayne Hickman, ignoring the fact that he couldn't sing.[1] Recording engineers had to piece together numerous takes to get a usable vocal track from Hickman for each song.[1] Hickman introduced several of the songs from the Dobie! album on the show during its second season, including "I'm a Lover, Not a Fighter" and "Don't Send a Rabbit."[1] Earlier, while Hickman was appearing on Love That Bob, he had recorded a single, "School Dance," for ABC-Paramount Records, but both the single and the later Capitol album sold very few copies.[16]

DC Comics published a Many Loves of Dobie Gillis comic book that ran for twenty-six issues from 1960 to 1964, featuring artwork by Bob Oksner. Stories from this comic book series would later be reprinted, with updates to the artwork and lettering to remove any references to Dobie Gillis, by DC as a short-lived series entitled Windy and Willy in 1969. [17]

Sequel films[edit]

The program spawned two 20th Century Fox-produced sequels, the pilot Whatever Happened to Dobie Gillis (1978) and TV movie Bring Me the Head of Dobie Gillis (1988). In these, Dobie had married Zelda and taken over the Gillis Grocery, which was now also a pharmacy as well. Both productions starred Dwayne Hickman, Bob Denver, and Sheila James, with Frank Faylen appearing in the former as Herbert T. Gillis and Steve Franken in the latter as Chatsworth Osbourne, Jr. Dobie and Zelda had a son named Georgie, played by Steven Paul in 1977 and Scott Grimes in 1988, who was like Dobie had been at his age.

Whatever Happened to Dobie Gillis was an unsuccessful pilot for a new weekly sitcom series, which was produced, directed, and developed by James Komack after creator Max Shulman was fired from the production.[3] It was broadcast by CBS on May 10, 1977 as a one-shot special. Bring Me the Head of Dobie Gillis, a TV movie first aired by CBS on February 22, 1988, was directed and co-written by Stanley Z. Cherry after Shulman was again dismissed from the production.[3][2] Hickman attempted to have Tuesday Weld return as Thalia for Bring Me the Head of Dobie Gillis; when she turned down the opportunity to reprise her role, Connie Stevens played Thalia instead.[3][2] Stevens' daughter, Tricia Leigh Fisher, played Chatsworth's daughter Chatsie, who chased Georgie Gillis with the zeal Zelda once chased Dobie with. The TV movie took its title from the Sam Peckinpah film Bring Me the Head of Alfredo Garcia, and its plot from the play The Visit by Friedrich Dürrenmatt.

DVD releases[edit]

On July 2, 2013, Shout! Factory released The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis - The Complete Series on DVD in Region 1 for the very first time.[18] The first season of the show was also made available on Amazon Instant Video on this date, and was released as an individual season set on September 10, 2013.[19] Season 2 was released on January 14, 2014.[20] Season 3 will be released on May 6, 2014.[21]

In popular culture[edit]

The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis was a major influence on the characters for another successful CBS program, the Hanna-Barbera Saturday morning cartoon Scooby-Doo, Where Are You!, which ran on the network from 1969 to 1972 followed by several spin-offs. As confirmed by series creators Joe Ruby & Ken Spears[22] and writer Mark Evanier,[23]the four teenage lead characters of Scooby-Doo were based on four of the teenage lead characters from Dobie Gillis: Fred Jones on Dobie, Daphne Blake on Thalia, Velma Dinkley on Zelda, and Shaggy Rogers on Maynard.[22][23]

Gary Marshall also later said that he drew inspiration from Dobie Gillis when he created the long-running ABC sitcom Happy Days, a teen/family sitcom set in the 1950s which ran on ABC from 1974 to 1984 alongside several spin-offs.[1][24]

The running "you rang?" gag would be copied on The Addams Family TV series, in which Lurch, the Frankensteinian butler, would respond to being called by saying "You rang?"

Maynard would often address Dobie as his "good buddy." On Bob Denver's next sitcom, Gilligan's Island, Denver's character would be referred to as "little buddy."

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Hickman, Dwayne with Hickman, Joan Roberts (1994). Forever Dobie: The Many Lives of Dwayne Hickman. Secaucus, New Jersey:, Carol Publishing Corporation. Pgs. 104-159 ISBN 1559-72252-5
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Shostak, Stu (07-17-2013). "Interview with Sheila James Kuehl". Stu's Show. Retrieved 07-25-2013.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Shostak, Stu (02-27-2007). "Interview with Dwayne Hickman and Joan Roberts Hickman". Stu's Show. Retrieved 08-22-2013.
  4. ^ Denver, Bob (1993). Pg. 56
  5. ^ a b c d Interview with Sheila James Kuehl (Digital). Archive of American Television. 2013. 
  6. ^ a b Jones, Gerard (1993). Honey, I'm Home!: Sitcoms: Selling The American Dream. New York:, Macmillan. Pgs. 151 ISBN 0312-08810-8
  7. ^ Schallert, William (June 10, 2010). Hollywood Everyman: A Conversation with William Schallert. Interview with Tweedle, Sam. Confessions of a Pop Culture Addict. Retrieved December 12, 2011. 
  8. ^ a b c Denver, Bob (1993). Gilligan, Maynard, and Me. Secaucus, NJ: Carol Publishing Group. Pgs. 9-21. ISBN 080651413-2
  9. ^ a b c d e Shostak, Stu (11-03-2011). "Interview with Steven Franken". Stu's Show. Retrieved 09-09-2013.
  10. ^ http://mousetracksonline.com/blog.php?subaction=showcomments&id=1392252641&archive=&start_from=&ucat=1,7&
  11. ^ http://books.google.com/books?id=jGdpWCTdb-IC&pg=PA45&lpg=PA45&dq=gloria+wood+dobie+gillis&source=bl&ots=SkQ8OXBlMA&sig=vBedS2V5z9pWxTM-E4keuleGtCA&hl=en&sa=X&ei=3wIRU475CoXNkQfv8oGoAw&ved=0CCYQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=gloria%20wood%20dobie%20gillis&f=false
  12. ^ Milwaukee Journal, Roger Miller article, "Baby Boomers still follow the pop icons of their era"
  13. ^ a b c d e f g Shostak, Stu (08-12-20079. "Remembering Bob Denver: Interviews with Dreama Denver, Dwayne Hickman, Joan Roberts Hickman, and Bill Funt". Stu's Show. Retrieved 12-28-2013.
  14. ^ CJAD 800 AM, Montreal radio interview with Bob Denver
  15. ^ a b Finstead, Susan (2008). Warren Beatty: A Private Man. New York: Random House LLC. Pgs 190-220
  16. ^ Dwayne Hickman interview
  17. ^ "SECRET ORIGINS: Tale of Two Teens". DIAL B FROM BLOG. Retrieved 2013-07-08
  18. ^ Date, Cost, Package Art and More for 'The Complete Series' DVDs!
  19. ^ The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis - An Individual 'Season 1' DVD Release is Scheduled."
  20. ^ The Many Loves of Dobie Gillis - Shout!'s Individual DVD Set for 'Season 2'."
  21. ^ Box Art Arrives for a Separate Shout! 'Season 3' Set
  22. ^ a b Shostak, Stu (05-02-2012). "Interview with Joe Ruby and Ken Spears". Stu's Show. Retrieved 03-18-2013.
  23. ^ a b Evanier, Mark. (July 10, 2002).Post on "News from Me" blog for Povonline.com. Retrieved on March 27, 2006. Excerpt: "Fred was based on Dobie, Velma on Zelda, Daphne on Thalia and Shaggy on Maynard."
  24. ^ 'Dobie Gillis': The complete series on DVD

Bibliography

  • Brooks, Tim and Marsh, Earle, The Complete Directory to Prime Time Network and Cable TV Shows
  • Hickman, Dwayne with Hickman, Joan Roberts, Forever Dobie: The Many Lives of Dwayne Hickman, Carol Publishing Corporation, Secaucus, New Jersey, 1994
  • Denver, Bob, Gilligan, Maynard, and Me, Carol Publishing Corporation, Secaucus, New Jersey, 1993

External links[edit]