The Marshall Tucker Band
|The Marshall Tucker Band|
Marshall Tucker Band on July 4, 2006
|Origin||Spartanburg, South Carolina, USA|
|Genres||Southern rock, country rock, roots rock, rock and roll|
|Labels||Capricorn, Warner Bros., Mercury, Cabin Fever, Ramblin'|
|Associated acts||Charlie Daniels|
Marcus James Henderson
|Past members||Toy Caldwell
The Marshall Tucker Band is an American Southern rock/country rock band originally from Spartanburg, South Carolina. The band's blend of rock, rhythm and blues, jazz, country, and gospel helped establish the Southern rock genre in the early 1970s. While the band had reached the height of its commercial success by the end of the decade, the band has recorded and performed continuously under various lineups for nearly 40 years.
The original lineup of the Marshall Tucker Band, formed in 1972, included lead guitarist, vocalist, and primary songwriter Toy Caldwell (1947–1993), vocalist Doug Gray (born 1948), keyboard player, saxophone player, and flutist Jerry Eubanks (born 1950), rhythm guitarist George McCorkle (1946–2007), drummer Paul Riddle (born 1953), and bassist Tommy Caldwell (1949–1980). They signed with Capricorn Records and in 1973 released their first LP, The Marshall Tucker Band.
After Tommy Caldwell was killed in an automobile accident in 1980, he was replaced by bassist Franklin Wilkie. Most of the original band members had left by the mid-1980s to pursue other projects. The band's lineup as of 2009 consists of Gray on vocals, guitarist Stuart Swanlund (died August 4, 2012), keyboard player and flutist Marcus James Henderson, guitarist Rick Willis, bassist Pat Elwood, and drummer B.B. Borden.
Name origin 
The "Marshall Tucker" in the band's name does not refer to a band member, but rather a Spartanburg-area piano tuner. While the band was discussing possible band names one evening in an old warehouse they had rented for rehearsal space, someone noticed that the warehouse's door key had the name "Marshall Tucker" inscribed on it, and suggested they call themselves the "The Marshall Tucker Band," not realizing it referred to an actual person. It later came to light that Marshall Tucker, the blind piano tuner, had rented the space before the band, and the landlord had yet to change the inscription on the key.
Early history 
The original members (and some later members) of the Marshall Tucker Band had been playing in various lineups under different band names around the Spartanburg area since the early 1960s. In 1966, members of several such bands merged to form the Toy Factory, named after guitarist Toy Caldwell. The Toy Factory's constantly shifting lineup included, at times, Caldwell, Caldwell's younger brother Tommy, Doug Gray, Jerry Eubanks, George McCorkle, and Franklin Wilkie. In the late 1960s, four of the bandmembers served in the U.S. Armed Forces; Toy Caldwell was wounded in Vietnam.
By the 1970s, Toy Caldwell and George McCorkle had returned to Spartanburg, and the Toy Factory had resumed playing in area clubs. In fact, in 1970 the Toy Factory was the opening act for the Allman Brothers when the Allman's played at the "Sitar" music lounge in Spartanburg.
In 1972, Caldwell and McCorkle once again revamped the band's lineup, eventually settling on Tommy Caldwell on bass, George McCorkle rhythm guitar, and Jerry Eubanks, flute/tenor sax, while adding Paul Riddle on drums; the new lineup adopted the name "Marshall Tucker Band." Wet Willie lead singer Jimmy Hall told Toy Caldwell to book the band at Grant's Lounge in Macon which he did. After hearing the band play at Grant's Buddy Thornton and Paul Hornsby recorded the band's demo at Capricorn Studios in Macon, Ga. Frank Fenter and Phil Walden signed The Marshall Tucker Band based on those demos.
The Marshall Tucker Band's self-titled debut, produced by Paul Hornsby, was released in 1973, and certified gold in 1975. All of the tracks were written by Toy Caldwell, including "Can't You See", which was released in 1973 on Capricorn 0023 ("Bubbled Under" at No. 108 on 1 September 1973) and re-released in 1977 on Capricorn 0278 (peaked at No. 75 on 24 September 1977). After the album's release, the band began touring, playing upwards of 300 shows per year throughout the decade. Southern rock fiddler Charlie Daniels later recalled that the Marshall Tucker Band "came onstage and just blew it out from start to finish."
Daniels' first of many collaborations with the Marshall Tucker Band came on the band's second album, A New Life, which was released in 1974, and certified gold in 1977. Daniels and blues guitarist Elvin Bishop were among several musicians that joined the band for Where We All Belong, a double-album (one studio album and one live album) released by the band in 1974 and certified gold that same year. The following year the band's Searchin' for a Rainbow was also certified gold the year of its release, and contained the track "Fire on the Mountain," which peaked at No. 38 on the Billboard charts. Long Hard Ride, the band's fifth consecutive gold album, was released in 1976, and its instrumental title track (which again features Charlie Daniels on fiddle) was nominated for a Grammy. Carolina Dreams, released in 1977 and certified platinum that same year, proved to be the band's most commercially successful album, and included the track "Heard It In a Love Song," which reached No. 14 on the Billboard charts. The band's final Capricorn release came with 1978's Together Forever, which was produced by Stewart Levine. Following the bankruptcy of Capricorn, The Marshall Tucker Band moved to Warner Bros. Records for their ninth album, Running Like the Wind (the band's eighth release was a compilation album entitled Greatest Hits), and they retained Levine as the album's producer.
Following the completion of the band's tenth album, entitled Tenth, tragedy struck The Marshall Tucker Band. On April 22, 1980, the band's bassist and co-founder, Tommy Caldwell, was involved in an automobile accident in which he suffered massive head trauma, and died six days later. Former Toy Factory bassist Franklin Wilkie replaced Caldwell, but the band was never able to recapture its commercial success of the 1970s. On 1982's Tuckerized, only two songs were written by band members; 'Sea, Dreams & Fairy Tales' by Toy Caldwell and 'Sweet Elaine' by George McCorkle. Main songwriter Toy Caldwell only contributed three songs to each of the two albums released in 1983; Just Us and Greetings from South Carolina. After 1983's Greetings from South Carolina, all the rest of the original band members split, sans Doug Gray and Jerry Eubanks.
In 1988 Gray and Eubanks, with new players, recorded the album Still Holdin' On, their one and only release on the Mercury Records label. Although Gray and Eubanks added new members Rusty Milner, Stuart Swanlund, and Tim Lawter, Still Holdin' On was primarily recorded with studio musicians. The newer members had a much greater role, however, on the band's 1990 album, Southern Spirit, released on the Sisaspa label. The album marked a return to the band's country and blues roots.
In 1992, the Marshall Tucker Band produced its first album for the Cabin Fever label, Still Smokin', which managed to crack the top 70 on the Billboard charts. The band's 1993 release, Walk Outside the Lines, marked a transition to a more country sound, relying less on long improvised jams that were the trademark of the band's early career. The album's title track was co-written by country music star Garth Brooks, a long-time fan of the band who considered writing a track for them a "milestone" in his career.
For 1998's Face Down In the Blues, the band added Spartanburg-area guitarist Ronald Radford and multi-instrumentalist David Muse, the latter replacing Jerry Eubanks, who had retired in 1996. Gospel, the band's 1999 album, featured the band's rendition of traditional songs such as The Wayfaring Stranger and Will the Circle Be Unbroken, as well as several original tracks.
Recent history 
The Marshall Tucker Band continued recording and performing into the 21st century, playing between 150 and 200 shows per year. The band reissued many of its albums from the 1970s on its new Ramblin' Records label, as well as two two-disc compilations, the first (Anthology) being a 30-year retrospective and the second (Where a Country Boy Belongs) being a collection of the band's country songs. In 2004, they released another studio album, Beyond the Horizon, and the following year released a Christmas album, Carolina Christmas.
Studio albums 
|1973||The Marshall Tucker Band||29||—||—||Gold||Capricorn|
|1974||A New Life||37||—||35||Gold|
|Where We All Belong||54||—||91||Gold|
|1975||Searchin' for a Rainbow||15||21||—||Gold|
|1976||Long Hard Ride||32||21||64||—|
|1979||Running Like the Wind||30||—||—||—||Warner Bros.|
|Greetings from South Carolina||202||—||—||—|
|1988||Still Holdin' On||—||—||—||—||Mercury|
|1992||Still Smokin'||—||—||—||—||Cabin Fever|
|1993||Walk Outside the Lines||—||—||—||—|
|1998||Face Down in the Blues||—||—||—||—||K-Tel|
|2003||Stompin' Room Only||—||—||—||—||Shout! Factory|
|2004||Beyond the Horizon||—||—||—||—|
|2006||Live on Long Island 04-18-80||—||—||—||—|
|2007||The Next Adventure||—||—||—||—|
|2008||Carolina Dreams Tour '77||—||—||—||—|
|2010||Way Out West! Live From San Francisco 1973||—||—||—||—|
|2011||The Marshall Tucker Band's Doug Gray: Soul of the South||—||—||—||—|
|2013||Live! From Spartanburg, South Carolina||—||—||—||—|
Compilation albums 
|1994||The Capricorn Years||—||—||—||—||Era|
|1997||The Encore Collection||—||—||—||—||BMG|
|2006||Where a Country Boy Belongs||—||—||—||—|
|2009||Love Songs||—||—||—||—||Shout! Factory|
|2011||Greatest Hits||—||—||—||—||Shout! Factory|
|Year||Single||Peak chart positions||Album|
|US||US Country||US Rock||CAN||CAN Country||CAN AC|
|1973||"Can't You See"||108||—||—||—||—||—||The Marshall Tucker Band|
|1974||"Another Cruel Love"||—||—||—||—||—||—||A New Life|
|1975||"This Ol' Cowboy"||78||—||—||—||—||—||Where We All Belong|
|"Fire on the Mountain"||38||—||—||81||—||—||Searchin' for a Rainbow|
|1976||"Searchin' for a Rainbow"||104||82||—||—||—||—|
|"Long Hard Ride"||—||63||—||—||—||—||Long Hard Ride|
|1977||"Heard It in a Love Song"||14||51||—||5||38||24||Carolina Dreams|
|"Can't You See"||75||—||—||57||—||39||Greatest Hits|
|1978||"Dream Lover"||75||—||—||80||—||—||Together Forever|
|"I'll Be Loving You"||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1979||"Last of the Singing Cowboys"||42||—||—||97||—||—||Running Like the Wind|
|"Running Like the Wind"||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1980||"It Takes Time"||79||—||—||—||—||—||Tenth|
|1981||"This Time I Believe"||106||—||—||—||—||—||Dedicated|
|"Tell the Blues to Take Off the Night"||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|"Reachin' for a Little Bit More"||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1983||"A Place I've Never Been"||—||62||—||—||—||—||Just Us|
|1987||"Hangin' Out in Smokey Places"||—||44||—||—||—||—||Still Holdin' On|
|1988||"Once You Get the Feel of It"||—||79||—||—||—||—|
|"Still Holdin' On"||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1992||"Driving You Out of My Mind"||—||68||—||—||—||—||Still Smokin'|
|1993||"Walk Outside the Lines"||—||71||—||—||—||—||Walk Outside the Lines|
|"—" denotes releases that did not chart|
Music videos 
|1981||"Even a Fool Would Let Go"|
|1992||"Driving You Out of My Mind"||George Bloom|
|1993||"Walk Outside the Lines"||D. Gray, J. Gerik|
|"Down We Go"||D. Gray, J. Gerik, K. Mandel|
- The Marshall Tucker Band – Biography. 2009. Retrieved: 9 June 2009.
- Colin Larkin (ed.), "Marshall Tucker Band." The Encyclopedia of Popular Music, Vol. 5, (New York: Oxford University Press, 2006), pp. 521–522.
- Ted Olson, "Marshall Tucker Band." The Encyclopedia of Country Music: The Ultimate Guide to the Music (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998), pp. 325–326.
- "Marshall Tucker Band guitarist Swanlund dies at 54". Yahoo News. Retrieved 8 August 2012.
- The Marshall Tucker Band – Current and former members page. 2009. Retrieved: 9 June 2009.
- Whitburn, Joel (2003). Top Pop Singles 1955-2002. Menomonee Falls, Wisconsin: Record Research, Inc. ISBN 0-89820-155-1.
- "GEORGE MCCORKLE". georgemccorkle.com. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
- Ryan (May 4, 2011). "Marshall Tucker Band to Entertain Troops in Iraq & Kuwait". marshalltucker.com. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
- Dudley Brown (Jun 29, 2003). "Marines salute Hutchings, Caldwells". =Spartanburg Herald-Journal. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
- "Toy Caldwell Jr., 45, a Founder of the Marshall Tucker Band". The New York Times. February 26, 1993. Retrieved 3 June 2012.
- Michael B. Smith, Toy Caldwell's Carolina Dreams. Tuckerhead.com. Retrieved: 9 June 2009.
- James Elliott, "Marshall Tucker Band." Definitive Country: The Ultimate Encyclopedia of Country Music and its Performers (New York: Berkley Publishing Group, 1995), pp. 504-505.
- Barry Alfonso, Notes to The Marshall Tucker Band: Anthology [CD liner notes]. Ramblin' Records, 2005.
- Amy Cortner, "Marshall Tucker Band." Encyclopedia of Appalachia (Knoxville, Tenn.: University of Tennessee Press, 2006). p. 1186.
- Tuckerhead.com, Still Holdin' On Review. 2002–2008. Retrieved: 9 June 2009.
- Craig Cumberland, Walk Outside the Lines Review. Retrieved: 9 June 2009.
- "CMT : Videos : The Marshall Tucker Band : Driving You Out of My Mind". Retrieved 2011-04-17.
- "CMT : Videos : The Marshall Tucker Band : Down We Go". Country Music Television. Retrieved 2011-10-14.
- Official website
- Swampland's Legends of Southern Rock, Marshall Tucker
- The Marshall Tucker Band on Myspace